Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS512

Incident date

June 1, 2022

Location

شيشة, Shisha, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.692957, 38.948765 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians, including a child and a woman from the same family, were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the villages of Gorik and Sheshi in western Gire Spi on June 1, 2022.

Hawar News also reported that a woman and a child were injured in Turkish shelling of Sheshi village in the western countryside of Girê Spi. The source also provided the names of those injured: Kawthar Hajj Khalil, 45, was seriously injured, and Mizgin Hajj Khalil, 11, was seriously injured and subsequently transferred to the Kobani city hospital.

North Press Agency spoke with Muhammad Hajj Khalil, the father of the injured girl, who said that “a shell exploded near his house in the village, wounding his daughter, Nadia Hajj Khalil, 13, with shrapnel in the hand.” Khalil said that his cousin’s wife was also seriously injured in the face by the explosion of the shell. She was taken directly to a hospital in Raqqa for treatment. “About ten shells landed in the other villages,” he said.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also documented the injury of two civilians due to “Turkish forces and their proxies in “Peace Spring” areas fired rocket launchers on the village”.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Turkish shelling on a house near Kobani city on June 1, 2022. (Image posted by North Press Agency)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Shisha (شيشة), allegedly located in the western area of Tell Abyad (تل ابيض) subdistrict. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tell Abyad subdistrict are: 36.692957, 38.948765.

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Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS512a

Incident date

June 1, 2022

Location

Gorik, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.692957, 38.948765 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Gorik in western Gire Spi Canton on June 1, 2022.

According to Hawar News, Mohamed Ismail, known as Abu Umar was injured in Turkish shelling of the village of Gorik in western Gire Spi Canton. Abu Umar was taken to Manbij hospital but there was no further information on his condition.

@RojavaIC similarly reported that Mohamed Ismail was injured in Syrian National Army shelling near Tel Abyad.

There were no other sources that reported on this incident. No other information is available to Airwars at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohamed Ismail Adult male known as Abu Umar injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Mohamed Ismail, known as Abu Umar, who was injured in alleged Turkish shelling of the village of Gorik in western Gire Spi Canton on June 1, 2022. (Image posted by Hawar News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Gorik, allegedly located in the western area of Tell Abyad (تل ابيض) subdistrict. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tell Abyad subdistrict are: 36.692957, 38.948765.

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Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS487

Incident date

February 1, 2022

Location

تقل بقل, Takil Bakil, Hassaka, Syria

Geolocation

37.063119, 42.224472 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to local sources, four people were killed and four to five civilians were injured in Turkish airstrikes in Takil Bakil village in the Derik countryside, in northeastern Syria on February 1st 2022 at 9pm in the evening by two missiles. The Syrian Democratic Forces identified the four people killed as being fighters.

According to local sources the Turkish bombing targeted an electric power station and an oil station. The bombing led to a power outage in the area, after the power station was left with destruction. ABC News added that the strike hit the building where the guards stay. This came a day after a Turkish drone stuck another power station near the Semalka border crossing between Syria and Iraq’s Kurdish region.

The four people who were killed were workers and guards at the electric power station, identified by the SDF as “our fighters who were in charge of protecting the station”. The SDF provided the names of the four fighters killed: Siamand Afrin, Khimkin Afrin, Shiar Kobani, and Muhyiddin Derik.

The SDF identified five civilian workers as being injured in the strikes while North Press Agency reported that four civilians were wounded. All injured civilians were taken to Dirk hospital.

One injured man, Othman Hussein Suleiuman, from the village of Borouj, told North Press, “all I remember is that I heard the sound of a plane, so I went inside the station to tell my colleagues.” The North Press added that “he heard the plane being hit by two missiles, but he lost consciousness and did not feel anything until he woke up in the hospital.”

The Turkish Ministry of National Defense released a statement declaring the strike the day of, stating that “In the Winter Eagle Operation carried out; shelters, bunkers, caves, tunnels, ammunition depots and so-called headquarters and training camps belonging to terrorists who threaten our country, nation and border security were targeted. In the planning and execution of the operation, maximum sensitivity was shown for the safety of life and property of the civilian population and the protection of the environment.”

Al Jazeera pointed out that Turkey cited the 51st article of the UN Charter, which states that “nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security”.

The incident occured at 21:00:00 local time.

  • Othman Hussein Suleiman Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • An injured man after a Turkish attack on Takil Bakil village in northeastern Syria. According to local sources, four civilians were killed and four civilians were injured. (Image via North Press Agency)
  • According to local sources, four civilians were killed and four civilians were injured after a Turkish attack on Takil Bakil village in northeastern Syria. (Image via North Press Agency)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Takil Bakil ( تقل بقل), for which the generic coordinates are: 37.063119, 42.224472. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Turkish Military

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By neutralizing the PKK/KCK/YPG and other terrorist elements; In order to eliminate the terrorist attacks against our people and security forces from the North of Iraq and Syria and to ensure our border security; In line with our self-defense rights arising from Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, the Winter Eagle Air Operation was carried out against terrorist nests in the Derik, Sinjar and Karacak regions in the North of Iraq and Syria, which are used as bases by terrorists.
In the Winter Eagle Operation carried out; shelters, bunkers, caves, tunnels, ammunition depots and so-called headquarters and training camps belonging to terrorists who threaten our country, nation and border security were targeted. In the planning and execution of the operation, maximum sensitivity was shown for the safety of life and property of the civilian population and the protection of the environment.
After the operation, in which mostly domestic and national ammunition was used, all of our aircraft returned safely to their bases.
The Turkish Armed Forces, who emerged from the bosom of our noble nation, will continue the fight against terrorism for the security of our country and nation with determination and determination until the last terrorist is neutralized.
It is announced to the public with respect.


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Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Known target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS104

Incident date

May 2, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.441824, 36.783912 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and two others, including a woman, were injured in alleged Kurdish or regime strikes on Afrin in the northern countryside of Aleppo on May 2, 2021.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported “the killing of the child “Alia Rahim, 5 years old, and the wounding of a woman and a man, as a result of missile strikes from areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces in the northern countryside of Aleppo.” Various other sources gave the slain child’s age as three years old.

SCD also added that the child’s family had been displaced “from the southern countryside of Aleppo” and Shaam specified that her family “lives in a tent after she was displaced… from the village of Al-Batrana.” The Syrian Network for Human Rights added that the man and woman injured were the child’s parents and Baladi News reported that the parents were seriously injured and taken to the city hospital.

EdlibEmc1 also reported “a child was killed and others were injured due to artillery shelling by separatist Kurdish parties on the city of Afrin, north of Aleppo.”

The Turkish Ministry of Defense stated that the YPG had launched “8 cannons / rockets in the area where the fields are located in Afrin, Olive Branch, injured the mother, her child and a villager,” adding that the child could not be saved.

The Syrian Documentation Center reported that “more than 12 rockets” struck the neighborhood while 7al only identified six shells and located the strikes on the road to Jenderes. Radio Al Kul gave the specific location of the attacks as hitting “the Al-Jadida farm, south of Afrin.”

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to Kurdish forces. However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “it is not known yet if regime forces or Kurdish forces fired these rockets.” They also added that the area hit is under the control of “Turkish forces and their proxy factions” and just a few days prior, Turkish forces had shelled “the Kurdish-controlled villages of Bainah and Sawaghnah in Shirawa district in Afrin countryside.” A tweet from @anasanas84 also blamed the attack on “the Al-Assad and Qasd gangs.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: The killing of the child “Alia Rahim, 5 years old, and the wounding of a woman and a man, as a result of missile strikes from areas controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces and the regime forces in the northern countryside of Aleppo. The body of the child and secured the place. (Image posted Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Caption translation: A five-year-old girl, named as Aliaa Rahim, was killed and her parents were injured in shelling by Syrian Democratic Forces who used a missile launcher to bombard a residential area in the center of Afrin city in the northern suburbs of Aleppo governorate on May 2. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • Screengrab taken from a video posted by the Turkish ministry of Defense on Twitter about the alleged Kurdish shelling on Afrin on May 2, 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: A child was killed and a woman was injured as a result of artillery shelling by the Syrian Democratic Forces targeting the city of Afrin in the northern countryside of Aleppo. (Image posted by @zelal_abo_adnan)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption translation: The death of the three-year-old girl, Alia, and the injury of her mother as a result of artillery shelling by the SDF that targeted the city of Afrin, west of Aleppo, this morning, Sunday, May 2. (Image posted by @firas_alkhalifa)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention strikes on a farm in the vicinity of the Jindires road (طريق جنديرس), running south out of the city of Afrin (عفرين) in the direction of the town of Jindires (جنديرس). The generic coordinates for this road are: 36.441824, 36.783912. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1},"geometry":{"type":"LineString","coordinates":[[36.85681343078613,36.50025335667593],[36.83479785919189,36.481812150808125],[36.8335747718811,36.480794220207436],[36.83263063430786,36.48001782347165],[36.82666540145874,36.47568711230469],[36.81741714477539,36.469233731160685],[36.81473493576049,36.46731831945626],[36.81286811828613,36.46585153074916],[36.81168794631958,36.46481613377671],[36.807847023010254,36.463038670064066],[36.79842710494995,36.46129568064059],[36.79793357849121,36.46108859018416],[36.797826290130615,36.4607779534625],[36.7981481552124,36.45913846126037],[36.79774045944214,36.45596292514749],[36.79078817367554,36.44721226974195],[36.77602529525757,36.435819405088836],[36.768150329589844,36.42951808739895],[36.767635345458984,36.42924185355042],[36.765875816345215,36.42856852942672],[36.761841773986816,36.42782613964951],[36.7596960067749,36.42739451442243],[36.75915956497192,36.42720459856231],[36.749954223632805,36.42214575966058],[36.747915744781494,36.42098891401927],[36.74600601196288,36.419762984158325],[36.74225091934204,36.41691391748009],[36.74100637435913,36.41598147295775],[36.731436252593994,36.41183713964262],[36.72160863876343,36.40745081271095],[36.71212434768677,36.40325421302121],[36.700472831726074,36.398072913107896],[36.69585943222045,36.396069384531025],[36.69564485549927,36.39587939207119],[36.695430278778076,36.395689399146946]]}}]}

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime, YPG
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS072

Incident date

November 19, 2019

Location

أعزاز, Azaz, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.586736, 37.042624 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and between seven and 15 others including two children injured in an alleged YPG artillery attack on Azaz in Aleppo governorate, Syria on November 19th, 2019, according to local sources.

The civilian killed was identified as Muhammad Mustafa Amouri, aged 30 and he died shortly after he was moved to hospital. According to @Gaber11518504, Muhammad’s two brothers were killed before and he was the only remaining son for his family.

According to Al Modon, six katyusha rockets landed on a al-Jawalat Street in the middle of the popular market, at times when it was crowded causing a big number of casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • Syrian child injured in an alleged YPG attack in Azaz - Aleppo was moved to a Turkish hospital (via Qasioun)
  • Aftermath of an YPG alleged attack on Azaz in Aleppo. (via Qasioun)
  • Aftermath of an YPG alleged attack on Azaz in Aleppo. (via Qasioun)
  • Aftermath of an alleged YPG attack on Azaz - Aleppo (via AMC)
  • Alleged YPG attack on Azaz - Nov 19th, 2019 (via STEP)
  • Alleged YPG attack on Azaz - Nov 19th, 2019 (via STEP)
  • Alleged YPG attack on Azaz - Nov 19th, 2019 (via STEP)
  • One civilian killed in an alleged YPG attack on Azaz - Nov 19th, 2019 (via STEP)
  • A child injured in an alleged YPG attack on Azaz in Aleppo - Nov 19th, 2019 (via AMC)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Al Jawalat (الجوالات) street, within the city of Azaz (اعزاز), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.586736 37.042624. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"stroke":"#ff0000","stroke-width":1,"stroke-opacity":1},"geometry":{"type":"LineString","coordinates":[[37.04297751188278,36.58773310965431],[37.04284608364105,36.58742944206568],[37.04271465539932,36.587061162748725],[37.04252153635025,36.586520585831856],[37.04242497682571,36.586124303934064],[37.04217553138733,36.58547603405187]]}}]}

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS048

Incident date

October 15, 2019

Location

Kızıltepe, Turkey

Geolocation

36.993950, 40.338492 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two or three civilians from the same famiy were reported killed and 11 or 12 others injured in an alleged YPG mortar attack on the village of Taşlıca in the Kızıltepe district in Mardin, Turkey, on October 15th 2019, according to local media sources.

According to Nusaybinden.com, the attack was launched from the Syrian side of Dırbasiye’den. Hacı Halil Türkoğlu and his nephew Bedran Türkoğlu were killed in the attack and buried in their village which is now in the process of being evacuated.

Cizre Habere Bak said the number of fatalities rose to three and named the third victim as Nurettin Türkoğlu.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Grieving family member of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • A family member of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Grieving family member of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Burial of two civilians reported killed in an alleged YPG mortar attack on Kızıltepe, Turkey on October 15th 2019. (Via nusaybinden.com).
  • Footage of the strike.
  • Images for the aftermath of the strike on Kızıltepe, Oct 15th (via TRT)
  • Images for the aftermath of the strike on Kızıltepe, Oct 15th (via TRT)
  • Images for the aftermath of the strike on Kızıltepe, Oct 15th (via TRT)
  • Images for the aftermath of the strike on Kızıltepe, Oct 15th (via TRT)
  • Images for the aftermath of the strike on Kızıltepe, Oct 15th (via Cizre Habere Bak)

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the village of Taşlıca in the Kızıltepe district in Mardin. Analysing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location to these exact coordinates: 36.993950, 40.338492.

  • Imagery:
    EHA News

  • Imagery:
    EHA News

  • Imagery: EHA News

    Imagery:
    EHA News

  • Imagery:
    Google Maps

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG

Sources (14) [ collapse]