Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

USYEMBi018

Incident date

March 22–23, 2024

Location

صنعاء, Sanaa, Yemen

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were reportedly killed and injured by alleged US-UK airstrikes in Yemen on March 22/23, 2024.

The Houthi-run Human Rights Ministry, as quoted by Anadolu Agency and Saba News, “a number of civilians were killed and injured” by US-UK airstrikes in Yemen. No other information was available as to the number of civilian casualties.

Neither the US military not the UK military announced any airstrikes in Yemen on March 24th. However, multiple local sources reported that “American-British enemy aircraft carried out more than 16 raids on #Al-Hudaydah and #Sanaa governorates tonight, the most prominent of which were: 5 raids on Al-Munira District,# Al-Hudaydah; 4 raids on the Attan area in Al Wahda District,#Sanaa; 3 raids on the Jarban area in Sanhan District, #Sanaa; Two raids on the Al-Nahdain area in Al-Sabeen District, #Sanaa; A raid east of Azal District,#Sanaa.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, UK Military
  • Suspected target
    Houthi Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Operational developments #Prosperity_Guard: American-British enemy aircraft carried out more than 16 raids on #Al-Hudaydah and #Sanaa governorates tonight, the most prominent of which were: 🔸5 raids on Al-Munira District,# Al-Hudaydah 🔸4 raids on the Attan area in Al Wahda District,#Sanaa 🔸3 raids on the Jarban area in Sanhan District, #Sanaa 🔸Two raids on the Al-Nahdain area in Al-Sabeen District, #Sanaa 🔸A raid east of Azal District,#Sanaa

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

UK Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    UK Military
  • UK Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, UK Military
  • Suspected target
    Houthi Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

USSOM421

Incident date

February 23, 2024

Location

Al-Shabaab bases in Galhareeri district, Galhareeri district, central Somalia, Somalia

Airwars assessment

On the 23rd of February, 2024 senior Al-Shabaab commanders were reportedly killed in an airstrike announced by the Somali military and conducted against bases of the militant group in Galhareeri district, central Somalia. However, the number of Al-Shabaab members killed or injured in the strike remains unknown.

An online report on the airstrike was made by Radio Dalsan who stated, on the 23rd of February, that the strike was “carried out by the Somali National Army, supported by international allies” and added that the strike had “targeted the militants’ largest bases in Galhareeri district,” killing “senior commanders”. The Radio Dalsan report further claimed that the strike was launched “when a substantial number of Al-Shabaab members were present at the targeted base”.

To date, there have been no reports of civilian harm as a result of the airstrike.

While no sources directly implicated the US in the operation, the Somali government’s reference to “international partners” has in the past indicated US involvement.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (1) [ collapse]

US Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Somali Military Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Somali Military Forces
  • Somali Military Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attackers
    US Forces, Somali Military Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al-Shabaab
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS657

Incident date

November 4, 2023

Location

بستان القصر, Bustan Al-Qasr, Aleppo City, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, November 4th, 2023, between three and four male children were injured by an alleged Hay’at Tahria al-Sham drone, a group linked to the Turkish military. The children were playing in a small garden near traffic signals in Bustan Al-Qasr neighborhood, in Aleppo city, Syria at the time of the strike.

Multiple sources reported on the event. Notably, Ajel news reported: “The injuries in Bustan Al-Qasr were 4. The injuries were of children playing in the garden (a small garden near the traffic signals). They were taken to Al-Razzai Hospital, and two of them were in serious condition.”

Multiple sources described the drone as being shot down and/or the fall of the drone, without tributing responsibility. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the airstrike was allegedly conducted by Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham.

Ajel News and Shahba Al-Iz reported four injured while SOHR news reported three children injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aleppo First Workers’ branch facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aleppo First Workers’ branch facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aleppo First Workers’ branch facebook

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0500

Incident date

October 23, 2023

Location

مخيم الشاطئ, Al-Shati camp, Gaza City, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 23rd, 2023, Civil Defense crews were allegedly struck by Israeli forces during rescue operations in Al-Shati camp. According to Shehab News Agency, a member of the Civil Defense was injured while attempting to clear rubble from homes destroyed by Israeli aircraft. Further information regarding identification or the state of injuries has not been made available.

An image attached to the report showed a man on a stretcher, though his injuries did not appear severe.

Almayadine and Al Jazeera News corroborated the above claim, stating that Civil Defense crews were bombed while transporting the injured. There were few additional details. This assessment will be updated if and when more specific details emerge.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0439

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

المغازى, Al Maghazi camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.423444, 34.387658 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

During the evening of Saturday, October 21, 2023, a 66-year old man Haji Nayef Abdelmajid Abdelqader al-Hilah (Abu Ramez) was killed when the Al-Maghazi Camp in the central Gaza Strip was allegedly bombed by Israeli military.

A Safa correspondent reported on “the targeting of al-Malghazi camp,” but no belligerent was explicitly named. Following the incident, several sources, including Twitter/X users @AIAYASHxs, @YouthGoDigital, and @Aboud, shared the story as reported by the initial Safa report.

Family and friends shared their condolences online acknowledging the loss of Nayef Abdul Majeed al-Hila. Twitter/X user @Romanctic mourned over the loss of his “dear uncle” and asked that “God have mercy and make him abode in Paradise”. Several other posts shared a picture of Nayef, an elderly bearded man in a grey shirt, and shared similar sentiments with Zakaria Abu Mashaykh posting on Facebook, “May God have mercy on you, how good you are and how good your heart is. We will miss your morning and your sweet voice, Uncle Nayef al-Hila is a martyr, God willing.”

The sources did not identify the belligerent, but Airwars has matched the name of the killed civilian with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, which explicitly mentions that names on the list are “victims of the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip”. Therefore, the strike status of this incident has been graded as a Single Source Claim, and civilian harm status as Fair.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Haji Nayef Abdelmajid Abdelqader al-Hilah (Abu Ramez) نايف عبد المجيد الحيلة
66 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 929265643

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wajde
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maghazinew2
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ğh Ďiaa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Zakarya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Romanctic
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: M7medgazi

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Maghazi (المغازى) camp, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.423444, 34.387658. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0439b

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

المغازي, Al Maghazi, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.423444, 34.387658 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, October 21st, 2023, a number of civilians were reportedly injured when the Al Khadura family house in Al-Maghazi camp, Gaza Strip, was allegedly bombed by an Israeli aircraft. Sources including @YouthGoDigital tweeted about the bombing, and Facebook posts by AlMaghazi2 and Media Platform Mahmoud Abu Zinadah stated that there were several casualties, but did not state a specific number.

Only one source identified the belligerent as the Israeli military, therefore, Airwars qualified the strike status as a “single source claim”. There were no more details on the victims publicly available.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Maghazi (المغازي), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.423444, 34.387658. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0434b

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

النصيرات, Nuseirat Camp, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.450065, 34.392934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Saturday, October 21st, 2023, an alleged Israeli bombardment hit the Abu Jabr family home in Nuseirat camp, Gaza Strip, killing the wife of a commander of “the Central Brigade”, Nabil Abu Jabr, alongside their four children, including a son and a daughter under the age of 18.

The 45-year old wife of Nabil Abu Jabr, Ghada Abdul Azim Hamad Al-Qatshan Abu Jabr (Umm Bakr), was killed alongside her four children: her eldest son, 22-year-old Bakr Nabil Abu Jabr, a 21-year old son Muhammad Nabil Abu Jabr, a 12-year old son Baraa Ashraf Abu Jabr, and a 17-year old daughter Shahad Ashraf Abu Jabr. Nabil Abu Jabr was not reported to have been killed in this incident, and at least one source referred to the home as belonging to the “martyr” Nabil Abu Jabr, indicating that he was likely killed previously. This information will be updated if and when further details emerge.

Posts shared on social media by relatives and friends expressed deep sorrow and condolences for the family. They described the Abu Jabr family members as generous and esteemed individuals and highlighted their impact on the community. The posts also referenced Islamic teachings about patience and the belief that those who die in the cause of God are alive with Him.

Israa Fayez wrote on Facebook that the late Ghada was her aunt, while Safoa Said Sh mourned the death of her uncle’s wife. Both relatives expressed their grief and devastation over the loss of Ghada and her children. Eslam M. Tawil remembered the young boy Baraa as “his polite student” and attached an image of a boy in a yellow hoodie. Samer Qashlan and the Nuseirat camp account on Facebook also paid tributes to the young boy.

The sources did not identify the belligerent, but the Airwars has matched all of the names of some of the civilians killed with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, which explicitly mentions that names on the list are “victims of the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip”. Therefore this incident has been graded as a Single Source Claim, and civilian harm status as Fair.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ghada al-Qatshan Abu Jabr غادة القطشان أبو جبر
45 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 901600411
Muhammad Nabil Abu Jabr محمد نبيل أبو جبر
21 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408516185
Bakr Nabil Abu Jabr بكر نبيل أبو جبر
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 406132506
Shahad Ashraf Abu Jabr شهد أشرف أبو جبر
17 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 422615161
Baraa Ashraf Abu Jabr براء أشرف أبو جبر
12 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 432364529

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rahma
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samer
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoood3
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nuseiratcity
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Nuseirat (النصيرات) camp, for which the generic coordinates are: 31.450065, 34.392934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (2 children1 woman2 men)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0415a

Incident date

October 20, 2023

Location

عائلة السلك, Alsalak family, Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 20, 2023, nine civilians from the al-Salak family, all women and children, were killed in the Gaza Strip allegedly by Israeli actions.

Fariza Yusra al-Zayegh al-Salak (wife of Mazen al-Salak) and her four daughters, Dr Aya Mazen al-Salak (20), Dr Alaa Mazen al-Salak (18), Sama Mazen al-Salak, and Jana Mazen al-Salak (6) were named as having been killed in the incident along with Yasmin Abu Ajwa al-Salak (wife of Nofal al-Salak, 32), her two daughters, Tala Nofal al-Salak (10) and Hala Nofal al-Salak (8), and her son, Muhammad Nofal al-Salak (5).

Family and friends shared the news online with many asking that “God have mercy on them and to make their resting place the highest paradise in heaven.” @Abu Yamen, Fariza’s sister shared a verse stating that God Almighty said: “And those who, when a calamity befalls them, say, ‘Indeed, to Allah we belong, and to Him we will return.’ To God is what He gives, and to God is what He takes, and everything with Him has an appointed term until the eternal heaven, God willing.”

While most of the sources don’t mentioned a belligerent or strike type, Airwars has matched the names of most of the civilians killed with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023, which explicitly mentions that names on the list are “victims of the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip”. Therefore the strike status of this incident has been graded as single source.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (9)

Fariza Yusra Al-Zayegh Al-Salak فريزة يسرى الزايغ السلك
female killed
Dr. Aya Mazen Al-Salak آية مازن السلك السلك
20 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408476729
Dr Alaa Mazen Al-Salak آلأء مازن السلك
18 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 421382532
Sama Mazen Al-Salak سما مازن السلك
Age unknown female killed
Jana Mazen Al-Salak جنى مازن السلك
6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 438271397
Yasmine Abu Ajwa Al-Salak ياسمين أبو عجوة السلك
32 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 803206010
Tala Nofal Al-Salak تالة نوفل السلك
10 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434144226
Hala Nofal Al-Salak هالة نوفل السلك
8 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 435932280
Muhammad Nofal Al-Salak محمد نوفل السلك
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440449833

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (4–5 children4–5 women)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Islam

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (4–5 children4–5 women)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]