Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC165

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

السواني, Al-Swani, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.712224, 13.07224 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to three medics were reportedly killed in an LNA airstrike on a field hospital in Al-Swani.

Burkanly only said the hospital had been targeted without mentioning civilian harm.

OCHA Libya said three medical staff had been injured and equipment damaged.

Hona Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel reported that three combatants had been killed while several doctors and nurses were injured. The Libya Observer published a similar account.

According to the Libya Herald, “the Health Ministry claimed the Swani hospital was hit by an air strike which injured three ambulance drivers and a paramedic, and caused destruction to the hospital and its medical supplies and equipment.”

The Turkish state news outlet Anadolu Agency wrote: “Three medics were killed on Tuesday in an airstrike carried out by Eastern Libyan forces led by military commander Khalifa Haftar, according to forces aligned with the Tripoli-based government.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the alleged aftermath (via Burkanly)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Libyan Express)
  • More pictures from the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC164

Incident date

July 15, 2019

Location

عين زارة: مسجد الكحيلي, Ain Zara: Kahily Mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.780097, 13.302522 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in an LNA air or artillery strike on Ain Zara.

Tripoli Al Izz wrote: “The death of the young Karim Qashout, born in 1997, one of the staff of the coast of sweets after the bombing of his house in Ain Zara.”

February TV said: “One person was killed and members of his family were injured when the Haftar militia bombed his home in Ain Zara.”

Tarek Alwan tweeted about the death of his relative: “The death of the son of my cousin Karim Qashout as a result of indiscriminate shelling by the forces of Haftar, born in 1997 young man and polite working in the coast of sweets.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Karim Qashout 22 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the victim
  • Another picture of the victim

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC163

Incident date

July 14, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: شيل خنورة, Tripoli: Shell Khanoura petrol station, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.752500, 13.199444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly injured in an airstrike by an unknown belligerent on Tripoli.

Tarhuna 24 reported: “A military aircraft bombing the home of the Aoun family next to Shell Khanoura resulted in the injury of the citizen Abdel Wahab Salem and he was transferred to the hospital.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdel Wahab Salem Age unknown male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC162

Incident date

July 9, 2019

Location

غريان: تغسات, Gheryan: Tgessat, Jabal al Gharbi, Libya

Geolocation

32.174267, 13.021755 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reportedly injured because of LNA bombing in Gheryan.

Almanara and February TV both reported: “Five civilians lightly injured in the bombing of Haftar militia planes on the Police institute.”

Hona Sog Al-Khmies Emsihel only reported LNA bombing but did not mention civilian harm.

Tarhuna 24 said there were a “number of dead” but did not elaborate if they were civilians or combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC161

Incident date

July 7, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مطار معيتيقة, Tripoli: Mitiga International Airport, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.895041, 13.2785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported injured in an LNA artillery strike on Tripoli Mitiga International Airport.

February TV reported: “Three engineers from Afriqiyah Airlines were injured as a result of shells falling on the international airport.”

Libya Observer published a similar account: “Three of the maintenance engineers were injured and one of the Afriqiyah Airlines planes was hit by the fall of shells fired by Haftar forces on the Tripoli International Airport.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image of the damaged civilian plane

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC160

Incident date

July 7, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: خلة الفرجان, Tripoli: Khallet Al Furjan, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.795738, 13.217038 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed by LNA artillery shelling on the Khallet Al Furjan neighbourhood of Tripoli.

February TV reported: “Bombardment of Haftar militia with Grad rockets on the area of Khallet Al Furjan kills a mother and her two-year-old daughter.”

Ahmed Othman and other sources said the two victims belonged to the Al Burki family.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC159

Incident date

July 3, 2019

Location

سيدي السايح, Sidi as Sa'is, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.562667, 13.254399 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were allegedly killed by a GNA airstrike on Sidi as Sa’is near Tripoli.

Almarsad reported: “A doctor at the hospital of Tarhuna confirmed the death of two young men and the injury of two others and a family consisting of 4 children and their father seriously injured by the bombing of one of the planes of the air college Misurata to a group of civilian cars in front of the fuel station in Sidi as Sa’is area south of Tripoli.

Eyewitnesses told the Observer newspaper on Wednesday that a plane belonging to the Misurata Air Force bombed a fuel tank and a number of civilian cars near the fuel station Sidi as Sa’is south of Tripoli.”

Matog Saleh tweeted that two civilians were killed and four children injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Video of the incident
  • A child reportedly injured in the attack (via Almarsad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child apparently injured in the attack being treated at the hospital (via Almarsad)
  • The supposed scene of the strike (via Almarsad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child severely injured by the alleged strike (via Almarsad)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of the injured child (via Almarsad)
  • Another person allegedly injured in the attack (via Almarsad)
  • Body bags, supposedly with those deceased (via Almarsad)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC158

Incident date

July 3, 2019

Location

تاجوراء, Tajoura: Detention Center, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.834472, 13.384889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between 53 and 80 civilians have reportedly been killed in an airstrike on a migrant detention centre in Tajoura. The incident appears to be the worst single civilian harm event in recent Libyan history.

While most local sources blame the LNA, General Haftar’s army has rejected responsibility and accused the GNA of conducting the strike. Haftar, only days earlier, had announced to ramp up airstrikes following the LNA’s loss of Gheryan.

Reuters reported: “In a statement, the Tripoli-based government blamed the “war criminal Khalifa Haftar” for the incident,” adding that “an LNA official denied that his force had hit the detention centre, saying that militias allied to Tripoli had shelled it after a precision air strike by the LNA on a military camp.”

According to the Wall Street Journal, the GNA later accused the United Arab Emirates of conducting the airstrike with an F-16.

A report published by the Libya Herald also points at secondary explosions as the cause for the incident: “Sources in Tripoli said they heard the loud sound of explosions just after 5 am which were followed by a series of other explosions.” It added: “Unsurprisingly, there are conflicting narratives from the two conflicting sides, with the Hafter side saying they had targeted the militia base near the migrant centre and that the exploding ammunition caused the deaths of the migrants.”

The military camp mentioned is located next to the detention center on the outskirts of Tajoura. At the time, the center hosted around 600 migrants with the detention cell hit holding 126 people, most of them Sudanese and Moroccan, according to the Washington Post.

Amnesty International managed to speak to those affected and gave a more detailed account of what supposedly happened: “An Eritrean refugee said a first air strike hit a hangar adjacent to the detention centre, followed by a second strike that hit the men’s cell at the centre itself around five minutes later. Following the attack, up to 300 migrants and refugees – some of whom were returned to Libya after being intercepted in the Mediterranean in recent weeks – are now out in the streets of Tajoura, frightened and waiting for urgent assistance.”

Initial reports put the death toll at 40. However, most sources, such as UNSMIL, currently put the minimum death toll at 44. Additionally, 130 civilians were reportedly wounded. The UN later increased it’s minimum death toll to 53, including six children.

Harun Maruf later tweeted the number of casualties had risen: “An Official in Libya says death toll from airstrikes on migrant detention centre near Tripoli has reached 60.”

Anas El Gomati reported another significant increase to 80 civilians dead and 100 injured.

The incident will be updated once new information becomes available, with casualty numbers likely to rise.

The incident occured at approximately 5:05 am local time.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    53–80
  • (6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–131
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (64) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Video showing victims at the hospital
  • Pictures and location of the incident
  • Body allegedly resulting from the airstrike
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Pictures of the victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More pictures of victims being treated
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video showing the aftermath of the strike
  • Satellitte imgaery from the incident
  • Al Jazeera reporting on the incident
  • Al Arabiya video report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More pictures of the incident
  • CCTV footage of the incident

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    53–80
  • (6 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–131
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (64) [ collapse]