US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CI117

Incident date

October 2, 2015

Location

الحويجة, Hawijah, Kirkuk, Iraq

Geolocation

35.3240179, 43.77335 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Local sources said that two civilians were killed and seven wounded after international aircraft struck civilians in Rubeidh Al-Asriya village, in Hawijah district.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 1st-2nd 2015, the Coalition reported that “Near Al Huwayjah, six strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL ammunition cache, an ISIL vehicle, an ISIL VBIED assembly area, and an ISIL mortar system.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI116

Incident date

September 29, 2015

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

At least 20 civilians were reported killed and up to 31 injured after Coalition (or possibly Iraqi) aircraft allegedly hit the Sunni Wafq state religious affairs building adjacent to one of the largest mosques in Mosul.

Aircraft reportedly targeted a meeting of senior Islamic State figures at the Waqf site, which has been taken over by ISIL. However most of the dead and injured were at a nearby marketplace. Video footage from Daesh showed destroyed civilian vehicles and market stalls, and chaotic scenes at a nearby hospital.

Citing an eyewitness, NINA reported that “missiles launched by the international coalition aircraft struck the Sunni Waqf headquarters in the Nabi Sheet area, which led to the death of 29 civilians, including women and children, and the wounding of 16 others who were taken to hospital.” Most other sources also blamed the Coalition. However, Sheikh Ragheb Hamid Siraj, a local leader in Mosul, said the attack was the work of an Iraqi aircraft.

At least two children were reported among the dead, including a 7-year old boy who was said to have locked himself in the family car in fear during the attack, only for it to be destroyed.

Three of the victims were later named as Ridwan Ibrahim [pictured below], his brother Abdul Rahman Ibrahim and their father Ibrahim. A young man named as Median Dawood Al Hadeedi [pictured below] was also reportedly killed.

Many casualties were said to be the result of a ‘double tap’ strike, with residents hit as they tried to rescue those injured in a first attack. Mosul Ateka put out an urgent warning: We ask citizens to stay away from places where bombing is occuring and not to assemble. Nabi Sheet Street is full of bodies because of the heavy shelling that occurred.”

Said Ali Mohammed, who works in the nearby market, told Gulf Online that he was inside his shop at the time, which is located just 500 meters from the Sunni Waqf Directorate building. He described the first explosion as “enormous… while we were preoccupied with tending to neighbors and some of the injured on the street, the second bombing targeted people who had rushed in to help the wounded.”

Ghassan Mossen, who described himself as an eyewitness to the attack, also posted the following on Facebook: “People were moving toward the blast site to search for their friends and relatives. They didn’t listen to appeals to stay away from the area. Even 100 metres away I almost got caught in the second blast, as shrapnel flew over our heads.

In a January 2016 report the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq referenced the event, noting: “On 29 September, an airstrike was reported to have hit the former Sunni endowment building next to the Ninewa Governorate building, in central Mosul. According to some sources, the attack allegedly killed eight civilians (including two women) in addition to 19 ISIL fighters. Around 10 minutes later, as civilians were gathering in the area, another airstrike allegedly hit the same location, killing 12 civilians (including two children and a woman) and wounding seven, some critically. Other sources reported higher casualty figures.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Ridwan Ibrahim Adult male killed
  • Abdul Rahman Ibrahim Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Adult male Father of Ridwan Ibrahim and Abdul Rahman Ibrahim killed
  • Median Dawood Al Hadeedi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 29
  • (2 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16–34
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • A father weeps next to his dead son, reportedly killed in a Coalition strike on Mosul, September 29th 2015 (via ISIL propaganda video)
  • Ridwan Ibrahim, reported killed with his brothwer and father in a Coalition strike, September 27th 2015 (via Mosul Ateka)
  • Aftermath of the aleged strike (via Al Khaleej Online)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the alleged victims of the strike (via Nineveh Media Network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another alleged victim of the strike (via Nineveh Media Network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another alleged victim of the strike (via Nineveh Media Network)
  • Another alleged victim of the strike (via Nineveh Media Network)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Aftermath of the strike (via Mosul Nawenhebha)
  • Median Dawood Al Hadeedi (via Mosul Third Eye)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 29th-30th 2015 the Coalition reported that “Near Mosul, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL fighting position, an ISIL cache, and suppressed an ISIL mortar position.“

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    20 – 29
  • (2 children3 women4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    16–34
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS131

Incident date

September 28, 2015

Location

معدان, Ma'adan, Ar Raqqah, Syria

Geolocation

35.751769, 39.61639 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One or more non-combatant males were reported killed in an alleged Coalition strike at Ma’adan by a number of sources. All were agreed that one unnamed man was killed and seven people injured.

The Damascus Centre for Human Rights Studies and Raqaa is Being Slaughtered listed, Munzer Ali Al A’asskar, as having been killed in the event. However Munzer was listed by Syrian Martyrs as a ‘child’ having been killed on September 26th.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Munzer Ali Al A’asskar Age unknown male He is described as a child by Syrian Martyrs but as a 'young man' by The Damascus Centre and RBSS killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 27th-28th 2015, the Coalition reported that “Near Ar Raqqah, one airstrike resulted in inconclusive results.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1–8 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS130

Incident date

September 27, 2015

Location

السلخة, Jala'a (Al-Salakha), Deir ez-Zor, Syria

Geolocation

34.371708, 40.490609 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

France’s first air strike in Syria was alleged to have killed at least 30 child soldiers of Islamic State, according to reports.

The attack – which France later declared was a five-hour raid by multiple aircraft on a ‘Daesh training camp’ – targeted among other sites a palm grove at Al Shalkha, near the town of Jala’a.

Al Mayadeen cited a ‘senior source’ who alleged that five French Rafale aircraft “targeted a camp of so-called ‘Cubs of the Caliphate’ aged between 14 and 18 years, killing fifty of them.” The source added that the deaths “have raised the ire and wrath of local people towards Daesh. for forcing their children to attend training camps.”

According to the Syrian Observatory, not all of those killed were child soldiers with the dead also including “Arab fighters from North Africa and Syrian, and Iraqi fighters.” ISIL had been recruiting child soldiers in the areas it occupied since the start of 2015 reported SOHR: “They are ‘adults and are responsible for their decisions’, as the organization puts it.”

Asked to clarify the status of child soldiers according to the laws of war, Dapo Akande, Professor of Public International Law at the University of Oxford, told Airwars: “With regard to child soldiers, the fact that they are children will not change the law regarding whether they can be targeted. If they are members of an organized armed group or taking direct part in hostilities they can be targeted – even if they are doing this against the wishes of their families (or even against their own wishes).

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 50
  • (12–30 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

France has confirmed carrying out a complex air raid near Dayr az Zawr on September 27th 2015: “Le 27 septembre 2015, les aéronefs de l’opération Chammal ont mené un raid aérien contre un camp d’entraînement de Daech situé dans la vallée de l’Euphrate, au Sud de Deir Ez Zor. Il s’agit d’une frappe délibérée sur un objectif reconnu préalablement. Nos renseignements recoupés avec ceux de la coalition ont clairement établi que ce camp est occupé et actif.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 50
  • (12–30 children)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI115

Incident date

September 27, 2015

Location

الموصل‎, Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.34585235, 43.09857692 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Local and medical sources said that 13 civilians were killed and up to six more injured after Coaliton planes struck their homes in the centre of Mosul, while three more civilians died after a shop was struck by the Coalition in the west of the city.

NINA reported one local as saying some residents were trying to flee the city “for fear of being subjected to bombardment again“ after reports of a heavy aerial assault on the city.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Archive image of Cubs of the Caliphate - ISIL's child soldiers (via al Mayadeen)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition reported that for September 26th-27th 2015: “Near Mosul, three airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed four ISIL fighting positions, an ISIL armored vehicle, and suppressed an ISIL mortar position.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 16
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI113

Incident date

September 27, 2015

Location

يت, Hit, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

33.642631, 42.829814 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Four members of the al-Jumaili family were killed in an alleged Coalition strike at Hit, according to reports.

Mr al-Jumaili was described as a refrigerator repairman, whose home in the city’s April 7th neighbourhood was hit.

The dead have been named by one of the sources.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Ahmed Hamid Jassim al-Jumaili Adult male Father killed
  • Abeer Zia Nafeh Jumaili Adult female Mother killed
  • Wael Ahmed Hamed Age unknown male Son killed
  • Nabah Ahmed Hamid Jassim al-Jumaili Child female Daughter killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Funeral for a family of four reported killed in a Coalition strike at Hit, Iraq Sept27 2015 (via Iraqi Revolution)
  • Aftermath of the strike
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of one of the alleged victims (via Haret Mothana)
  • Another image of the funeral (via Iraqi Revolution)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Airstrikes on September 26th-27th in the city had targeted a “VBIED production facility,” according to a press release.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI112

Incident date

September 25, 2015

Location

الرمادي, Ramadi, Anbar, Iraq

Geolocation

33.43747, 43.28632 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

A single source claimed that two civilians died after “the alliance air force shelled civilian homes in Ramadi.” No other details were given.

On July 7th, 2017 the Coalition admitted responsibility for the incident, reporting: “Sep. 25, 2015, near Ramadi, Iraq, via Airwars report: During strikes on an ISIS fighting positions, it was assessed that two civilians were unintentionally killed in an adjacent structure.”

In July 2019, the Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The initial source pointing at the incident

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest city at 33.437441, 43.286666

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    2
  • Stated location
    near Ramadi, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    38SLC407011
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jul 7, 2017
  • Sep. 25, 2015, near Ramadi, Iraq, via Airwars report: During strikes on an ISIS fighting positions, it was assessed that two civilians were unintentionally killed in an adjacent structure.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 24th-25th 2015, the Coalition reported heavy action in the near vicinity “Near Ramadi, five airstrikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed two ISIL buildings, an ISIL light machine gun, an ISIL resupply truck, an ISIL dump truck, an ISIL cache, and cratered a road to deny ISIL use.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CI111

Incident date

September 24, 2015

Location

سنجار, Sinjar, Nineveh, Iraq

Geolocation

36.31871, 41.8616 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

In a previously unknown incident, the US confirmed in January 2016 that its aircraft had killed two civilians in a strike at Sinjar four months earlier.

According to CENTCOM, “On Sept. 24, 2015, near Sinjar, Iraq, during strikes against an ISIL vehicle, it was assessed two civilians were killed. An assessed enemy combatant on a motorcycle was targeted for engagement. Weapons were released while the target was stopped at an intersection; however, another vehicle approached after weapons were in flight. Both the motorcycle and the vehicle were destroyed.”

In April 2017 the Coalition revised its position: “Sept. 24, 2015, near Sinjar, Iraq: Number 3 on the Jan. 29, 2016, U.S. Central Command press release it was reported that two civilians were killed during a strike on an ISIS vehicle. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally killed.”

In July 2019, the Coalition provided Airwars with coordinates for the event, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition releasing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated it to the nearest town at 36.3206914, 41.8641115

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Entered target area just prior to or after munition released
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    1
  • Stated location
    near Sinjar, Iraq
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SGA569231
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Apr 30, 2017
  • Jan 29, 2016
  • On Sept. 24, 2015, near Sinjar, Iraq, during strikes against an ISIL vehicle, it was assessed two civilians were killed. An assessed enemy combatant on a motorcycle was targeted for engagement. Weapons were released while the target was stopped at an intersection; however, another vehicle approached after weapons were in flight. Both the motorcycle and the vehicle were destroyed.

  • Sept. 24, 2015, near Sinjar, Iraq: Number 3 on the Jan. 29, 2016, U.S. Central Command press release it was reported that two civilians were killed during a strike on an ISIS vehicle. That was incorrect, it was assessed that one civilian was unintentionally killed.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For September 24th-25th 2015, the Coalition noted at the time only that “Near Sinjar, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit, destroyed an ISIL heavy machine gun, and an ISIL fighting position.”

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]