Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

LC262

Incident date

December 27, 2019

Location

عين زارة, Ain Zara, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.816556, 13.267525 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

One civilian was reported killed and three others injured, following suspected LNA shelling of the Ain Zara area of Tripoli.

A video posted to Facebook by Libya al Ahrar – presently the sole source for this event – featured a reporter who stated that “one civilian was killed and three others injured because of Haftar shelling, a day after a shell targeted Al Zawiya.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Ain Zara (عين زارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.816556, 13.267525. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC261

Incident date

December 26, 2019

Location

صيدلية أوكسجين, Oxygen Pharmacy O2, Zawiya, Libya

Geolocation

32.765536, 12.754072 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were killed and eight injured after LNA and/or UAE aircraft hit a pharmacy, a car and other civilian targets in Zawiya.

The target of the LNA strikes was initially assumed to be the headquarters of the GNA’s Al Farouq battalion. However reports soon made clear that multiple nearby civilian objects had in fact been struck.

Al Wasat News for example reported that along with the nearby military base, “warplanes of the LNA targeted a pharmacy and shops, noting that initial reports indicate casualties and injuries, including women and children.” It later added that “Eyewitnesses said that the shelling was about 200 meters from the headquarters of the Farouq Company, which is located in the farm of the former Arab Mahdi Brigade, next to the Oil and Gas College and Al Zawiya Hospital.” Al Wasat also published several images of destruction at the scene, including a burning car.

The Libya Observer reported the following: “Al-Zawiya Educational Hospital said Thursday that it had received two bodies of civilians killed in airstrikes by Khalifa Haftar’s warplanes on Al-Zawiya, adding that eight injured persons had also arrived at the hospital and that five of them were admitted to the intensive care unit. Three airstrikes by Haftar’s warplanes targeted shops and a pharmacy as well as a bakery and the port of Al-Zawiya Oil Refinery, the media office of Volcano of Rage Operation said.”

Libya Al Ahrar cited the local mayor fort its casualty figures, noting three killed and also: “Mayor of Al-Zawiyah Municipality Jamal Bahr told Al-Ahrar: 10 civilian injuries, ranging from medium to critical, as a result of the bombardment of Haftar’s aircraft in locations in the city”

According to the Souq Al Khamis site, one of the injured victims was a pregnant woman: “Khadija appeared in the video while trying to rescue her husband, Anis Shaqlabo, may God have mercy on him, after targeting by the war supporter, the criminal, Haftar, of their car in the city of Zawiya. Khadija at that moment was afflicted with shrapnel that penetrated her guts, but she was trying to save her husband for the sake of their children. Khadija underwent surgery on her stomach and now she is in intensive care, we pray to God to expedite her recovery and keep her children safe.”

Libya Al Ahrar TV also reported that among those injured are Egyptians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Khadija Adult female pregnant Wife of Anis injured
  • Anis Shaqlabo Adult male Husband of Khadija killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (22) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Aftermath of likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 which left at least 3 civilians dead (via Al Wasat News)
  • Destruction at Al Zawiya following a lethal alleged LNA strike on December 26th 2019 (via al Wasat)
  • Destruction at Al Zawiya following a lethal alleged LNA strike on December 26th 2019 (via al Wasat)
  • A burnt out vehicle after a reported LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • A burning vehicle after a reported LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • A pharmacy damaged in a likely LNA airstrike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Aftermath of a lethal likely LNA strike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An injured civilian is stretchered from the scene following a likely LNA strike on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Burkan al Ghadab)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Medics attend to the injured following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya on December 26th 2019 (via Libya al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Injured civilians following likely LNA strikes on Al Zawiya, December 26th 2019 (via Libya Al Ahrar)
  • Video of the aftermath

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Oxygen Pharmacy O2 (صيدلية أوكسجين) being struck in Zawiya (الزاوية‎). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to these exact coordinates: 32.765536, 12.754072.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Oxygen Pharmacy O2 (صيدلية أوكسجين) being struck in Zawiya (الزاوية‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    GNA

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC259

Incident date

December 24, 2019

Location

Fruit and Vegetable Market, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.812567, 13.375425 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Airstrikes most likely by the LNA or UAE in the vicinity of Bi’r Al Austa Milad road, Tajoura killed up to four civilians including two women and injured 12 other non combatants according to local reports. A vegetable market and civilian cars were amongst the objects struck.

Al Wasat News reported that “Today, Tuesday, the ambulance and emergency services announced the death of a citizen and the injury of another, in a shell that landed in Bi’r Al-Austa Milad area, Tajoura city. To that, the “‘volcano anger’ operation attributed the bombing to the General Command’s warplanes, but stated that the number of victims reached four people, including a child, as well as injuries and major damage to a number of cars, according to what came on its page on the Facebook site. It was not possible to independently verify this information.”

The Libya Observer claimed the attack was conducted by a UAE drone, noting that “Warlord Khalifa Haftar’s UAE-backed air force militia conducts a drone strike on a residential area in Bir Austa Milad district in Tajoura, eastern Tripoli, killing and wounding a number of civilians”. It also published a video in which witnesses said that both a marketplace and civilian cars were struck in the attack.

The Observer also later noted that “The spokesman for the Health Ministry, Fawzi Awnis, has confirmed that four people have been killed and ten others injured due airstrikes by warplanes backing up Khalifa Haftar’s forces on Tajoura in eastern Tripoli.”

218 TV said that three civilians had died with 12 injured: “The Center for Field Medicine and Support announced that 3 people were killed and more than 12 others wounded today, Tuesday, by shells falling in the Bir al-Osta Milad area, in Tajoura, east of Tripoli. The center said on its Facebook page, that one of his teams went to the area after receiving a report of the shells falling, to show the dead and wounded. The center pointed out that a family of a child and his parents had been transferred from the Kaddour clinic to a nearby clinic to complete their treatment. The Center stated that the shelling caused material losses, including wounding the homes of citizens living near the place, and several cars and a vegetable market.”

Al Ahrar initially reported four civilians killed, though later updated this to 12: “The Center for Field Medicine and Support confirms that the death toll of the Hafter Aviation Massacre in Tajoura has risen to 12 civilians”. However this appeared to conflate dead and injured, with FMSC naming three fatalities – two of them women – and twelve injuries.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Ali Al-Farjani Age unknown male injured
  • Haitham Ali Al-Farjani Age unknown male injured

Family members (3)

  • Al-Siddiq Mohammed Al-Mazoughi Age unknown male injured
  • Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq Al-Mazoughi Age unknown male injured
  • Fouad Abu Bakr Al-Mazoughi Age unknown male injured
  • Mohamed Salem Abu Janah Adult male killed
  • Fatima Ali Al-Tarshani Adult female killed
  • Aisha Saad Abdullah Adult female killed
  • Mohamed Mohamed Aburawi Adult male injured
  • Moataz Abd Al Mawla Ma’al Age unknown male injured
  • Ismail Ibrahim Faraj Age unknown male injured
  • Mukhtar Muhammad Noah Age unknown male injured
  • Shafiq Al-Taher Age unknown male injured
  • Taha Ramadan Al-Maamari Age unknown male injured
  • Khaled Ramadan Al-Rajhi Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

  • Damage following a reportedly lethal December 24th 2019 LNA/ UAE strike on Bi’r Al Austa Milad, Tajoura’ (via al Wasat News)
  • Damage following a reportedly lethal December 24th 2019 LNA/ UAE strike on Bi’r Al Austa Milad, Tajoura’ (via al Wasat News)
  • 'Airstrike by Haftar air force kills civilians in Tajoura' December 24th 2019
  • A car destroyed in a reported LNA strike on Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via 218 TV News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)
  • Aftermath of a lethal air or drone strike which killed up to 4 civilians at Tajoura on December 24th 2019 (via al Ahrar News)

Geolocation notes (5) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a fruit and vegetable market being struck on Bir Al Austa Milad Road (بئر الاسطى ميلاد) in Tajoura (تاجوراء‎). Analyzing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to these exact coordinates: 32.812567, 13.375425.

  • Reports of the incident mention a fruit and vegetable market being struck on Bir Al Austa Milad Road (بئر الاسطى ميلاد) in Tajoura (تاجوراء‎).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    The Libya Observer

  • Tagged visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    218 News

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    The Libya Observer

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    The Libya Observer

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (1 child2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC257

Incident date

December 20, 2019

Location

مسلاتة, Msallata, Murqub, Libya

Geolocation

32.584018, 14.036651 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Air and missile strikes on the city of Msallata by the LNA and UAE killed three civilians, according to local reports.

Initially airstrikes had targeted a convoy of militants carrying what were said to be “Al-Wefaq militants” on the road outside Mislata. Address Libya claimed for example that “The Air Force bombed the locations and mechanisms of armed groups loyal to the Al-Wefaq government, west of Maslata, in Al-Watta and Al-Barakat regions, after they fled after a failed infiltration attempt into the Green Zone, Tarhuna.”

The dead and injured were transported to the city of Msallata – which then came under attack from Grad rockets. Burkan al Ghadab for example reported that “3 martyrs from the city of Musallatah after more than 10 raids by Emirati warplanes supporting the war criminal Hifter, and 8 Grad rockets fired by criminal militias towards residential neighborhoods in the city center.”

The Libya Observer said several civilians were also injured, though gave no number.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of reported Grad rocket strikes on Mislata on December 20th 2019, which killed three civilians (via Tripoli 219)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Msallata (مسلاتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.584018, 14.036651. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC256

Incident date

December 19, 2019

Location

مصراتة, Misurata, Libya

Geolocation

32.374457, 15.087794 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

During a night of heavy LNA and UAE attacks on the city of Misurata – with at least 17 airstrikes reported, mostly targeting military sites – up to six civilians were locally reported injured.

According to Libya al Ahrar, “A medical source confirms to Libya Al-Ahrar the arrival of 6 wounded civilians to the emergency department of the Misurata Medical Center as a result of the bombing of supportive aircraft for Haftar sites in the city.”

Burkan Al Ghadab gave more details, noting that “The Accident and Emergency Department at Misurata Medical Center received 6 injuries as a result of the aerial bombardment of the city of Misurata, two cases were housed in the department, a state underwent an emergency operation and three cases of minor injuries who received first aid and left the department.” It also published photographs of some of the injured.

Al Mashad placed the number injured lower at four, noting that “The Misurata Hospital stated that four civilians were wounded by shrapnel as a result of the aerial bombardment carried out by the air force fighters of the National Army, targeting ammunition storage sites in residential neighborhoods since the late hours of Thursday, which resulted in violent explosions. The Misrata Hospital demanded the Presidential Council to remove weapons and ammunition depots from the population.”

The following day, al Wasat reported that ” the Presidential Council of the National Accord Government condemned the ‘treacherous aerial bombardment’ that targeted the city of Misurata on Thursday, ‘and resulted in the injury of a number of civilians’, noting that the bombing was ‘carried out by a supportive foreign aircraft’ for the commander of the national army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • One of the civilians injured in LNA strikes on Misurata on the night of December 19th arrive for treatment at Misurata Medical Centre (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Misurata Medical Centre (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • One of the civilians injured by the LNA in Misurata on December 19th 2019 is treated by medics (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • One of the civilians injured by the LNA in Misurata on December 19th 2019 is treated by medics (via Burkan Al Ghadab)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Misrata (مصراتة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.374457, 15.087794. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC250

Incident date

December 1, 2019

Location

جسر السواني, Al Swani Bridge, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.710367, 13.074647 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Between two and five civilians were reportedly killed in an LNA or Emirati airstrike on Al-Swani.

Libya Observer put the death toll at two: “Foreign aircraft backing up Khalifa Haftar’s forces have carried out airstrikes on civilian houses in Al-Sawani, killing two people and injuring ten others, Volcano of Rage Operation’s media office said on Sunday.

The media office said among the civilian casualties, there are women and children and posted a video showing the destructive aftermath of the airstrike.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center (FMSC) wrote: “After a report of warplanes shelling in Al-Swani area that caused the death of three children and seriously injured a fourth child, ambulances of the Sawani Field Hospital of the Field Medicine and Support Center rushed on Sunday, 1-12-2019, to the area near the Sawani Bridge for the ambulance of the child Mohammed Jamal Yousef Helmi, 9 years old, who died instantly and recovered the body of the child Mahaba Ayad Adam, 4 years old. The body of a child who was not able to identify him was recovered.”

Libya Alahrar TV later put the death toll at five and said 13 more were wounded.

Al Wasat quoted a GNA spokesperson saying that an Emirati pilot flew the plane which conducted the strike.

According to 218TV, an LNA spokesperson later said that they did not target civilians in the area.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mohammed Jamal Yousef Helmi 9 years old male killed
  • Mahaba Ayad Adam 4 years old female killed
  • Ali Al-Zintani 10 years old male killed
  • Yousef Jamal Yousef Helmi 10 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Video of the aftermath
  • Picture of one the alleged victims of an airstrike on Al-Swani on December 1st, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of one the alleged victims of an airstrike on Al-Swani on December 1st, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of one the alleged victims of an airstrike on Al-Swani on December 1st, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of one the alleged victims of an airstrike on Al-Swani on December 1st, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Picture of the LNA or Emirati airstrike on Al-Swani on December 1st, 2019 (via Tk Yahroug Kl shy)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sawani Bridge (جسر السواني),  for which the generic coordinates are: 32.710367, 13.074647. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • (3 children1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC249

Incident date

November 28, 2019

Location

أم الأرانب: الشركة الصينية, Umm Al Aranib: Chinese company, Murzuq, Libya

Geolocation

26.146291, 14.736303 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to eleven civilians were allegedly killed by an LNA or Emirati airstrike on Umm Al Aranib.

The Libya Observer said: “The Congress of Libya’s Tebu tribespeople has condemned in a statement the airstrikes of Khalifa Haftar’s forces on Um Al-Aranib on Thursday, killing a whole family – mother and her six children.”

Ummm Al Aranib Channel also wrote a mother and her six children were killed.

Wolfram Lacher said: “Drone strikes (presumably UAE) on Umm al-Araneb, following earlier drone strikes this morning in Tassawa on the force that took over El Feel yesterday.

One of the Umm al-Araneb strikes killed 6-7 members of a single family, most of them children.”

Libya Alahrar TV reported nine children and two women killed.

According to Afrigate News, strikes took place near the Chinese buildings. It did not mention civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (6–9 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of a victim allegedly killed in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib Channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of a victim allegedly killed in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of a victim allegedly killed in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture of a victim allegedly killed in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • A vehicle reportedly damaged in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child being treated after allegedly being injured an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another child being treated after allegedly being injured in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another child being treated after allegedly being injured in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another child being treated after allegedly being injured in an LNA or Emirati strike on Umm Al Aranib on November 28th, 2019 (via Umm Al Aranib channel)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Chinese company (الشركة الصينية) in Umm Al Aranib (أم الأرانب). The coordinates for the Chinese company are: 26.146291 14.736303.

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 11
  • (6–9 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC245

Incident date

November 18, 2019

Location

مصنع السنبلة للبسكويت, Sunbulah biscuit factory, Tripoli, Libya

Geolocation

32.73959, 13.37904 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Between seven and ten civilians were reportedly killed in an LNA or Emirati airstrike on a biscuit factory in Wadi al Rabie.

Reuters said: “At least seven workers were killed and another 35 wounded in an air strike that hit a biscuit factory on Monday in a southern suburb of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, emergency services said.

Those killed in the district of Wadi Rabea, about 21 km (13 miles) from the city center, included two Libyans and five foreigners from Bangladesh and sub-Saharan African countries, said Usama Ali, a spokesman for the ambulance and emergency authority in Tripoli.”

The Field Medicine and Support Center (FMSC), like most other sources, put the death toll at seven: “On Monday, 18/11/2019, Al-Sunbulah factory for biscuit industry in Wadi al Rabie area was bombarded by air strikes, killing 7 people, 2 Libyans and 5 foreign workers.”

The Libya Observer put the death toll at seven with 15 people injured.

According to Akhbar Libya 24, ten people were killed and 35 wounded.

Most sources either accused the LNA or the UAE, with Reuters saying: “Officials in eastern Libya contacted by Reuters on Monday said they had no information about an air strike by their forces.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–35
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Pictures of the victims
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    More pictures from the incident
  • Destroyed truck from an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Frederic Wehrey)
  • Destroyed truck from an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Frederic Wehrey)
  • Debris from an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Frederic Wehrey)
  • Debris from an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Frederic Wehrey)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Picture of a burning victim after an LNA or Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Body bags from the incident in Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Another body bag from the incident in Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Medical equipment and blood stains from the incident in Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Burkan Al Ghadab)
  • Civilians allegedly injured by an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Civilians allegedly injured by an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Civilians allegedly injured by an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)
  • Civilians allegedly injured by an alleged LNA/Emirati airstrike on Tajoura on November 18th, 2019 (via Libya Observer)

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Sunbulah Biscuit Factory (مصنع السنبلة للبسكويت) being struck. Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed down the location of this strike to these exact coordinates: 32.73959, 13.37904.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Sunbulah Biscuit Factory (مصنع السنبلة للبسكويت) being struck. Analyzing audio-visual material from sources we have narrowed the strike down to an exact location.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Close-up of exact location

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Distribution of tags from audio-visual material.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Distribution of tags from audio-visual material.

    Imagery:
    Defense Arab

Libyan National Army (LNA) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army (LNA)
  • Libyan National Army (LNA) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

United Arab Emirates Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
  • United Arab Emirates Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–35
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Libyan National Army (LNA), United Arab Emirates Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]