Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT1483

Incident date

December 5, 2023

Location

شارع ابو حسني, Abu Hosni Street, central Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.415100, 34.357300 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Tuesday, December 5th, 2023, an Israeli aircraft allegedly bombed the Abu Musabbeh family home containing a bakery located on Abu Hosni Street, in Deir Al Balah, central Gaza Strip, reportedly flattening it to the ground. According to publicly available accounts, this resulted in the deaths of at least 30 and up to more than 50 family members, and caused dozens to be wounded, including children. Among the injured civilians was an infant girl named Layan Abu Musabbeh whose entire family was reportedly killed in the strike.

Numerous photographs of bodies allegedly being recovered from the site of this bombing were published by MSDR News. Similarly, the radio station Mazaya Fm shared images showing members of the public and Red Crescent recovering bodies from the location. Anadolu News Agency cited the mayor of Deir Al Balah, Diab Al Jarro, who reportedly stated that around 50 civilians were killed in the house of Abu Musabbeh family, and the majority of those killed were displaced people seeking refuge in Deir Al Balah from other areas within the Gaza Strip, including Gaza City. The agency also reported that 50 fatalities resulting from the airstrike were buried in a mass grave because, according to Diab Al Jarro, the existing cemeteries were no longer adequate to accommodate the substantial number of the deceased. The lowest death count was provided by @adham922 which identified 30 people killed, “all of them children, women and innocent civilians” while the highest death count of “over 50” victims was documented by @QudsNen.

According to Aljazeera, the dead and wounded were taken to Al Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir Al Balah. The official Twitter/X account of the Palestinian mission to the UK shared the heart-wrenching images of the funeral of at least 45 members of Abu Musabbeh family where a crying woman was embracing a dead body of her relative wrapped in white cloth.

In its Twitter/X account, Al Mayadeen News alluded to why the alleged bombing of this site caused such a high number of purported casualties, stating “A new massacre in #Deir_Al-Balah after the occupation targeted the home of the Abu Musabah family, which contained a clay bakery, around which people gathered to get a piece of bread.”

In its coverage of this event, Al Jazeera posted a graphic video on Twitter/X purportedly filmed at the scene by a Palestinian journalist. The video shows the rubble left from the building, flames of fire and people carrying numerous bodies of the dead and injured civilians. An injured man and an injured crying boy are also visible. According to Al Jazeera Mubasher, limited supplies of medical resources complicated efforts to tend to the wounded. On this, the outlet stated, “It was documented that the wounded continued to arrive at the hospital, with a shortage in all hospitals in the Gaza Strip and a shortage of medical supplies.”

At present, Mohammad Kamal Abu Musabbeh has been named as among the deceased. Condolence posts on social media were numerous. A friend of Mohammad Musabbeh, Muhammad al-Safir, described his last moments before the strike. The two had hugged only seven minutes before the explosion, and al-Safir remembered Musabbeh saying he was tired but that still he “smiled at me and said, I swear I love you.” Had he known this would have been the last time the two saw each other, al-Safir said, he would have “prolonged the hug.” From the attached image the late Mohammad appears as a smiling young bearded man.

A little girl, Talia Khattab, was also killed in the strike. A committed student, Talia was remembered for her diligence to her schooling. Eager for the war to end, Talia reportedly told her grandfather: “Tomorrow everything will be over grandpa, I will go to kindergarten and get the highest grades.”

Whilst describing how this incident orphaned an infant girl Layan Abu Musabbeh to the news outlet Al Watan, a relative Muhammad Abu Musabbeh said that the explosion threw her and her bed into one of the neighbors’ houses. He also described the aftermath of the bombing stating that, “The scene we saw cannot be described. We heard a loud explosion, so we quickly left the house. I was surprised that it was the house of my cousin and his family. The scene was horrific, fires burning in the house.”  Abu Musabbeh also said that they were searching for the child for several hours, and “almost lost hope, until one of the neighbors heard the sound of a child crying, and upon tracing the source of the sound, we found that she had flown away.”

A Twitter/X user @monther_khaled posted a video showing the infant Layan wrapped in green cloth.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces. At least one source, @rdooan, referenced the bombing as being carried out by “American weapons”.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Mohammad Kamal Abu Musabbeh محمد كمال أبو مصبح
male killed
Layan Abu Musabbeh ليان أبو مصبح
Child female injured

The victims were named as:

Talia Khattab
Child female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 51
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (25) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: Msdr news
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    Source: Msdr news
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    Source: Msdr news
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    Source: Msdr news
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    Source: Msdr news
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    Source: Mohammed Refat Farhat
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    Source: MAZAYARADIOFM
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    Source: Mohamed.safeer2014
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    Source: @PalMissionUK
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    Source: @PalMissionUK
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    Source: @PalMissionUK
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Abu Hosni Street (شارع ابو حسني) in the town of Deir Al Balah (دير البلح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.415100, 34.357300. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    30 – 51
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0294

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

طريق البريد, Al Barid Road, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.342787, 34.310547 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 17, 2023, at least 10 people, members of the Barbakh family, were killed and at least five others were wounded during an alleged Israeli airstrike at the Barbakh family home on Al Barid road, central Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip.

The attack, which struck the property located opposite the post office in central Khan Younis, occurred at around 2.50pm and resulted in an unknown number of injuries.

The Barbakh family bore the heaviest toll in this tragic incident, encompassing multiple generations from the eldest, 67-year-old Sheikh Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh (915605455), to the youngest, one-year-old Sawsan Mustafa Mahmoud Barbakh (445000276). Among those who lost their lives were Sawsan Ahmed Muammar (wife of Mahmoud), aged 54 (924300650); their son, Muhammad Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh, aged 13 (429488653); their grandson, Uday Makram Aouni Barbakh, aged 17 (424184737); Kholoud Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh, 21 (daughter of Mahmoud and Sawsan) (408537231); Sabreen Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh, 32 (daughter of Mahmoud and Sawsan) (803466366); and Samar Imad Al-Masry, 26, (daughter-in-law of Mahmoud and Sawsan) (403095318); Sally Ramez Muhammad Abu Muammar, 4 (daughter of Sabreen); and Saba Ramez Ahmed Barbakh (daughter of Sabreen).

Jihad Barbakh, a family member of the deceased, provided the names of the 10 members of the Barbakh family who were killed, in addition to mentioning that “more than 10 martyrs were passers-by on the road”, indicating that there were at least 10 additional deaths.

Local reports emphasised the absence of any forewarning prior to the attack. Immediately following the incident, eyewitness videos emerged which depict a scene of panic followed by a swift and substantial mobilisation of rescue operations. Local sources, including the Palestinian Health Ministry, reported that a number of casualties who were pulled from the rubble managed to reach Nasser Hospital, others could not be saved.

In the days and weeks preceding the incident, surviving members of the Barbakh family have paid tribute to their lost loved ones on Facebook. Most poignant of all was a November 3, video post from Mostafa Mahmud, husband of Samar Imad Al-Masry, showing their daughter one-year-old Sawsan Mustafa Mahmoud joyfully playing in her home. Mostafa explained that the video was captured less than five minutes before the airstrike hit their residence.

Multiple sources, Alaraby News and Safa News, reported that “injuries” resulted from the bombing but did not provide a toll. Images posted by Zahia Farahat show children and a man being treated from their injuries, with at least four different children receiving medical care.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 2:50 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (10)

Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh محمود سعيد بربخ
67 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 915605455
Sawsan Mustafa Mahmoud Barbakh سوسن مصطفى محمود بربخ
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445000276
Muhammad Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh محمد محمود سعيد بربخ
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429488653
Sawsan Ahmed Muammar سوسن أحمد معمر
54 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 924300650
Khuloud Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh خلود محمود سعيد بربخ
21 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408537231
Sabreen Mahmoud Saeed Barbakh صابرين محمود سعيد بربخ
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803466366
Saba Ramez Ahmed Barbakh صبا رامز احمد بربخ
Child female killed
Sally Ramez Ahmed Barbakh سالي رامز احمد بربخ
4 years old female killed
Samar Imad Al-Masry سمر عماد المصري
26 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 403095318
Uday Makram Aouni Barbakh عدي مكرم عوني بربخ
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424184737

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 20
  • (4–5 children4 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

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    Source: Journalist Abdel Rahman Al Obadale
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    Source: Journalist Abdel Rahman Al Obadale
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    Source: Journalist Abdel Rahman Al Obadale
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    Source: Journalist Abdel Rahman Al Obadale
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    Source: Journalist Abdel Rahman Al Obadale
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    Source: Zahia Farahat
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    Source: Isam Abu Bisam
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Abu Faysal Barbakh
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    Source: Moath Moh Iprahim
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    Source: Sofyan Alaqqad
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    Source: Shareef Ouni
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    Source: Mostafa Faysal Majdi Barbakh
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    Source: Mostafa Faysal Majdi Barbakh
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    Source: Rashad Abu Tareq
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    Source: Umm Mohammad Barbakh
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    Source: Mostafa Mahmud
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    Source: Mostafa Mahmud
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    Source: Mostafa Mahmud
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    Source: Mostafa Mahmud
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    Source: Mostafa Mahmud
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Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention an alleged strike on a residential building on al Barid Road (طريق البريد) to the east of Khan Younis (خان يونس). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.342787, 34.310547.

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  • Imagery:
    @BlinxNow

  • Imagery:
    @BlinxNow

  • Imagery:
    @BlinxNow

  • Imagery:
    Mostafa Mahmud

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 20
  • (4–5 children4 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0266

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

منزل عائلة العرير على طريق الخلايل, al Khalayel Road, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.497167, 34.471646 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 16, 2023, 20 civilians were killed, including at least five children and three women, and a large number were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike that hit the al-Arair family home on Al Khalayel road, in the Al Shujaya neigborhood, Gaza City.

Asma Mohammed, Beit Dajan Today, News Najah, Nabd and al-Haya reported on social media that there were “martyrs and injuries in the bombing of the Al-Arair family’s house”, with Asma noting that people were transporting the casualties “in civilian cars”, sharing images of corpses and injured civilians being carried by other civilians. Mahmoud Harara shared a video of the injured being carried on stretchers and into ambulances, with others attempting to search the rubble of the destroyed building for survivors. He stated that there were “a large number of casualties”, and that “some were taken out and the rest were under the rubble.”

Abeer Aljna posted that “a house inhabited by dozens was bombed”, terming it a “massacre”, while the Gaza News Networks said the house, which belonged to Imad al-Arair, was allegedly bombed “without warning, with about 25 people in it.” Twitter/X user PSLK1154 noted that the alleged bombing took place in the afternoon and that there were “a large number of victims.” Solomon L Reer posted that there were 20 killed in the “al-Arair family massacre”, while Mossad al-Arair posted that two female civilians killed and a child were “still missing under the rubble.”

According to relatives on social media, among those killed are 58-year-old Imad al-Arair (Abu Umar), his wife Umm Umar, their sons 30-year-old Khaled al-Arair, 16-year-old Abd al-Qadir al-Arair and 31-year-old Umar al-Arair, Umar’s wife, and their daughter. Also killed were Imad’s daughter, her husband, her three children, as well as 37-year-old Deep al-Arair and Iyad al-Arair

Photos of the injured and deceased circulate social media and family and friends posted heartfelt and devastating messages. Esraa Aree wrote “a massacre against my family, the al-Arait family. Deep, my cousin, is a martyr, and a number of child martyrs. Some are still under the rubble.”

Muhammad Nabil wrote “My brother, my lover, and my lifelong companion, Umar al-Arair, is a martyr. Your separation is painful, my love.. May God give me patience over your separation, accept you, and grant you the highest paradise in heaven”, sharing an image of himself with Umar, a smiling bearded young man.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerents all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

According to sources, the incident occurred in the afternoon and without warning.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Imad Al Arair عماد العرعير
58 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 907835706
Wife of Imad زوجة عماد
female killed
Khalid Al Arair خالد العرعير
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804669000
Abdulqadir Al Arair عبدالقادر العرعير
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424686491
Omar Al Arair عمر العرعير
31 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803759562
Wife of Omar زوجة عمر
female killed
Daughter of Omar ابنة عمر
female killed
Daughter of Imad ابنة عماد
female killed
Husband of Imad's daughter زوجها
male killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Imad's grandchild حفيد
killed
Deeb Al Arair ديب العرعير
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801517137
Iyad Al Arair أيدا العرعير
killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (5 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asma mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Nabil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Also Solomon L. Reer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention an alleged strike on a residential building on the al Khalayel Road (طريق الخلايل), east of Gaza city (غزة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.497167, 34.471646.

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  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

  • Imagery:
    Mahmoud Harara

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    20
  • (5 children3 women5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]