Russian Military in Ukraine

A member of the Ukrainian Emergency Service looks at the City Hall building in the central square following shelling in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Pavel Dorogoy)

Belligerent
Russian Military
Country
Ukraine
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

RUK016

Incident date

February 28, 2022

Location

вул. Кільцева, 130, 130, Kil'tseva Street, Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.927432, 36.433949 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least eight civilians were reported injured in alleged Russian shelling on two high-rise buildings on Kiltseva street in Kharkiv, February 28th 2022. Local sources reported the use of rocket launchers and artillery as well as airstrikes.

Those injured in the incident were widely reported by local sources to have been on the upper floors of two 16-storey residential buildings; another 35 civilians evacuated the buildings during the shelling.

This civilian harm incident was reported to be part of a series of strikes on the street, including civilian casualty incidents RUK0021 and RUK0023.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck on Kil’tseva Street (вул. Кільцева). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location of the strike to these coordinates: 49.927432, 36.433949.

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  • Imagery:
    MNS.GOV.UA

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Screenshot of DSNS Facebook page, posted February 28th 2022, stating: "On February 28, during shelling, the upper floors of 2 residential 16-story buildings on the street were destroyed. 35 people were evacuated from two buildings. 8 people were injured. 8 units of fire and rescue equipment and 40 personnel of the State Emergency Service were involved in the evacuation work."

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK015

Incident date

February 28, 2022

Location

вул. Велика Кільцева, Velika Kiltseva Street, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.927556, 36.435033 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On February 28th 2022, an alleged Russian forces rocket and artillery hit 130 Velika Kiltseva Street in Kharkiv. As a result one civilian was reportedly killed and one to two civilians were injured.

Five civilian cars were reportedly set on fire, as a result of the shelling.

A report from Helsinki.org stated the following information: “On February 28, 2022, shells were fired along Velika Kiltseva Street in Kharkiv. As a result of the shelling, 5 passenger cars were on fire near the yard near the railing. 2 individuals suffered, 1 perished.”

Amnesty reported that “a third 300mm Smerch rocket salvo struck the area around a shopping centre and a car park in NE Kharkiv.” Amnesty also quoted a witness who said they saw two people severely injured in the area of the attack.

Kharkov Nash posted on Telegram that “it was a local “Grad” (multiple missile launcher); whether it was intentional or accidental” in reference to attacks in Kharkiv, but did not specify that this attack was Ukrainian sources or refer to the locations of the “Grad” attack.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code: UKR54214 and Bellingcat Code: CIV0084

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention vehicles struck while parked on Velika Kiltseva Street (вул. Велика Кільцева) in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following coordinates: 49.927556, 36.435033.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Truexanewsua

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Truexanewsua

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Truexanewsua

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • "Damage in Kharkiv presumably from Russian MLRS or artillery fire." (Image via @RALee85 / Twitter)
  • "Damage in Kharkiv presumably from Russian MLRS or artillery fire." (Image via @RALee85 / Twitter)
  • "Damage in Kharkiv presumably from Russian MLRS or artillery fire." (Image via @RALee85 / Twitter)
  • Obriy, Kharkiv (Image via @karinanguyen_ / Twitter)
  • "The fire on Bolshaya Koltsevaya Street in Kharkiv (Horizon microdistrict) was eliminated. It occurred on the afternoon of February 28 due to shelling from the air. This was reported by the Main Directorate of the State Emergency Service in the Kharkiv region. "As a result of the shelling, five cars burned in the yard near the high-rise building. Two people were injured, one died," the rescuers said." (Image via 2day.kh)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK017

Incident date

February 28, 2022

Location

50 ,вул. Балакірєва, 50, Balakirjeva Street, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.032611, 36.238746 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was reported injured and later pronounced dead as a result of alleged Russian shelling in Kharkiv, February 28th 2022.

Local sources reported that the woman was a ‘pensioner’ who died in hospital, after being seriously injured when Russian shelling entered her kitchen on the 11th floor of a residential apartment block.

Kharkiv Human Rights Group report added that two more projectiles hit the same address, damaging a gas pipeline, an official car, and set fire to civilian cars.

Most sources outlined the graphic nature of the victim’s injuries, with images shared widely of the projectile in what appears to be a residential home.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR54214.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention building 50, on Balakirjeva Street (вул. Балакірєва) being struck. Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 50.032611, 36.238746.

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  • Imagery:
    truexanewsua

  • Imagery:
    _KA3AXCTAH

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • The inside of the apartment block where the shelling was reported to have taken place. Image via Times.kharkiv.ua
  • Screenshot from Facebook (Prokuraturakharkiv) stating: According to the investigation, on February 28, 2022, in Kharkiv, in an apartment on the street Balakireva, 50, a projectile flew into the kitchen window, as a result of which the woman's leg was torn off. She was taken to the city's emergency and emergency clinic, where she died.
  • Image posted on Twitter by @_KA3AXCTAH indicating the remnants of the projectile in the residential home where a woman sustained injuries from alleged Russian actions.
  • Second image showing the damaged building of a civilian harm incident in Kharkiv where a woman was injured and later died from her injuries. Image posted on Twitter by @_KA3AXCTAH

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK018

Incident date

February 28, 2022

Location

вулиці Клочківській, Харків, Klochkivska Street, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.017994, 36.212446 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed by an alleged Russian artillery shell which hit a shop on Klochkivska street in Kharkiv on February 28, 2022.

The Kharkiv Human Rights Group reported that a woman’s legs were torn off by shelling near the Arbuz store on Klochkivskyi Street in the afternoon of February 28th and that she was taken away by an ambulance. According to Igor Artamonov via Facebook, the woman had been standing in line at the Arbuz store at the time of the shelling.

@amnesty tweeted that according to the Guardian, the injured woman later died of her injuries.

A graphic video posted by @LarinaOlga shows the injured woman laying on the ground and a few meters away was her foot which was ripped off.

Izvestia.kharkov News specified that the shelling occurred in the Shevchenkiv district of the city and that the injured woman lost both of her legs.

A Facebook post from Viktor Polak specified that the shelling was carried out by Russian forces.

Ukrainian Telegram channel based in Kharkiv with local correspondents in the city called Kharkov Nash posted on Telegram that it wouldn’t make sense for Russian troops to shell Klochkivska if Ukrainian troops were stationed in Pyatichkivka but goes on to say “there could be anything, so we are not making any assertions”.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR54214.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a strike in the vicinity of the Arbuz market (Арбуз Маркет) on Klochkivska Street (вулиці Клочківській) in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to the following coordinates: 50.017994, 36.212446.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Exact Location","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[36.212446,50.017994],"type":"Point"}}]}
  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Ольга Ларіна

  • Tagged visual material from Google Maps

    Imagery:
    Михаил Титаренко

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Site of alleged Russian shelling in Kharkiv that resulted in the injury of one woman on February 28, 2022. (Image posted by @AlchevskUA)
  • Site of alleged Russian shelling in Kharkiv that resulted in the injury of one woman on February 28, 2022. (Image posted by Pravda_Gerashchenko via Telegram)
  • Screenshot of a post by Viktor Polak via Facebook
  • Screenshot of a post by Igor Artamonov via Facebook
  • Screenshot of a post by Olena Melnyk via Facebook

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK020

Incident date

March 1, 2022

Location

Площа Свободи, Svobody Square, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.004280, 36.236418 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians, including a child, were killed and between 20 and 35 others were injured by an alleged Russian rocket attack on Kharkiv Administration building on Svobody Square in Kharkiv on March 1, 2022.

The Kharkiv Human Rights Group reported that at 8:02am, a rocket attack struck the building of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration and Freedom Square, killing 10 people and injuring more than 35 others. At the time of the explosions, there were security forces, military personnel and volunteers in the building. The bombing led to the destruction of a large part of the building, including the chairman’s office, and damage to two buildings of the University of Kharkiv, including knocking out the windows. AP described the damage to the building as blowing out windows, collapsing ceilings, in addition to crushing a nearby car.

Suspilne Kharkiv posted on Telegram that according to the State Emergency Service, at least 10 people were killed and more than 20 were injured as a result of the attack. Action on Armed Violence, a source aggregator, reported that six civilians, including a child, were killed in the central square in Kharkiv and 10 civilians were killed and over 20 others were wounded in Kharkiv government building. A tweet from @Tykubovych put the number killed at 11.

A tweet from @VoicesBelarus reported that the first explosion hit Svoboda Square near the regional administration building and the second rocket hit the building itself. AP added that within the square, the missiles had hit a tent encampment that had been set up to collect aid for the Ukrainian fighters. Ukrinform quoted the Head of the EU Delegation to Ukraine Matti Maasikas who said that the Slovenia consulate was destroyed as “collateral diplomatic damage”

A Telegram post from Russian war correspondent Kotenok Z stated that members of Azov and the Ukrainian territorial defenses were killed in Kharkiv but did not give any locational or victim information. Another source which has expressed Russian sympathies, Kharkov Nash, also asserted that since the regional administration had become the military administration, and Azov troops were stationed there, “it is most likely that Russian troops really struck” but then contradicted their statement by saying that the shelling was from the direction of Sokolniki, and since the Russians do not have forces there, it is likely a “stray”.

According to the Kharkiv Human Rights Group, discussing the findings of a Bellingcat investigation, a Russian 3M54-1 “Caliber” cruise missile, also known as “Klub” (Club), was used in the attack. A tweet by @christogrozev from Bellingcat explains that they were able to enhance a CCTV video that shows the moment of impact of the missile. Experts have noted that this weapon is not available in Ukraine and has become the primary weapon for Russian Navy ground strikes.

Russian state-run media RT quoted Colonel Viktor Baranets who said that “I believe it was a deliberate strike by the Ukrainian army against those Kharkiv citizens who are dissatisfied with the city administration. Both Putin, Shoigu, and Chief of the General Staff Gerasimov categorically and strictly ordered the participants in the operation that not only a shell, a grenade, a bullet should not fly into social buildings. He added that, tentatively, this strike was carried out with 152 mm caliber, which is forbidden by the Minsk agreements. And also that the missile flew from a direction where there are no Russian troops.”

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR52470.

The incident occured at 08:02:00 local time.

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Kharkiv Regional State Administration (Харківська обласна рада) building being struck. Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 50.004280, 36.236418.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Suspilne Media

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Suspilne Media

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Suspilne Kharkiv

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Suspilne Media

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (88) [ collapse]

  • Body of one of the victims of the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Nv.ua)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Nv.ua)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Nv.ua)
  • Memorial for the victims of the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Nv.ua)
  • Screenshot of a post by Chystylin Volodymyr via Facebook
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Image of the missiles that struck harkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Defence-blog.com)
  • Type of missile that Bellingcat identified as being used in the bombing of the Kharkiv Administration Building on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @christogrozev via Twitter)
  • Screenshot of a post by Oleh Hryhorovych via Facebook)
  • Screenshot of a post by Elena Fomenko via Facebook
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by the attack on the Kharkiv Regional State Administration on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Elena Fomenko via Facebook)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Vladislav Orlov
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv administration building on March 1, 2022. (Image Ukrinform

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–35
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (53) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK021

Incident date

March 1, 2022

Location

Новобаварский проспект, Novobavarsky Avenue, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.949843, 36.155445 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between five and eight civilians were killed and up to 10 others were injured by alleged Russian airstrikes/shelling of a residential building on Novobavarsky Avenue, 95 in the Bavaria district of Kharkiv on March 1, 2022.

Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group identified eight people killed, six people injured, and 38 people rescued following the bombing. @SESU_UA stated that two of the people rescued were unblocked from under the rubble, and at the time of reporting people were still being rescued. A Telegram from the Kharkiv Prosecutor’s Office (Prokuratura_kharkiv) reported that five people were killed and 10 people were injured, adding that this was a preliminary number still being established.

RBC News reported that shelling struck Hospital No. 3 and then airstrikes hit a factory and a residential apartment building in Bavaria. The head of the district administration, Tetyana Tsybulnyk, told Suspilne that a bomb hit the fifth floor of a building on Novobavarskiy Avenue, resulting in many injured and people under the rubble. A tweet from @SESU_UA specified that the airstrike hit between entrances two and three (out of six total) of the five floor building.

Svitlana Gorbunova-Ruban, deputy mayor of Kharkiv, told Suspilne that shells also hit the territory of Hospital No. 3 nearby in the Novobarav district. Yurii Sorokolat, director of the city health department, stated that none of the doctors or patients were injured but 9 patients were transferred to Hospital No. 31.

The Kharkiv Prosecutor’s Office (Prokuratura_kharkiv) posted on Telegram that “in total, the enemy fired 3 shots with three rockets, among which the first hit between entrances 2 and 3, resulting in the formation of a funnel with a diameter of 3-4 meters, the second hit the roadway along Novobavarskiy Avenue, 95 in the direction of the village. Pisochyn, as a result of which a funnel with a diameter of 2-2.5 meters was formed, the third rocket hit the territory of the Kharkiv plant of lifting transport equipment on Novobavarskiy avenue, 118, whose buildings were damaged.”

Igor Terekhov, mayor of Kharkiv, told RBC “We are constantly being shelled. A rocket attack was just launched on a residential neighborhood. There are dead, there are victims, the hospital has been destroyed. Therefore, of course, the situation is very difficult. There are dead people, there are wounded. That is why the situation is serious.”

Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group attributed the incident to the Russian Armed Forces, with other sources like Helsinki.org posting similar attributions. A tweet from @olehbatkovych reported that the Russian jet was shot down after his airstrike, according to an official.

This incident has reference to ACLED code UKR52470 and Attacks on health dataset code 31550.

The incident occured at 16:15:00 local time.

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a strike on a residential building on Novobavarsky Avenue (Новобаварский проспект) in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 49.949843, 36.155445

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  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Oleh Novikov

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Oleh Novikov

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 8
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (29) [ collapse]

  • Yes, the hospital before the impact, just in steam. And here is Bavaria after the air strike. There are many dead and wounded
  • More footage from Bavaria. Something flew into the five-story building during an air raid
  • Rescue workers sort through the rubble for victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @SESU_UA)
  • Rescue workers sort through the rubble for victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @SESU_UA)
  • Rescue workers sort through the rubble for victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @SESU_UA)
  • Rescue workers sort through the rubble for victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @SESU_UA)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Rbc.ua)
  • Rescue workers sort through the rubble for victims of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Rbc.ua)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Rbc.ua)
  • Damage and fire caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Ukranews)
  • Damage and fire caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Ukranews)
  • Damage and fire caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Ukranews)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv_1654 via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv_1654 via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv_1654 via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv_1654 via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Prokuratura_kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by Prokuratura_kharkiv via Telegram)
  • The de-Russification of Kharkiv continues in Bavaria Дерусіфікація Харкова триває на Баварії
  • Victim of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @free_esports via Twitter)
  • Victim of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @free_esports via Twitter)
  • Damage from alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @free_esports via Twitter)
  • Victim of alleged Russian airstrikes on a residential building on Novobavarskiy Avenue on March 1, 2022. (Image posted by @free_esports via Twitter)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5 – 8
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK022

Incident date

March 1, 2022

Location

переулок Отакара Яроша, Otakara Yarosha Lane, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.024730, 36.218396 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one person was killed by alleged Russian shelling of Otakara Yarosha Lane in Kharkiv on March 1, 2022.

Fakty News reported that a 21 year old Indian student who was standing in line for food was killed by a Russian bombing of the city. New Indian Express added that the student was in his final year of medical school at Kharkiv National Medical University.

RBC reported that the representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India Arindam Bagchi made the announcement about the student being killed. “With deep regret, we confirm that this morning an Indian student was killed during shelling in Kharkov. The Ministry is contacting his family,” he wrote on his Twitter page. According to Tribune India, the student was from the Chalageri in Haveri district of Karnataka state in India.

Elena Shapovalova, director of the State Center for International Education, announced on Facebook that their former student’s relatives decided to donate his body for medical research. Elena posted “Remember our fourth-year medical student from India…who died from the debris of a Russian shell on the morning of March 1, 2022 in Kharkiv, just standing in line at the ATB grocery store.”

The victim’s friend told BBC that “He called me at 8am Ukrainian time and asked me to transfer money to him because he wanted to buy more food for us. I transferred the money. After 5-10 minutes, I tried to contact him and he did not take my call. I tried many times. Later, someone answered but spoke in Ukrainian, which I did not understand.” Someone in the bunker eventually translated and they found out their friend had died. His friend also told The Indian Express “(He) was shot dead around 10.30 am Ukrainian time today. He was standing in queue outside a grocery store when the Russian army fired at people there. He was my hostel mate initially, and later shifted to an apartment outside.”

Multiple sources, including Fatky News and Ukraine Segodnya, attributed the bombing to Russian forces.

Sources sympathetic to Russia commented on the incident, with one tweet from @mediazzzona saying that Putin told the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi that Ukrainian was using Indian students as human shields while Ren.tv and Interfax News both quoted Russian officials as saying that Ukraine was not letting Indian students leave the country, specifically to go to Russia.

The incident occured at approximately 10:30 am local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the ATB grocery store on Otakara Yarosha Lane (переулок Отакара Яроша) in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). The generic coordinates for the store are: 50.024730, 36.218396. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK025

Incident date

March 2, 2022

Location

вул. Клочківська, Klochkivska St., Kharkiv, Ukraine

Airwars assessment

Between three and four policemen, and up to one civilian (in total four civilians), were reportedly killed and between nine up to “dozens” were reported injured when an alleged Russian missile hit a police headquarters in Klochkivskyi, Kharkiv, on March 2nd 2022.

RBC.ua and @HromadskeUA reported that one civilian and three policeman died as a result of the incident, and 15 people were injured. Vecherniy.kharkov reported that the State Emergency Service’s preliminary number is that in this attack there were four dead, nine injured. All other sources reported that four policeman died and “dozens” of civilians were injured. Following Airwars’s methodology, “dozens” have been captured in a conservative estimate in our range as 24.

State Emergency Service added that 21 units of State Emergency Service equipment were used and that 90 personnel were working on the site.

Kharkov Nash, a Telegram channel which sometimes takes pro-Russian stances, reported that because it was an airstrike, it was Russian forces but that it was targeted because there is special equipment stored there.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR52539.

The incident occured at approximately 8:10 am local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a police headquarters and a university building in central Kharkiv (Харків). The generic coordinates for the police headquarters are: 49.999316, 36.236265. The generic coordinates for the university building are: 49.999330, 36.235649. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "On March 2, around 08:10 in Kharkiv, Russian planes bombed the central quarter of the city. The tank school, the air force university and the police department came under fire." (Image via RBC.ua)
  • "As a result of the morning shelling of buildings in the center of Kharkiv, 4 people died - one civilian and 3 policemen, 15 people were injured" (Image via @HromadskeUA)
  • Firefighters work to contain a fire in the complex of buildings housing the Kharkiv regional SBU security service and the regional police, allegedly hit during recent shelling by Russia, in Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine on March 2, 2022.
  • Firefighters work to contain a fire in the complex of buildings housing the Kharkiv regional SBU security service and the regional police, allegedly hit during recent shelling by Russia, in Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine on March 2, 2022.
  • Firefighters work to contain a fire in the complex of buildings housing the Kharkiv regional SBU security service and the regional police, allegedly hit during recent shelling by Russia, in Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine on March 2, 2022.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    9–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]