Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4297

Incident date

February 24, 2021

Location

عين الحمرا, Ain Al Hamra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Syrian Civil Defence reported that six civilians from one family in Ain Al Hamra were injured when a cluster bomb from previous Russian or Syrian regime bombing that was in their house yard iexploded on February 24th, 2021.

Two children and two women are among those injured.

No further information is available at the moment.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI056

Incident date

February 10–14, 2021

Location

جبل غارا/ قارا, Gara Mountain, Dohuk, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Thirteen Turkish nationals being held captive by the PKK in a location close to village Siyane in the Gare/Gara region in northern Iraq were killed – either during an alleged Turkish airstrike, or executed by the PKK, according to conflicting Kurdish and Turkish sources.

There was however broad agreement that some of those killed were civilians. All of the victims, as detainees, were non combatants. The date of the incident is unclear. Reports of killing the prisoners surfaced on February 14th but the Turkish operation on Gara started on February 10th.

According to Turkish Minute, the bodies of 13 Turkish hostages were found in the Gara region following the launch of Turkish operations there on February 10th. The source said “On Sunday the pro-Kurdish party expressed “deep sadness” over the deaths of the 13 Turks in Iraq, calling on the PKK to free its remaining prisoners.”

Stripes.come said that they Turkish operation was launched to free the Turkish prisoners. “The bodies of the 13 victims were discovered in a cave complex in northern Iraq’s Gara region, near the Turkish border, during an operation against the PKK, launched on Feb. 10, that had aimed to free the hostages.”

Haber Turk reported that the bodies of the thirteen killed Prisoners of War (PoWs) were taken to Malatya for autopsy. Twelve out of 13 were identified as: Expert Sergeant Hüseyin Sarı; the civilian police commander Sedat Yabalak; Gendarmerie Petty Officer Semih Özbek; Police Officer Vedat Kaya; Jandirma Private Süleyman Sungur; Specialist Private Mevlit Kahveci; Gunner Private Müslüm Altıntaş; Private Adil Kabaklı; Aydın Köse; and Umit Gicir, The civilian was Muhammet Salih Kanca, and the contracted soldier Sedat Sorgun.

The source published the following details about nine of the victims:

  • Sedat Yabalak, a civilian police officer and father of three in charge of Şanlıurfa Police Department in Turkey was abducted by the PKK on July 28th 2015 on the Lice-Diyarbakır highway, in front of his wife Burcu Yabalak and their three children, while returning from Erzurum.
  • Private Adil Kabaklı, during his military service, was abducted on the Tunceli Pülümür highway in Turkey while returning to his unit in Ağrı on October 2, 2015.
  • Expert Sergeant Mevlüt Kahveci, aged 31 and referred to as a specialized Gendarmerie Sergeant, was kidnapped by the PKK at a roadblock near Doğanlıköyü in Hakkari’s Çukurca district in Turkey in September 2016.
  • Air Defense Specialist Sergeant Hüseyin Sarı’s, aged 32, was kidnapped by the PKK on the Diyarbakır-Bingöl Highway in Turkey on August13th 2015.
  • Vedat Kaya was a civilian police officer in Istanbul. He and his wife were kidnapped in 2016 by the PKK at a roadblock in the Lice district of Diyarbakır in Turkey while he was returning to his hometown for his brother’s wedding convoy
  • Aydın Köse: No details about the date he was kidnapped by Haber Turk. Mürvet Karakoç mentioned that he is registered of the population of Adıyaman. He was referred to as a civilian by sources including Muhsin.guler.
  • Staff Petty Officer Sergeant Major Semih Özbey was detained by the PKK on the Tunceli-Erzincan highway in Turkey on September 18th 2015.
  • Süleyman Sungur, while doing his military service, was abducted by the PKK from a bus on the Lice road to his hometown Siirt in Turkey in 2015.
  • Private Sedat Sorgun, who was serving as a military officer in Van, was kidnapped by the PKK at a roadblock near Diyarbakır Lice in 2015.

@Kche_shakh tweeted “13 Turkish civilians were killed on the Gara mountains the highest mountains range in southern Kurdistan. Wondering what the Turkish civilians were doing there?”.

The list included the ten names identified by the Turkish Ministry of Defense twitter account as the killed prisoners of war, in addition to three additional names of belligerents likely killed while participating in the Turkish military operation. They are Ertug Guler, Burak Coscun and Harun Turhan. The Turkish minister of defence said that three soldiers were killed during the operation and three others were wounded.

Held captive for many years by the PKK in Kurdistan, their plight was raised by MPs many times back in Turkey, calling for their release. Turkey and the PKK are now accusing each other of responsibility for the killing of the 13 captive Turkish nationals:

Turkey launched its Eagle Claw 2 operation on the Gare region of northern Iraq on February 10th, where the 13 hostages were being held in a cave there.

A statement later issued by the PKK gave the group’s side of the story. They accused Turkey of killing the prisoners during an operation that had begun on February 10th. “A camp where prisoners of war belonging to the Turkish security forces were held has been attacked in Gare. The camp was intensively bombed from the air at five o’clock [not clear if this is am or pm] on February 10th. This was followed by a ground attack in which every form of war technology was used. In order to protect themselves and the prisoners, our forces located in the camp under bombardment gave the necessary response to the occupiers and hit them effectively.”

The PKK statement continued: “After this strike, the occupying Turkish army retreated a bit. Although it knew that there were prisoners there, the camp was again intensively bombed by fighter jets. The bombardment, which lasted for three days, and the fierce battles inside and outside the camp resulted in the death of some of the MIT members, soldiers and policemen we had captured. That no one would survive such a fierce attack was clear to anyone with basic military knowledge. The attack was not aimed at liberating the prisoners of war, but at destroying them.”

Kurdistan Democratic Communities Union said that YPG also published videos showing the Turkish bombardment of the location where the POWs had been held on February 14th.

By contrast, Turkey accused the PKK of executing the prisoners. Stripes.com for example reported Turkish officials as saying that “Twelve of the victims were shot in the head and one died of a shoulder bullet wound.”

Turkey’s Minister of Defense Hulusi Akar made a statement on the Gara operation to the Turkish Grand National Assembly. He said that it wasn’t possible to target the area where the cave is located because of the geographical location and structure. “due to the location and the terrain, the mountain ranges and the difficulty of reaching here, the operation has not been carried out in Gara.”

The minister was also reported by TGRT Haber TV as saying that “in the attack and in response to the shooting and the grenades from inside the cave, we only used teargas bombs. ”

The deaths of 13 unarmed Turkish nationals caused uproar in Turkey. President Erdogan reportedly vowed to expand cross-border operations against the Kurdish group in northern Iraq. Erdogan was quoted as saying “that the killings have strengthened Turkey’s will to form a secure zone along its border in northern Iraq to protect Turkey’s frontiers from the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK.”

The US State Department released a statement on February 14th condemning the deaths: “The United States deplores the death of Turkish citizens in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. We stand with our NATO Ally Turkey and extend our condolences to the families of those lost in the recent fighting. If reports of the death of Turkish civilians at the hands of the PKK, a designated terrorist organization, are confirmed, we condemn this action in the strongest possible terms.”

Anadolu Agency on Twitter said that “In call with Turkish FM, [US Secretary of State] Blinken affirmed US ‘view that PKK terrorists bear responsibility’ for Turkish civilians martyred in N.Iraq.” The Afghan government also condemned the incident, and blamed the PKK for the killing of the prisoners. And the Turkish Ministry of Defence tweeted that the UK’s Secretary of Defense Ben Wallace had “extended his condolences for the Turkish personnel and citizens that were martyred in Gara by the PKK terrorist organization.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Muhammet Salih Kanca 38 years old male killed
  • Hüseyin Sarı 32 years old male Expert Sergeant killed
  • Sedat Yabalak Age unknown male Police Officer killed
  • Semih Özbek Age unknown male Gendarmerie Petty Officer killed
  • Vedat Kaya 28 years old male Police Officer killed
  • Süleyman Sungur 27 years old male Jandirma Private killed
  • Mevlit Kahveci 31 years old male Specialist Private killed
  • Müslüm Altıntaş Age unknown male Gunner Private killed
  • Adil Kabaklı Age unknown male killed
  • Aydın Köse Age unknown male killed
  • Sedat Sorgun 35 years old male Contracted soldier killed
  • Umit Gicir 35 years old male specialized gendarmerie sergeant killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 13
  • (7–13 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • Statement by the command of the Central People's Defence Forces Headquarters (via @ameddicleT).
  • Statement by the command of the Central People's Defence Forces Headquarters (via @ameddicleT).
  • A list of names of Turkish nationals killed in Gare region. In addition to names of ten prisoners of war, the list includes names of three Turkish soldiers killed during the operation. Via @Kche_shakh
  • Police officer Sedat Yabalak was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Adil Kabaklı was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Specialist sergeant Mevlüt Kahveci was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10/14th (via Haber turk)
  • Uzman Çavuş Hüseyin Sarı'nın was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Vedat Kaya was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Aydın Köse was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Gendarmerie Staff Petty Officer Sergeant Major Semih Özbey was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Süleyman Sungur was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Sedat Sorgun was among 13 prisoners of war reported killed by Turkey bombing or PKK execution in a cave in Gara mountain, IRQ on February 10-14th. (via Haber turk)
  • Via the Turkish Ministry of National Defence.
  • Images of three of the killed PoW tweeted by the Turkish MoD.
  • Via the Turkish Ministry of National defence
  • Images of two of the PoW killed in Gara in Iraq, posted by the Turkish MoD.
  • Via the Turkish Ministry of National Defence.
  • Images of five if the PoW killed, tweeted by the Turkish MoD.
  • Aydın KÖSE. one of 13 Turkish prisoners of war reported killed as a result of a Turkey operation in Gara mountains, or were executed by PKK. (image via Aziz kose, Aydin's brother).
  • Nine of the 13 killed Turkish prisoners of war who were held captive by the PKK in Gara mountain in Iraq. (via Mürvet Karakoç).
  • According to Sabah News, National Defense Minister Hulusi Akar released this image claiming it is of the PKK member who executed the Turkish prisoners. His name is Kamuran Ataman, the cave manager, nicknamed "Sorej".
  • Images of 12 Turksih prisoners of war killed allegedly as a result of Turkish airstrikes on a cave where they were kept in Gara, Iraq, or executed by PKK. Image via Muhsin.guler.
  • Two of the three Turkish soldiers killed in the operation in Gara between Feb 10th and 14th. (via the Turkish ministry of defence).
  • One of the three Turkish soldiers killed in the operation in Gara between Feb 10th and 14th. (via the Turkish ministry of defence).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery, Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 13
  • (7–13 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, YPG forces
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY014

Incident date

January 22, 2021

Location

حي كازو, Kazo neighborhood, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians from the same family including two children were reported killed and four others including an infant were injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes, or Syrian regime rockets launched to respond to Israeli airstrikes in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021.

The family is displaced from Idlib, and it seems that one of the children died of his injuries in the hospital, according to local sources. Two children were pulled out of the rubble and the family members were taken to Hama National Hospital. @SAMSyria0 said that the rocket hit a building was inhibited by a family of 10 members (parents, grandparents and 6 children).

As to what the Israelis targeted, Syrian Files said that attack targeted a surface-to-surface missiles factory run by the scientific research center. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that attack targeted five locations that had “members of the militia loyal to Iran and the Lebanese Hezbollah which were present within the regime’s military forces in the vicinity of Hama and its proximity in the region Al-Wusta from Syria, which led to its complete destruction.” Iran Wire Arabic said that the attack targeted “warehouses for storing weapons for Iranian militias in 3 locations, one of which is in the 47th Brigade of the 8th Division, and Iranian militias use it to store missiles, while the bombing also targeted a military center for developing weapons, especially missiles near scientific research in Masyaf, and a military headquarters for the Revolutionary Guard in the Umrah area of ​​Ain Halakim district, west of Hama.”

As to who is responsible, the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) affiliated with the Syrian regime reported that Israeli forces launched rockets targeting the surrounding of Hama governorate, and that the Syrian air defence responded to the attack. SANA then said that a family consisting of a father, a mother and two children were killed, and four others, an elderly person, a woman and two children were injured, and that three houses were demolished in the western side of Hama.

However, @Syriahr blamed the Syrian regime for the killing and injuring of the civilians saying that they were killed by rockets of the Syrian regime which were launched from Hama’s military airport, located meters away from Kazo neighborhood. The Observatory said that “the remnants of the missiles fired by the regime’s air defense brigades, in an attempt to counter the Israeli missiles, killed a family consisting of a woman, her husband and two children, in addition to the injury of three, who are an elderly man, two children and a woman, after the remnants of one of the missiles fell on the Kazo neighborhood in the northwestern part of Hama.

Sounds of explosions were also heard in Tartus, Banias and rural Damascus as a result of launching of air defence missiles.

@SAMSyria0 mentioned that ‘part of a military object, a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in the sane time of the raid, and the sound of an explosion was reported in Irbid, north of Jordan, during the raid.’

@SAMSyria0 then tweeted images of what described ‘parts of the S200 long-range air defense missile near Yabroud in Damascus countryside, which is most likely the cause of the sound of the explosion that was heard in the vicinity of Damascus.’ Another missile was found in Ras Al-Ma’arra in Qalamoun area in rural Damascus.

@khalediskef also shared images describing them as ‘fragments of the missiles that were used during the Israeli raid on Hama, it was found that they were American GBU-39 guided bombs.’

Local sources also shared images of missiles in Tartus and the Observatory denied that there was an Israeli attack on Tartus, and said what was found was remnants of the regime’s air defence response to the attack in Hama.

According to Iran Wire, the attacks killed 40 Syrian regime members and 20 members of the Iranian militias, in addition to destroying the targeted sites.

The incident occured at approximately 4:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

  • Elham Al-Abdo 40 years old female killed
  • Mahmoud Halabiya 4 years old male killed
  • Karmo Al-Abdo 63 years old male 63 killed
  • Munjid al-Abdo 10 years old male killed
  • Noor Halabia 3 years old female injured
  • Khawla Halabiya 3 months years old female injured
  • Khaled Al-Abdo 26 years old male injured
  • Yosra Al-Ahmad 50 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    60

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (69) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Breaking: Al-Watan Correspondent in Hama: A displaced family consisting of three people, a father, a mother and a young girl, was martyred, in addition to a man from their relatives, and a critically ill infant was injured in the Kazo neighborhood of Hama due to the "Israeli" attack on the governorate at dawn today.
  • Caption translation: Because of the Israeli aggression, a displaced family living in the Kazo neighborhood, consisting of three people, was martyred, a father, a mother, a young girl and a baby in critical condition. Mercy for their souls, patience and solace for their families. Kazo is a popular civilian neighborhood, and there is no military post there at all
  • Caption translation: Local sources in Hama: An entire family was killed in the Kazo neighborhood, and two babies were pulled out of the rubble alive. Four martyrs and three wounded, from one family, as a result of the aggression against Hama at dawn today.
  • Caption translation: Parts of a military object (a missile? !!) fell in the Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with the raid, and the sound of an explosion was reported in Irbid, north of Jordan, during the raid.
  • Caption translation: Pictures showing one of the S200 long-range air defense missile parts near Yabroud in Damascus countryside, which is most likely the cause of the sound of the explosion that was heard in the vicinity of Damascus.
  • Caption translation: The wounded of the Israeli air aggression that targeted Hama at dawn today was wounded.
  • Caption: The damage to civilian homes as a result of the Israeli aggression on Hama at dawn today.
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Remnants of missiles used in an alleged Israeli attack on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • A building totally damaged in an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • The location where parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • A child injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A child injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A civilian injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A woman injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • According to @khalediskef, these are fragments of missiles used during the Israeli raid on Hama, and found to be American GBU-39 guided bombs.
  • According to @khalediskef, these are fragments of missiles used during the Israeli raid on Hama, and found to be American GBU-39 guided bombs.
  • A wounded child in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A wounded woman in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A wounded child in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Damage to a house as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Damage to a house as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • A map showing the location of Kazo neighborhood in Hama and the Hama airport and Bayada, and also Tripoli where the bomb is believed to have been launched from. (via U defence)
  • Four civilians from the same family including two children were killed by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib governorate martyrs)

Israeli Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Armed Forces
  • Israeli Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    60

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS460

Incident date

November 28, 2020

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and up to four others including a woman and her two children were injured as a result of alleged Turkish shelling or airstrikes on Ain Issa in Raqqa, Syria on November 28th, 2020. The injured civilians were moved to hospital in Raqqa for treatment.

Enab Baladi said that ” the correspondent of Enab Baladi in Raqqa, citing a medical source in the town on condition of anonymity, stated that two people were killed and two others were injured, one of them in critical condition, as a result of shelling that targeted Ain Issa, as reconnaissance aircraft flew over the area.”

Saradorsin and other local sources claimed that the civilian areas were directly targeted with the shelling. However, Rudaw said that Turkish ‘airstrikes’ targeted various areas, including Ain Issa’s IDP camp and the M4 highway. ANF said Muelek village in Ain Issa was also targeted and NPA mentioned that Sayda village was among areas targeted.

According to local sources, the bombing also led to destruction in civilians’ houses and agricultural crops. A displacement movement also started as a result of the continuous shelling on Ain Issa.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (21) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on residential areas in Ain Issa, Raqqa on Nov 28th, 2020. (via SOHR)
  • Videos showing the brutal bombardment of the Turkish occupation on civilian homes in the center of Ain Issa district
  • Two children were injured as a result of the Turkish occupation targeting their home in Ain Issa The Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries targeted civilian homes in Ain Issa district with heavy weapons, and the bombing resulted in the injury of two children.
  • The Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries targeted civilian homes in the Ain-Issa district with heavy weapons, and the bombing resulted in the injury of two children.
  • Damage to civilian properties, and trees as a result of alleged Turkish shelling on Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria on Nov 28th, 2020. (via @HisoEla).
  • Damage to civilian properties, and trees as a result of alleged Turkish shelling on Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria on Nov 28th, 2020. (via @HisoEla).
  • Damage to civilian properties, and trees as a result of alleged Turkish shelling on Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria on Nov 28th, 2020. (via @HisoEla).
  • According to @me_delal, civilians are fleeing Ain Issa as a result of renewed Turkish shelling.
  • According to @me_delal, civilians are fleeing Ain Issa as a result of renewed Turkish shelling.
  • According to @me_delal, civilians are fleeing Ain Issa as a result of renewed Turkish shelling.
  • Circulated photos show effects of destruction caused by Turkish bombing on Ain Issa countryside. (via NPA)

Geolocation notes (6) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building and a vehicle being struck in the town of Ain Issa (عين عيسى). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location of the strike to these coordinates:  36.389117, 38.857886.

  • Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Satellite imagery showing the distribution of buildings tagged in the audio-visual material and the outline of the building seen in the panoramic stitch.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    SOHR

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @me_delal

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @me_delal

  • Panoramic stitch of building struck with outline of courtyard.

    Imagery:
    @hawarnews

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS458

Incident date

November 22, 2020

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.387671, 38.863106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians including a three-year-old child were reported injured as a result of alleged Turkish forces shelling or drone attack on Ain Issa town on November, 22nd, 2020.

The injured civilians were named as Mehmud Zêd Zêdan aged 3, Mihêdin Hacî aged 35 and Minhel Ehmed El Ebîd aged 22.

According to Hawar, the bombing also hit Ain Issa camp, the international road “M4”, and the village of Muallaq in the northwestern countryside of the sub-district. Local sources reported that the bombing took place near the headquarters of the Russian forces in the area.

Basnews said that a drone targeted an QSD checkpoint which led to killing two members of QSD and the injury of two civilians.

 

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Caption translation: Casualties among civilians as a result of Turkish army shelling on Ain Issa town and its countryside.
  • Caption translation: Mother of child Mahmoud: What did my son do to be targeted by the Turkish occupation? The mother of the child who was injured yesterday, in Ain Issa district, called on the international community and human rights organizations to intervene to stop Turkey and its mercenaries from bombing innocent civilians and children, and said, "What did my son do to be targeted by the Turkish occupation."
  • A civilian injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (@NotWoofers).
  • Up to three civilians were injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (@NotWoofers).
  • A civilian injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (@NotWoofers).
  • Up to three civilians were injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (@RojavaNetwork)
  • Up to three civilians were injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (@RojavaNetwork)
  • Up to three civilians were injured as a result of Turkish shelling on Ain Issa on November 22nd, 2020. (NPA)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Issa (عين عيسى) and its surroundings, for which the generic coordinates are; 36.387671, 38.863106. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS456

Incident date

November 17, 2020

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.387671, 38.863106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces or pro-Turkey forces artillery shelling and/or drone attack on Ain Issa in Raqqa, Syria on November 17th, 2020.

Ahmed Jassim, Mahmoud Ali and Hamza Ibrahim arrived at the Ain Issa town hospital with injuries ranging from light to moderate as a result of shrapnel.

Eyeonhasaka said the Turkish shelling targeted sites of QSD in Ain Issa and its surrounding, the town’s camp, the M4 international highway, and the villages of Ain Dagna and Baylounia.

Sources said that the shelling also caused damage to civilians’ properties and agriculture crops.

The Syrian Observatory and Almowatana News said no casualties were reported, but other local sources published images of the injured civilians so we graded this civilian harm incident as fair.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • A civilian injured in alleged Turkish forces or pro-Turkey militants shelling on Ain Issa on Nov 17th, 2020. (via @NPA_Arabic).
  • A civilian injured in alleged Turkish forces or pro-Turkey militants shelling on Ain Issa on Nov 17th, 2020. (via @NPA_Arabic).
  • A civilian injured in alleged Turkish forces or pro-Turkey militants shelling on Ain Issa on Nov 17th, 2020. (via @NPA_Arabic).
  • Turkish forces or pro-Turkey militants shelling on Ain Issa on Nov 17th, 2020. (via @NPA_Arabic).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Issa (عين عيسى) and its surroundings, for which the generic coordinates are; 36.387671, 38.863106. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    YPG/SDF

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4293

Incident date

November 17, 2020

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian died and another civilian was injured when the roof of their home in the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the building was damaged in earlier alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights wrote that “a 30-year-old Syrian citizen, named as Munif Ahmad Naddaf, died when the roof of his home in Sarja village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate collapsed on November 17, 2020.” According to the source, “local activists explained to SNHR that the roof had been severely damaged by intensive bombardment of the village by Syrian-Russian Alliance forces in previous military campaigns.”

The Syrian Civil Defence reported “the death of a civilian, and the injury of another, after the roof of a house fell on them as a result of previous bombing by the regime, in the village of Sarja, south of Idlib, yesterday evening, Tuesday, November 17, which is the second death of its kind yesterday.” A similar incident occured in the village of Qastoun, Hama governorate.

The SCD furthermore asked civilians to not go near collapsed buildings, but instead inform the civil defence teams about them.

The date of the strikes leading to the man’s death is unknown.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence teams carrying a victim after a civilian home in Sarja village collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on an unknown date (via SNHR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4292

Incident date

November 17, 2020

Location

قسطون, Qastoun, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian died when his house in Qastoun village, Hama governorate, collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the man’s home had been previously severely damaged by alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported: “A civilian died, today, Tuesday, November 17, in the town of Qastoun in the western countryside of Hama, after the roof of his house, which was previously bombed by the regime, fell. To avoid a similar incident, our teams removed a collapsing roof in the town of Badama in the western countryside of Idlib as a result of previous bombing.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the victim as Nassar Ahmad Nassar, also blaming previous Syrian or Russian shelling for the incident: “Local activists explained to SNHR that the roof had been severely damaged by intensive bombardment of the village by Syrian-Russian Alliance forces in previous military campaigns.”

The date of the bombing leading to the civilian’s death is unknown.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim who died after his house in Qastoun collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer at the site after a civilian died after his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer at the site after a civilian died after his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Nassar Ahmad Nassar died when the roof of his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the man's house was severely damaged by earlier alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via SNHR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]