Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4563

Incident date

October 4, 2023

Location

سرمين, Sarmin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a young girl, was killed and between six and eight others, including three children and two women, were injured by alleged Syrian regime and/or Russian and/or Iranian artillery strikes on the al-Shamali neighborhood in the city of Sarmin on October 4th, 2023.

The @SyriaCivilDefe reported that a girl was killed and six other civilians (two female children, a female infant, two women, and a man) were injured by missile strikes against civilian homes, the Grand Mosque, and the fence of a school playground, adding that their volunteers transported the injured to hospitals and inspected the affected area. According to @mzmgr941, the bombing occurred while the children were leaving school. Journalist @Jamil_Alhasaan reported that in addition to the death of a girl, eight others were injured while Fresh News put the injury toll at seven.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights identified the girl killed as Layla Ahmad al-Masri. In a video posted by @SyriaCivilDefe, a young girl can be heard saying “Uncle, I want my sister… but I want my sister… help her for my sister” as she is looking for her sister Layla who was killed. A video posted by @Gurbtwatan shows Layla’s father mourning the loss of his daughter and crying.

An image posted by El Mohrar provided the names of those killed and injured written on a Syrian American Medical Society paper: Faten Asban, 40 years, old injury in her foot; Ibrahim Wazaz, 20 years old, injury in his foot; Limar Abo Saloura, infant, many bruises; Sham Abo Saloura, 12 years old, injury in her foot; Amina Taher Shaar, 30 years old, injury in her back; Sundus Sarmini, 12 years old, injury in her back.

Journalist @MohamadDaba9966 with Sama TV reported that the shelling occurred “after reconnaissance aircraft monitored crowds of militants moving with their vehicles”. However, no militants were killed in the strike.

While the majority of sources attributed the shelling to the Syrian regime, @alking14399969 blamed Russian forces while @in_sham_hhashm referred to the incident as the “Russian-Iranian bombing”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Limar Abo Saloura ليمار أبو سلورة
Child Infant injured
Sham Abo Saloura شام أبو سلورة
12 years old female injured

The victims were named as:

Layla Ahmad Masri ليلى أحمد مصري
Child female killed
Faten Asban فاتن عصبان
40 years old female injured
Ibrahim Wazaz ابراهيم وزاز
20 years old male injured
Amina Taher Shaar أمينة طاهر شعار
30 years old female injured
Sundus Sarmini سندس سرميني
12 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (47) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (35) [ collapse]

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    Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
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    Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
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    Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
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    Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
  • Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
  • Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
  • Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
  • Source: @SyriaCivilDefe
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    Source: SNHR news
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    Layla Ahmad Masri, killed on October 4, 2023. Source: @Gurbtwatan
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    Source: @Marea_Elshame
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    Source: @mzmgr941
  • Source: @in_sham_hhashm
  • Source: @in_sham_hhashm
  • Source: @in_sham_hhashm
  • Source: @in_sham_hhashm
  • Source: @1SyriaNews
  • Source: Moharar
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Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6–8
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (47) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRS015

Incident date

March 24, 2023

Location

ذيبان, Dhiban, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.005020, 40.513045 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Friday March 24th, at 8:05 am, an Iranian militia allegedly launched rockets at Coalition forces at “Green Village,” an American base near al-Omar oil field east of Deir Ezzor. According to CENTCOM, the rockets missed the Coalition facility by approximately 5 km. Instead, they reportedly hit a house in Dhiban and injured two women and two children. There was no information published on the injured civilians.

CENTCOM released a statement that “On the morning of March 24th, at approximately 8:05 a.m. Syrian local time, 10 rockets targeted coalition forces at the Green Village in northeast Syria. The attack resulted in no injuries to U.S. or coalition personnel and no damage to U.S. equipment or facilities. One of the rockets missed the facility by almost five kilometers, striking a civilian house, causing significant damage and causing minor injuries to two women and two children.”

The correspondent of “Ain al-Furat” network, quoted by Eye of Euphrates, reported that Iranian militias fired seven missiles toward the American base in two waves, however they instead hit civilian homes in the town of Dhiban. Eye of Euphrates mentioned that there was “inaccurate information” regarding civilian casualties, and no other sources reported on civilian casualties.

The rocket fire was the latest response in what was ostensibly a tit for tat exchange. The rockets were launched in retaliation for US raids which were prompted in turn by a militia attack on a base in al-Hasakah. The militia attack left an American contractor dead and wounded five military personnel. Kurdistan 24 reported that the US military claimed responsibility for drone strikes targeting groups allied with Iran which it accused of launching the drone against the base in al-Hasakah at 13:38 on Thursday the 23rd.

Eye of Euphrates correspondents reported that Iranian militia have “mobilized their forces in the city and its countryside and evacuated most of their military headquarters while leaving some guards, as the militia leaders went to hide among the homes of the civilians”. They pinpointed militia leader movements to Al-Arbaeen Street in the city center and the Afghan “Fatemiyoun Brigade” militia to trenches and tunnels in Al-Haidariyeh area. Baladi corroborated this information, additionally noting that military sites at Al-Bukamal were evacuated. Militia casualties were treated at Al-Shifa Hospital, Al-Mayadeen and were brought in three ambulances.

The incident occured at 08:05:00 local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Dhiban (ذيبان), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.005020, 40.513045. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    US

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    US

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRI005

Incident date

November 14, 2022

Location

كويسنجق, Koya, Erbil, Iraq

Geolocation

36.064308, 44.603813 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was killed and up to 10 others were injured by alleged Iranian drone and rocket strikes in the city of Koya on November 14, 2022.

Rudaw News reported that according to Koya’s mayor Tariq Haydari at 8:49am, four missiles struck the Koysanjaq district. Saman Barzinji, the Kurdistan Region’s health minister, told Rudaw that at least one person was killed and eight others were wounded. Shafaq later revised the numbers from mayor Tariq Haydari to two civilians killed and eight wounded.

The mayor of Quesanjaq district, Tariq Taydari, also told Shafaq News Agency that a civilian died because his heart stopped beating during the Iranian bombing, noting that the civilian suffered from a heart condition. The civilian that died is included in the count of one civilian killed and eight others injured. Alarabiya put the number of casualties at one person killed and 10 others wounded by rocket strikes in the city of Koye while the New York Times reported that at least two people were killed and nine others were wounded.

Shafaq News stated that the Iranian missiles fell on the headquarters of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI). Aljazeera quoted an Iranian Kurdish rights group who posted on Twitter that the strikes hit the Komala Party’s base in Sulaimaniyah with six drones and the KDPI’s base near Erbil with four missiles. The New York Times stated that KDPI announced that two of its members were killed and at least nine were severely wounded at its main base near Koya. The director of Koya’s main hospital, Sherwan Jalal, said ambulances had been dispatched but could not enter the base because of the continued danger of airstrikes and that it was possible there were more victims under the rubble.

According to Rudaw News, Telegram accounts affiliate with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) claimed responsibility for the attack, in addition to reports that Iran has been shelling the mountainous areas of Bradost, where units of Komala and the KDPI are located. The New York Times also quoted Iran’s “semiofficial Fars News Agency”. who stated that the security forces had targeted “terrorist groups”. Kurdistan24 reported that the attacks involved both missiles and drones, with the New York Times specifying that Iranian Fateh-110 ballistic missiles were used.

Following the strikes, Shafaq reported that Kurdish refugee camps were evacuated and five schools were suspended and the students were transferred to other schools due to fear of repeat bombings.

The incident occured at 08:49:00 local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention strikes in the vicinity of the KDPI’s headquarters near Koya (كويسنجق). The generic coordinates for this complex are: 36.064308, 44.603813. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Iranian shelling in the Koysanjaq district of Erbil governorate on November 14, 2022. (Image posted by Shafaq News)
  • Video | Iranian bombardment with missiles targeting Koysanjaq district in Sulaymaniyah governorate, wounding ten people as an initial outcome. Follow our platforms on social media
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians injured by alleged Iranian shelling in the Koysanjaq district of Erbil governorate on November 14, 2022. (Image posted by دهوكツ Dohuk via Facebook)
  • Alleged Iranian shelling in the Koysanjaq district of Erbil governorate on November 14, 2022. (Image posted by دهوكツ Dohuk via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Iranian shelling in the Koysanjaq district of Erbil governorate on November 14, 2022. (Image posted by Alhadath)
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    (Image posted by Haedar Aljaff اخبار خانقين via Facebook)

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    8–10
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4484 IRS014

Incident date

November 6, 2022

Location

مخيم مرام, Maram Refugee Camp, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.972045, 36.593918 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

35.971333, 36.594790 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between six and 11 civilians, including up to four children, an elderly woman and a pregnant woman, were killed and up to 77 others, including a woman and five children, were injured by alleged Russian, Syrian regime, or Iranian militia missile attacks with cluster bombs against Maram refugee camp and other refugee camps closeby on November 6, 2022.

A tweet from @MaramFoundation reported that missile bombardments, including cluster bombs, led to the death of six civilians and the injury of 40 more in Maram refugee camp, which houses 900 families. The @MaramFoundation also tweeted that more than 100 tents were partially destroyed and more than 3000 people were displaced from the camp.

@SyriaCivilDefe put the number of deaths at nine, including three children and a woman, and the number of injuries at 75 and added that the attack carried out by the regime and Russia included internationally prohibited cluster bombs, followed by Russian airstrikes that hit farms and forests in the area.

Nine days after the attack, on November 15th, Shaam News reported that a woman who was injured from the bombing died of her wounds, joining her unborn fetus and her child who were also killed. The woman that died was from the town of Khal al-Sabil and with her death, the death toll rose above 10 civilians killed.

The Civil Defense also reported that the child “Azzam” of one of their volunteers named “Hassan Bakir” was killed in the bombing. Saoud Sayah posted on Facebook the full name of the child as Azzam Hussein Jamil Bakir, adding that another child named Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi also died and that both were from Khan al-Subul.

A tweet from @Hamoudi_Free_Sy identified Amer Al-Ali from the town of Heish as one of the people killed, adding that he had ben deported by the Turkish government two months ago. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights added that Amer had been forced to sign papers proving his “voluntary return”, which is something that Turkish immigration services have forced Syrian refugees holding “temporary protection” to sign before they return to Syria.

Amir Bakri posted on Facebook the names of injured civilians: Khaled Al-ShamaliKhaled Al-Shamali’s wifeKhaledia Al-Shamali 6 years old, Muhammad Al-Shamali 9 years old, (And the martyr Shahd Khaled Al-Shamali). The post added that a baby girl was also in critical condition without providing other details.

A Facebook post from Rdwan Al Shhawan gave the names of 16 civilians that were injured and killed: Shahd Al Shamali – 13 years old – dead, Mohammed Al Hussein – 45 years old – injured, Roukaya Al Ibrahim – 13 years old – injured, Khaledia Al Shamali – 10 years old – injured, Ibrahim Al Kurdia – 25 years old – injured, Abo Noh (Salet Al Zohour) – 24 years old – injured, Samer Al Shughri – 25 years old – injured, Azzam Bakir – 8 months old – dead, Ali Al Ahmad – 55 years old – injured, Zahraa Bakir – 30 years old – injured, Asmaa Bakir – 40 years old – injured, Haja Al Thaher – 60 years old – injured, Ahmed Inad Al Ibrahim – injured, Unknown – 50 years old – dead, Farah Al Shamali – 4 years old – injured, Kawthar Bakir – 5 years old – injured.

@It5rMYaOg5UnyFi tweeted that one of the people killed was a father of 10 children.

@alkhabour21 reported that seven civilians, including children, were killed and 70 others were injured by shelling carried out by the regime and Russian forces. Euphrates Post reported similar casualty numbers, specifying that among the seven civilians killed were two children and a woman while Middle East Eye reported that at least 10 civilians were killed and more than 77 were wounded, and among the wound were 12 very serious cases.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights specified where the casualties occurred, reporting that “in Maram IDP Camp the bombardment killed five civilians, including four children, while one civilian was killed in the bombing on Wadi Khaled Kamp, and one elderly lady, aged 60, was killed in Mahtat Meyah Kafr Ruhin Camp”. The totals seven civilians, including four children and an elderly woman, were killed.

A tweet from @SAMS_Arabic provided details that Idlib Central Hospital received 16 injuries from the bombing, among them two children and a man died of their injuries and three of the injured were in the intensive care unit. Step Agency reported that the hospitals in the city of Idlib issued distress calls for people to donate blood due to the shortage and the large number of wounded.

The Syrian Civil Defense specified that the bombing was carried out on camps for forcibly displaced persons near the villages of Kafr Jales and Morin and the Wadi Hajj Khaled area, and that surface-to-surface missiles (220mm 9M27-K Uragan) loaded with internationally prohibited cluster bombs. (9N210 and 9N235) were part of the attack. The Civil Defense also accused the Russians of planning the attack in advance due to a statement from the deputy head of the Russian Center for Reconciliation in Syria Oleg Egorov who accused the White Helmets of preparing an attack at the camp that was bombed.

The correspondent for SY-24 focused on “the camps of the displaced in the area, including “Maram” camp and “Wadi Khaled” camp near the town of “Kafr Jales” and that about 30 missiles had hit the area since the early morning. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights listed Maram, Watan, Wadi Haj Khaled, Kafr Rouhain water station camp, Maureen village camp and Ba’iba’ah camp as all being affected by the attach, which they identified as involving sockets loaded with hundreds of cluster bombs.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with @edlebhealth blaming the Syrian regime while Middle East Eye reported that the incident was a joint attack between Russian and regime forces. Anadolu Agency attributed the incident to the Syrian regime forces and their allied Iranian militias. Al Araby’s corresponded specified that the missiles likely originated from the Neirab military airport, near the city of Aleppo.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

Khaled Al-Shamali خالد الشمالي
male injured
Khaled Al-Shamali's wife زوجة خالد الشمالي
female injured
Khaledia Al-Shamali خالدية الشمالي
6 years old injured
Muhammad Al-Shamali محمد الشمالي
9 years old injured
Shahd Khaled Al-Shamali شهد خالد الشمالي
13 years old killed
Farah Al Shamali
4 years old injured

Family members (2)

Roukaya Al Ibrahim
13 years old injured
Ahmed Inad Al Ibrahim
injured

Family members (4)

Azzam Hussein Jamil Bakir عزام حسين جميل باكير
Child 8 months killed
Zahraa Bakir
30 years old injured
Asmaa Bakir
40 years old injured
Kawthar Bakir
5 years old injured

The victims were named as:

Amer Al-Ali عامر العلي
Adult male killed
Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi أمينة أنس محمد علي السراقبي
Child killed
Mohammed Al Hussein
45 years old injured
Ibrahim Al Kurdia
25 years old injured
Abo Noh (Salet Al Zohour)
24 years old injured
Samer Al Shughri
25 years old injured
Ali Al Ahmad
55 years old injured
Haja Al Thaher
60 years old injured

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Maram Refugee Camp (مخيم مرام) in the vicinity of the city of Idlib (إِدْلِب). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down two locations to the following sets of exact coordinates. Firstly: 35.972045, 36.593918. Secondly: 35.971333, 36.594790.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (2–4 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–77
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (69) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (89) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @MaramFoundation)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alkhabour21)
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  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Euphrates Post via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
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    Blood from the victims caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
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    The first moments of our teams’ response to the terrorist attack by the regime forces and Russia with missiles loaded with internationally prohibited cluster bombs targeting camps in the vicinity of Kafr Jales, west of #Idlib today, November 6, which led to the killing of 6 civilians and wounding of 75 others.
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    Moments from the farewell of the Syrian Civil Defense volunteer "Hassan Bakir" to his child "Azzam", one of the victims of the terrorist attack by the regime forces and Russia on Maram camp, west of Idlib, this Sunday morning, November 6th
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    A scene repeated, terrorist attacks by the regime forces and Russia are chasing the Syrians in their last resort.
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Damage caused by a bombardment of Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
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  • "He prayed the dawn and prepared a cup of mate, but he did not drink it, and here is the deserted Syria, not Ukraine.." Martyrs and wounded by missile shelling of Mil.Yesha, the Iranian and Russian occupation, targeted a camp for the displaced north of Idlib
  • The first moments of the missile shelling on Maram camp in Kafr Jalis, north of Idlib
  • Victims and extensive damage as a result of the missile shelling that targeted Maram camp, west of Idlib
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Sharqya_reporte)
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Sharqya_reporte)
  • “Hey, I came from Maram, I found him, and I lost him.” A young man carries the remnants of one of the missiles fired by the #Assad and #Russian militias on #Maram_camp in the countryside of #Idlib
  • #idlib The death toll has risen to 6, including a woman and two children, and more than 35 injuries, most of them children and women, were hit by a missile attack on Maram camp for the displaced. God is greater than you, Bashar al-Assad
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Victims of the missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Damage caused by missile strikes at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMS_Arabic)
  • Images of the missile at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • Images of the missile impact at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • 6 people, including two children and a woman, were killed in shelling by the regime forces on a camp for the displaced in Idlib
  • The child "Azzam Hussein Bakir" killed by missile strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alaaakill)
  • More than 35 injuries and 6 martyrs, including a woman and two girls, as a result of the targeting by the Russian occupier and the Assad gangs of a camp for the displaced, west of Idlib, with cluster missile launchers.
  • Images of the missile at Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @darwiesh78)
  • A picture of the remains of one of the Russian missiles that hit Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @It5rMYaOg5UnyFi)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of two children killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Remains of one of the missiles that hit Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @edlebhealth)
  • Strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @khaleedalkhteb)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @Omar_Madaniah)
  • The child "Azzam Hussein Bakir" killed by missile strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @abdalwhab761)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @k7ybnd99)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @k7ybnd99)
  • Damage to a home and their possessions caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @alatareb)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @hafeztaraman)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @hafeztaraman)
  • Graphic image of a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ALKhulbni)
  • Amina Anas Muhammad Ali Al-Saraqi, a child killed in strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Al Shami via Facebook)
  • Smoke and fire caused by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by Al Taman’a history via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A man injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A man injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • One of the people injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured by strikes on Maram Refugee Camp on November 6, 2022. (Image posted by @ShaamNetwork)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)
  • Civil Defense volunteers inspect the site of the bombing for missile remnants. (Image posted by @SyriaCivilDefe)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (2–4 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    40–77
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Iranian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (69) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRI004

Incident date

September 28, 2022

Location

كويسنجق, زرغوز, التون كوبري, Koya, Zargwez, Altun Kupri, Erbil/Sulaymaniyah/Kirkuk, Iraq

Geolocation

36.079082, 44.630527 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

35.387466, 45.480366 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map 35.754771, 44.142924 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On September 28th, 2022, at around 10:30 am, dozens of Iranian missiles and drone strikes reportedly killed between 13 to 14 people, according to official fatality estimates, though some local media estimated that it could be up to 18. Between 58 to 62 others were injured. The strikes were conducted in a number of areas including Koysanjaq/Koya/Koy Sanjaq district, Bardi area and Prde area (Erbil governorate), Zargwez area/ Zarkwezela/ Zargwezalla residential complex (Sulaymaniyah governorate), Sherawa area, and Altun Kupri/Altun Kubri district in Kirkuk governorate.

While the exact number of civilians harmed remains unclear, local sources indicated that at least 13 across all locations were killed, including a pregnant woman, her one-day old infant, alonside at least one child, while at least another 58 were injured – including three journalists and likely a number of children.

Airwars decided not to split out these incidents into several assessments as it was not possible to clearly distinguish the casualties between the areas targeted. It remains unclear whether some locations hit by Iranian strikes were military training camps or if only civilian buildings were struck. Moreover, at the time of the strikes, sources were conflicted as to whether or not members of the parties were actively engaging in military activities. 

Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) claimed responsibility for the strikes. The Washington Post said “the headquarters of three Iranian Kurdish opposition parties who support the ongoing demonstrations inside Iran” were targeted by Iranian strikes: the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) “in the Koya district, the Kurdish Komala Party in the village of Zarkwezela, in Sulaymaniyah province, and the Kurdistan Freedom Party (PAK) in Kirkuk province.” KDPI, PAK, and Komala were described by local sources as Iranian left-wing opposition parties with armed wings banned in Iran, and exiled in Northern Iraq. The New York Times, quoting the UN, added that the attacks hit “Iranian refugee settlements” and sources observed that a primary school inside a camp was also targeted. The Kurdish Ministry of Health recorded difficulties for the ambulances to reach remote mountainous areas hit.

A number of Komala militants were reportedly “lightly injured”. According to Human Rights Watch, IRGC said it targeted “the offices of Iranian opposition parties, referring to the targets as “terrorist bases.” However, “residents and witnesses told Human Rights Watch that some of the attacks struck towns and villages where the opposition parties were not conducting any military activity.” The NGO added that they “could not verify whether sites hit in mountainous regions that host military training activities by the opposition parties targeted, as Iranian authorities claimed.” Rudaw claimed that the sites targeted were “not military, but completely civilian”. The Washington Post reported that KDPI confirmed the deaths of two of its members”, while PAK also counted 2 of its members killed and a number of others injured. The UNHCR noted a “number of civilian casualties and injuries, including Iranian refugees – including women and children”, while ANF News stated that those injured were mostly civilians. “According to the South Kurdistan anti-terrorist services, 13 people, including a pregnant woman, were killed in the attacks, and 58 people, mostly civilians, were injured.” Local sources also recorded a number of militants killed or injured as well as soldiers injured.

At least 70 ballistic missiles and dozens of drones, launched from Iranian territory were reportedly used by IRGC according to Iraqi and Kurdish official sources. France 24, quoting Iraqi officials, said that Iran “carried out “twenty drones carrying explosive materials”. Rudaw added that “Iranian state media reported the use of Fath 360 missiles in the attack” as well as “Shahed-136 suicide drones”

KOYA – (ERBIL)

In Koya, KPDI headquarters were reportedly targeted. Tariq Haidari, mayor of the Iraqi Kurdish city of Koya, told Reuters that “two people including a pregnant woman were killed and 12 wounded. Some of the wounded were rushed in critical condition to hospital in Erbil” .  He added that Iranian drones targeted “a military camp, homes, offices and other areas around Koya”. UNHCR Iraq noted that strikes also hit an Iranian Kurdish refugee camp located in Koya district. According to a UNHCR official, “The attack caused damage to an elementary school where refugee students were present”.According to HRW quoting UNICEF, “the attacks in Koya struck a school in a refugee settlement, injuring two children and killing a pregnant woman.

-The pregnant woman was either identified as “Reyhane (Shima) Kanaani” “Rehana Kanaani”, “Shema”, “Jenin Rehan Kanaani “, “Reyhaneh Kanaani” or “Rihana Kan’ani”. She was said to be from Mariwan city. Sources reported that she was severely injured in front of a house by a rocket in Koya district and later died in a local hospital. @ShukriyaBradost Twitter account identified her as “Iranian Kurd”. Rudaw said she was 31 years old and engaged when she was killed. She was a KDPI member, as well as her husband, identified as Zanyar Rahmani, who was working as a peshmerga / KDPI militant. He told Rudaw :”the Revolutionary Guards sent me a message two minutes before the bombing, they said if you do not leave these parties, we will not leave your family”, and that following the bombing, he could not hear well. Rudaw reported that “after Rehana was transferred to the hospital in Koysanjak, the doctors were forced, as a result of her unstable health, to subject her to an early delivery operation to save her fetus. Rihana’s son was born and was named, at her request, as (Wanyar/Waniar ). Rihana died as a result of her severe injury, while Wanyar remained under intensive care, fighting a life-and-death struggle for a day and a half.” Rudaw reported that the infant died at 7 pm the next day. Rehana Kanaani’s death was acknowledged by the Mayor of Koya. A local source reported that the doctor supervising Wanyar’s health explained that the child suffers from lung problems that prevent the oxygen from reaching his brain sufficiently. Similar details were recorded by HRW, who explained that the victim “suffered injuries to the back of her hand and internal bleeding”, and also interviewed the victim’s husband : “Our home is one and half kilometers away from the party headquarters,” said Zanyar Rahmani, Kanaani’s husband, who works at the KDPI offices that were attacked. “[We live] in a camp for refugees, mostly women and children live there. The area where my wife and I live is not a military place, it is residential for civilians. Waniar suffered brain damage and also died. “My son was healthy [before the attack], until that moment all the sonograms showed he was healthy,” Rahmani said.” An alleged picture of Wanyar’s body carried by his father was published on social media, with the comment “The hardest moment in life is to carry your son’s body without a soul 😔-  Wanyar Rahini, who was martyred in an Iranian raid on his father’s arms”. 

HRW also interviewed a police officer without political affiliation, who stated that he saw children and security guards injured by the attacks. According to HRW, “the police officer said that the party offices are in a residential area where many Iranian refugees live. “We have never seen them doing any military activities in the headquarters because it’s located in a residential area,” the police officer said. “I am aware they have some military activities, but in the mountains, not in the cities.” Another resident of Koya who has no affiliation with the political parties targeted told Human Rights Watch the offices targeted are political offices only and do not host military activities.””

-@KhaderTai claimed that an American civilian was also killed during Iranian strikes on Koya, and shared an alleged screenshot of his American passport, describing him as Omer Mahmoudzadeh (Omar Mahmoudzadeh), 59 years old. @ElizHagedorn claimed that Omar Mahmoudzadeh, was “Iran-born” and “left the United States for Iraq in 2019 to join KDPI. Mahmoudzadeh’s wife and daughter in Virginia learned about his death via social media, and received a call from the State Department confirming early this morning. Khalid Azizi, a spokesman for the KDPI, described Mahmoudzadeh as a well-known party member and retired peshmerga fighter.” CNN said an American was killed by an Iranian rocket attack – the death was acknowledged by Washington.

-A woman, identified by sources as Hajar Karimi or as Hajer Zarka or Hajer Zrkar, in Al-Zanani, was reportedly killed during the Iranian shellings of the KDPI headquarters in Koya.

-A young girl was allegedly killed in Koya area after being wounded during the attacks. @layan_h8 twitted that she was in first grade of primary school. Other sources said that Iranian shellings on a primary school led to several kids injured.

-near Koya, PDKI officials recorded a number of journalists wounded.

According to Rudaw and the New York Times, around 700 families were displaced by these attacks, many of them Iranian refugees living in  a camp in the city of Koya. Another source said that “footage circulating on social media showed children screaming and running for shelter behind rocky outcroppings.“It was a quiet morning until the sound of bombing shook our house,” said Salar Ali, a 47-year-old farmer from Koysanjak. He immediately rushed to the school, where he was reunited with his 10-year-old son.”  A UNHCR official added “We are extremely shocked and concerned that the attack has impacted refugee families. It also impacted a school where refugee students were present.”

SULAYMANIYAH

A number of people suffered from “minor injuries” in Zargwez area according to France 24. They were identified as Komala party members by Rudaw. A Komala member interviewed by HRW said that “Our office is in a residential area (…) We don’t have any military activities. The residents of the complex are all refugees from Iran who escaped.” He said that the party does not conduct military activities out of the office that was hit.“I was in the Komala office in Zargwezalla when a drone hit just behind us,” said Anwar Qobadi, another Komala member. Qobadi is also a refugee who told Human Rights Watch he left Iran in 2010 after suffering human rights abuses by Iranian authorities. He said that everyone in the Zargwezalla resident complex is a refugee.After the first drone hit behind their office, Qobadi and two colleagues fled the building. “One minute later a missile and another drone hit the office, and shrapnel hit my back,” he said. “My colleagues were injured too and the building was destroyed. Nobody was killed.”
Reuters, quoting local sources, added that “drone strikes targeted at least 10 bases of Iranian Kurds near Sulaymaniyah”, without further precisions regarding potential civilian casualties. Komala oppositon Party militant said that 10 drones landed in Zargwez area. an Agence France-Presse reporter in Zargwez, quoted by France 24, observed “white smoke rising from the bombed site and ambulances heading to the place, while residents were leaving their homes. He added that a female doctor from the party was treating the wounded with minor injuries at the site.” Sources reported damaged and destroyed buildings.

KIRKUK

In Altun Kupri district of Kirkuk governorate, headquarters of the Kurdistan Freedom Party were similarly bombed.

-Iraqi-Kurdish channel “K24” reported that 3 of its journalists were “seriously injured.” Another source said that a correspondent and a cameraman for the channel Kurdistan 24 were reportedly injured. The reporter was identified as “Soran Kamran”, and one source added that he was seriously injured while he was covering “the Iranian bombing of Kurdish party headquarters in Altun Kupri district”.

LOCATION UNKNOWN

-Rudaw on Twitter counted 7 people killed by Iranian strikes, and posted pictures of them including their names, without specifying where the incidents occurred. One of the alleged victims, pictured not wearing a military uniform, was identified as Zakrous Mouhsen.

The incident occured at approximately 10:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Reyhane (Shima) Kanaani or Rehana Kanaani, or "Shema" or "Jenin Rehan Kanaani ",or "Reyhaneh Kanaani"
31 years old female pregnant killed
Waniar or Wanyar Kanaani
1 day years old male killed

The victims were named as:

Soran Kamran سوران كامران
Adult male Kurdistan 24 Correspondent injured
Omer Mahmoudzadeh
Adult male American KDPI militant killed
Hajar Karimi or as Hajer Zarka or Hajer Zrkar
Adult female KDPI militant killed
Anyar Rahimi
Child male killed
Zakrous Mouhsen
Adult male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Koya (كويسنجق), the village of Zargwez (زرغوز), and the town of Altun Kupri (التون كوبري). The generic coordinates for Koya are: 36.079082, 44.630527. The generic coordinates for Zargwez are: 35.387466, 45.480366. The generic coordinates for Altun Kupri are: 35.754771, 44.142924. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the locations further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 18
  • (2 children2 women1 man2 other civilian non-combatants)
  • Civilians reported injured
    58–62
  • Causes of injury / death
    Accidents related to conflict, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (64) [ collapse]

  • On September 28th, 2022, a pregnant woman identified as Rehan Kanaani reportedly died of her injuries following an Iranian airstrike. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling reportedly led to the destruction of the Komala Party headquarters in Zarghwiz village, on September 28th 2022. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district reportedly led to the displacement of a number of children and refugees. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district reportedly led to the displacement of a number of children and refugees. Source: Iran Kurdistan in Arabic
  • "Martyrs and wounded..Iranian bombing targets a number of areas inside Kurdistan Region Video..the moment of Iranian bombardment on sites belonging to the Democratic Party of the opposition to Iran near Koysinjak district, Erbil governorate "
  • A militant of the Kurdistan Freedom Party was reportedly killed by Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Iranian Kurdistan in Arabic reported that militant Jenin Rehan Kanani was killed during the Iranian shelling in Iraqi Kurdistan on September 28th 2022.
  • Iranian bombing in the border areas of Iraqi Kurdistan
  • A picture including 3 militants and one woman - the source indicated that all of them were killed by Iranian shelling, on September 28th 2022, without further precisions. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Students taking shelter from Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022 in Koya district. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • Students taking shelter from Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022 in Koya district. Source: Fanar Mahoud Tami
  • "The Iranian bombing of Koya in the Kurdistan region has caused 9 martyrs and 32 wounded so far "
  • Soran Karim, reporter, was reportedly seriously injured during Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022. Source: Al Sulaminia
  • Iranian bombing of Koya district on September 28th, 2022. Source: Al Sulaminia
  • Abdulwahab talabani reported a number of people killed and injured by Iranian shelling on September 28th 2022 in Koya district. Source: Abdulwahab talabani
  • A young boy identified as Anyar Rahimi, reportedly killed by Iranian shelling on September 28th, 2022, carried by his father. Source: Penus
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • Alleged Iranian shelling targeting Koysinjak areas on September 28th 2022. Photo: @NEWSDailyArabic
  • On September 28th 2022, an Americain civilian was allegedly killed by Iranian shellings in various areas in Koya district. Photo:@KhaderTai
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • Alleged damage on buildings in Koya district following Iranian bombings on September 28th 2022. Photo: @kurdpa_farsi
  • A woman identified as Hajar Karimi was reportedly killed during Iranian strikes on Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran headquarters in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: @HengawO
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A young girl was allegedly killed during Iranian airstrikes on a primary school on September 28th 2022. Photo: @HengawO
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated by doctors following reported Iranian strikes on a primary school in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: @chawshin_83
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • A soldier described as Alton Kobri being transported to Rojava hospital after being injured in reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Picture of damaged headquarters of Iranian Kurdistan parties following reported Iranian airstrikes in Koya district on September 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw arabia
  • Pictures of 7 victims of reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022, according to Rudaw Arabic. Names from names from top-left to down-right Milad Bour Saheb Rihana Kan'ani Hajer Zrkar Zakrous Mouhsen Mohammed Khalili Mam Zana Shirko Bartni. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • The father of a child identified as Wanyar, reportedly killed during Iranian strikes, carrying his son's body. Photo: @rudaw_arabic
  • Smoke from the Iraqi Kurdistan headquarters of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran, after reported Iranian strikes on the outskirts of Kirkuk, Iraq September 28, 2022. Photo: REUTERS/Ako Rasheed
  • Komala Party Fighters in Zargwez also reported 10 Iranian drones hitting their buildings. Photo: AOAV/EPA
  • Komala Party Fighters in Zargwez also reported 10 Iranian drones hitting their buildings. Photo: AOAV/EPA
  • An alleged Iranian plane following reported Iranian bombings in Iraqi Kurdistan on September 28th 2022 . Photo: Buhar news
  • "A wounded man is transported to a hospital following an attack on the village of Altun Kupri, south of the regional capital of Erbil in Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdistan region, September 28, 2022." Photo: SAFIN HAMED/AFP/GETTY /CBS News
  • "Kurdish fighters walk to inspect the damage following an Iranian cross-border attack in the area of Zargwez, where several exiled left-wing Iranian Kurdish parties maintain offices, near the Iraqi city of Sulaimaniyeh, September 28, 2022." Photo:AFP VIA GETTY/ CBS News
  • Picture of the pregnant woman reportedly killed during Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022 in Erbil. Photo: @ShukriyaBradost
  • Locations of the reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022. Photo: Seth Frantzman
  • "Iran drone footage of the attack in Koya". Photo: Seth Frantzman
  • Destruction following reported Iranian strikes on September 28th 2022 in Iraqi Kurdistan. Photo: ANF News
  • Smokes following reported Iranian shellings in Iraqi Kurdistan on Sept 28th 2022. Photo: Rudaw
  • Pictures of the infant and the pregnant woman reportedly killed following Iranian strikes in Koya area on September 28th 2022. Photo:Kareem Botane
  • Tombs of the pregnant woman and her infant killed by reported Iranian strikes in Koya. Photo: Kareem Botane

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 18
  • (2 children2 women1 man2 other civilian non-combatants)
  • Civilians reported injured
    58–62
  • Causes of injury / death
    Accidents related to conflict, Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Other

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4427

Incident date

December 11, 2021

Location

الوساطة, Al Wasata, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.113975, 36.843999 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One child was killed and at least another civilian was injured in alleged Russian, regime, or Iran shelling of the Al Wasata area on the outskirts of the city of Al Atareb on December 12, 2021.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that a 17 year old boy named Ismail Ahmad Barakat, from al Atareb city in the western suburbs of Aleppo governorate, was killed in Syrian regime artillery forces’ shelling of al Wasata area on the outskirts of the city.

@MasarPressNet mentioned that “others” were injured in the shelling but did not specify how many people while North Press Agency one person wounded in addition to the person killed.

Sources were conflicted about who was responsible for the shelling, with the majority of sources attributing the shelling to the regime, including North Press Agency pointing to regime forces stationed in the 46th Regiment, while @syria24news24 blamed Russia and @jabha_sy named Iran as the responsible party.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ismail Ahmad Barakat إسماعيل أحمد بركات
17 years old male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Wasata (الوساطة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.113975, 36.843999. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4394 IRS013

Incident date

September 27, 2021

Location

كفرنوران, Kafar Noran, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.079694, 36.8061947 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between three and five civilians, including a woman, were injured in alleged Russian or regime or Iranian artillery shelling and machine gun fire on the village of Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, five civilians, including a woman, were wounded in mortar shelling by the Russian and regime forces on Kafr Noran.

A lower estimate of casualties was given by @zelal_abo_adnan, who identified three civilians as being injured. North Press Agency added that the wounds of the three injured civilians were of a varying severity.

Baladi New’s correspondent in the Aleppo countryside reported that homes of civilians in the village of Kafr Noran were struck with mortar shells and civil defense teams were transporting injured civilians to the nearest medical point. He added that the intense shelling had caused a state of fear and panic among many of the village’s residents.

The majority of sources attributed the attack to the regime, with a tweet from @SRoudinah2 specifically identifying regime forces stationed at surrounding checkpoints as the ones responsible for the bombardment. However, both @mzmgr941 and @thawrat111 blamed Iranian forces for the strike while Syrian Civil Defense attributed the shelling to both the regime and Russia.

Various sources identified mortars, artillery, and heavy machine guns as being part of the attack on Kafr Noran that resulted in civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kafr Nouran (كفر نوران), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.079694, 36.8061947. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Civilians injured in strikes on Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @mzmgr941)
  • Mortar shelling on Kafr Noran on September 27, 2021. (Image posted by @VOSyria_)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Causes of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions, Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]