Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
Libya
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

LC296

Incident date

February 13, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: مدرسة ميمونة بنت الحارث, Tripoli: Maimouna Bint Al-Hareth School, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.865489, 13.201558 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

One woman was killed and up to four more civilians injured by indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli.

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation blamed the LNA: “The indiscriminate shelling of the rebel war criminal militia, Haftar, targeted today:

Damascus neighborhood: the death of a woman named (Laila Munji Abu Khurais) and the injury of three civilians in the same neighborhood (Hadaba al-Batatah)”

The LNA accused the GNA: “Militias and mercenaries in Tripoli are still tampering with the property and lives of our people, and after the university shells in Tripoli, another shell falls on Al Batata neighborhood in Tripoli, and reports of material damage and death of a woman.”

Libya Alahrar TV and the Libya Observer quoted the GNA on the incident and also accused the LNA.

Moftah Mosbah said one woman was killed and four civilians injured.

Tk Yahroug Kl shy said the incident took place near the Maimouna Bint Al-Hareth School and the Forno restaurant.

Libya Observer said it was an LNA rocket attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Video of the aftermath
  • Abother video of the aftermath
  • Another video showing damage caused by the shelling
  • Smoke rises after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Smoke rises after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged window after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged window after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damage after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged care after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Damaged building after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Street scene after indiscriminate shelling on Tripoli on February 13th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC297

Incident date

February 13, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: أبو سليم, Tripoli: Abu Salim, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.842957, 13.171578 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One woman was reportedly injured by LNA shelling the Abu Salim neighbourhood of Tripoli.

Al Wasat said: “The Abu Salim Municipal Council announced that a house in the municipality of Bab Al-Salam in the municipality was destroyed by a shell.”

The council noted that there were no citizens in the house, except for a woman who was in good condition, according to his statement on his page on the social networking site Facebook today, Thursday.

He pointed out that the property of the owners of the house was destroyed, and the shrapnel fragments caused damage to the neighbouring buildings, whose walls were cracked by the accident, and cars were damaged by the people, accusing the General Command forces of being the source of the shell. It was not possible for ‘Al-Wasat Gate’ to confirm the authenticity of the news from an independent source.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation, however, wrote that the woman was lightly injured by LNA shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Destruction caused by alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 13th, 2020 (via Al Wasat)
  • Building damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 13th, 2020 (via Al Wasat)
  • Destruction caused by alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 13th, 2020 (via Al Wasat)
  • Destruction caused by alleged LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 13th, 2020 (via Al Wasat)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC298

Incident date

February 14, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: البوعيشي , Tripoli: Albueshi, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.846814, 13.292178 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed and one injured by indiscriminate artillery shelling on the Albueshi area of Tripoli.

The Field Medicine and Support Centre said: “A team from the center made a field tour to find out the size of the injuries left by the fall of a shell on Friday evening, 14/02/2020, on the farm of Mr. Mukhtar Salem Hadiya, who is fifty years old, in the Al-Ba’ish area, which happened to be inside His farm to irrigate the trees, causing his death and injuring a person with him, and they were taken immediately to Tripoli Medical Center.”

Other sources published similar reports.

Local reports of fighting point at the GNA or LNA as the perpetrator.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Mukhtar Salem Hadiya, allegedly killed by shelling on Tripoli on February 14th, 2020 (via FMSC)

Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA)
  • Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Government of National Accord Armed Forces (GNA), Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC299

Incident date

February 18, 2020

Location

ميناء طرابلس, Tripoli: Port, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.906474, 13.186366 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reportedly killed and five more injured by an LNA artillery strike on the Tripoli port area.

Al Wasat said: “According to the media center for Operation Burkan Al Gahdab, Fawzi Onis, a spokesman for the Ministry of Health in the Al-Wefaq government, announced the death of three civilians and the injury of five others.

Witnesses confirmed that shells fell on the main port of Tripoli earlier today, and one of the owners of shops near the port indicated in a statement to the Al Wasat that smoke was rising from several sites that were bombed, benefiting that there were ‘news of the burning of a boat that was anchored in the port.'”

Other sources also reported the death toll provided by the Ministry of Health.

218TV said: “A source familiar with 218 exclusive details revealed the truth about the victims of the National Army’s targeting of the Port of Tripoli last Tuesday, confirming that 3 people were killed, two of them were Turkish officers, one of whom was of high rank, in addition to a Syrian fighter, who were in the Port of Tripoli at the moment of his targeting.”

It added: “In search of confirmation of the news and details provided by the source to 218, the website herdem newes referred to the killing of the Turkish intelligence officer, Colonel Ghazi, the former commander of the Olive Branch and Euphrates Shield operations in Syria, and the injury of a Syrian fighter named a Ayman Mahalli from the Syrian Jarabulus.

The website quoted a source close to the family of the Syrian ‘Ayman Mahalli’ that the latter was working as a translator for the Turkish intelligence officer while they were in Tripoli.

It is noteworthy that the media affiliated with Al-Wefaq rushed to report the death of 3 civilians as a result of the bombing, but the reality of the matter seems to contradict this news, the first of which was written by the prominent leader of the Al-Nawasi Brigade, Muhammad Al-Azhar Abu Daraa, known as the ‘Fund’ in his personal page on Facebook in response to statements regarding the fall of civilians as a result of the bombing.”

218TV also quoted the LNA media office on saying that a weapons cache was hit in the port area. However, ImageSat Intl. provided satellite imagery of the incident which shows smoke rising from cargo near the Turkish vessel.

UNSMIL reported “a number of casualties” sadi that the attack “could have led to a real disaster had the vessel transporting liquefied gas been hit.”

The incident occured around midday.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Video of smoke rising from the port
  • Another video showing the port
  • Satellite imagery of the incident
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Libya Observer)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)
  • Smoke rising from Tripoli port after alleged LNA shelling on February 18th, 2020 (via 218TV)

Geolocation notes

Smoke rising after alleged shelling on Tripoli port on February 12th, 2020 (via ImageSat Intl.)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC300

Incident date

February 21, 2020

Location

السواني, Al-Swani, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.712224, 13.07224 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians from one family were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Al-Swani.

The Field Medicine and Support Centre reported: “As part of its humanitarian mission, the emergency and ambulance team at Suwani Field Hospital affiliated to the Center for Field Medicine and Support Friday night, corresponding to 2/21/2020, assisted citizens after targeting with a random shell in the Asfah area in Al-Swani, which resulted in the injury of a woman and both of the following:

Riyad Adel Al-Safah, 15 years old

Asem Shaaban Al-Safah, 20 years

It also caused several material damage, and the cases were transferred to Al-Ghout Al-Shaal clinic to complete their treatment.”

Libya Alahrar TV, the Libya Observer and the Burkan Al Ghadab operation also reported three injured and claimed the LNA was responsible.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Al-Swani on February 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Al-Swani on February 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Al-Swani on February 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Building allegedly damaged by LNA shelling on Al-Swani on February 21st, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC301

Incident date

February 24, 2020

Location

طرابلس: مسجد الزبير بن العوام, Tripoli: Zubair Mosque, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.847941, 13.173845 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Between two and five civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on the Abu Salim area of Tripoli.

218TV reported two “severe” injuries.

Libya Observer said three people were injured.

Al Wasat reported five injured and added: “The spokesperson for the Ministry of Health in the Al-Wefaq government [GNA], Amin Al-Hashemi, announced the names of the injured children who had fallen as a result of shells on the Abu Salim municipality.

According to Al-Hashemi, the shells left 5 wounded, including three children from one family, Ahmed Harb Ali Al-Bouzdi, 10 years old (M), who was wounded with shrapnel at the heart level and needed an urgent operation, And his brother and sister Rim, 15 years old (F), injured in the feet and Ayham, 7 years old, injured on his a face (M).”

Other sources said five civilians were injured, accusing the LNA.

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation published two different posts on civilian casualties in Abu Salim, accumulating to six people wounded. Besides the three children mentioned above it reported: “A team from the center toured the field to find out the injuries left by the fall of a shell this evening, Monday, February 24, 2020 in Abu Salim area, next to the Zubair mosque, on the citizens sitting in a funeral and caused the following injuries.”

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video showing the victims
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 24th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 24th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 24th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 24th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Abu Salim on February 24th, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC302

Incident date

February 24, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎, Tripoli: Salaheddin, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.846389, 13.161667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Four civilians were allegedly injured by LNA shelling on the Saleheddin neighbourhood of Tripoli.

The Field Medicine and Support Center said: “A team from the center toured the field to find out the severity of the injuries left by the fall of a shell on Monday evening, 24/2/2020 in Saleheddin, and injured a family of a father, mother and child and injured another citizen.”

The GNA-led Burkan Al Ghadab operation accused the LNA.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Ali Huwaidi Ali Age unknown male Abdominal fragment injury, underwent an operation injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • Victim allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via FMSC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Child allegedly injured by LNA shelling on Salaheddin on February 24, 2020 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC303

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

طرابلس‎: مشروع الهضبة, Tripoli: Hadaba project, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.838333, 13.175278 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

One civilian was allegedly killed and two more injured by LNA shelling on the Hadaba project area of Tripoli.

Al Wasat wrote: “A spokesman for the Ministry of Health in the Government of Al-Wefaq, Amin al-Hashemi, announced that a citizen was killed by a random shell that landed in the ‘Hadaba Tawal’ area, south of Tripoli, on Tuesday evening.

Al-Hashemi said in a statement to Al-Wasat that the dead man was named Mohammed Mustafa Al-Ajili, who is 33 years old, and his body was transferred to the Medical Hospital Dar Al-Rahma.”

Libya Observer and Libya Alahrar TV both reported one killed and two injured. Libya Alahrar TV added mortar shells were used.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Picture of a car damaged by alleged LNA shelling on Tripoli on February 25th, 2020 (via Hona Souq Al-Khmies)

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army (LNA)

Sources (7) [ collapse]