Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC103

Incident date

February 17, 2019

Location

مرزق, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One man was reportedly killed and two children injured in an LNA airstrike on Murzuq.

Arraed wrote: “A source from Murzuq hospital on Sunday reported the arrival of the body of an elderly man killed by LNA bombing, as well as the wounding of two children with shrapnel.

The source, who declined to be named, said that the children are between 6 and 7 years old and were injured by shrapnel, and that they are now stable.”

Libya Al Ahrar published a similar report: “The head of the southern operations force, Hassan Musa, reported that one person was killed and two wounded by airstrikes by the Karama operation [LNA] on Sunday in Murzuq.”

One source published pictures of supposed victims while others showed the impact of the strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the aftermath of the strike
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Pictures of the alleged victims
  • Video of the aftermath
  • Another picture of the aftermath of the strike

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC102

Incident date

February 3, 2019

Location

مرزق, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

25.919023, 13.923895 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between two and seven civilians were reportedly killed in an LNA airstrike near Murzuq.

Media Center Sidra wrote: “The remnants of Al-Karama’s [LNA] rockets were given to the Sidra Media Center by residents in the outskirts of the town of Murzuq without some explosions, and the fragments spread over houses and buildings.

An airstrike in the town of Murzuq killed four civilians and wounded others, according to medical sources.

The aircraft took off from Tamanhint base Tamanhant led by Lieutenant ‘Ayoub al-Obeidi'”

Libya Panorama provided a lower death count saying two were killed and four injured.

Libya Post reported the highest death toll, saying that “seven civilians were killed and more than 20 injured in an air strike by a plane belonging to the criminal Haftar on the city of Murzuq in southwest Libya.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–7
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the aftermath and the approximate location
  • Pictures from the alleged aftermath of the attack
  • A supposed victim being treated after the attack (via Libya Observer)
  • Another supposed victim being treated after the attack (via Libya Observer)
  • Demonstation in Ubari following the attack

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–7
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–20
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC101a

Incident date

February 2–10, 2019

Location

درنة, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.75591, 22.637772 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

One woman was reportedly injured by indiscrimiate artillery shelling in the Old City of Derna.

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) wrote in its report: “Since 2 February, fighting in the old city of Derna intensified, and reportedly resulted in substantial numbers of civilian casualties. While it remains impossible to verify casualty numbers, the UN have received credible reports of the deaths of at least four women and three infants since last Saturday. On 9 February, the UN received reports that the LNA had taken over most of the old city, encircling houses which were still occupied. The same day, the Libyan Red Crescent, on 9 February, recovered three unidentified male corpses from inside the old city. Unconfirmed reports indicate that up to 30 individuals had been injured, including one woman who was reportedly hit by indiscriminate shelling. Reports of arbitrary detention have been received- and the Grenada prison is reportedly already hosting some 2,000 individuals from Derna, with local sources reporting that the inmates are being deprived of water and food.”

The current situation in Derna is difficult to track as the city is cut off from all communication. Occasional reports point at LNA airstrikes and artillery shelling as well as air support from Egypt and the UAE.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC101

Incident date

January 19, 2019

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

The journalist Mohamed Ben Khalifa was reportedly killed in indiscriminate artillery shelling while covering militia clashes in the south of Tripoli.

Reuters reported that “Mohamed Ben Khalifa died of a random shell in the Libyan capital while covering the clashes.”

Al Jazeera added: “Ben Khalifa died while accompanying a militia patrolling the Qaser Bin Ghashir area south of Tripoli, according to Hamza Turkia, a freelance journalist.”

Ben Khalifa’s death sparked widespread attention on social media with plenty of other Libyan and international sources reporting on the incident.

Local reports of the clashes point at GNA-affiliated militias or the 7th Brigade as the perpetrator of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohamed Ben Khalifa Adult male Journalist killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Protests following the killing
  • Picture of the victim
  • Another picture of the victim (via Ebadi el-Mas)
  • Another picture of the victim (via Ebadi al-Mas)
  • Picture from the funeral (via Ebadi el-Mas)
  • Another picture from the funeral (via Ebadi el-Mas)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position for incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC100b

Incident date

January 16, 2019

Location

راس يوسف, Ras Yusuf, Nuqat al Khums, Libya

Geolocation

32.786200, 12.318565 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two women and an elderly man were reportedly killed by indiscriminate artillery shelling in Tripoli.

UNSMIL wrote in its civilian casualty report that “two women and an elderly man were killed in Ras Yusuf district while attempting to escape the shelling.”

Local reports point at GNA-affiliated militias or the 7th Brigade as the perpetrator behind the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (2 women1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC100a

Incident date

January 16, 2019

Location

قصر بن غشير, Qasr Bin Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.688716, 13.173889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Mahmoud Shalbik, a 23-year-old university student from Tripoli, was reportedly killed during armed clashes in the Libyan capital.

While most sources reported he was killed by stray bullet, UNSMIL said the “student at the University of Tripoli, Faculty of Economics, was killed at his home as result of incriminate shelling.”

Abdulrahman Ghummied stated on Twitter: “The young man “Mahmoud Shalbik” died because of a stray bullet and his friends survived driving to his house next to the bridge of Ben Ghashir.”

Local reports point at GNA-affiliated militia or the 7th Brigade as potential perpetrators of the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmoud Shalbik 23 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the victim
  • Picture of a demonstration for the victim
  • Another picture of the demonstration for the victim
  • Another picture of the demonstration for the victim
  • Another picture of the demonstration for the victim

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC100

Incident date

January 16, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎, Tripoli: Airport area, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.692666, 13.143217 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

The death of Mahmud Al Temzini was reported as a result from renewed militia shelling in the south of Tripoli.

Abu Salim Media reported: “A shell fell on a farm near Tripoli airport and led to the death of the civilian Mahmud al-Tamziti.”

Libya Now mentioned he was the father of three children.

Haithem H O Hellash and Libya Alhader said it was, in fact, a tank shell.

The Tripoli Wounded Affairs Administration reported a total of two civilian deaths and two injuries from the clashes. These numbers can, however, include casualties from gunfights. Three combatants were reported killed and 36 reportedly injured.

Local reports indicate that GNA-affiliated militias or the rival 7th Brigade are responsible for the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmud Al Temzini Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Pictures of the incident
  • Statistics from the clashes

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position for incident
    Not yet assessed

7th Brigade Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    7th Brigade
  • 7th Brigade position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected belligerents
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), 7th Brigade

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC099

Incident date

November 29, 2018

Location

العوينات, Al Uwaynat, Ghat, Libya

Geolocation

25.772877, 10.558719 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Eleven civilians were reported killed as a result of a US airstrike near Al Uwaynat. The event marks the biggest single allegation of civilian harm against the United States in Libya so far.

Initial reports had indicated that the US had targeted Al Qaeda members with a precision strike near the town in the south of Libya. AFRICOM confirmed the strike a days later saying that “U.S. Africa Command conducted a precision airstrike near Al Uwaynat, Libya, November 29, 2018, killing eleven (11) al-Qa’ ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) terrorists and destroying three (3) vehicles.” It added that “at this time, we assess no civilians were injured or killed in this strike.”

On December 2nd, however, SITE Intelligence group reported that “Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM), al-Qaeda’s branch in Mali, reportedly rejected the claim by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) that its airstrike in Libya killed 11 al-Qaeda members, alleging instead that the victims were Tuaregs with no connection to the group.”

Two days later protests by Tuaregs in Al Uwaynat followed, claiming those killed in the attack where civilian tribespeople. The Libya Observer wrote: “Members of the Tuareg community gathered in Ubari town in southwestern Libya to condemn in the strongest terms the airstrike conducted by US Africa Command (AFRICOM) near Awaynat town last Thursday, which killed 11 people; AFRICOM claimed they were al-Qaeda militants.

The protesters accused AFRICOM of killing 11 innocent people under the pretext of terrorism and without any evidence substantiating their guilt, denouncing what they described the defamation and the media disinformation campaign against the martyrs of the ‘horrific Awaynat massacre,’ in reference to those killed in the airstrike.

Banners were raised against AFRICOM, accusing it of killing innocent people on charges of terrorism and rejecting the killing and exterminating of Tuareg ‘via phone calls’.

The protesters called on the Attorney-General and the Interior Ministry to open an investigation into the attack to determine the facts and circumstances.

In a statement issued during the stand, the tribe members demanded in the name of the persons entitled to claim retaliation and in the name of Tuareg Tribe elders and dignitaries, the Presidential Council, the House of Representatives, and the High Council of State to open an impartial international and local investigation in what they called the ‘Awaynat massacre’ in no more than 48 hours, warning to step up their protest if their demands were not met.”

In addition, the article said that the “statement insisted that the victims included civilians and military personnel, among them, was a field commander in Al-Bunyan Al-Marsous, who fought terrorism in Sirte to offer his country security and stability.”

The statement also described the convoy that was bombed to have been “on its way to rescue a group of Tuareg, near the Algerian border, who were encountering a smuggling gang attempting to smuggle heavy machinery to Algeria.”

Rpoh Libya posted a video of Moses Tony on Facebook, allegedly showing him fighting ISIS in Sirte. The post says he was killed in the “unprovoked” strike.

A Facebook post by “No to the Brotherhood and extremists in Libya” says that Issa Mousi Ahmed Malik Taraki was killed “in an airstrike carried out by AFRICOM by unmanned aerial vehicles, which targeted three four-wheel-drive vehicles belonging to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) while they were in the area of Wadi Filalin-Awainat, north of Ghat.

However, there are voices from the Tuareg tribes refusing that the targeted group is linked to Al-Qaeda (Sahel and Sahara), led by the Algerian leader Jamal Akasha and the Meccan Yahia Abualhamam, and that this group was fighting ISIS in Sirte.”

Responding to a second request about the incident by Airwars, AFRICOM stated: “At this time, we still assess that no civilians were injured or killed as part of the Nov. 29 air strike.

However, we are aware of reports alleging civilian casualties resulting from the Nov. 29 airstrike near Al Uwaynat.
As with any allegation of civilian casualties we receive, U.S. Africa Command will review any information it has about the incident, including any relevant information provided by third parties. If the information supporting the allegation is determined to be credible, USAFRICOM will then determine the next appropriate step.
USAFRICOM complies with the law of armed conflict and takes all feasible precautions during the targeting process to minimise civilian casualties and other collateral damage.”
Al Jazeera later published an article with the names of the remaining victims, again quoting locals saying none of them were members of Al Qaeda.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Issa Mossa Ahmed Malik 25 years old male Student killed
  • Mossa Alah Toni Mohammed 34 years old male Soldier killed
  • Ibrahim Olma 32 years old male Soldier killed
  • Soti 45 years old male Soldier killed
  • Naser Mossa Waresmet Abdullah 34 years old male Soldier killed
  • Al-Mahmoud Ayoub Ibrahim 37 years old male Soldier killed
  • Hassan Mohammed Ibrahim al-Saghiar 30 years old male Soldier killed
  • Ahmed Kober Ahmed al-Khadir 28 years old male Soldier killed
  • Eyad Mohammad Aghali Mohammed 25 years old male Civilian killed
  • Jumma Agraib Shukri Adult male killed
  • Ahmed Omla Mohammed Fono 30 years old male Soldier killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–11
  • (11 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    United States Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Images of the aftermath of the attack
  • A picture allegedly showing smoke rising in the desert after the attack
  • Another image of the scorched car (via Al Marsad)
  • Another image of the scorched car (via Al Marsad)
  • Another image of the scorched car (via Al Marsad)
  • Images showing the protest after the attack and the statement issued by the Tuareg
  • More images of the protests
  • Issa Mousi Ahmed Malik Taraki
  • Poster from the demonstration saying: "AFRICOM forces kill our sons under the so-called War on Terror" (via Libya's Channel)
  • Banner from the demonstration showing the names and ages of the victims (via Al Jazeera)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

United States Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United States Armed Forces
  • United States Armed Forces position for incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    0–11
  • (11 men)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    United States Armed Forces

Sources (29) [ collapse]