Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS3570

Incident date

January 4, 2019

Location

مزرعة المنطار, Al Mentar farm, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At 5am on January the 4th, an alleged Russian airstrike struck a farm in al-Mentar (Mazra’et Al Mentar) west of Khan Sheikhoun in the southern Idlib countryside injuring seven people, including a child and two women from the village of Al-Jibin, according to local media.

Civil Defense Forces reportedly rescued the family who was trapped under the rubble of their house. According to Halab Today TV, the victims were Iraqi civilians.

Ziad al-Aboud, commander of the civil defense sector in Khan Sheikun, added that this attack was one of three airstrikes with high-explosive missiles launched by a Russian aircraft.

Shabab al latamna reported the injured seven people belong to Omar Al Nimer‘s family, and that they include two children and two women.

The incident occured at 05:00:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Mentar (Mazra’et Al Mentar) farm in Idlib (via Step News).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Mentar (Mazra’et Al Mentar) farm in Idlib (via Lenskhanshykon1).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Mentar (Mazra’et Al Mentar) farm in Idlib (via Halab Today TV).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al-Mentar (Mazra’et Al Mentar) farm in Idlib (via Syria TV).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on the Mantar Farm (via Horrya.net).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on the Mantar Farm (via Horrya.net).
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on the Mantar Farm (via Horrya.net).
  • Syrian Civil Defense forces rescuing survivors of an alleged Russian airstrike on Al Mantar farm (via Halab Today TV).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS059

Incident date

October 20, 2019

Location

أورطاسو, Ortasu, Şırnak, Turkey

Geolocation

37.370262, 42.965162 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between four and six civilians were wounded in an alleged YPG attack in Uludere, Şırnak, Turkey, according to local media.

aa.com reported: “Four villagers were injured in Turkey’s southeastern province of şırnak, on Sunday, when they were targeted by terrorists of the separatist organization PKK. According to information obtained by Anadoulu, the four villagers were on their way to collect firewood in the village of Ortasu, in the district of Uludere, when they were attacked.The injured were taken to şırnak Government Hospital by helicopter and undergoing treatment”.

Yeni safak named six wounded civilians from two families, also blaming YPG forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Ömer Benek male injured
  • Ethem Benek, son of Ömer Benek male injured
  • Mehmet Benek male injured
  • Yakup Benek male

Family members (2)

  • Ramazan Babat male injured
  • Mahmut Babat male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A wounded civilian receives treatment following an alleged YPG attack in Uludere, Şırnak, Turkey, Oct 20th (via Yeni Safak)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Ortasu (أورطاسو), for which the generic coordinates are: 37.370262, 42.965162. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS1897

Incident date

February 16, 2017

Location

النقير والركايا , An IDP camp, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.497644, 36.559668 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to the Shaam News Network, “Russian warplanes used rockets loaded with cluster bombs on the towns of al Nakir and al Rakaya, targeting a camp of IDPs in the area and leaving a number of wounded among the IDPs amidst continuous shelling of the are for the last two days.”

Mozmjr0 and  Alikrarkaralso blamed Russia – though the Step News Agency said that Russia and the regime had carried out strikes.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS066

Incident date

October 26, 2019

Location

تل الهوى, Tal Al Hawa, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.598889, 37.668889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two children were injured in an alleged SDF and/or YPG artillery strike on the village of Tel Al Hawa, Aleppo governorate, according to Smart News Agency.

According to activists, the children were “moderately” injured and received treatment in Al Ra’i Hospital, as reported by Smart News Agency. The artillery shells were reportedly fired from SDF positions in the village of Tel Ali.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Tal Al Hawa (تل الهوى), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.598889, 37.668889. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS341b

Incident date

October 14, 2019

Location

جل آغا, Chil Agha/Çil Axa, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.9872436, 41.8205786 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in an alleged Turkish forces attack on Chil Agha in Hassakah governorate on October 14th, 2019 according to the Kurdish Red Crescent.

Shivan Abdulbari Eliko, male, 26 years old, lost his life as a result of injury caused by fragments lodged in his body.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Shivan Abdulbari Eliko 26 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Chil Agha (جل اغا) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.9872436, 41.8205786. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS381

Incident date

November 3, 2019

Location

رأس العين, Ras Al Ayn, Al Hasaka, Syria

Geolocation

36.849378, 40.068785 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in an alleged Turkish forces and/or Turkey-backed militants’ attack in Zirqan district, Hasaka, Syria on November 3rd, 2019.

ANHA reported that Seyîd Hewaş, who was a security guard in the tomb of Sheikh Hisên in the village of Lazqe in Zirgan district was killed.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Mausoleum of Sheikh Hisên, allegedly in the vicinity of Ras Al Ayn (رأس العين). The generic coordinates for Ras Al Ayn are: 36.849378 40.068785. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Free Syrian Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI538

Incident date

March 13, 2017

Location

Mosul, Rujm Hadid, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In an incident not previously tracked by Airwars, on November 30th 2017 the Coalition said it had concluded an assessment of civilian harm claims “near Mosul, Iraq”. According to the Coalition report, “March 13, 2017, near Mosul, Iraq, via international organisation: After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find that civilians were harmed in this strike.”

No additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

No coordinates were provided by the Coalition when they published their investigation into the civilian event, however, Rujm Hadid was mentioned. Using open source maps Airwars has found a possible location for Rujm Hadid near the sheep market in West Mosul: 36.3272, 43.0731

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Insufficient evidence of civilian harm
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Mosul, Iraq
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Nov 30, 2017
  • After a review of available information and strike video it was assessed that there is insufficient evidence to find that civilians were harmed in this strike.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For March 12th-13th the Coalition publicly stated: “Near Mosul, six strikes engaged six ISIS tactical units, an ISIS staging area and an ISIS sniper team; destroyed 16 fighting positions, five VBIEDs, four mortar systems, two rocket-propelled grenade systems, two supply caches, two VBIED factories, and a vehicle; damaged 22 supply routes; and suppressed 14 ISIS mortar teams, two ISIS tactical units, and an ISIS sniper team.”

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Discounted
    Those killed were combatants, or other parties most likely responsible.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4155

Incident date

November 11, 2019

Location

بلدة بسقلا, Bsaqla, Idlib , Syria

Geolocation

35.600962, 36.579151 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A child was killed and at least one woman injured in alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the village of Bsaqla on November 11th 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the victim as child Mustafa Yaser al Hasan from Ma’ar Zita village. Step News agency put the number of wounded at two, whereas MMC reported three injured civilians.

Obeida Othman, director of the Civil Defense Center told Smart News Agency that “a child was killed and a woman was wounded as a result of shelling by Syrian regime forces with seven artillery shells on the village of Bsaqla. The shelling also damaged a number of civilian houses”.

Step News Agency pointed to Syrian regime forces in the northern countryside of Hama who allegedly targeted Bsaqla with high-explosive rockets, but other sources named Russian forces as the belligerent.

Images and videos posted by various sources show the father of the child killed holding the body of his dead child and mourning the loss.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Photo of alleged Russian and/or Syrian air or artillery strikes on the town of Bsaqla on November 11th, 2019 (via MMC on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian air or artillery strikes on the town of Bsaqla on November 11th, 2019 (via IdlibPlus).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian air or artillery strikes on the town of Bsaqla on November 11th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • At least one civilian, a child, was killed in airstrikes/artillery shelling on Basqla on November 11, 2019. (Images posted by @EyesOnIdlib)
  • At least one civilian, a child, was killed in airstrikes/artillery shelling on Basqla on November 11, 2019. (Images posted by @EyesOnIdlib)
  • Caption translation: A family escaped from death and took refuge in a small ditch, fearing the bombing that targeted the village of Basqla today. (Image posted by @hadikhraat)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (24) [ collapse]