US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1721

Incident date

February 3–4, 2018

Location

البحرة, Al Bahra village, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.735379, 40.773976 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location

Airwars assessment

Multiple local sources reported up to 40 civilians killed, including up to 20 named children and at least 13 women, and “dozens” wounded in a major casualty event in Al Bahra on February 4th.

All sources identify the Coalition as the culprit or – as with the Enabbaladi local report – specifically mentioned “indiscriminate US shelling”.

ISIS released a video via A’amaq on February 4th, showing damage and the bodies of children laying on the ground. Multiple photographs appeared to document high infant fatalities in the town.

A report from Jisr TV mentioned that this incident was a continuation of the campaign on the village as mentioned before in event S1525, noting that “the international coalition fighters intensified their air strikes on the areas under the organization east of Deir Ezzor recently, especially in the village of Al-Bahra”.

On February 8th, the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the fatality toll had risen to “at least 40, including 20 children and 13 women”. According to the report, the airstrike targeted a school with Internally Displaced Persons. Euphrates Post and the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies both later provided a list of the casualties that had been so far documented: Euphrates Poist said most of the deceased were IDPs from the town of Safira in eastern Aleppo.

Despite the event being apparently well documented, the Coalition later denied responsibility.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (21)

  • Malik Mohammed Al-Hussein Al Arabesh Adult male killed
  • Wife of Malik Mohammed al Hussein Adult female killed
  • Mahmoud bin Ali al-Hussein Al Arbash Age unknown male killed
  • Haitham bin Ali Al Hussein Al Arbish Age unknown male killed
  • Wife of Haitham Adult female , daughter of Ahmed Al Ahmad al Juma’a killed
  • Wife of Malik Al-Ali Adult female Al-Hussain the daughter of Mahmoud Al Dandal killed
  • Abdul Rahman 4 years old male Son of Mohammed Al-Hussein killed
  • Mohammed 3 years old male Son of Mohammed Al-Hussein killed
  • Emad 3 years old male Son of Haitham Al Hussein killed
  • Sondos 2 years old female Daughter of Haitham al-Hussein killed
  • Jihad Mahmoud Ali Al-Hussein 3 years old male killed
  • Mariya 2 years old female Daughter of Mahmoud al-Hussein killed
  • Shahd 5 years old female Daughter of Mahmoud Al Ali Al Hussein killed
  • Wife of Mahmoud bin Ali al-Hussein Adult female Daughter of Mohammed al-Haj Ali killed
  • Wife of Ahmed bin Ali Al Hussein Al Hussein Adult female killed
  • Hisham 7 years old male Son of Malik bin Ali Al Hussein killed
  • Hudhayfah 5 years old male Son of Malik Ali al Hussein killed
  • Bayan 3 years old female Daughter of Malik Ali Hussein killed
  • Nasreen al-Husain Adult female Daughter of Hussein, wife of Ahmed al-Hussein bin Ali killed
  • Aya 3 months years old female Daughter of Ahmed Al Hussein Bin Ali killed
  • Nour 14 years old female Daughter of Ali al-Hussein killed

Family members (9)

  • Saleh Al Abboud Al Ahmad Al Alawi Abu Fadi Age unknown male killed
  • Ibrahim 6 years old male Son of Saleh al-‘Abdu al-Ahmad al-‘Alu killed
  • Izzo 9 years old male Son of Saleh al-‘Abdu al-Ahmad al-‘Alu killed
  • Wife of Fadi Ibn Saleh Al-Abboud Al-Ahmad Al-Alu Adult female Daughter of Professor Mohamed Fouad Ismail killed
  • Magda 28 years old female Daughter of Mohammed al-Hamdu al-Alou killed
  • Samih 40 years old female Daughter of Mohammed al-Hamdu al-Alawi killed
  • Fatima 9 years old female Daughter of Mohammed al-‘Abdu al-‘Alu, nicknamed Abu Basha killed
  • Maha 7 years old female Daughter of Mohammed al-‘Abdu al-‘Ali killed
  • Iman 36 years old female Daughter of Hammad Al-Ahmad Al-Alou killed

Family members (7)

  • Abdullah Abu Hussein Haj Ibrahim Age unknown male killed
  • Malika Age unknown female Daughter of Abdullah Abu Hussein killed
  • Bashar 17 years old male Son of Abdullah Abu Hussein Haj Ibrahim killed
  • Mohammed 13 years old male Son of Abdullah Abu Hussein killed
  • Anwar Mohammed Al-Anwar 9 years old male killed
  • Nourah 3 years old female Daughter of Mohammed Al-Anwar killed
  • Qutaibah 2 years old male Son of Ibrahim Abdullah Abu Hussein killed
  • Wafa Al Ahmed Al Haj Ali Age unknown male killed
  • Abdo Al-Ahmad Al-Alo Abu Nayef Age unknown male killed
  • Wife of Abu Fadi Adult female Daughter of Hammad Al-Ahmad Al-Alawi killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    38–40
  • (7–21 children13–20 women3–7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A little girl, one of the victims of the continued air campaign on Al Bahra (via Jısırtv)
  • A stills grab from an al Amaq propaganda video detailing reported destruction at al Bahra on Februiary 4th
  • A stills grab from an al Amaq propaganda video detailing reported destruction at al Bahra on Februiary 4th
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Reported victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Reported victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Reported victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Reported victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • Reported unnamed child victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • Reported unnamed child victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • Reported unnamed child victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)
  • Reported unnamed child victims of a Coalition strike on al Bahra, February 3rd-4th 2018 (via Euphrates Post)

Geolocation notes (0) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position for incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near al Bahra village, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU619458
    Military Grid Reference System

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For February 3rd, the Coalition reported that "On Feb. 3 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted seven strikes consisting of eight engagements against ISIS targets.
• Near Abu Kamal, seven strikes [2 or more British] engaged five ISIS tactical units and destroyed an ISIS supply route, four ISIS-held buildings and a weapons cache."

For February 4th the Coalition reported: “On Feb. 4 in Syria, Coalition military forces conducted four strikes consisting of six engagements against ISIS targets.

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Saturday 3 February – Typhoons and a Reaper hit three Daesh buildings…they [Typhoons] demolished a further two such buildings on 3 February, , whilst a Reaper destroyed another.

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Sunday 4 February – a Reaper struck a large group of terrorists in a building…On 4 February, a Reaper hit another building held by a large group of terrorists.

France
  • English
    /
    Original

The Wagram Task Force continues its support security operations in the Euphrates Valley. This week, two firefighting missions were carried out for the benefit of the Iraqi security forces. This week, the air activity provided intelligence and support missions for the Iraqi Security Forces and Syrian Democratic Forces. It resulted in 28 sorties (assessment from 31 January to 6 February) during which a strike was conducted in the Abu Kamal area in support of the Syrian Democratic Forces fighting the last pockets of Daesh in the valley of the Euphrates.

‘OPÉRATION CHAMMAL SITUATION MILITAIRE DU THEATRE Sur le théâtre irako-syrien, les opérations se poursuivent. Les objectifs demeurent de : défaire les dernières poches terroristes résiduelles en Syrie ; sécuriser les territoires récemment libérés en Irak. Poursuite des combats en Syrie En Syrie, les forces démocratiques syriennes poursuivent leur combat contre les dernières poches daechies présentes sur les rives orientales de l’Euphrate. La Coalition y apporte un appui continu, permettant aux forces locales au sol de progresser régulièrement malgré une résistance importante de Daech. Poursuite des opérations de sécurisation en Irak… En Irak, les forces de sécurité irakiennes poursuivent leurs efforts pour sécuriser le territoire. La priorité porte actuellement sur les régions de Baji et de Kirkouk où des caches d’armes sont régulièrement découvertes et détruites. … favorisant le retour des réfugiés A la faveur de la sécurisation croissante du territoire irakien, les conditions du retour des réfugiés se sont sensiblement améliorées, notamment dans la partie ouest de l’Anbar. Les réfugiés rejoignent progressivement les villes d’Al Qaim et d’Anah où les opérations de dépollution des engins explosifs improvisés laissés par Daech se poursuivent. Environ 80 camps ont été fermés en Irak et une vingtaine devrait l’être dans les semaines à venir. ACTIVITE DE LA FORCE La Task Force Wagram forme des artilleurs irakiens… Du 30 janvier au 1er février, un détachement de la Task Force Wagram a réalisé une action de formation inédite au tir canon au profit de plus d’une centaine d’artilleurs irakiens. Cet échange d’expérience est le résultat des liens établis entre les Task force Monsabert et Wagram avec l’Ecole d’artillerie irakienne. Ce type de stage est appelé à être renouvelé. … tout en poursuivant son appui aux opérations de sécurisation La Task Force Wagram poursuit son appui aux opérations de sécurisation menées dans la vallée de l’Euphrate. Cette semaine, deux missions de tirs ont été réalisées au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes (1 mission d’éclairement et 1 mission d’interdiction – bilan du 31 janvier au 6 février). Depuis le début de sa mission, la TF Wagram, a réalisé 1617 missions de tirs. Les bases aériennes en Jordanie et aux EAU en appui des opérations Cette semaine, l’activité aérienne a permis d’assurer des missions de renseignement et d’appui au profit des forces de sécurité irakiennes et des forces démocratiques syriennes. Elle a donné lieu à 28 sorties aériennes (bilan du 31 janvier au 6 février) au cours desquelles une frappe a été réalisée dans le secteur d’Abu Kamal en appui des forces démocratiques syriennes combattant les dernières poches de Daech dans la vallée de l’Euphrate. Bilan total depuis le 19/09/14 : 7736 sorties / 1435 frappes / 2223 objectifs neutralisés.’

Netherlands
  • English
    /
    Original

For January 31st-February 6th, the Dutch MoD reported its F-16s released four munitions in the vicinity of Abu Kamal: on ISIS fighters, a storage facility and artillery positions. Jets provided support to ground troops in 12 missions, including in the Iraqi provinces Nineva, Salah ad-Din and As-Sulaymaniyah.

‘Weekoverzicht Defensieoperaties Nieuwsbericht | 07-02-2018 | 12:00 Nederlandse F-16’s vielen ter ondersteuning van grondtroepen ISIS-doelen aan: strijders, logistieke opslaglocaties en artillerieopstellingen. Dat gebeurde in de omgeving van Abu Kamal in de provincie Deir Al Zour in Oost-Syrië. Een overzicht van Defensieoperaties in de week van 31 januari tot en met 6 februari 2018. F-16 taxiet naar startbaanToon opties Een Nederlandse F-16 op weg naar de startbaan. De jachtvliegtuigen hielpen de grondtroepen tijdens 11 missies, ook boven de Iraakse provincies Ninawa, Sala ad-Din en As-Sulaymaniyah. Bij 4 werden wapens ingezet. Nederland doet boven Irak en Oost-Syrië in coalitieverband mee aan de strijd tegen terreurorganisatie ISIS. Irak Voor Operation Inherent Resolve trainen Nederlandse militairen met diverse partnerlanden Peshmerga-strijders in Irak. Het team van Capacity Building Mission Iraq (CBMI) IX droeg vorige week het stokje over aan CBMI X. Zij voeren deze missie uit tot en met mei 2018. 2 trainingsteams verzorgen een basis-infanterieopleiding voor de manschappen en daarnaast een leiderschapstraining voor de kaderleden. Dat gebeurde in 2 opleidingscentra van Peshmerga. Zij kregen les in basisvaardigheden, kaartlezen en het verrichten van medische handelingen. Degenen die de training afrondden, ontvingen een certificaat. In het westen van Irak werkt een chirurgisch team in het Amerikaanse Role 2-hospitaal. De Nederlandse medici werken daar nauw samen met een Brits team.’

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • May 31, 2018
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area that correspond to the report of civilian casualties.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    38–40
  • (7–21 children13–20 women3–7 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]