Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC317

Incident date

March 21, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: باب بن غشير, Tripoli: Bab Ben Gashir, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.870935, 13.19355 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Two children were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on the Bab Ben Gashir neighburhood of Tripoli.

Libya Alahrar TV reported: “The mayor of Abu Salim Abd Al-Rahman Al-Hamedi assures Al-Ahrar that two children were injured as a result of the fall of shell on their apartment.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation posted pictures of the incident saying: “Preliminary photos of the destruction caused by the militia of Haftar to the property of the citizens in the Bab Ben Gashir area of the municipality of Abu Salim, after the deceptive announcement of the spokesman for the war criminal, Haftar, about a false cease-fire.” Some of the photos showed bloods stains. However, the page did not mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Damage and supposed blood stains caused by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Damage and supposed blood stains caused by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on March 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC348

Incident date

April 17, 2020

Location

جنزور: الكريمية, Janzur: Al Keramia, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.771657, 13.08665 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One man was reported killed and six more civilians injured after alleged LNA shelling on Janzur.

Aldamoh_201112 tweeted: “Several shells were fired by insurgent militia on residential neighborhoods in the Keramia area behind the Shlouf Mosque and a family was hit after one of the rockets fell on them.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation said: “The Haftar terrorist militia bombs the homes of citizens in Keramia with Grad rockets and the outbreak of fire in the house of one of the citizens.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center reported one death and three injuries.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies reported: “The shelling, which happened on Al Keramia, on the storehouse of an electromagnetic and food company, and also fell on a house that an elderly man died in his house, and a boy was wounded by shrapnel in the back, and according to paramedics, he was injured in the marrow.”

It later added: “One citizen was killed and 6 others were wounded, including 4 from one family, in Al Karimiya area, after the indiscriminate shelling in the area.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Saadoun Ammar Abdel Nabi Adult male killed
  • Faisal Moftah Al-Gharyani 38 years old male injured
  • Mohamed Salem Ashour 22 years old male injured
  • Rayan Abdulnabi Mohammed 15 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (15) [ collapse]

  • Smoke rising after alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Aldamoh_201112)
  • Smoke rising after alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Aldamoh_201112)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim from alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim from alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim from alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Food damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Food damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Food damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Truck damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Damage from alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ware house damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ware house damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ware house damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ware house damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Truck house damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Janzur on April 17th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC115a

Incident date

April 14, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.820349, 13.266284 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One man with uncler combatant status was allegedly killed by indiscriminate LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

Fathi M. El Krewi said: “He had an appointment with the death when the third shell struck and was on a solid ground, which is the paved road … As if someone was following these shells and giving their coordinates in order to fall on the hard ground and hit as many people as possible, including Brigadier General Msaddek.”

Tanasuh reported that he was a retired Brigadier General who “went out to defend the city” due to the incoming LNA attack.

His family later filed a lawsuit against LNA leader Khalifa Haftar claiming: “33. On April 4, 2019 [sic], Msaddek Tunalli was evacuating women and children from an area
being indiscriminately bombed by Haftar’s forces in the in the Ayan Zarah District.
34. Haftar’s forces were randomly shelling the entire area.
35. At approximately 4:45pm, one of the mortars fell on Msaddek Tunalli, killing him.
36. The medical examiner stated that Msaddek Tunalli’s death is a result of multiple
infliction wounds to the head, shoulders, stomach, and arms, which resulted in severe
skull damage and sever damage to the brain and internal bleeding in the brain. The
weapons used were multiple artillery rounds and mortar shells. The heart, lungs and
stomach were severely punctured with internal bleeding as well, which resulted in
loss of oxygen to the brain and suffocation. The right elbow was fractured. The angle
of penetration was from the back, from the right side of the brain and from the back
side of the arms, while the angle of exit was from the stomach area.
37. The medical examiner stated that Msaddek Tunalli’s body was free of alcohol or any
other poisonous substances.
38. The medical examiner found two shrapnel fragments in the front side of Msaddek
Tunalli’s lungs and has preserved them.
39. The indiscriminate shelling was not necessary on behalf of Haftar.
40. The indiscriminate shelling was the direct cause of Msaddek Tunalli’s death.

41. Msaddek Tunalli was a husband to Plaintiff Aida Elzagally and a father to six
children: Plaintiffs Ayah Tunalli, Alaa Tunalli, Abdulhameed Tunalli, Adbulrrauf
Tunalli, Muhammad Tunalli, and Adbuladeem Tunalli.
42. The Plaintiffs named above are not left without a husband and father and the only
financial support.
43. Plaintiffs Ayah Tunalli, Alaa Tunalli, Abdulhameed Tunalli, Adbulrrauf Tunalli,
Muhammad Tunalli, and Adbuladeem Tunalli are severely traumatized by the loss of
their father.
44. Due to the loss of her father, Ayah Tunalli is psychologically unstable and having
nightmares.”

Additionally Riyadh Burshan, Al Jazeera and Ein Libya reported that civilian infrastructure was targeted in the area as a book store of the Ministry of Education was hit and “5 million textbooks burned by the fires of war in Libya”.

The incident occured at 4:45 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • TV report on the incident
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Book store allegedly targeted by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Riyadh Burshan)
  • Msaddek Tunalli, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Bl5a.bl5a)
  • Msaddek Tunalli, allegedly killed by LNA shelling on April 14th, 2019 (via Aiyda Al Tounali)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC407

Incident date

May 28, 2020

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported injured by LNA shelling on Ain Zara.

Tk Yahroug Kl shy posted: “A report from the ambulance and rescue teams in the emergency apparatus reported that shells had fallen on houses in the Ain Zara area, and there are wounded civilians who are now being treated.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center listed five injured civilians and said that “the cases were transferred to Tripoli Central Hospital and Abu Salim Hospital for treatment.”

February BN accused the LNA of conducting the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim being treated after bein injured by shelling in Ain Zara on May 28th, 2020 (via FMSC)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Zara (عين زارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.816556, 13.267525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ047

Incident date

June 17, 2017

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.105045, 20.086239 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two Facebook sources claimed that 13 “foreign airstrikes” had struck Benghazi, but seem to have copied one another on the information.

There were no known public reports of civilian harm at the time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ030

Incident date

May 29, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.075302, 19.8042297 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Subdistrict

Airwars assessment

LNA fighter jets targeted a vessel west of Qamins 25 km west of Benghazi according to the official LNA Facebook page.
Social media sources added that the LNA also launched raids on Qawarsheh, Bosnib and Sabri.

The status of any civilian crew onboard the vessel is unknown. 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ010

Incident date

September 25, 2015

Location

درنة الفتايح, Al Fatayah, Derna, Libya

Geolocation

32.733611, 22.645278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

The LNA reportedly targeted the Shura Council and ISIS with 25 airstrikes at dawn in the eastern part of the city.

According to Libya 24 News, “a plane belonging to the Libyan air force struck at dawn today sites belonging to the Libyan branch of the Islamic State organization ‘Daesh’ east of the city of Derna, amid ongoing clashes.”

Despite the significant number of reported airstrikes, there were no local published reports of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ002

Incident date

October 18, 2014

Location

بنغازي‎, Bosnib, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.035556, 20.048333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Several local sources reported that the LNA targeted the Shura Council in Benghazi – though one source blamed Egypt. The strike reportedly hit the area in the west of Benghazi called Bosnib.

Nöor çoröğlü posted pictures of destroyed civilian homes due to the strikes but did not mention civilian harm.

According to @zicotarhuni, the Egyptian air force bombed the Bosnib area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Egyptian Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Translation: the target of Bu-Utni by the LNA (source: Alzarook_Nabbos)
  • Translation: Images of destroyed civilian homes (source: tweeted by Nöor çoröğlü)

Egyptian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Egyptian Armed Forces
  • Egyptian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Egyptian Armed Forces, Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]