Conflict Data

Conflict Data

Declared and alleged US actions in Somalia

Most US actions in Somalia are carried out by US Africa Command (AFRICOM) and are publicly declared by press release. However US military ground operations are not routinely reported – and CIA strikes are officially neither confirmed nor denied. In addition, there are some actions in Somalia where the belligerent is presently contested (eg possibly by the US or AMISOM), or unknown.

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Militant deaths per year in Somalia

Since 2007, the United States has targeted alleged fighters from three main terror networks operating in Somalia: Al Qaeda, Al Shabaab and ISIS. While declared US actions are often accompanied by an official estimate of militants killed, local reporting may indicate differing claims, resulting in a fatality range.

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Reported civilian deaths from Russian Military strikes in Syria

Due to large variations in the quality of reporting, Airwars provisionally grades allegations of civilian harm using a standardised methodology across all belligerents and conflicts. The five categories are explained in full on our Methodology page. Individual events are recorded in the Civilian Casualties pages.

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Credit: Airwars Graphic
Source: Airwars

Reported civilian deaths from US-led Coalition strikes in Iraq and Syria

Due to large variations in the quality of reporting, Airwars provisionally grades allegations of civilian harm using a standardised methodology across all belligerents and conflicts. The five categories are explained in full on our Methodology page. Individual events are recorded in the Civilian Casualties pages.

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Credit: Airwars Graphic
Source: Airwars

Comparing allegations of civilian harm from US-led Coalition and Russian campaigns

Airwars has tracked thousands of reported events in which Russian strikes in Syria or Coalition military actions in Iraq and Syria have allegedly killed civilians. While these raw claims should be treated with caution, they can nevertheless help us to understand trends over time. In March to May 2016 for example, alleged Russian incidents fell by 75% – most likely as a result of a regional ceasefire then in place.

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Credit: Airwars Graphic
Source: Airwars

Declared US-led Coalition air and artillery strikes in Iraq and Syria

The term strike refers both to air and artillery actions. Please note that according to the US-led Coalition against ISIS, a single strike might at times involve multiple aircraft, munitions released and locations.

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A strike, as defined in regular Coalition press releases, refers to “one or more kinetic engagements that occur in roughly the same geographic location to produce a single, sometimes cumulative effect in that location. For example, a single aircraft delivering a single weapon against a lone ISIS vehicle is one strike, but so is multiple aircraft delivering dozens of weapons against a group of ISIS-held buildings and weapon systems in a compound, having the cumulative effect of making that facility harder or impossible to use.”

Credit: Airwars Graphic
Source: Combined Joint-Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve

Coalition air-released munitions in Iraq and Syria 2014-2020

The graph models official data from Air Force Central Command (AFCENT) which reflects air-released munitions by the international allies during the war against so-called Islamic State. It does not include artillery or rocket strikes. In March 2020, AFCENT signalled an end to the release of this data.

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Credit: Airwars Graphic