Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4389

Incident date

September 15, 2021

Location

محيط بلدة الزرزور, Al Zarzour town, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

One child was killed and three other civilians, two children and a woman, were injured in eight alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Zarzour on September 15, 2021.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense, a woman and three children were injured when eight airstrikes by Russian planes struck a poultry farm between Zarzour and Mazra. They added that White Helmet members searched the site of the strikes for any other casualties and helped those injured.

Media activist in Idlib, Bilal Bayoush, told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that one of the raids hit a camp for displaced people located between the two mentioned villages, injuring three children.

@MasarPressNet and Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported the next day that one of the children that was injured in the strikes succumbed to his wounds. SOHR added that the child was from the “Turkistan” region.

A tweet from @Nabel_othman023 identified the location of the strikes as being near a camp for widows in the vicinity of the town of Zarzour.

All of the sources that reported on the strikes attributed the strikes to Russia and North Press Agency reported that high-explosive vacuum missiles were used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • The survival of a media activist. While documenting the moment of a Russian air strike targeting the vicinity of the towns of Zarzour and Mazra, west of Idlib, this afternoon, Wednesday, September 15. #whitehelmets
  • White Helmets search through a damaged building following strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through a damaged building following strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through a damaged building following strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @abo_aljod84)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes on a camp for widows near Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @Nabel_othman023)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes near Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @tommycats4)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes near Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @tommycats4)
  • Dust and smoke from strikes on Al Zarzour town on September 15, 2021. (Image posted by @MShalabyMHZBF)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4387

Incident date

September 8, 2021

Location

مرعيان, Marayan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was killed and one to five others, including a child, were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on a home and medical facility in Marayan on September 8, 2021.

According to @HadiAlabdallah, Russian airstrikes hit Marian Medical Center, the last medical center in Jabal Al-Zawiya, and killed one woman and seriously wounded a child. @thawrat111 reported that the child had to have his hand amputated due to the severity of the injury.

@Gurbtwatan provided the name of the woman that was killed: Fatima Khatib.

Syrian Civil Defense added that the woman killed was the mother of the child that was injured and that the damage to the clinic was so extensive that the clinic was no longer able to serve patients.

@YusufAd76532779 reported that both the woman and her child were killed, and others were wounded in the strikes.

@BassamJaara identified Fatima as being the wife of the director of the medical center and a post by Mar`aian added that she was the “daughter of the martyr Khaled Al-Dadoush.”

The “Syrian Media Association” said in a statement: “With great sadness and sorrow, we received, today, Wednesday, September 8, 2021, the news of the death of the mother of our colleague “Qasim Khatib”, a member of the association, in artillery shelling by the Russian forces that targeted their house and a medical point in Marian village

Activist Mustafa Al-Mohammed told Alaraby News that the Russian warplanes bombed separate areas in Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib, targeting a medical point and civilian homes in Marayan district, killing a woman and wounding five others with varying degrees.

Marian Medical Center, which was destroyed in the strike, served over 50,000 civilians living in Jabal al-Zawiya and was the only medical clinic in this area, providing medical care to around 150 patients a day.

The Syria Response Coordinators Team published a picture of the targeted medical point and commented on it: “This is what remains of the only medical point in the town of Marayan, which provides the simplest services to the residents of the villages and towns of Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern countryside of Idlib.”

Sources were conflicted as to whether the regime or Russia or both forces were responsible for the strikes. Additionally, a few sources, including Anadolu Agency, mentioned that militias tied to Iran were also involved. Many of sources identified Krasnopol laser guided shells as being used in the attack and Zaman Al Wasl reported that more than 10 shells were used.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (31) [ collapse]

  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @sebusher)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @Gurbtwatan)
  • While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
    While Helmets work to rescue victims following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child had to have his hand amputated following airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @thawrat111)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @_AlRasid1_)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @HamoMjd)
  • Extensive damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by @syria55s)
  • Interior damage to Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Alaraby News)
  • Fires caused by strikes on Marian Medical Center from airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights)
  • Airstrikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Ugarit Post)
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • The martyrdom of Mrs. "Fatima Khatib" as a result of artillery shelling by the Russian occupation forces on the medical point in the village of Mara'an, south of Idlib..
  • The medical point in the village of Mara’an in Jabal Al-Zawiya went out of service today, Wednesday, September 8, after being targeted by artillery shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and on this day 3 years ago, regime helicopters targeted and destroyed a hospital in the town of Hass with barrel bombs. A systematic policy of targeting life forms for more than 10 years without any accountability or accountability for these crimes.
  • Sign for Marian Medical Center, destroyed in airstrikes on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Sorting through the rubble following strikes on Marian Medical Center on September 8, 2021. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets work to put out fires caused by airstrikes on Marian on September 8, 2021. 9Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (54) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI070

Incident date

September 4, 2021

Location

قرية هرور, Hirrur, Dohuk, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians, including two women, were reported injured in alleged Turkish artillery shelling on Hirrur on September 4th 2021. There were some claims that chemical weapons featured in the attack.

A resident of the village of Hirrur told IQ News, “Turkish artillery bombed our village this evening, as a result of which a woman and her daughter were wounded, and they were taken to the hospital for treatment.” Various other news outlets quoted the same source and reported the same information.

ANF News reported that three civilians were injured when an artillery shell landed near their home and that the injured were transferred to Zakho Hospital.

ANF News later added that Turkish forces also used chemical weapons during the bombardment. Those affected by the chemicals “had shortness of breath, redness in their eyes and an irregular heartbeat.” According local sources reported on ANF News, Turkey has been using chemical weapons in the Werxelê area and a video posted by ANF shows chemical gas coming out of a tunnel following an attack.

According to Rudaw News, Turkish forces dropped six bombs and they landed nearly a kilometer from Abdullah Hassan’s house. Hassan, his wife Hadiya Mustafa, and their daughter Zhiman were hospitalized two hours after smoke from the bombs reached their house.

“A Turkish bomb brought this to me. Smoke came towards me and I said ‘go inside as this smoke stinks.’ I went into the house,” Mustafa, 66, told Rudaw. Adeeb Mousa, who lives in the same village, said that six bombs landed in the vicinity of the village and one of them “produced a black smoke” that spread to Hassan’s house. The others emitted a yellow smoke. Hassan was discharged from the hospital a day after the attack while his wife and daughter were discharged two days after the attack.

This was not the first time that Haasan and his family have been impacted by the conflict. They narrowly survived an alleged Turkish bombardment in late June when shrapnel hit the front of their house.

Dr. Rasul Mohammed, the doctor who provided them with first aid at the nearby Rozana health center told Rudaw that the family’s symptoms were that “They had breathing issues. Their eyes teared up and were painful. Two of them felt nauseous and dizzy. It was strange to me to see that a bombardment could cause these symptoms.” Amir Ali, head of Zakho health directorate’s media office, said that he was in touch with the specialists regarding the incident, but that “there is no equipment to know whether it was 100 percent a poisonous gas or something else.”

In an article published by Roj News on September 9th 2021, Jihad Abdullah, a relative of the three victims, said they were still feeling dizzy and unwell after being discharged from hospital. Mr. Abdullah accused hospital staff of failing to investigate whether his family had been exposed to chemicals gas: “This incident that has befallen us is no less than the incident in Halabja. But unfortunately we have been neglected. We have registered a complaint with the Human Rights Institution. But the hospital does not give us an accurate report until we can use it as evidence. ” After reviewing video footage of an alleged chemical weapons attack in another part of northern Iraq, Gisela Penteker, a director at the International Union of Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), told ANF that the footage warranted further investigation and called on the United Nations to “start an investigation”.

All of the sources attributed the attack to Turkey.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Abdullah Hassan 76 years old male injured
  • Hadiya Mustafa Adult female injured
  • Zhiman 28 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Image of Hadiya Mustafa being treated at a hospital following an alleged chemical attack on the village of Hirrur on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by Rudaw News)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS347

Incident date

October 16, 2019

Location

رأس العين, Ras Al Ain, Hassakah, Syria

Geolocation

36.848579, 40.073576 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

“Many” civilians were killed and wounded in alleged Turkish air, artillery and  phosphorus attacks on Ras al-Ain, according to local media.

TEV-DEM Executive Board Member Aldar Xelîl said that banned weapons containing phosphorus and napalm were used by the Turkish state today in Serêkaniy.

Hawarnews added: The attack killed a number of civilians remaining in the city and left lives of hundreds at risk.”

According to ANF, “Violent clashes took place, and the invading Turkish state used banned weapons such as phosphorus, air strikes and artillery shots.

The civilians remaining in the city are the targets of the bombing. Many civilians are martyred or injured. While the occupiers prevented the wounded from being transported to hospitals by keeping the entrance of the city, Turkish planes aimed at ambulances.”

Faris Hemo, Doctor of Hesekê Public Hospital, told ANHA: “When we look at the cases that came today [Oct 16th], we saw that the burns were different. Although we cannot determine exactly which weapon burns, we can say that the Turkish state uses chemical weapons.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children burnt from alleged use of phosphorus by Turkish forces.
  • A child injured in alleged Turkey use of chemical weapons (via ANF)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Ras Al Ain (رأس العين), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.848579, 40.073576. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 5
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3397

Incident date

April 7, 2018

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.573836, 36.404789 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

An alleged chemical weapons attack, attributed to both the Syrian regime and Russia, reportedly killed between 42 and 100 civilians and wounded up to 1,200 others in the city of Douma, Damascus governorate, on April 7th, 2018, according to local sources.

Enab Baladi wrote that “after a ten-day truce in the city of Douma, the last opposition stronghold in Eastern Ghouta, Assad’s forces and their ally Russia resumed bombing the city with warplanes, using poison gas again, amid reports that negotiations over the fate of the city had reached a dead end.”

In an initial report, Shaam News Network said: “Assad and Russia targeted residential areas in the city of Douma in the eastern Gouta with high-toxic toxic chemical weapons. The city was hit by rockets and explosive barrels containing these materials, killing 75 martyrs and causing more than 1,000 cases of suffocation”.

However, a second report from Shaam pointed only to the regime, claiming that “Assad’s forces used containing chemical gas believed to be sarin on a number of cellars and shelters, resulting in the martyrdom of entire families and injuring more than 1,200 people suffering from suffocation”.

Douma Revolution initially reported 700 cases of suffocation. In a later post, the source reported “the death of more than 100 martyrs and the wounding of at least 1000 civilians until now”.

SyriaTV reported on a joint statement by the Syrian Civil Defense and the Syrian American Medical Association (SAMS), which stated that “at 7:45 pm on Saturday evening, after the regime forces launched massive attacks on the city’s neighbourhoods, more than 500 emergency cases arrived at the medical points, most of them women and children who suffered symptoms of ‘respiratory slip, central cyanosis, frothy emission from the mouth and the emission of an odor. They smelled like chlorine and had a corneal burn.'”

The injured civilians reportedly suffered from a slow heart rate, rough bronchial purrs and wheezing. Medical teams treated the injured with “free moist oxygen” and bronchodilators. The statement also stated that “while the injuries were exacerbated in several cases, four of them were placed on the automatic ventilation system for children, and the injury resulted in the death of 6 cases, one of whom was a woman who was observed to have convulsions and pinpoint pupils.”

According to the statement, Civil Defence teams reported that more than 42 deaths with the same symptoms occured in civilian homes. SCD volunteers were unable to retrieve the victims’ bodies due to a lack of protective suits and the severity of the smell.

The Syrian Violations Documentation Center of Syria reported that prior to the chemical attack, around 12:00 at noon, alleged Syrian warplanes targeted the Red Crescent center in Douma with guided missiles and barrel bombs, which put the center and remaining ambulances out of service completely. Then, according to the VDC’s explanation of events, the warplanes dropped barrel bombs on the city, “which caused obstruction of the movement of civil defence vehicles and rescue teams that took over the task of treating the injured after all ambulances in the city went out of service.”

According to the VDC, civilians were forced to go out to basements and take cover. The next bombing, which “was heavily suspected of using highly concentrated toxic gases as well as chlorine”, immediately killed 42 civilians.

A volunteer with the Syrian Civil Defence told the VDC: “When the chemical attacks began, the smell of chlorine was reaching downtown Douma. We could not immediately determine the location of the chlorine missile. The bodies of the dead on the streets and the wounded were bleeding to death, without the medical personnel being able to intervene due to their scarcity and the very large volume of cases. Later, we discovered the bodies that had suffocated due to toxic gases. They were in a closed place sheltering from the barrel bombs, which may have caused their rapid death as no one heard their screams. It seems that some of them were trying to reach an open location because we found their bodies on the stairs. ”

Around 7:30 PM, alleged Syrian warplanes targeted the ‘Martyrs Square’ near the Numan Mosque with missiles suspected of being loaded with toxic gas, reported the VDC. A doctor told the VDC that the symptoms he observed on patients “are not similar to the symptoms of chlorine. Chlorine alone cannot cause such symptoms because chlorine suffocates but does not disrupt nerves. There were symptoms of organophosphorus compounds of which sarin gas is considered. But there was also the smell of chlorine everywhere. ”

Based on the available evidence, the VDC concluded that “this attack in this sequence was programmed and deliberately inflicted as much damage as possible to the civilian population. By isolating them from the rapid arrival of rescue and ambulance teams, and then forcing them to seek refuge in a closed place to take shelter from the violent bombing of barrel bombs. After that, their closed places of residence were bombed with poison gas.”

On June 25th, 2018, the New York Times Visual Investigation’s team published their investigation into the incident, titled “How Bashar al-Assad Gassed His Own People”. The investigation focused on one building where a chemical weapon was dropped. Based on the visual evidence, the investigators counted 34 victims in the building, spread across two floors.

According to the investigation, the bomb, loaded with chlorine, was dropped from the sky by regime helicopters. Chemical weapon experts told NYT investigators that the symptoms of the victims – a frothy emission from the mouth and corneal burn – indicated the use of chlorine gas. A US official reportedly told the New York Times that chlorine and sarin were found in the victim’s blood tests. According to the video, when civilians smell chlorine, they try to find a higher location and pour water over themselves. According to the investigators, this explains why many of the victims in the Douma attack were found on staircases and water sources.

Flight spotters reportedly saw the helicopters leave Dumayr Air Base between 7:16 and 7:23 PM in the direction of Douma and circling around Douma between 7:26 and 7:38 PM, around the time of the attack, according to NYT.

In total, local sources identified the names of 36 victims, among which at least eight children.

Nearly all sources blamed the Syrian regime for the chemical attack, but some sources mentioned Russia as well. Hence, this event is graded as contested.

The incident occured between 7:30 pm and 7:45 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (6)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (11)

Family members (4)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 100
  • (8 children15 women21 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    700–1200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (58) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (92) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a young boy after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of children after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of man, woman and child after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • Injured children receiving medical help after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Injured victims receiving medical help after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • A victim in the hospital after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • Injured children receiving medical help after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • A child getting medical help after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • A child getting medical help after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • An injured child in the hospital after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • Aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • An injured child in the hospital after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • A man in the hospital after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child, who was killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • The body of a child, who was killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a child, who was killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a civilian, who was killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of civilians killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A woman and a child dead as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack in Douma on April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a boy after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of a victim after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of victims after alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical weapon attacks on Douma, April 7th, 2018 (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of some of the civilians killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Translation: Douma people bid farewell to their martyrs as a result of the Assad gangs bombing of Douma with missiles containing poisonous gases.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Ghouta GMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed as a result of the chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (Via SCD).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 8th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 8th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 8th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 8th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 8th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians on the floor after being injured or killed by an alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • Children seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • Children seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • Children seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • Children seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • A child seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • A child seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • A child seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • A child seem to be given oxygen after breathing difficulties as a result of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • A child who looks terrified after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime chemical attack on Douma on April 7th, 2018. (via Douma.Revolution)

Geolocation notes (2) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the city of Douma (دوما). Comparing audio-visual information from several sources, and confirming these against the investigation done by The New York Times, we were able to find the exact location at these coordinates:  33.573836, 36.404789.

  • The exact location of the alleged strike on a residential building in Douma (دوما).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Comparison of the landmarks identified by The New York Times investigation against satellite imagery available.

    Imagery:
    New York Times / Google Earth

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 100
  • (8 children15 women21 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    700–1200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (58) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3330

Incident date

March 23, 2018

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Up to 10 civilians were reported killed and an unknown number of others were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Douma, Damascus governorate, on March 23rd, 2018, according to local sources.

Enab Baladi reported that an alleged Russian warplane “targeted the residential neighbourhoods of the city with 30 strikes, loaded with incendiary phosphorous and cluster bombs, from midnight to Thursday morning, Thursday, March 23, killing 10 people.” Smart News Agency also documented the death of 10 civilians.

In addition, Step News Agency reported that an unspecified number of civilians were wounded.

The Syrian Civil Defence reported the names of three civilian fatalities, all men. Bashir Nasrullah reported on Facebook Majed Aref Nasrallah was also killed in the airstrikes, posting a photo of the body of the victim.

@aboalhodaalhoms tweeted that the civilian homes were targeted with rockets loaded with phosphorus by Russian and Syrian regime forces during the night. @SiegeWatch reported that Douma “has been bombed with at least 27 airstrikes containing incendiary munitions (both napalm and phosphorus suspected).” Siege Watch said there had been 30 strikes.

While some sources pointed to Russia as the belligerent, others blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 10
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Majed Aref Nasrallah was killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Douma on March 23rd, 2018 (via Bashir Nasrullah on Facebook).
  • Fire after alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Douma in the night of March 23rd, 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Douma in the night of March 23rd, 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • Fire after alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Douma in the night of March 23rd, 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Douma in the night of March 23rd, 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 10
  • (4 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3328

Incident date

March 22, 2018

Location

عربين, Arbin, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.538143, 36.364331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

47 people, among which 17 women, including three pregnant women, and 17 children, were killed by airstrikes on a shelter in the city of Arbin, Eastern Ghouta, in the night of March 22nd, 2018. Conflicting reports blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime for the attack.

@N_workMediaHoms tweeted that warplanes dropped more than 30 barrels of explosives on Arbin.

Shaam Network said reporting from the Syrian Civil Defense that “Russian raids containing napalm targeted a shelter in the city of Arbin, and killed more than 37 people mostly women and children in a massacre against humanity. Since the middle of the night, more than 30 air strikes, most of them carrying phosphorous and cluster bomb attacks, have been carried out in the city of Duma since the middle of the night. Civil Defense teams have responded to the shelling.”

The Violations Documentation Center and Unified Information Office in Arbin published the names of in total 50 victims, mainly women and children, who died in the airstrikes that took place in the evening of March 22nd.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “at least 44, the number of martyrs who were documented by the SOHR in the massacre carried out by warplanes on Thursday the 22nd of March 2018,. The casualties are 17 children and 13 women including 3 pregnant women, and 14 men, most of them are from one family, and they were all killed in a massacre in Arbin city carried out by airstrikes on the 22nd of March 2018.”

@Omar_Madaniah tweeted that “whole families are now burning in Eastern Ghouta, charred and burned bodies of children and women after Russian raids on a shelter in the city of Abrin with napalm and phosphorus rockets.”

@SiegeWatch reported that “at least 37 civilians died when incendiary weapons fired by pro-government forces hit their shelter.” In another post, SiegeWatch stated that “at least 47 people were killed, 15 were buried in rubble, the rest burned.” They also said the attack happened at times when the city is supposedly under a ceasefire agreement. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights the victims died due to burning or suffocation.

@aboalhodaalhoms tweeted saying that “massive massacres happened in Arbin due to the targeting of basements inhabited by the people, with rockets loaded with internationally prohibited napalm.”

Also @waelwanne reported the use of Napalm saying that civilians were directly targeted and that Russia, Iran and the regime are responsible. @HadiAlabdallah  said the scenes are too graphic to be posted on media.

According to Hassan Jarkas, the young woman Huda Al Raz, who was nine months pregnant, was killed alongside her husband Moataz Shahou. According to the SOHR, two other killed victims were also pregnant.

JisrTV reported 20 wounded. Horrya wrote that 50 civilians had been wounded. According to @SiegeWatch, survivors pulled from the wreckage had “horrific injuries, but only minimal treatment options available for them due to prior destruction of the hospital in targeted attacks.” According to Shaam News Network, the Syrian Civil Defence’s 101st Center teams tried to evacuate the victims from the site.

Al Jazeera reported that “the shelling killed 37 civilians, most of them women and children, according to preliminary data, adding that civilians could not get out of the shelters because of the intensity of airstrikes by the regime and Russia in the area.”

Horrya news said that “Dozens of civilians, including children and women, were killed and others were injured on Friday in airstrikes with incendiary napalm bombs by Russian aggression planes on one of the shelters of the city of Irbin in Eastern Ghouta.”

Multiple sources reported the use of napalm. Anapress and Shaam News Network also claimed white phosphorus was used in the attack.

Whereas some sources, such as Horrya and the SOHR, blamed Russia, others blamed the Syrian regime or both Russia and the Syrian regime for the airstrikes.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Family members (4)

Family members (3)

  • Omar Shahoud Adult male husband of Iman Kouka killed
  • Iman Kouka Adult female wife of Omar Shahoud killed
  • Ru'a Shahoud 3 years old female daughter of Omar Shahoud and Iman Kouka killed

Family members (2)

Family members (5)

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

  • Moetaz Shahoud Adult male husband of Huda Al Rez killed
  • Huda Al Rez Adult female pregnant wife of Moetaz Shahoud, nine months pregnant killed

Family members (5)

Family members (2)

Family members (6)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    44 – 47
  • (17 children17 women16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The aftermath of airstrikes, 22nd March 2018. (via Shaam News Network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @LoveLiberty).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Photo of victims of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @LoveLiberty).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @JinaShashaah).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Erbeen, March 23rd 2018 (via @AFPar).
  • Photo of the direct aftermath of the airstrikes on Irbeen, March 22nd 2018 (via Anapress).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    44 – 47
  • (17 children17 women16 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    20–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (42) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3327

Incident date

March 22, 2018

Location

زملكا, Zamalka, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5261, 36.35385 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

Between 16 and 25 civilians were killed and up to 200 were wounded in aerial and artillery strikes on residential neighbourhoods in the city of Zamalka, Eastern Ghouta. Several sources claimed Russian forces were responsible for the attack, whereas others blamed the Assad regime.

Rami Abdul Rahman, director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, put the initial death count at 16. Siege Watch later wrote on Twitter that “estimated 25 civilians killed in at least 22 airstrikes, 65 barrel bombs and over 500 artillery and mortar rounds. Several hundred wounded.” HalabTodayTV mentioned 20 deadly civilian casualties and spoke of 17 airstrikes and 63 barrel bombs.

The Violations Documentation Center in Syria listed the names of three men and one woman who were killed in the airstrikes.

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria reported that “17 civilians were killed in an initial toll and more than 90 injured in Russian airstrikes on the town of Zamalka.” @SaifAtrash reported “several hundred” wounded. @ldqCeSzzkM8wJjQ stated that “more than 200” civilians were injured.

Arabi21 reported that activists have said that napalm and phosphorus bombs were used in the raids. The Syrian Civil Defence came to the same conclusion.

According to @N_workMediaHoms “46 airstrikes targeted residential neighborhoods in Zamalka city from the early morning hours until this moment, coinciding with helicopters throwing more than 30 barrels of explosives on the city of Erbeen and several air raids from warplanes.”

Zamanalwsl reported the Syrian regime had been responsible for the airstrikes, whereas the Local Coordination of Committees of Syria blamed Russian forces. Others, such as Erem News, blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 25
  • (1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    90–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of the airstrikes on Zamalka on March 22nd, 2018 (via @Omar_Madaniah).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Aftermath of the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018. Photo does possibly show human remains (via @siegewatch).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @siegewatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Wounded man after the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @siegewatch).
  • Injured receiving medical help after the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @siegewatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of the airstrikes on Zamalka on March 22nd, 2018 (via Swaida Khabar).
  • Report of the aftermath of the airstrikes on Zamalka on March 22nd, 2018 (via Al Hadath).
  • Young girl receives treatment in a field hospital after the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @AlarabyTV).
  • Victim receiving medical care after the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @HalabTodayTV).
  • Wounded man after the airstrikes on Zamalka, March 22nd 2018 (via @siegewatch).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    16 – 25
  • (1 woman3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    90–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]