Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

TS186

Incident date

February 11, 2018

Location

دررويش, Darwish village, Afrin, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.635000, 36.668056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Darwish village, Syria, according to local media.

Afrin Now reported that “Haidar Sulaiman, 55 years old, from Darwish village, was injured by a shell fired by the [Turkish] occupation army on his house.”

The victim was also named by Hawar News, who said that he was admitted to the operating room in an Afrin hospital.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Haidar Sulaiman
55 years old injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Darwish village, Afrin, 11th February 2018. (via Hawar)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured civilian receives medical treatment in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Darwish village, Afrin, 11th February 2018. (via Hawar)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Darwish village, Afrin, Aleppo (دررويش), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.635000, 36.668056. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS218

Incident date

February 20, 2018

Location

دير جمال, Deir Jamal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.444444, 37.025556 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to several local sources, an unspecified number of civilians were wounded followed an alleged Turkish shelling on the bakery in Deir Jamal, Aleppo.

SDF published four civilians, injured followed the shelling, including 3 children and man.

Hawar News reported that heavy weapons targeted the town of Deir Jamil and the village of al-Zyara. Many civilians were wounded, and five fighters from the Popular Units in the bombing – two of them died.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Deir Jamal (دير جمال), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.444444, 37.025556. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS250

Incident date

March 6, 2018

Location

الاشرفية, Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two female children were wounded in an alleged Turkish artillery shelling of Afrin city’s al Ashrafiyeh neighbourhood, local media reported.

According to ANHA, “the shells fell in the Ashrafieh neighbourhood of Afrin city, injuring two children, Hanan Nazal 10, Amal Hassan,14. The two children were taken to Afrin Hospital for treatment. Medical staff said that the girls’ health is stable.”

The victims were also named by other local sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Hanan Nazal
10 years old female injured
Amal Hassan
14 years old female injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Kurdhr)
  • The exact moment an alleged Turkish airstrike targeted Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Abd allatif ahmad)
  • Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • Child injured in alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • The aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • The aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • Footage showing the aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin, 6th March 2018. (via Claudia)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al Ashrafiya neighbourhood, Afrin (الاشرفية), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.511389, 36.864167. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS293

Incident date

October 9, 2019

Location

رأس العين‎, Ras al-Ain, Hasakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.849574, 40.071603 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian died and at least five more were wounded in alleged Turkish shelling in the vicinity of Ras al-Ain, local media reported.

@NPA_SY tweeted: “Five civilians were injured,and taken to Lekirin hospital in Tal-Tamr west of Hasakah, after being hit by Turkish artillery shelling on the city of Ras al-Ain and surrounding villages.”

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “another citizen was killed in in the vicinity and countryside of Ras Al-Ayn area in Al-Hasakah.Turkish shelling also left at least 13 civilian injuries, and the number of casualties is expected to increase due to the presence of some injuries in critical condition.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–13
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras al-Ain (رأس العين‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.849574, 40.071603. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–13
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS328

Incident date

October 12, 2019

Location

راس العين, Ras al Ain, Hasaka, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A woman was wounded in alleged Turkish shelling of Ras al Ain.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Khaola Mohammad Matar خولة محمد مطر
20 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS316A

Incident date

October 11, 2019

Location

راس العين, Ras Al Ain, Hasaka, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians including a child were reported killed and 11 others also including children and women injured in alleged Turkish forces airstrike or artillery strike on Ras Al Ain in Hassakah governorate on October 11th, 2019.

The Kurdish Red Crescent named 13 civilians killed and injured as a result of the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Qais Alsheikh
15 years old male killed
Fadel Saleh,
26 years old male killed
Majed Mohmmad Sultan Albakr,
40 years old male injured
Abdulmajeed Koni
50 years old male Suffered from "shock" injured
Idrees Seydo
5 years old male injured
Amina Abdu Sheikhi
55 years old female Gun shot in left foot injured
George Abdulahad
64 years old male Fragments in the back injured
Dakhil Mohammad alHussien
55 years old male injured
Mohammad Barho Fares
60 years old male injured
Ali Mahmoud Hussien
30 years old male injured
Mohammad Khalil Khalaf
24 years old male injured
Fryal Abdulrahman Alfaraj
26 years old female injured
Eyad thaki Hajji
20 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS336a

Incident date

October 13, 2019

Location

تل أبيض, Tal Abyad, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.690203, 38.947563 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two health workers were reported injured as a result of an alleged Turkish forces attack on Tal Abyad in Raqqa governorate in Syria, on October 13th, 2019, according to the Kurdish Red Crescent.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Adar Ahmad
Age unknown male Fragments in body injured
Siyamend Ali
Age unknown male Head injury injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Tal Abyad (تل أبيض), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.690203, 38.947563. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS397

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

قرنفل, Qaranfil, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.633611, 38.736667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and three others injured in an alleged Turkish drone attack on a vehicle including five civilians in Qaranfil village in Tal Abyad – Raqqa in Syria on November 20th, 2019, according to local sources.

The victims are all from the same family and moved to a hospital in Kobane.

The killed civilians were identified as Nîzam Mihemed Fetûh aged 20, and Haci Hemed Sali who is a cousin to Nazim, age unknown.

Nazim’s two sisters Rokistan Mihemed Fetûh aged 22 and Nîroz Mihemed Fetûh aged 25, in addition to Mohamed Mahmoud Fetûh were injured in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

20 years old male killed
22 years old female injured
25 years old female injured
male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one of the victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one or two victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • Injured from the attack (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via SOHR)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Qaranfil (قرنفل) for which the generic coordinates are: 36.633611, 38.736667. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]