Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

YS167

Incident date

July 7, 2023

Location

قرية الكفير, Kefir Village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

On Friday July 7th, 2023 [al-kafir] Kefir village, in the city of al-Bab in the Aleppo Governorate, Syria was reportedly shelled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). The strike caused injuries to at least two civilians.

News outlets such as Albadia24 and a journalist on the ground Muhannad corroborated these versions of events and further claimed that the missile strike by the SDF was directed at the Turkish base in the village

News outlets @HalabTodayTV and @SharqyaReporte both reported via Twitter the civilian harm caused by the subsequent shelling: two people were injured in the missile strike by the SDF. The other sources that reported on the incident only mentioned injuries to civilians without specifying how many.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the shelling to the SDF, with sources specifying that the shelling came from areas controlled by the SDF.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS166

Incident date

June 17, 2023

Location

مخيم كويت الرحمة, Kuwait Al Rahma camp, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between three and six civilians, including two women and a child, were injured by alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or Syrian regime missile strikes on Al-Amal camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023.

The Syrian Civil Defense (@SyriaCivilDefe) tweeted that four civilians, including a girl and two women, were injured when missiles launched from areas controlled by the Syrian regime and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) struck the Al-Amal camp near the Kuyet Al-Rahma camp.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that five civilians were injured, and that they were taken to the hospital for treatment while TRT Arabi identified three civilians as being injured. The highest casualty toll was reported by BasNews, which stated that six civilians were injured, in addition to material damage.

Sources were conflicted as to whether the missiles were launched by the Syrian regime or the SDF, with some mentioning only that the missiles came from an area controlled by both while others, such as @alkhabour21, attributed the attack to only the SDF with TRT Arabi (Turkish state broadcasting) specifying that mortar shells were launched from Tal Rifaat. BasNews provided the context that the injuries occurred during an exchange of shelling between the SDF and the Turkish army.

The International Commission for Relief and Development (ANSER) released a statement accusing the SDF of carrying out strikes with four artillery shells on the “Village of Hope 2” camp, which houses displaced people in Afrin, and causing destruction to two houses in addition to damage to ten other houses.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights specified the location as “located in the Jabal al-Khaldiya area near Meryamin village in the suburbs of Afrin city in northwestern Aleppo governorate.”

The @SyriaCivilDefe reported that the strikes caused fear and terror among the residents and children within the camp, who other local sources had said were displaced to the camp because of the earthquake.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • A civilian injured by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • A civilian injured by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • A civilian injured by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civilian casualties as a result of a missile attack by the SDF militia targeting the Land of Hope camp in the countryside of Afrin, north of Aleppo
  • 5 civilians were injured, as a preliminary toll, as a result of the SDF's attack by Militia, SDF, in the Teranda Mountain camps in Afrin, north of #Aleppo.
  • The bombing of al-Amal camp in Jabal al-Khalidiyah in the Afrin region, north of Aleppo
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @thiqanewsagency)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @thiqanewsagency)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @thiqanewsagency)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @thiqanewsagency)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @OrientNews)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or Syrian regime missile strikes on Kuwait Al Rahma camp in Afrin on June 17, 2023. (Image posted by @OrientNews)

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4498a

Incident date

January 19, 2023

Location

قسطون, Qastoun, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four to nine civilians, including three children and a woman, were reported injured as a result of alleged Russian forces, Syrian regime, or Iranian militia artillery fire on January 19th 2023 in Qastoun, Idlib, according to local sources.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, four civilians were injured from the same family (three children and their grandmother). One child was reported to be in critical condition. The artillery fire hit their home in the village south of Idlib.

@mzmgr941 identified the injured as slightly different including two men, and three children, and that the names of those injured were: Riyad Radwan Ahmed Attia Al-Khalil, aged 7; Ahmed Radwan Attia Al-Khalil, aged five; Abdel-Dominant Khalil, aged 35; Khalil Juma Muhammad Al-Hamoud, aged 35; and another “injured girl.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights put the number of injured at five, including three children. Alaraby News put the number of casualties at nine injuries, adding that the shelling struck civilian homes and close to the vicinity of the Turkish base in Qastoun.

The majority of sources attributed the shelling to the Syrian regime forces, while the Syrian Civil Defense blamed both the Syrian regime and Russian forces and @Almohrar1 identified the “Russian external occupation” as being responsible. Daily Sabah News, a Turkish pro-government source, quoted “civilian sources” who said that the Syrian regime and accompanying Iranian militias in the village of Jourin launched the artillery shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Riyad Radwan Ahmed Attia Al-Khali
7 years old injured
Ahmed Radwan Atiya Al-Khalil
5 years old injured
Abdel-Dominant Khalil Khalil
35 years old male injured

The victims were named as:

Juma Muhammad Al-Hamoud
35 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense volunteers respond to civilians injured by shelling in Qastoun on January 19, 2023. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Civil Defense volunteers respond to civilians injured by shelling in Qastoun on January 19, 2023. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Civil Defense volunteers respond to civilians injured by shelling in Qastoun on January 19, 2023. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • Civil Defense volunteers respond to civilians injured by shelling in Qastoun on January 19, 2023. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Twitter)
  • "3 children, their grandmother, and a child from another family were wounded in artillery shelling by the regime forces and Russia, targeting their house in the village of Qastun in Sahl al-Ghab, south of Idlib" (@HalabTodayTV)
  • shelling in Qastoun on January 19, 2023. (Image posted by @Almohrar1 )
  • "#injuries The child, Riyad Radwan Ahmed Attia Al-Khalil, 7 years old The child Ahmed Radwan Atiya Al-Khalil, 5 years old There is also an injured girl The young man, Abdel-Dominant Khalil Khalil, 35 years old The young man, Juma Muhammad Al-Hamoud, 35 years old" (Image posted by @AlsarwtJ)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS576

Incident date

December 3, 2022

Location

المجيبرة, Al Mujaibra, Al Hasakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.515970, 40.892380 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Four children were reportedly injured on December 3rd 2022 as a result of an unexploded ordnance, a previous Turkish shell, which exploded in the village of al-Mujaibra in the countryside of the town of Tel Tamr, north of Al-Hasakah, in Syria.  The shell was reported to have hit the village that morning, but did not explode immediately.

The children were identified as Suleiman Nasr Shalo (11 years old), Badran Nasr Shello (15 years old),  Ali Mahmoud Shello (11 years old) and Khaled Mahmoud Shello (13 years old).

Local sources told North Press Agency that the injured children were taken to Tal Tamr Hospital for treatment and that their health conditions were stable.  ANHA English reported that ”

The child Suleiman Nasr Shalo was wounded by shrapnel in his left foot, while the child Ali Mahmoud Shalo was wounded in his left foot and right hand. The nurse in the intensive care unit, Ahmed Farhan, confirmed that their health condition is stable, and they will be discharged today from the hospital.

As for the two children, Khaled Shalo, who was wounded by shrapnel in the head, and the child Badran Shalo, who was wounded with shrapnel in the abdomen, they are subject to 48-hour medical observation”

The father of two of the children, Badran and Suleiman Shalo, said to ANHA English that “the Turkish occupation is constantly targeting the villages of North and East Syria, including the village of Al-Mujibra, and some of the shells fall and do not explode, which poses a threat to the lives of citizens.”

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Suleiman Nasr Shalo
11 years old male injured
Badran Nasr Shalo
15 years old male brother of Suleiman injured

The victims were named as:

Ali Mahmoud Shlo
11 years old male injured
Khaled Mahmoud Shlo
13 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Basnews reported that four children were injured after a previously unexploded Turkish shell exploded on December 3rd 2022 (Image via Basnews)
  • "Four children were injured as a result of a Turkish shell explosion, north of Al-Hasakah" (Image via NPA)
  • "Four children were injured as a result of a Turkish shell explosion, north of Al-Hasakah" (Image via NPA)
  • ANHA English reported that four children were injured after a previously unexploded Turkish shell exploded on December 3rd 2022.
  • "According to the correspondent of Hawar News Agency, four children were injured in the village of Al-Mujibra, northeast of Tal Tamr district of Al-Hasakah canton, when a shell exploded that had fallen earlier on the village but did not explode." (Image via ANF)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Mujaibra (المجيبرة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.515970, 40.892380. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Planted explosives and unexploded ordnance (UXO)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1984

Incident date

October 6, 2022

Location

جرابلس, Jarabulus, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.816014, 38.033086 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces shelling and/or a declared US airstrike near the banks of the Euphrates River in the city of Jarabulus on October 6, 2022. However, one local source said that 15 people were injured in the incident. Two accused ISIS members were also killed in a strike acknowledged by CENTCOM.

According to the @SyriaCivilDefe, two people were killed by artillery shelling carried out by the Syrian Democratic Forces near the banks of the Euphrates River in the city of Jarabulus. The Civil Defense added that they also evacuated a family from the area.

@RadioAlKul and @OrientNews put the casualty toll at one person killed and another wounded. However, @ahmadsafee94 reported that “15 injuries in the city of Jarabulus arrived at Jarablus Hospital as a result of shelling on the city of Jarabulus.”

Baladi News reported that two people were killed and two were wounded by the SDF artillery shelling. He added that the “SDF” also shot dead members of the Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets) while they were inspecting the outskirts of the city of Jarabulus in the eastern countryside of Aleppo and treating the injured.

A tweet from @idleb_online reported that the shelling was against a car belonging to Turkish mercenaries and it coincided with Turkish artillery shelling against SDF positions in the Zour Maghar area on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River. However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that SDF was responding to the Turkish fire when they bombed a car with a guided missile on the bank of the Euphrates River near Jarabulus, which led to the killing of two people, one from Baza’a town in the countryside of Al-Bab and the other from Raqqa, and one person was seriously injured.

Later in the day of the strike CENTCOM released a statement that “Today, at approximately 6:32 PM local time in Syria, U.S. forces conducted a successful airstrike in northern Syria, killing both Abu-Hashum al-Umawi, a deputy Wali of Syria, and another senior ISIS official associated with him. Initial assessments indicate no civilians were killed or wounded during this operation.”

Euphrates Post reported that the two ISIS leaders, Hussein Alaa Al-Yasin Al-Fraih, nicknamed “Abu Hashum Al-Omawi” and Abu Ahmad Al-Sarawi, nicknamed “Abu Moaz Al-Qahtani”, were killed in Jarabulus. That aligns this strike with the guided missile attack on a vehicle in the same area.

A defense official told CNN that Abu ‘Ala was one of the top five ISIS leaders and the deputy leader of ISIS in Syria and Abu Mu’Ad al-Qahtani was an ISIS official responsible for prisoner affairs.

The incident occured at 18:32:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected targets
    ISIS, Turkish Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Hussein Alaa Al-Yasin Al-Fraih, nicknamed "Abu Hashum Al-Omawi" and Abu Ahmad Al-Sarawi, nicknamed "Abu Moaz Al-Qahtani" killed in a declared US airstrike in northern Syria on October 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle struck on the bank of the Euphrates (الفرات) in the vicinity of the city of Jarabalus (جرابلس). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, Airwars has narrowed down the location to the following coordinates: 36.816014, 38.033086.

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  • Imagery:
    Halab Today TV

  • Imagery:
    Halab Today TV

  • Imagery:
    Halab Today TV

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US Forces

TAMPA, Fla. – Today, at approximately 6:32 PM local time in Syria, U.S. forces conducted a successful airstrike in northern Syria, killing both Abu-Hashum al-Umawi, a deputy Wali of Syria, and another senior ISIS official associated with him.

Initial assessments indicate no civilians were killed or wounded during this operation.

No U.S. forces were injured or killed and there was no loss or damage to U.S. equipment in the execution of this operation.

"This strike will degrade ISIS' ability to destabilize the region and strike at our forces and partners," said General Michael "Erik" Kurilla, CENTCOM Commander. "Our forces remain in the region to ensure the enduring defeat of ISIS."

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Artillery, Ground operation
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    YPG
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Suspected targets
    ISIS, Turkish Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS140

Incident date

July 13, 2022

Location

مريمين, Marimeen, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.918889, 36.413056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to two civilians were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces or Syrian regime artillery shelling of the town of Marimeen on July 13, 2022.

The Syrian Civil Defense reported that a civilian was injured when artillery shells struck the town of Marimeen and that their volunteers rushed the injured civilian to the hospital. Shaam News referred to “civilians” being wounded in the shelling but did not identify how many civilians.

According to @free_sy_news, the damage that resulted from the shelling “was limited to material.”

Various sources that reported on the incident put the number of shells that fell on the village of Marimeen between three and four, with @jabha_sy specifying that 60mm mortars were part of the bombardment and fell on houses and shops in the town.

The majority of sources attributed the shelling to the SDF or SDF controlled areas while the Syrian Civil Defense identified the shells as coming from areas controlled by the SDF and regime forces but did not identify who was responsible. Ugarit Post reported that Turkish forces bombed the villages of Marimeen, Mara’anaz and Soghanka in Sherawa district but did not attribute any civilian casualties to Turkish forces.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers treat a civilian injured in artillery shelling in Marimeen on July 13, 2022. (Image posted by the Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged SDF or regime shelling of Marimeen on July 13, 2022. (Image posted by Zaiton Mag)
  • Smoke caused by alleged SDF or regime shelling of Marimeen on July 13, 2022. (Image posted by @zaHgWzi5xJG5Ipn)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Marimeen (مريمين), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.918889, 36.413056. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

YPG Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG
  • YPG position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Turkish Forces

Sources (16) [ collapse]