Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS341

Incident date

October 14, 2019

Location

راس العين, Ras Al Ain, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Eight civilians including children were wounded in alleged Turkish shelling of Ras al-Ain in Hasakah – Syria on October 14th, 2019, according to local sources.

One of the children injured (Muhammad Hameed Muhammad, 13) was reported burned because of alleged use of white phosphorus by the Turkish forces. In the hospital, Muhammad was yelling at his father “Dad! Dad! Dad! Stop the burning! I beg you, stop the burning!”

Along with Muhammad, the Kurdish Red Crescent named four other civilians injured in Turkish shelling.

  • Fahima Huseen, Female, 45, Serekaniye, Trauma
  • Abdul Karim Ebrahim, Male, 18, Burns
  • Amsha Khedir, Female, 14, Shock
  • Muhammad Hassan Ebrahim, Male, 35, Serekaniye, neck injury

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Fahima Huseen 45 years old female KRC injured
  • Muhammad Hameed Muhammad 13 years old male The boy in most of the images injured
  • Abdul Karim Ebrahim 18 years old male KRC injured
  • Amsha Khedir 14 years old female KRC injured
  • Muhammad Hassan Ebrahim 34 years old male KRC injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child following alleged Turkish shelling in Ras al Ain, Oct 14th (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic footage showing a badly burnt child following alleged Turkish shelling in Ras al Ain, Oct 14th (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic footage showing a badly burnt child following alleged Turkish shelling in Ras al Ain, Oct 14th (@Raman_Hassi )

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS359a

Incident date

October 18, 2019

Location

كوباني, Kobane, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.889165, 38.353649 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and two injured in an alleged Turkish forces airstrike or artillery attack on Kobane in Aleppo Governorate  on October 18th, 2019, according to the Kurdish Red Crescent.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hammo Ali 27 years old male Leg injury / KRC injured
  • Muhammad Ahmad, 30 years old male Hand injury/ KRC injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Kobane (كوباني), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.889165, 38.353649. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS382

Incident date

November 3, 2019

Location

عرب حسن, Arab Hassan, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.649444, 37.847778 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed in an alleged Turkish forces or Turkey-backed militants’ artillery attack on Arab Hassan village, northwest of Manbej in Syria, on November 3rd, 2019, according to local sources.

@NPA_English reported that the attack led to the killing of a young man. No other information is available at the moment.

ANF named the victim as 15-year-old Hisên Elî El-Fesîh.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hisên Elî El-Fesîh 25 years old male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Arab Hassan (عرب حسن), in the northwest of the city of Manbij (منبج‎), for which the coordinates are: 36.649444, 37.847778. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Free Syrian Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Free Syrian Army
  • Free Syrian Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Free Syrian Army

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS399

Incident date

December 2, 2019

Location

تل رفعت, Tal Rifat, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.467867, 37.094200 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians – 10 of whom were named – including eight children aged between three and 15, a woman and an elderly man were reported killed, and 12 others – most of them are children – seriously injured in an alleged Turkish artillery attack on Tal Rifaat, in Aleppo governorate, Syria on December 2nd, 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the attack happened near a primary school and a market  in Tal Rifaat town where a Russian base is established. According to AFP, Maher Mohammed, 35, a vendor in the market, said it was the most frightening bombardment he had witnessed in years. “We ran inside the shops and threw ourselves on the ground,” the father of five told AFP. “They bombarded half the market,” he said.

A nine-year-old who survived the attack with injuries said, “We were playing in our neighborhood. A mortar shell fell near us, a shrapnel piece hit my hand and injured me. I was hospitalised afterwards. We live in Til Rifat, a mortar shell hit our house too.” Mihemed Kêfo, another injured child said that the attack took place when they were playing: “I was in the hospital when I opened my eyes ”.

@Raman_Hassi reported that a mother of one of the victims said, “I was washing dishes. Suddenly our house was filled with shrapnel. I went out and called Arif (my son), but I did not see him. I only saw black smoke. When the smoke faded away, I saw my son on the ground as a martyr.”

A UNICEF statement said: “We are shocked and saddened by reports that eight children were killed and another eight were injured in attacks on Tal Rifaat town, northern Aleppo. All of them were under the age of 15.”

İbrahim Heftaro, one of the executives of Avrîn/Efrin Hospital, where the wounded were being treated, said: “Most of those injuries of the attack are critical. The district is heavily bombed and therefore the number of wounded and martyrs may increase.”

It is believed that most of the victims are IDPs who fled to Tal Rifaat from Afrin and that many of them have already lost family members in the war. Henîf Hemo, one of the injured children was quoted saying: “In Efrîn they bombed us and attacked us. We left our house and came here. They also attacked here. Are we terrorists? What have we done to bomb us? They killed my friends. What do they want from us? ”

The incident occured around midday.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (60) [ collapse]

  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians including children were killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians were killed and injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Via Politika
  • Child Arif Mohammad was reported killed in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019. (via @Raman_Hassi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • A child injured in the attack (via ANF)
  • via ANF
  • via AFP
  • SDC statement on the attack (via @dersi4m)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • via NPA
  • via ANF
  • via Gazetekarinca
  • Gazetekarinca
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • names of victims. (via @Kendal_Uzun).

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports on the incident mention artillery strikes in the city of Tal Rifaat ( تل رفعت). Investigating audio-visual material from sources and conducting shadow analysis, we have narrowed this location down to an area of 100msq. The generic coordinates for the area are: 36.467867, 37.094200. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports on the incident mention artillery strikes in the city of Tal Rifaat ( تل رفعت). Investigating audio-visual material from sources and conducting shadow analysis, we have narrowed this location down to an area of 100msq.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Panoramic stitch of footage from the incident.

    Imagery:
    SOHR

  • Satellite imagery showing the distribution of buildings tagged in the panoramic stitches.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS420

Incident date

March 16, 2020

Location

ام الكيف, Um al Keif, Hassaka, Syria

Geolocation

36.675833, 40.320556 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to ANF, a civilian was injured in Turkish forces and Turkey-backed militants’ shelling of Um al Keif village in Tal Tamr, Syria on March 16th, 2020.

“According to reports from the ground, the attack left a Syrian soldier and a civilian injured, who were taken to hospitals in Til Temir.”

No more details are available at the moment.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of  Um al Keif (ام الكيف), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.675833, 40.320556.  Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS001

Incident date

March 14, 2016

Location

جكة, Jakka, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.607222, 37.295833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

A single source, the Daesh-linked propaganda outlet Al A’amaq Media, reported an alleged ‘friendly fire’ event in the village of al Jakka: “An American plane carries out a raid by mistake on a position for the armed opposition on the outskirts of the village of Jakka in the northern Aleppo countryside, leading to deaths in their ranks.”

Earlier in the day Al A’amaq had reported a major assault on the Daesh-held location, claiming that “American planes and Turkish artillery are bombing the village of Jakka in the northern Aleppo countryside, while Syrian opposition forces try to storm it.”

No civilian casualties were reported in this instance.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS149

Incident date

February 2, 2018

Location

بلبلة, Bulbul, Afrin, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.770899, 36.818318 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a report shared with Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent named one civilian as wounded in Bulbul, Syria.

The victim was listed as “Sharfan Subhi Ali, 27, ankle injury”.

The weapon used has not been reported.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Sharfan Subhi Ali 27 years old male injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS180

Incident date

February 10, 2018

Location

بلبلة, Bulbu, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.770899, 36.818318 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent named the following one civilian as wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Bulbul:

‘Tawfiq Mohammed Dado, 55, shrapnel in the left thigh’.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Tawfiq Mohammed Dado 55 years old male shrapnel to the left thigh injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

    • English
    • English