Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LQ024

Incident date

February 8, 2016

Location

درنة‎, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.757426, 22.637601 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A Libyan Air Force MIG-23 was shot down in the Sidi Khalid area, 35 km West of Derna, after conducting airstrikes in Derna according to various sources. Apparently, the plane had shelled the 400 neighbourhoods in retaliation for the killing of civilians on February 7th.

The Libya Observer reported that the Derna Shura Council, which had been targeted by the plane, downed it. The pilot Younis Al-Dinali made it out alive. He claimed that the jet crashed due to a technical malfunction.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A video shows A Libyan Air Force MIG-23 that was shot down in the Sidi Khalid area

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC023

Incident date

February 7, 2016

Location

درنة‎: باب طبرق, Bab Tobruk, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.755556, 22.641111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

An unknown aircraft bombed the Bab Tobruk neighbourhood near the medical centre in Derna, which led to the death of a woman and her child, according to local and international sources.

The three strikes, which reportedly targeted the Shura Council, damaged the Al Wahda hospital and the Omar bin Khattab mosque in the Zuhour district of Bab Tobruk. According to various sources, the strikes also hit a neighbourhood that wasn’t controlled by ISIS.

No warring party in Libya or any foreign government claimed responsibility for the attack. Libya Observer and Digital Journal later reported that Muftah Hamza, commander of the Al-Hilah axis, had accused the UAE of being responsible for the strikes.
Saqr el-Jerroushi from Libya’s internationally recognised government accused a “neighbouring country” of having conducted the airstrikes.

Ean Youth reported that “four people, including a child, a woman and two other youths” were killed. Other sources added that heavy damage had been caused to homes in the area.

Alnabaa News reported that of the four killed, two were “fighters of the Mujahideen Shura Council of Darnah”, suggesting that they were not civilians.

Alwasat news has listed the four victims names including one child, his mother and two adults.

While it has been stated in the HRW report that “Two bombs struck the Al-Wahda Hospital compound in the Bab Tobruk area, killing at least two civilians, including a child, and causing extensive damage”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mistura al-Derasi Age unknown female Via Alwasat news killed
  • Mohammed Juma Child male Via Alwasat news killed
  • Walid Boukhatwa Age unknown male Via Alwasat news killed
  • Muhamed al-Obeidi Age unknown male Via Alwasat news killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • An image shows the aftermath of the airstrike allegedly conducted by LNA in Derna (Source: Al-Nabaa TV)
  • A picture shows the aftermath of the airstrike allegedly conducted by LNA in Derna (Source: Alwasat)
  • An image shows people gathering around the place followed an alleged LNA airstrike in Derna (Source: Alwasat News)
  • An image shows a building damaged followed an alleged LNA airstrike on Derna (Source: Alwasat News)
  • A report video: unknown aeroplane conducted airstrike in Derna which led to killing at least four people (Source: Alwasat news)
  • Translation: Libya Now | A statement of the Crisis Committee of the city of Derna in Tripoli condemn the aerial bombardment of Bab Tobruk (Source: @libyaalaan)
  • Translation: A condemn by the crises committee in the eastern coast Derna regarding the bombardment of Bab Tobruk (Source: @fawzi898)
  • An image shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital staff housing units in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • A picture shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • A picture shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • An image shows the damage of Al-Wihda Hospital in Derna, followed alleged airstrikes on February 7, 2016 (Source: HRW)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: 1 - The killing of a child and his mother by an air raid by unidentified aircraft dawn today on civilian houses in Bab Tobruk district of the city of Derna, east of Libya (Source: @ ahmad_khalifa78)

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2–4
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ023

Incident date

January 31, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Leithi, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.094722, 20.1275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

LNA reported that it carried out intensive airstrikes against ISIS targets in the Sabri, Bouatni, Al-Leithi, Hawari and Qawarsheh areas of Benghazi.

However, despite the intensive attacks there were no known local reports of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ022

Incident date

January 12, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Power plant, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.202222, 20.133611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

The LNA reported that it conducted airstrikes against ISIS in Benghazi. The Air Force targeted a field hospital and an ammuniton store in Sidi Faraj, a camp in Garyounis, ISIS centres in Sabri and Al-Leithi and various vehicles at the axis of the Safsafa project.

An UNSMIL report later noted that a power plant had been hit by an airstrike, and condemned the action against civilian infrastructure.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ021

Incident date

January 5, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi, Libya

Airwars assessment

The LNA reported that it conducted airstrikes against what it described as terrorists in the neighbourhoods of Hawari, the fish market, and Bosnib, along with other targets in the Western part of the city. Al Arabiya reported that a MiG-21 was also shot down by ISIS during the bombings, crashing without reported loss of life in a suburban area.

Despite the heavy strikes on the city, no civilian casualties were publicly reported at the time. 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC022

Incident date

December 26, 2015

Location

اجدابيا, Ajdabiya, Al Wahat, Libya

Geolocation

30.764722, 20.233889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

LNA strikes reportedly targeted alleged terrorists in the industrial area of Ajdabiya. Sources reported that a Sudanese cafe and/or car repair shop was struck during the raids – along with a policeman travelling nearby in his car. Up to three civilians reportedly died with as many as 19 more wounded.

According to Libya 24, “military aircraft bombed Ansar al-Sharia sites in the industrial neighbourhood of the city of Ajdabia, where witnesses said that the fighter was targeting the terrorist sites and hit a Sudanese restaurant where some workers had gathered. This led to the deaths of a number of those present and the injuring of more. A medical source at the hospital confirmed that the hospital received one dead person and 19 injured from the site of the shelling, their injuries varying in severity”.

Annahar Online added that “Two people were killed and two others were injured when the Libyan Air Force mistakenly bombed a cafe in the industrial area of Ajdabiya”.

According to Akhbar Libya News 24, the strike also “killed the head of the Criminal Investigation Department, Ajdabiya Mohammed Boubaker Kbaili“. The source said that “Kabbaili was driving his car with his son in the industrial neighbourhood during the air strikes. He sustained shrapnel injuries from which he died, while his son was admitted to hospital for treatment”.

It went on to say that the Libyan Air Force was targeting warehouses in the industrial neighbourhood, resulting in the strikes accidentally hitting The Blue Nile Cafe. Three people reportedly died with 17 more wounded.

@rawadfree1 didn’t report a raid on a Sudanese cafe but said that “a car repair shop owned by Sudanese people” – though it made no mention of civilian harm. Faraj Shitaw referred to the bombing of a  “workshop”.

Similarly, the source Akhbar Libya 24 didn’t report any civilian casualties but said that Libyan Air Force strikes led to “a large number of deaths among the terrorist militias”. It added that “what is striking is the accuracy of these air raids targeting the leaders of these organisations and their gatherings”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–19
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Translation: Libyan Air Force hit a restaurant and workshop belongs to Sudanese in Ajdabiya today (Source: @ rawadfree1)
  • Translation: photos of the site of Ansar Sharia, which was targeted by air strikes by air force planes in the city of Ajdabia this morning (Source: @mohamedalzober)
  • Translation: Ajdabiya Libyan Air Force bombarded several locations of Daesh this morning and reported 19 terrorist attacks (Source: @ MstrMax11)
  • Translation: 3. New aerial bombardments carried out by Haftar warplanes targeting the industrial zone south of Ajdabiya (Source: @ ahmad_khalifa78)
  • Translation: Photos showing some of the Sudanese nationality of the survivors of the bombardment of war criminal aircraft Haftar and sprayed in the city of Ajdabia. While the pages and channels of dignity(LNA) since the morning news that the bombing of "ammunition store" in the city of Ajdabia (Source: Faraj Shitaw)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1–3
  • Civilians reported injured
    17–19
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ020

Incident date

December 10, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, Leithi, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.094722, 20.1275 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Twitter sources reported airstrikes in the Benghazi neighbourhoods of Leithi, Al-Halis, Al-Nahr, Tika and Bouatni.

According to @LibyasChannel, “the Air Force continued to target the sites of terrorists in Al-Leithi and Alnahr road and Hawari and the western axis in the vicinity of the region of Alhalis”.

There were no known public reports of civilian harm at the time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ019

Incident date

December 7, 2015

Location

بنغازي‎, Ganfouda, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.010556, 20.006389 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. marker Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, more than 18 LNA airstrikes were carried out in Benghazi in the areas of Ganfouda, Bouatni, Sidi Faraj near the cement factory, and Marissa port. The strikes in Ganfouda reportedly targeted a convoy with 16 cars.

On December 7th, Sputnik said: “Libyan air force spokesman Nasir al-Hassi told Sputnik that Libyan aircraft had just bombed more than 16 cars moving in Qanfotha, west of Benghazi… Since yesterday morning, more than 18 air strikes have been carried out on several locations and movements of terrorists.”

Tango Roja and Lish La Hia Nubnuha disclosed the following names of ISIS members killed during the strikes:

Abu Zubayr Al Tunisi
Abu Abdulah Al Musri
Abu Abdwahab Al-Ansari
Abu Omar Sudanese
Abonoval al-Ansari
Ahmad Al-Madani Al-Zarqawi
Abu Alwalid Al Misri
Queswara Al Tunisi

There were no local public reports at the time of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]