Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC223

Incident date

October 22, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reportedly injured by indiscriminate shelling on the Hadaba project in Tripoli.

The Ambulance Services Libya said: “The driver Abdul Basset al-Muqtaf, who was just injured by shrapnel in the head after rescuing some families who were hit by indiscriminate shells on their homes in the area of the project.”

Al Wasat published a similar report.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Victim being treated after being injured by shelling on Tripoli on October 22nd, 2019 (via Libya Ambulance Services)
  • Victim being treated after being injured by shelling on Tripoli on October 22nd, 2019 (via Libya Ambulance Services)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC224

Incident date

October 23, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: شارع الأصفاح, Tripoli: Asfah Road, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.725326, 13.113763 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Street

Airwars assessment

Between two and three civilians were allegedly killed in an LNA airstrike on Al-Swani or the Ramla neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Anadolu Agency reported: “Two civilians were killed and three others wounded in a bombardment of warplanes in support of retired Major General Khalifa Hafter, targeting the Al-Swani neighbourhood south of Tripoli, the GNA announced on Wednesday.

The forces of the internationally recognized government in a statement published by the media center for the operation Burkan Al Ghadab that the warplanes of Hafter today targeted civilian homes behind the fighting lines in the area of ​​Al Asfah district of Al-Swani.

He added that the shelling killed two civilians, one of them an imam of a mosque, and wounded three others.”

Libya Alahrar TV also reported two civilian deaths.

Al Wasat reported a higher death toll: “Amin al-Hashemi, media adviser of the GNA, said that three citizens were killed and eight others injured in an aerial bombardment on Al-Asfah Street in Ramla, near the airport road in the capital Tripoli.”

Hona Souq Al-Khmies said three died and another three were wounded and named the victimis.

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation initially reported two civilian deaths and later updated the number to three.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Amer Adult male son of Ibrahim Rahuma killed
  • Jum’a Faraj Allafy Adult male killed
  • Khalifa Al Saghir Milad Adult male Son of Abdullah killed
  • Ahmed Mohammed Zdlim Age unknown male injured
  • Rahum Khalifa Rahum Age unknown male injured
  • Ahmad Abdullah Milad Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of an alleged victim (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Picture of another alleged victim (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another picture of the aftermath (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Picture of an alleged victim (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of another alleged victim (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of the alleged victim (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture showing the supposedly deadly injuries sustained in the attack (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2–3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC225

Incident date

October 23, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: مسجد المقداد بن عمرو, Tripoli: Miqdad bin Amr Mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.793069, 13.208002 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One paramedic was reportedly killed by an LNA airstrike on the Khallet Al Furjan neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Hona Souq Al-Khmies initially reported an air raid in the area and later said that they “targeted a field hospital of Khallet Al Furjan and the killed of one of the paramedics.”

The Libya Observer later said: “The Director of the Ambulance Service Office of Tripoli International Airport, Abdul Majid Al-Ferjani, was killed by shrapnel in an attack on Khallet Al-Furjan area, by Haftar’s forces.”

Shaban Bin Nasser said the incident took place near the Miqdad bin Amr Mosque.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdul Majid Al-Ferjani Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Video of the raid
  • Abdul Majid Al-Ferjani, allegedly killed by an LNA strike on Tripoli on October 23rd, 2019 (via Ambulance Services Libya)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC227a

Incident date

October 24, 2019

Location

مطار الكفرة, Kufra: Airport, Kufra, Libya

Geolocation

24.191796, 23.326588 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and one or two reported injured by an explosive remnant of war in Kufra.

Al Wasat said: “Two youths were injured when a shell exploded in the airport neighborhood in the southeastern city of Kufra on Thursday evening, local sources said.

The sources said that the shell was a remnant of the war in the region during the past years, and the explosion wounded two young Omar Saad al-Shamekh and Marei Mohammed al-Sabbagh, who were immediately rescued to the city hospital for treatment.

The same sources pointed out that the two young men have been amputated in the limbs because of the force of the missile explosion, and need urgent surgical intervention.”

Libya’s Channel provided a different account of events: “One person was killed and another injured in the city of Kufra, as a shell exploded left over from the clashes that took place in the city during the past years.

According to the reporter from Libya’s Channel in the city that the two citizens were severely injured by the explosion, and severed limbs, and after being transferred to the hospital, one of them died and the other was given the necessary assistance, explaining that they were trying to remove the shell from its place so as not to harm others, and during the attempt to remove them exploded and transported And then to the city hospital.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC226

Incident date

October 24, 2019

Location

صلاح الدين, Salaheddin, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.846389, 13.161667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One paramedic was allegedly killed in an LNA or Emirati airstrike on a field hospital in the Salaheddin neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Afrigate News said: “One of the members of the ambulance and emergency department centre was killed by aerial bombardment in the Salaheddin area south of Tripoli.

The centre said that one of the members of the ambulance and emergency department, Salem Anfis, was killed in an airstrike at dawn on Thursday, in Salaheddin field hospital, which was instrumental in serving and rescuing the wounded of the clashes from all sides.”

Al Wasat reported four injured medical workers in addition to the dead paramedic.

Libya Alahar TV and the GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation both accused the UAE of conducting the strike. The Libya Observer blamed “Haftar’s UAE-backed air force”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Salem Anfis Adult male Paramedic killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Picture of Salem Anfis, allegedly killed by an airstrike on Salaheddin on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Fire resulting from an airstrike on Salaheddin on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Another picture of Salem Anfis, allegedly killed by an airstrike on Salaheddin on October 24th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab operation)

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Salaheddin (صلاح الدين), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.846389, 13.161667. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Salaheddin (صلاح الدين).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC227

Incident date

October 24, 2019

Location

تاجوراء‎: وادي الربيع, Tajoura: Wadi al Rabie, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.743819, 13.357047 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

A nurse was reportedly injured in an LNA airstrike on a field hospital in Wadi al Rabie.

Al Wasat reported: “The media office of Operation Volcano of Wrath announced that a nurse was injured in an aerial bombardment that targeted the field hospital in Wadi al Rabie axis south of the capital Tripoli.

The office said that the nurse was taken to a hospital in the capital for treatment, noting that the bombing caused extensive damage to the hospital, and the destruction of a number of ambulances.”

Other sources published similar accounts.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Picture of the field hospital allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • A car allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Picture of the field hospital allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Cars allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Building allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Building allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Impact of an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ordnance allegedly used in an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Ordnance allegedly used in an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • A car allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Alahrar TV)
  • An ambulance allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Alahrar TV)
  • A car and an ambulance allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Alahrar TV)
  • A car and an ambulance allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Alahrar TV)
  • An ambulance allegedly damaged by an airstrike on October 24th, 2019 (via Libya Alahrar TV)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC228

Incident date

October 26, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were allegedly injured by an LNA artillery strike on Ain Zara.

Libya Alahrar TV said: “Ain Zara: Commander Yusuf al-Amin confirms that a woman and her two children were injured in artillery shelling of Hafter militants in the area.”

It added: “Al-Wefaq Health Spokesman Fawzi Onis confirms that the family were injured in the shelling of their house in Ain Zara.”

In another post it said they were lightly injured and in good condition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Zara (عين زارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.816556, 13.267525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC229

Incident date

October 28, 2019

Location

طرابلس‎: جامع محمد الدرة , Tripoli: Mohammed Al-Durra Mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.854117, 13.233829 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reportedly injured by GNA artillery shelling on the Fornaj neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Tk Yahrouq Kl shy: “The fall of a mortar shell on a mosque (Al-Durra mosque specifically) in Fornaj opposite Tripoli Medical Center and the injury of a mosque worker, we ask God for safety.”

Afrigate reported the shelling of the mosque without mentioning civilian harm. It further said the LNA media centre was accusing the GNA of being the culprit.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Alleged victim of alleged GNA shelling on Tripoli on October 28th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Room damaged because of alleged GNA shelling on Tripoli on October 28th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Room damaged because of alleged GNA shelling on Tripoli on October 28th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building damaged because of alleged GNA shelling on Tripoli on October 28th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Building damaged because of alleged GNA shelling on Tripoli on October 28th, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]