Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

TS459

Incident date

November 23, 2020

Location

عين عيسى, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.387671, 38.863106 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Eight civilians were injured as a result of alleged Turkish mortar shelling on Ain Issa countryside in Raqqa on November 23rd, 2020.

According to Ronahi, populated areas in the villages of Saida, Maalak, Ain Issa camp, and the vicinity of the district center in Ain Issa were targeted with hundreds of mortar shells and heavy artillery during midnight.

According to ANHA, this shelling accompanied a Turkish ground operation in Ain Issa where SDF was fighting back.

No further information is available.

The incident occured around midnight.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Issa (عين عيسى) and its surroundings, for which the generic coordinates are; 36.387671, 38.863106. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS457

Incident date

November 18, 2020

Location

المالكية‎, Al Malikiyah, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

37.176214, 42.140146 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured in Al-Malikya, Hasakah in Syria allegedly when Turkish forces opened fire on civilians working in their field on November 18th.

ANHA named the two civilians as Haytham Ali from Mazra Khawari, and Shafan Bouti from Mazra Bani village. The latter was wounded in the leg, which led to cutting nerves and breaking his leg bone as a result of a sniper shot, and consequently he had an operation.

ANF and ANHA said that such incidents are regular where Turkish forces attack peasants and farmers.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Al Malikiyah (المالكية‎) and its surroundings, for which the generic coordinates are; 37.176214, 42.140146. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4293

Incident date

November 17, 2020

Location

سرجة, Sarja, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian died and another civilian was injured when the roof of their home in the village of Sarja, Idlib governorate, collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the building was damaged in earlier alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights wrote that “a 30-year-old Syrian citizen, named as Munif Ahmad Naddaf, died when the roof of his home in Sarja village in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate collapsed on November 17, 2020.” According to the source, “local activists explained to SNHR that the roof had been severely damaged by intensive bombardment of the village by Syrian-Russian Alliance forces in previous military campaigns.”

The Syrian Civil Defence reported “the death of a civilian, and the injury of another, after the roof of a house fell on them as a result of previous bombing by the regime, in the village of Sarja, south of Idlib, yesterday evening, Tuesday, November 17, which is the second death of its kind yesterday.” A similar incident occured in the village of Qastoun, Hama governorate.

The SCD furthermore asked civilians to not go near collapsed buildings, but instead inform the civil defence teams about them.

The date of the strikes leading to the man’s death is unknown.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence teams carrying a victim after a civilian home in Sarja village collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on an unknown date (via SNHR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4292

Incident date

November 17, 2020

Location

قسطون, Qastoun, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

A civilian died when his house in Qastoun village, Hama governorate, collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the man’s home had been previously severely damaged by alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported: “A civilian died, today, Tuesday, November 17, in the town of Qastoun in the western countryside of Hama, after the roof of his house, which was previously bombed by the regime, fell. To avoid a similar incident, our teams removed a collapsing roof in the town of Badama in the western countryside of Idlib as a result of previous bombing.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the victim as Nassar Ahmad Nassar, also blaming previous Syrian or Russian shelling for the incident: “Local activists explained to SNHR that the roof had been severely damaged by intensive bombardment of the village by Syrian-Russian Alliance forces in previous military campaigns.”

The date of the bombing leading to the civilian’s death is unknown.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Syrian Civil Defence volunteers recovering the body of a victim who died after his house in Qastoun collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer at the site after a civilian died after his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • A Syrian Civil Defence volunteer at the site after a civilian died after his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020, following alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • Nassar Ahmad Nassar died when the roof of his house collapsed on November 17th, 2020. According to local sources, the man's house was severely damaged by earlier alleged Russian and Syrian regime airstrikes on an unknown date (via SNHR).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4291

Incident date

November 7, 2020

Location

جبل الزاوية, Jabal al-Zawiya, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

@euphrateseye reported that Russian raids on civilians houses in villages of Jabal al-Zawiyah in Idlib on November 7th led to deaths and injuries.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that Russian warplanes undertook 13 airstrikes on the area since the morning of that day, November 7th, without leading to casualties.

Shaam News also said that Civil Defence confirmed no casualties resulted from the 13 raids.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported that ‘ a drone struck a military post where a jihadi group affiliated to Hayyaat Tahrir Al-Sham was stationed in Sarjeh area in Jabal Al-Zawiyah in southern Idlib. It is worth noting that all the jihadists of the targeted group are of non-Syrian nationalities, and confirmed reports suggest there are casualties.’

No further information is available at the moment.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on villages in Jabal al-Zawiyah. (via MMC)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS455

Incident date

November 7, 2020

Location

العليا, Al Alia, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.596235, 40.107608 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

A woman was reportedly killed by Turkish soldiers stationed in a military point near Al Alia, Hasaka governorate, on November 7th, 2020, according to Step News Agency.

Step News Agency reported that on “Saturday morning, a woman was killed by the Turkish army stationed in a point located in the vicinity of Al Alia silos north of Hasaka.”

According to the Step correspondent, “a woman in her forties went to her relatives in the areas controlled by the “Qasd militia” in order to help her visit her family in the city of Ras Al Ain, north of Hasaka.”

The woman’s relatives reportedly drove her to the M4 road north of Hasaka in a Pickab Hilux vehicle. The woman was then dropped off on the M4 road near the High Silos. The Turkish forces monitored the vehicle through thermal cameras.

A source told Step News Agency that “the woman went to the Turkish point in the vicinity of Al Alia silos, north of Hasaka, where she stopped to drink water and the Turkish army immediately shot her and wounded her in the neck, which led to her killing.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of the Al Alia (العالية) grain silos, for which the generic coordinates are: 36.596235, 40.107608. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4289

Incident date

November 4, 2020

Location

أريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four civilians, including a child, were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, Idlib governorate, on November 4th, 2020, according to local sources. Among the victims were two men working for the Ihsan Relief and Development Organization. Up to six others were reportedly wounded.

Nors for Studies reported that four civilians were killed and five others were injured as the result of artillery shelling on the city. The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) wrote: “At least four civilians, including a girl, were killed when Syrian regime forces artillery fired dozens of shells on Ariha city in the southern suburbs of Idlib governorate in the morning of November 4. SNHR notes that this bombardment is a breach of the ceasefire agreement reached following consultations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, which came into effect on March 6, 2020.”

In another post, the SNHR reported that one of the shells fell on the schoolyard of the Martyr Zakariya Saedou school, partially destroying the yard and damaging furniture in the school. The source added that the school is located within a residential area.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported that the girl Rimas Hindawi was killed while being at school. It is unclear if this is the same school that the SNHR reported as damaged. Eye on Al Hassaka posted a photo of the body of the girl but however wrote as a caption that “a mother of a child” was killed in the strikes. Other sources do not report an adult woman among the fatalities.

Among the victims were Ibrahim Al Younes, a psychological support worker at Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, and Raghid Zakariya Al Jasri, a driver for the same organisation. According to SNHR, the men died when a shell fell on their car in Al Midan neighbourhood.

The fourth fatal victim was identified as Samer Madi.

Step News Agency reported that six civilians were injured. The Syrian Civil Defence posted a video of their volunteers helping victims, including at least two injured women.

While nearly all sources blamed the Syrian regime for the heavy shelling on the city, Eye on Al Hassaka blamed both the Syrian regime and Russia.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).
  • Injured civilians being brought to an ambulance after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Two employees of Ihsan Relief and Development Organization, named as Ibrahim al Younes (pictured right) and Raghid Zakariya al Jesri (left) were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via SNHR).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha on November 4th, 2020 (via Syrian Civil Defence).
  • The child Rimas Hindawi was killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ariha, November 4th, 2020 (via Eye On Al Hassakah).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS454

Incident date

October 29, 2020

Location

Îska, Iska, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.353154, 36.806731 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least 13 civilians were reportedly injured in an attack by alleged Turkish mercenaries on the village of Iska, Aleppo governorate, on October 29th, 2020, according to Hawar News.

Hawar News wrote that “the village of Iska which in Janders district in Afrin canton was subjected to a raid campaign and attempts to kidnap and steal property by the mercenaries, and when the residents’ attempted to defend themselves and their property, the mercenaries fired randomly at the people in the village, which resulted in the injury of 13 civilians at least. The citizen Ali Jemmo and the citizen Muhammad Othman have been known of them.”

Currently, further information is unavailable to Airwars.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Iska (Îska), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.353154, 36.806731. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (1) [ collapse]