Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RS4264

Incident date

December 18, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma'arat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four men were killed in allegedly Russian and Syrian regime air- and artillery strikes on the city of Ma’arat Al Numan, Idlib governorate, on December 18th, 2019, according to local sources.

The four male victims were identified as Muhammad Ziyad Al Abd, Abd Al Razzaq, Yaman Serjawi and Fares Ahmad Al Salloum. The Syrian Civil Defence reported five wounded, including two children.

The MMC reported “intense Russian military raids with vacuum missiles, targeting residential neighbourhoods in Ma’arat Al Numan city”. The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported artillery shelling by the Syrian regime, in addition to Syrian regime airstrikes by helicopters. The shelling targeted Al Bezr market in the middle of the city, partially destroying several shops and damaging the market’s facilities.

The Syrian Civil Defence also reported that the Syrian regime shelled a building of SCD in the city.

Human Rights Watch said “In December 18, 2019, at about 11 a.m., the Maarat al-Nu`man Center for Primary Emergencies, a 24-hour ambulance deployment facility with additional emergency and child protection services, run by Violet, was hit. The center served about 600 people in the community. A Violet employee said that artillery shells struck the center’s ambulance garage and reception rooms, collapsing the building. The 10 people inside the office at the time were not wounded, but it took them five days to reopen the center. Human Rights Watch reviewed two photographs posted on Violet’s Facebook page that day that show damage to the office interior. These photographs also show damage to the windows and doors.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Age unknown male son of Nayef Al Qaytaz, other sources however reported he died in airstrikes in the town of Ma’ar Shamarin on Dec 18th killed
Age unknown male killed
Age unknown male from Jarjanaz town killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Muhammad Ziyad Al Abd was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Abd Al Razzaq was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via MMC).
  • Damage in a medical facility affiliated with Violet Organization by alleged Syrian regime shelling, according to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (via SN4HR).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via SCD on Facebook).
  • Abd Al Razzaq was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Numan on December 18th, 2019 (via Oula Al Assad).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS143

Incident date

January 30, 2018

Location

قسطل جندو, Qastal Jando, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.630278, 37.017222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Rumaf reported alleged Turkish shelling on the outskirts of Qastal Jendo, “causing material damage and injuring civilians, including children.”

No additional details are presently known.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Qastal Jando (قسطل جندو), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.630278, 37.017222. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC258

Incident date

December 22–23, 2019

Location

الباعيش, Al Baaysh, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.786735, 13.375550 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Grad missiles reportedly fired by LNA forces struck civilian neighbourhoods in Al Baaysh, Tajoura, injuring three civilians.

Libya Akbar News reported that “Local sources confirmed that missile shells landed in the Tajoura region, amid reports of civilian casualties.”

Burkan Al Ghadab said that “Indiscriminate Grad missile shells fired by the war criminal militia militia Haftar have fallen on the residential neighborhoods of Al Baaysh, Tajoura, and 3 civilians have been wounded with shrapnel.” It also published photos of the aftermath.

The Libya Observer said one of those injured was seriously hurt: “The three wounded have been admitted to hospital; one of them is in a critical condition, in addition to the severe damage caused to private property, according to the information office.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of a reported Grad strike on Al Ba`aysh, Tajoura’ on December 22nd-23rd 2019 which injured three civilians (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Aftermath of a reported Grad strike on Al Ba`aysh, Tajoura’ on December 22nd-23rd 2019 which injured three civilians (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Baaysh (الباعيش), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.786735, 13.37555. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Al Baaysh (الباعيش).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS174

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

شيا عفرين, Shya, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.496944, 36.598333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent named one civilian as injured in an alleged Turkish shelling of Shya.

The type of weapon was not reported.

No further details are currently available.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Hassan Saqid
27 years old male injury to the knee injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Shya, Afrin (شيا عفرين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.496944, 36.598333. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1892a

Incident date

January 25, 2019

Location

الباغوز, near al Baghouz, Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.45445, 40.96604 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In its monthly civilian casualty report for October 2019 – published on December 5th of that year – the Coalition conceded the injuring of a civilian in a strike near Baghouz.

According to the report, “January 25, 2019, near Baghouz, Syria, via self-report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against a Daesh tunnel entrance. Regrettably, one civilian was unintentionally wounded as a result of a strike.
2663 37SFU806143”.

Asked by Airwars whether this might be a match for an al Baghouz allegation already listed for this date (CS1891) Coalition officials stated that “This does not appear to be the same incident.”

We have therefore created a new entry for this previously untracked event.

In May 2020 in its annual report to Congress, the Pentagon noted this to be a US civilian harm event – giving the location as Baghouz Fawqani.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Known target
    ISIS

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Table of US-only civilian harm events in Iraq and Syria for 2019, declared by the Pentagon to Congress in May 2020.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible / Substantiated
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    No reason given
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Previously unknown
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Baghouz/ Baghouz Fawqani, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFU806143
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 5, 2019
  • January 25, 2019, near Baghouz, Syria, via self-report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against a Daesh tunnel entrance. Regrettably, one civilian was unintentionally wounded as a result of a strike.2663 37SFU806143

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Known target
    ISIS

Incident Code

RS4305

Incident date

January 15, 2020

Location

معرة النعمان, Ma'arat Al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

On January 15th, 2020 several civilians were wounded in Maarat Numan following an alleged Russian bombing raid.

Shaam News reported only that many civilians were wounded in the bombing raid but did not announce any deaths or a specific number of wounded.

Local sources detailed the target as a residential neighborhood without military significance.

AlarabyTV and Civil Defense both detailed Russian warplanes carrying out the attack. @HadiAlabdallah added that vacuum missiles were used in the strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4340

Incident date

January 21, 2020

Location

البارة, Al Bara, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and four to six others were injured (two children and two women) in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes with rockets on Al Bara in Idlib on January 21st, 2020. SMART said warplanes fired vacuum missiles.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that “At least two civilians were killed as fixed- wing warplanes we believe were Russian fired missiles on east of al Bara village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on January 21.” The Network also said the Russian bombing hit a football playground in Al Bara causing severe damage to the playground.

Justice Organization reported that the “young man” Yamen Bakr was killed in the shelling on the football playground. @syrian191124 added that Bakr was from Quneitra and a Facebook post from Al Bara detailed that Bakr defected from the regime in 2012, was arrested by Kurdish forces, and after he was released he sought refuge in al-Bara. He was married and had two sons.

@anasanas84 identified another man killed, Abu Ahmed Isharah, describing him as a “good character and friend of the revolution”. @abo_aljod84 added that Isharah was from the village of Karsa.

A post from the Local Coordination Committee of Syria referred to the two people killed as “non-civilians” but then added that Bakr was a defected soldier, meaning he would be classified as a civilian. The source also put the number of injured at six, including four women and two children.

Xeber24 provided the lowest casualty numbers, identifying one civilian killed and two civilians injured in the strikes.

The location of the strikes was referred to as a sports stadium or a soccer stadium by various sources.

The vast majority of sources attributed the airstrikes to Russian forces, with a few, including Shaam News, adding that the strikes were carried out in conjunction with the regime.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian airstrike on Bara village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on January 21st (via SN4HR)
  • "Two civilians were killed by Russian air strikes on the vicinity of Al-Bara village in Idlib countryside" (Image posted by @EyadHoms20)
  • Civil Defense members with the body of one of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Al-Bara on January 21, 2020. (Image posted by @media_idlib)
  • Civil Defense members with the body of one of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Al-Bara on January 21, 2020. (Image posted by @media_idlib)
  • Civil Defense members with the body of one of the victims of alleged Russian strikes on Al-Bara on January 21, 2020. (Image posted by @media_idlib)
  • Yamen Bakr, killed in alleged Russian strikes on Al-Bara, with his son. (Image posted by Al Bara News via Facebook)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4363

Incident date

January 26, 2020

Location

سراقب, Saraqib, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One civilian, a young man, was killed and as many as four civilians, including a child, were wounded when Russian or Syrian regime warplanes bombed the city of Saraqib, Idlib Governorate, on January 26 th 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SN4HR) said that “Amer al Khader was killed as Syrian regime fixed-wing warplanes fired missiles on al Gharbi neighborhood in Saraqeb city in the eastern suburbs of Idlib governorate, on January 26th, 2020.”

One source said Amer al Khader was 17-years-old, another said he was in his 20’s.

@Hani_Alymani reported that four people were injured including a child. Several other sources specified the child was a girl.

Maged.almhmad.146 said warplanes carried out two raids, one on a market and the other in a western neighborhood in the city.

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria also said the attack caused the injury of two other civilians. It added that the strike took place at 11:14 pm.

Sources differed as to the type of munition used. @IdlibPlus said the Syrian regime used vacuum missiles, @baladinetwork said the strike was carried out using “C-8 missiles” and Saraqebtoday2 said warplanes carried out two raids using vacuum missiles and machine guns.

In addition to @IdlibPlus, Edlib Media Center, Syrian Network for Human Rights, Local Coordination Committees of Syria and Step Agency blamed the regime, while SMART blamed Russia. Shaam Network blamed both Russia and the regime.

Smart News said: “The director of the Civil Defense Center in Saraqib Laith Ahmed told Smart, that Russian warplanes launched raids on the international highway connecting the cities of Aleppo and Damascus in the vicinity of the village of Dadekh, east of the city of Idlib, killing a civilian.”

 

The incident occured at 23:14:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

20 years old male grandson of Abu Salah, from the High School road in the Western Quarter killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Amer Khadr Al-Mustafa, allegedly killed by an airstrike on Saraqib on January 26th, 2020 (via Saraqeb deaths)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Amer Khadr Al-Mustafa, who was killed in an allegedly Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Saraqib, Idlib Governorate on January 26th, 2020. (via Saraqeb deaths)
  • A child who was injured in an alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrike on the city of Saraqib, Idlib Governorate on January 26th 2020. Sources mentioned as many as four civilians were injured in the strike including a girl. (Uploaded by @Abdzakor1994)
  • Destroyed building after an airstrike on Saraqib on January 26th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Destroyed building after an airstrike on Saraqib on January 26th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Destroyed building after an airstrike on Saraqib on January 26th, 2020 (via EMC)
  • A destroyed building following an alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrike on the city of Saraqib, Idlib Governorate, on January 26 th 2020. (Uploaded by @Tamer_Turkmane)

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, Russian Military

Sources (37) [ collapse]