Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS600

Incident date

June 12, 2023

Location

A road linking the villages of Herbel with Um Hawsh, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.417702, 37.198600 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One Russian soldier was killed and between three and four other Russian soldiers were injured in an attack on an armoured military personnel carrier allegedly carried out by Turkish forces. The vehicle was moving along a road that connects Herbel and Um Hawsh.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the injured Russians were transported to Afrin hospital and then transferred to another medical facility, though the nature of their injuries are currently unknown; while the Kurdish North Press Agency (NPA) report that 3 were injured in the attack, others such as the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported 4 injured. Images of the vehicle’s remains published by Basenews and NPA display the armoured vehicle with ‘MP’ written on the front laid on its side with extensive damage particularly to the front of the vehicle.

Sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes to Turkish drones.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3–4

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Damaged Russian military vehicle caused by alleged Turkish strikes in Aleppo governorate on June 12, 2023. (Image posted by Basnews)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the road linking Herbel (حربل) and Um Hawsh (أم حوش). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 36.417702, 37.198600.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    No
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    3–4

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS532

Incident date

July 24, 2022

Location

آيا صوفيا, Aya Sophia, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.34220016, 36.40379506 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were killed and up to 12 others were wounded when alleged Turkish-supported militants or the Syrian regime launched drones or rockets at the Aya Sophia Church in the city of al-Suqaylabiyah on July 24, 2022.

Step News Agency quoted the Syrian regime-controlled news agency “SANA” who reported that “terrorists” missiles struck a religious celebration of the opening of the Aya Sophia Church in the city of al-Suqaylabiyah, resulting in the death of two people and the injury of 11 others. The opening ceremony was open to the public and started at 11 o’clock on Sunday July 24th.

North Press Agency reported that two people were killed and 12 others were injured in the attack.  Baladi News provided the name one of the people killed: Hisham Elias.

Baladi News reported that the ceremony was attended by “high-ranking Russian military figures, such as delegates from the Hmeimim Airport, the commander of the Russian Sahelian forces, religious and political figures, in addition to the presence of military figures in the regime forces and leaders of the National Defense militias.” The Cradle specified that the commander of the Syrian National Defense Forces (NDF) in Hama, Nabeul al-Abdullah, was in attendance.

According to Aleteia, the explosion took place “15 meters from the families and the archbishops of Hama, Nicolas Baalbaki, and Homs, Georges Abou Zahem, gathered in front of the building.” The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, John X, condemned the attack saying, “Our children in Suqaylabiyah are paying the price of their faith with blood. What happened in Suqaylabiyah is a despicable and reprehensible act of terrorism.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights pointed out that the location of the explosion is in an area under the control of the Syrian Regime forces and is inhabited by citizens of the Christian faith. Aleteia added that the area is also home to rebel groups, some of them supported by Turkey.

The Cradle also added the context that the church was being built as a “replica” of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan decided to turn Hagia Sophia into a mosque and that the construction was being supported by the Russians as well.

Baladi News reported that while SANA referred to the attack as being described as “a gunmen’s missile attack”, pages affiliated with the National Defense Militia said that a drone had dropped bombs, not missile shelling. The Cradle attributed what they referred to as the rocket attack and suicide drone attack to “Al-Qaeda affiliated Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS)”, referring to the attack as being carried out by “Turkish backed rebels”.

Up until now, both the Syrian regime and Syrian opposition groups have denied involvement in the attack. “The [regime] did the attack so they had an excuse to target Idlib, so that they could tell the world ‘See, Idlib targets Christians and civilians,'” Fared al-Mahool, an independent journalist and photographer in Idlib covering the humanitarian crisis in Syria, told The New Arab. However, Nabal Abdallah, the commander of the Hama branch of the regime-affiliated National Defense Forces (NDF), told The New Arab that “The attack was conducted by the terrorists and mercenaries that work for Turkey. The attack was on all those that support civilisation, humanity, happiness and life,” . Abdallah was injured during the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Hisham Elias
Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Russian Military
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Opening of the Aya Sophia Church in the city of al-Suqaylabiyah, which was struck with missiles allegedly launched by Turkish forces on July 24, 2022. (Image posted by Step Agency)
  • People gathered at the opening of the Aya Sophia Church in the city of al-Suqaylabiyah, which was struck with missiles allegedly launched by Turkish forces on July 24, 2022. (Image posted by Step Agency)
  • Fire and damage caused by impact of missile strike on Opening of the Aya Sophia Church in the city of al-Suqaylabiyah, which was struck with missiles allegedly launched by Turkish forces on July 24, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Aya Sophia (آيا صوفيا) church being struck in the city of Al Suqaylabiyah (السقيلبية). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location of the strike to these coordinates: 35.34220016, 36.40379506.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    hibrpress

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @syria_rd

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    @syria_rd

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–12
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Russian Military
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK175

Incident date

May 4, 2022

Location

Балаклі́я, Balakleya, Kharkiv , Ukraine

Geolocation

49.46059, 36.84004 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On May 4th 2022, Kharkhiv Human Rights Protection group reported that Russian shelling of the town of Balakeya near Kharkiv resulted in one man dying. Suspilne quoted Oleg Sineguboy, the head of the Kharkhiv Regional Military administration who added that the “the deceased is from the village of Zalyman between the temporarily occupied Balaklia and Izyum”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Balakleya (Балаклі́я), for which the generic coordinates are: 49.46059, 36.84004. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

UKUK001

Incident date

March 17, 2022

Location

Липці, Lyptsy, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.207362, 36.421385 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between one and for civilians, including a pregnant woman, an elderly woman, and a child, were killed by alleged Ukrainian shelling of the village of Lyptsy on March 17, 2022.

Russian source @Zud_West tweeted that Ukrainian forces shelled the village of Lyptsy, killing a pregnant woman.

Russian state owned news RIA Novosti quoted Sergei Moiseyev, head of the Rus Triune NGO, who said that “four people were killed, including a pregnant woman with an unborn child, another child and an elderly woman. There was shelling of the village of Liptsy, a shell exploded near the local hospital. Doctors and local residents – eyewitnesses told about all this.”

RIA Novosti added that Moiseyev was only able to provide information on the victims of the shelling on March 20th because there was no telephone or internet connection.

According to a tweet from @nkrav10, Russian forces had been occupying Lyptsy village since the first day of the war and had been looting people’s houses.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Ukrainian Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Ukrainian shelling of Lyptsy on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Izvestiya)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Lyptsy (Липці), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.207362, 36.421385. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Ukrainian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Ukrainian Military
  • Ukrainian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 4
  • (1 child1–2 women)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Ukrainian Military
  • Suspected target
    Russian Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]