Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS416

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

العريمة‎, Al Arimah , Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.473772, 37.720148 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to two civilians were reported killed and several others injured in alleged Turkey artillery attack on Al Arimah town, west of Manbij city in northeastern Aleppo, Syria on February 28th, 2020, according to local sources. The attack is also believed to have caused four deaths and five injuries among regime forces and ‘loyalists’ as the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights described them.

“SOHR sources have said that Turkish forces, stationed at Sheikh Nasser base, carried out intensive rocket attacks on various areas of Al Arimah town, west of Manbij city in northeastern Aleppo, leaving casualties among civilians. Four member among regime forces and loyalists have been killed, and at least five others have sustained injuries of varying severity, while dozens of civilians have fled their homes in the wake of Turkish escalation as shelling has continued intensively.”

ynms79797979 said that 30 artillery shells were launched by Turkey on the area targeting Syrian Army and Al Bab Military Council in the villages around Al Arimah .

@NotWoofers said that “In Al Arimah , nine shells fired by the Turkish army landed inside the town, destroying two homes and wounding a civilian. Several civilian vehicles were also destroyed by these strikes. The Russian base in the town was allegedly the target of this attack.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of artillery attack allegedly by Turkey on Arimah in Aleppo on February 28th, 2020 (via @NotWoofers)
  • Artillery shell allegedly used by Turkey in an attack on Arimah village in Aleppo on February 28th, 2020 (via @NotWoofers)
  • An alleged Turkey artillery attack on Arimah village in Aleppo caused damage to civilians homes, on February 28th, 2020 (via @NotWoofers)
  • Aftermath of artillery attack allegedly by Turkey on Arimah in Aleppo on February 28th, 2020 (via @NotWoofers)

Geolocation notes

Reports on the incident mention artillery strikes in the village of Al Arimah (العريمة‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.473772, 37.720148. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM283-C

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

حرمك, Kunya Barrow, Lower Shabelle, Somalia

Geolocation

0.7928186, 43.3841839 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two airstrikes were declared the same day by US Africa Command, in partnership with the Somali government, which were said to have targeted al Shabaab in the vicinity of Kunya Barrow.

According to two pro Shabaab sources, at least one of the strikes targeted Kunya Barrow itself – alleging that a 70 year old woman and a child were injured. It was also claimed that a drone had crashed on the town.

According to the AFRICOM press release, “In coordination with the Federal Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command conducted two (2) airstrikes targeting al-Shabaab terrorists in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, Feb. 28… Initial assessment concluded these airstrikes killed two (2) terrorists. We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed as a result of these airstrikes.”

According to Somaliweyn, “At least two people have been killed and two others injured in [airstrikes] in the central Somali town of Kunyo Barrow on Monday.” Radio Kulmiye said four were killed and three injured – though made no mention of the combatant status of the casualties.

However according to Morad News and Somali Memo – both news sites viewed as pro-Shabaab – two civilians were injured. Morad asserted that “Suspected #US drone strike reported in Kunya-Barow town in #Somalia’s Lower Shabelle region. Two civilians, elderly woman and child wounded, taken to a local clinic – Witnesses Say”.

And Somali Memo claimed that “This afternoon, a drone crashed into a suburb of Kuunya Barroow, about 90 kilometers off the coast of Barawe. A journalist in the Lower Shabelle region said the shelling injured a 70-year-old woman and a minor. Witnesses said the victims were taken to a local hospital for treatment.”

The claims came at a time when al Shabaab was attempting to promote claims of high and indiscriminate civilian harm from US actions.

SONNA state media said the two strikes had targeted senior al Shabaab operatives, while according to the Somali Ministry of Information, an early afternoon strike near Kunya Barrow “killed two AS militants while also destroying one vehicle.” This may therefore represent the second event declared by AFRICOM.

According to the second quarterly civilian casualty assessment, the incident is currently under review from AFRICOM.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2–3

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • 'US bombardment of civilians again in the south #Somalia'
  • 'Heavy shelling in Lower Shabelle region '
  • Al Shabaab statement claiming high levels of civilian harm in Somalia from US actions: February 29th 2020
  • Al Shabaab statement claiming high levels of civilian harm in Somalia from US actions: February 29th 2020
  • Al Shabaab statement claiming high levels of civilian harm in Somalia from US actions: February 29th 2020

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a strike in the village of Kunya Barrow (حرمك), for which the coordinates are: 0.7928186, 43.3841839. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

United States Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    United States Armed Forces
  • United States Armed Forces position on incident
    Under investigation
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None

Civilian casualty statements

United States Armed Forces
  • Aug 28, 2020
  • February 28, 2020, USAFRICOM received three allegations from an online media source and social media accounts claiming two (2) civilians were injured as a result of a U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, on February 28, 2020.

Original strike reports

United States Armed Forces

In coordination with the Federal Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command conducted two (2) airstrikes targeting al-Shabaab terrorists in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, Feb. 28.
“The support the U.S. provides to our partners in our cooperative efforts to enhance security throughout Africa is unmatched by our competitors and is vital to not only East African security but to protecting the America forces on the continent and abroad,” said U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Gregory Hadfield, U.S. Africa Command deputy director of intelligence.
Al-Shabaab leadership has expressed its primary desire is to conduct attacks not just in East Africa, but against Americans and U.S. interests across the globe. Currently, our command assesses the al-Qaeda-aligned group lacks the capability to strike the U.S. homeland due to the persistent pressure placed on the group led by our African partners.
Initial assessment concluded these airstrikes killed two (2) terrorists.
We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed as a result of these airstrikes.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2–3

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM284

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

حرمك, Vicinity of Kunya Barrow, Lower Shabelle, Somalia

Geolocation

0.7928186, 43.3841839 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two airstrikes were declared the same day by US Africa Command, in partnership with the Somali government, which reportedly targeted al Shabaab in the vicinity of Kunya Barrow.

According to the AFRICOM press release, “In coordination with the Federal Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command conducted two (2) airstrikes targeting al-Shabaab terrorists in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, Feb. 28… Initial assessment concluded these airstrikes killed two (2) terrorists. We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed as a result of these airstrikes.”

According to two pro Shabaab sources, at least one of those strikes targeted Kunya Barrow itself – which is dealt with in USSOM283-C. A second strike appears to have taken place outside the town.

SONNA state media said the two strikes had targeted senior al Shabaab operatives, while according to the Somali Ministry of Information, an early afternoon strike near Kunya Barrow “killed two AS militants while also destroying one vehicle.” This may therefore represent the second event declared by AFRICOM.

In its civilian casualty assessment third quarter report AFRICOM said the incident was currently under review.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • 'Heavy shelling in Lower Shabelle region '

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a strike in the vicinity of Kunya Barrow (حرمك) village, for which, due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The coordinates for Kunya Barrow are: 0.7928186, 43.3841839

United States Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    United States Armed Forces
  • United States Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

United States Armed Forces

In coordination with the Federal Government of Somalia, U.S. Africa Command conducted two (2) airstrikes targeting al-Shabaab terrorists in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, Feb. 28.
“The support the U.S. provides to our partners in our cooperative efforts to enhance security throughout Africa is unmatched by our competitors and is vital to not only East African security but to protecting the America forces on the continent and abroad,” said U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Gregory Hadfield, U.S. Africa Command deputy director of intelligence.
Al-Shabaab leadership has expressed its primary desire is to conduct attacks not just in East Africa, but against Americans and U.S. interests across the globe. Currently, our command assesses the al-Qaeda-aligned group lacks the capability to strike the U.S. homeland due to the persistent pressure placed on the group led by our African partners.

___

February 28, 2020, USAFRICOM received three allegations from an online media source and social media accounts claiming two (2) civilians were injured as a result of a U.S. airstrike in the vicinity of Qunyo Barrow, Somalia, on February 28, 2020.
Initial assessment concluded these airstrikes killed two (2) terrorists.
We currently assess no civilians were injured or killed as a result of these airstrikes.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4251

Incident date

February 28, 2020

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians including a child were reported killed and two other civilians injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Saraqib in Idlib, Syria on February 28th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “at least three civilians, including a child, were killed on February 28th, as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on a residential building in Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, while they turned to check their houses after faction of the armed opposition- supported by Turkish forces- seize control over the city on February 26th.”

 

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC307

Incident date

February 29, 2020

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Seven people from one family were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

Libya Alahrar TV said: “The Field Medicine and Support Center in Tripoli confirmed that 7 people from one family were injured after a shell fired by Haftar militia landed on their house in the Ain Zara area, Al-Sekka road.

The center added, through its official page, that among the wounded was a 3-year-old girl, all of whom were taken to the Qaddor clinic, near the area, to receive the necessary treatment.”

Other sources published similar reports.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (7)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Video of shelling on Ain Zara
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara on February 29th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara on February 29th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara on February 29th, 2020 (via FMSC)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4254

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

السحارة, Al Sahara, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reportedly injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the village of Al Sahara on March 1st, 2020, according to the Syrian Civil Defence in Aleppo.

SCD Aleppo reported that one person was wounded in the village, west of Aleppo, as the result of Russian bombardments in the afternoon.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4255

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

قسطون, Qastoun, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian was reportedly injured in alleged Russian air and/or artillery strikes on the village of Qastoun, Hama governorate, on March 1st, 2020, according to Smart News Agency.

Smart wrote that activists had reported an injured civilian “as a result of Russian air and sea bombing on the village of Qastoun northwest of Hama”.

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4252

Incident date

March 1, 2020

Location

كفرنتين, Kafar Natin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians, including a child, were killed and more than three others were wounded in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the village of Kafar Natin, Aleppo governorate, on March 1st, 2020, according to local sources.

SMART News Agency reported that “five civilians, including a child, were killed and three others wounded on Sunday [March 1st, 2020], by Russian airstrikes on the village of Kafarnatin village, west of Aleppo, northern Syria”.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that Syrian regime warplanes targeted the homes of civilians in the morning. The SCD in Aleppo reported the names of five killed civilians, including four male adults and a child: Mahdi Al JarrRaji Abdullah HassanIbrahim Jameel Al JarrImran Jamil Al Jarr and the child Muhammad Abdul Kafi Mustafa.

SCD Aleppo also identified three wounded victims, all part of the Al Jarr family, and stated there were three more unnamed injured civilians, putting the total toll of injured at six civilians.

Nearly all sources reported Russia as the belligerent, but the Syrian Civil Defence and the Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that the Syrian regime had been responsible.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (1 child4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers searching for victims underneath the rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were destroyed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Civilian homes were reportedly targeted in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).
  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers at the site after alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the town of Kafar Natin on March 2nd, 2020 (via SCD Aleppo).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (1 child4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]