Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4405

Incident date

October 20, 2021

Location

اريحا, Ariha, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

In what was widely referred to as a “massacre”, at least 13 civilians were killed and over 30 wounded in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a marketplace in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Most sources said that as many as four children were killed in the strike that took place in the morning as children were on their way to school.

Muntaha.alramahi on Facebook was alone in posting that 14 children had been killed and 63 other civilians wounded. Esmanur.peker.1 said in a Facebook post that there may well be over 50 civilians injured as a result of the strike; most sources put the injury toll at 30 and the death toll at 13.

A medical source told Zaman al-Wasl that “the number of victims is expected to rise due to the loss of some people, and the suffering of some wounded due to their critical conditions,” stressing that “among the victims are displaced people and school students.”

The incident overwhelmed the local hospital, with health workers issuing a distress call that they needed to urgently transport a number of those wounded to alternate locations due to the severity of their injures, according to local media network Al Arabiya Syria.

The strikes were reported by Syria Network for Human Rights as having hit al Hal Market and the area near two educational facilities – Banat Ariha School and Abdul Hamid Ghnaimi School.

ِAriha Today posted a list of 10 the names of the civilians killed: Qamar Bilal HafezZakaria Ahmed BazziYoussef Muhammad Jamal Al-HassanRimas – daughter of Youssef Al-Hassan – a child, Islam Khaled Al Saraqi – a child, Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Maarrat Al-NumanIbrahim Abdul-Wahhab Al-Amin – a child, Omar Abdel-Aal Al-Aboud – a child, Mahmoud Yasser SarehGhassan Sheikh Ibrahim.

Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds.

Several of those killed were relatives of the Syrian Civil Defense ‘White Helmet’ first responders; teacher Qamar Bilal Hafez was the sister of volunteer Basil Hafez, while Ibrahim Al-Amin was the brother of first responder Muhammad Al-Amin. Syrian Civil Defense posted that their volunteers “always fear” that their relatives will be amongst those they are tasked with saving.

Amongst the victims was Youssef Al Hassan, reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Al Hassan. Syrian Civil Defense published comments from a volunteer, ‘Mona’ who attempted to save Rimas, and carried her body to the hospital: “It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school. The whole world must feel our pain”.

Ariha Today reported that twin brothers Omar and Ali were traveling to school when the bombing occurred. Omar was killed in the strikes while Ali was wounded and was still being treated for his wounds as of October 22nd. Another victim, Zahra, a five year old girl, “was injured while she was with her father and cousin in the city market”. An image of her posted by Ariha Today shows her crying and covered in blood and wounds from the attack.

Videos circulated of the incident show a whole street of shops almost completely destroyed, while several sources posted graphic images of children lying dead and wounded in the marketplace. Syria Post circulated a video from a security camera in a shop that captured the moment the strike hit the street, likely severely wounding or killing the people inside.

Twitter user @sebusher quoted a civilian who was near the market when it was hit: “When we arrived at the school and the students were there, the shelling and airstrikes started. The students were horrified, they started screaming, we didn’t know what to do.”

ArabiPost reported: “In the hospital where the victims were taken, a person was screaming and crying next to the corpse of a 10-year-old girl,” according to Agence France-Presse. Bilal Tracy, the father of two children who live near the targeted area, told the French agency, “At eight in the morning we woke up to bombardment that was raining down on us. The children were terrified and started screaming. We didn’t know what to do, where to go, and we didn’t see anything because of the dust around us.” Tracy added, “They bombed us in the neighborhood and in the market, there are children who died and people who lost limbs. We don’t know why, what is the fault we have done?””

Facebook user, Al.amen2011, described the atmosphere in the city after the strike: “Night falls on her today, and her moan is almost heard by every human being on the surface of this planet. Joy died today in Ariha, and hundreds of details and stories died today in it.”

The Syria Network for Human Rights appealed to the international community for action following this event: “Through this action, Syrian regime forces have, without doubt, committed another violation of Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which prohibit any further indiscriminate attacks, as well as violating the rules of international humanitarian law which stress the distinction between civilians and combatants. Attacks of this nature spread terror and panic among civilians, leading them to flee their lands and homes in an attempt to reach safety, and forcibly displacing them, with the number of internally displaced persons within Syria currently standing at approximately 6.5 million Syrian citizens in total. The international community should put pressure on the Syrian regime and its allies to force them to compensate the displaced victims, rehabilitate homes and vital centers, support the process of political transition, and press all parties to pursue implementation of political transition according to a strict timetable which must not exceed six months, thus enabling millions of refugees and IDPs to return homes.”

UNICEF also referenced in the incident, reiterating the toll that the conflict is having on children throughout Syria: “Today’s violence is yet another reminder that the war in Syria has not come to an end. Civilians, among them many children, keep bearing the brunt of a brutal decade-long conflict. Attacks on civilians may be a violation of international humanitarian law. Attacks must not be directed against children. Children should be able to reach their schools safely. We repeat our calls to those fighting that children are not a target. They should be protected at all times especially in times of conflict.”

Most sources blamed Russian and/or Syrian regime forces for the strike, while a few sources also pointed to Iranian-backed militias.

The incident occured at 8:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Rimas Youssef Al-Hassan Child female Daughter of Youssef Al Hassan killed
  • Youssef Muhammad Jamal Al-Hassan Adult male Father of Rimas Al Hassan killed

Family members (2)

  • Omar Abdel-Aal Child male Twin brothers killed
  • Ali Child male Twin brothers injured
  • Muhammad Yasser Al-Sareh Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdel-Wahhab Al-Amin Child male killed
  • Qamar Bilal Hafez 27-28 years old female killed
  • Zakaria Ahmed Bazzi Adult male killed
  • Salam Ala`ahi Adult killed
  • Hassoun Ihsan Al-Khadija Adult killed
  • Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Adult male killed
  • Ibrahim Abdo Al-Sorayai-Shanan. Adult male killed
  • Zahra 5 years old female injured
  • Islam al Saraqebi 13 years old male Died of his wounds Oct 22nd killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (70) [ collapse]

  • A child stands in the rubble of Ariha. Image posted by @sebusher on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Children lie dead in the street in Ariha after Syrian regime or Russian forces struck a marketplace. Image posted on Twitter by @k7ybnd99.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the ten children killed in an attack on a market place in Ariha, Idlib by alleged Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted by @k7ybnd99 on Twitter.
  • Five-year old Zahra, a young girl injured in an alleged Russian or Syrian regime attack on a marketplace in Ariha, Idlib on October 20th 2021. She was said to have been in the market with her father and cousin. Image posted on Twitter by freeehsem.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely of Rimas Hassan, one of the children killed in an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on a market place on October 20th 2021. Rima was reported killed alongside her father, Youssef Hassan. Image posted by freeehsem on Twitter.
  • "10 martyrs so far as a result of the artillery shells that targeted the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "This morning's massacre in Ariha ... More than 10 martyrs for a moment, and dozens of injuries.."
  • The market place reduced to rubble by either Syrian or Russian forces reported to have killed at least ten children and injured 30 other civilians in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by @Ahmadmuaffaq on Twitter.
  • First responders in front of destroyed shop faces, reduced to rubble after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @Ahmadmuaffaq.
  • Victims of an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike on a populated market place, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • The body of one of the ten children killed in alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child, thought to be Rimas Hassan, killed by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Rima was killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of what is likely to be Rimas Hassan, one of the many children killed in a market place on 20th October 2021, reported to have been carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @itsnotsuhad. Rimas was reported killed alongside her father Youssef Hassan.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image widely circulated of two children killed in Syrian or Russian forces strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @0MdDp on Twitter. The boys were named by Twitter user @fatina_sam98 as Omar and Ali.
  • "A new massacre launched by Assad's gangs in the city of Jericho, south of Idlib, dozens of civilians were martyred and wounded as a result of artillery shelling targeting the city's market"
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Painful scenes... Injured children among dozens of victims of the Assad regime's bombing of a market in the city of Ariha in Idlib Governorate, northern Syria"
  • Smoke rises above the city of Ariha, the heavily populated area hit by Russian or Syrian regime strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajplusarabi on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies lie in the street of a residential market area after strikes by Russia or Syrian regime forces killed at least ten civilians, and injured over 30. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Signs of destroyed shops after Syrian or Russian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • Bodies are carried away from a marketplace reduced to rubble by either Syrian regime or Russian forces in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ajplusarabi.
  • "Scenes from the site of the massacre perpetrated by the Russian forces and Assad militia this morning in the city of Ariha, south of Idlib, which killed more than 13 civilians and injured more than 40 civilians, as a result of targeting residential neighborhoods and the popular market with Russian laser missiles"
  • A shop front on fire after Russian or Syrian regime reportedly hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @alurdunyya.
  • Evidence of a marketplace almost completely destroyed; sources indicate image taken in Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency.
  • White Helmets volunteer holds Rimas Hassan, one of the many children wounded or killed in Syrian regime or Russian forces' strike on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by ShehabAgency on Twitter.
  • Children walk through the rubble of what had been a heavily populated market area in Ariha, razed to the ground by Syrian or Russian forces reported to have hit the market with strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • One of the many children harmed by Syrian or Russian forces strikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @ShehabAgency.
  • Children cry in the aftermath of alleged Syrian or Russian strikes on a market place in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @6adOzCLDJDSOr60.
  • Civilians killed in a marketplace attack in Ariha, conducted by either Syrian or Russian forces on October 20th 2021. Image posted by @ajVPi on Twitter.
  • "The child Omar Abdel-Aal will be buried with his boot and books after being targeted directly by Russia while he was going to his school" - Image and caption by @TalalFayez4 on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child is tended to by White Helmets first responders after a market place strike causing mass casualties, conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • Smoke rises above Ariha city after a marketplace attack conducted by Syrian or Russian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @RaedAlSaleh3.
  • White Helmets responding to the wounded after a marketplace attack in Ariha resulting from alleged Syrian or Russian airstrikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • A woman wounded in a marketplace attack in Ariha; airstrikes were said to have been carried out by either Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • White Helmets tend to a victim of a marketplace attack in Ariha October 20th 2021, allegedly carried out by Russian or Syrian forces. Image posted on Twitter by @adlbhamam1985.
  • "Medical sources confirm the killing of 13 civilians, including children, and the wounding of more than 30 in shelling by the Syrian regime forces in the city of Ariha in Idlib countryside | Fadl's birthday | Island | Idlib countryside #news"
  • "#Syria #Idlib A surveillance camera monitors the moment the Syrian regime forces bombed the city of #Ariha yesterday morning, which led to the death of 13 civilians, including 4 students and a teacher."
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image likely to be Youssef Hassan, one of the dozens of victims of what was widely called the 'Ariha massacre' after Russian or Syrian forces were reported to have hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Mr Hassan was reported killed alongside his young daughter, Rimas Hassan. Image posted on Twitter via @WM_FREESYR.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An elderly victim of a strike on a marketplace killing at least ten and injuring dozens, conducted by either Russian or Syrian forces according to local sources. Image posted on Twitter by @WM_FREESYR.
  • Posted by Syriatelevision after an alleged Russian or Syrian regime strike hit a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021: ""need a long journey from pressure and disgust." The last thing she posted before she fell victim in #Idlib #rolling | A picture of "WhatsApp status" of Miss Qamar Bilal Hafez, born in 1993, who fell victim to the bombing of the Assad forces on the city of #Ariha "
  • One of the children killed in Russian or Syrian regime strikes on an Ariha marketplace on October 20th 2021, at a time when children were on their way to school. Image posted by Palestsy. Syrian Civil Defense said that this was likely the body of Rimas Hassan - the volunteer carrying her, 'Mona' commented: "It is very difficult and painful to carry the body of a child whose fault is that she is going to her school"
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on a marketplace in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image posted by Idlebcriminaloffice.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The body of Ghassan Sheikh Ibrahim Abu Islam; reportedly killed in the Ariha 'massacre' on October 20th 2021 when alleged Russian or Syrian forces hit a marketplace. Image posted on Facebook by Badi`a Mustafa.
  • Syrian Civil Defense first responders carry a body to an ambulance amidst the rubble of a marketplace, hit by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces in strikes on Ariha October 20th 2021. Image posted by the Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Arial view of Ariha, the city where a marketplace was hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image posted by Ariha Today.
  • A street in Ariha abandoned after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace leading what was widely termed a 'massacre', killing children on their way to school. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Smoke and dust over Ariha, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces hit a marketplace on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • One of the bodies wrapped after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes hit a marketplace in Ariha on 20th October 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the many civilians harmed by alleged Russian or Syrian airstrikes on Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Children stand in front of ground covered in the blood of the several civilians harmed in an attack on a marketplace in Ariha carried out by Russian or Syrian forces on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction in a marketplace caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A child amongst the rubble of a marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha, October 20th 2021. Image via MMC on Facebook.
  • A shop destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian forces in a marketplace strike in Ariha, October 20th 2021 - Image posted via MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • The market and residential area destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • Destruction of a marketplace and residential area by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces on October 20th 2021, Ariha - Idlib. Image posted by MMC on Facebook.
  • "The relatives of the volunteers are often among the victims of massacres and shelling by the regime forces and Russia, and this is what they always fear during the response to the attacks. Volunteer Basil Hafez bid farewell to his sister “Qamar”, an Arabic language teacher, and volunteer Muhammad Al-Amin, his brother Ibrahim, after they were killed by the regime and Russia’s shells. In the city of Ariha, south of Idlib." - Image and caption via Syrian Civil Defense on Faecbook.
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteer carry bodies from the marketplace hit by alleged Russian or Syrian strikes in Ariha on October 20th 2021. Image posted on Facebook by Syrian Civil Defense.
  • The aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Rubble caused by alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A residential home hit by a Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • A man sorts through the rubble in the aftermath of an alleged Russian or Syrian strike on Ariha, Idlib October 20th 2021. Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Omar and Ali, twin brothers who were on their way to school when the strikes on Ariha occurred on October 20th. Omar was killed while Ali was wounded. (Image posted by Ariha Today via Facebook)
  • Syrian Network for Human Rights reported on October 22nd that Islam al Saraqebi, a child injured on his way to school, died of his wounds. 

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    13 – 14
  • (4–14 children1 woman5 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–63
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (112) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4404

Incident date

October 19, 2021

Location

قوقفين, Qouqfin, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.635278, 36.426667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

On 19th October 2021, one person was reportedly killed and several others were injured when a Russian or Syrian regime forces’ attacked Qaqafin, in the “de-escalation zone”, in southern countryside of Idlib, Syria. Multiple sources indicated that the attack was artillery shelling, using “several laser-guided Krasnopol missiles.” There were reports that the number of civilians injured was four to five.

Aaswat News mentioned that the person killed in the attack was “a member of the armed Syrian opposition” and Zaitun Agency also reported that the deceased was “a fighter in the revolutionary faction.”

7al News reported that a military source from the Syrian National Army, also known as the Free Syria Army, who did not want to be named, said that “a member of the National Army was killed and five others were wounded after government forces targeting their headquarters in the village of Qoqafin with Russian made Krasnopol missiles, sources from Syrian army sites.”

A local source on Twitter, @Blal_Haj_Ahmed reported that “Assad’s gangs stationed at the surrounding checkpoints target with Russian “Krasnopol” missiles the vicinity of the villlage of Qaqafin in the southern countryside in Idlib, in conjunction with the flight and rotation of reconniassance aircraft in the area.”

Zaman Al Wasl News reported that this attack was linked to “regime forces and militias linked to Russia stationed in the “Jorin” camp.” It continued that, “Russian warplanes also launched three air strikes using high-explosive missiles, targeting the southwestern outskirts of the town of “Al-Bara”, the southern gateway to Jabal Al-Zawiya, without causing any casualties” although the attacks, which also used Krasnopol missiles, “caused widespread destruction in agricultural lands and civilian properties.” Xber News reported that the attacks in Al-Bara were in the vicinity of “the Turkish point” and “targeting the Turkish regime’s army” which was in the area that morning.

Xber News also noted that the Idlib governorate and the countryside of Aleppo and Hama are “witnessing a major military escalation by Russia and the Syrian regime.”

Baladi News reported that the Civil Defense teams worked to rescue and transfer the injured to the nearest medical centre.

The incident was first reported on October 19, 2021 at 12:16 am by @SRoudinah2.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • "#Syria: Civilians were killed and wounded by artillery shelling by the regime forces on the town of Qaqafin in Jabal Al-Zawiya, south of Idlib."
  • 1 of 2: Radar Idlib reported the strike with Russian Krasnopol missiles on Qaqafin, on October 19th 2021.
  • 2 of 2: Radar Idlib reported the strike with Russian Krasnopol missiles on Qaqafin, on October 19th 2021.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Qouqfin (قوقفين), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.635278, 36.426667. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–1

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4403

Incident date

Location

the road between Bab al-Hawa and Sarmada, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Ten civilians were injured in the second incident of a ‘double-tap’ strike on the Sarmada, reportedly carried out by Russian or Syrian regime forces, on October 16th 2021. The strike represents a significant escalation of violence observed in the past month.

Details of the first incident are archived under incident R4402 on the Airwars site.

Syria Civil Defense described the incident: “Less than an hour after the first targeting, the regime forces and Russia bombed the area again, resulting in the injury of 10 civilians, and the outbreak of large fires in industrial facilities in the area”.

The first incident was reported to have killed at least four civilians, including the chief of police, and injuring at least 13 others – with some reported to be in critical conditions.

The incident occured during the day.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • First responders put out fires caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada October 16th 2021. Note that images may have been taken after the first strike - covered in R4403. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • Smoke rises over Sarmada after alleged Russian or Regime strikes. Note that images may have been taken after the first strike - covered in R4403. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • First responders put out fires in Sarmada after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes. Note this image is also included in R4403 - the first of the two strikes. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • First responders in the rubble of a building in Sarmada after alleged Russian or Syrian airstrikes carried out two strikes on October 16th 2021. Note this image is also included in R4403 - the first of the two strikes. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • First responders try to put out fires in Sarmada after alleged Russian or Syrian strikes on October 16 2021; in the second stirke at least ten people were wounded. Note that images may have been taken after the first strike - covered in R4403. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada October 16th 2021; Note that images may have been taken after the first strike - covered in R4403. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.
  • First responders try to put out fires after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Note that images may have been taken after the first strike - covered in R4403. Image via Atareb0city on Facebook.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1966 YS122

Incident date

October 16, 2021

Location

الزر, Al Zir, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Geolocation

35.12527, 40.42864 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least one young man was killed in a Coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces operation in the village of Al Zir on October 16, 2021.

According to Euphrates Post, five people were arrested in a security operation carried out by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) with the support of the Coalition: Muhammad Khader Al-Rathi, Ayman Khader Al-Rathi, Moamen Khidr Al-Rathi, Jawad Ali Al-Ahmad Al-Khalaf, Moaz Ali Al-Ahmad Al-Khalaf. A man named Abdullah Ayad al-Khater, 25 years old, was also killed during the raid.

Step News Agency identified two young men as being killed in the raid after being shot by SDF forces.

Al Khabour News added the name Abdelwahab Ghanem Al-Rudaini to the list of people that were arrested during the raid and @humam_isa added the name Thaer Ghanem Al-Rudaini.

Zaytoun Agency reported that the SDF and Coalition forces raided the village of Al Zir “under the pretext of pursuing ISIS cells”, entering the village with a convoy of more than 20 armored vehicles with air cover from the Coalition. Civilian Abdullah Ayad al-Khater was said to be killed for violating the curfew that was imposed on residents and overall, 120 people were arrested and some of them were arrested while others were held for interrogation.

Syrian Documentation Center detailed that the “SDF gunmen deliberately shot a person who was standing near the house, which led to his death instantly”, adding that the SDF did not comment or explain why they killed the civilian who was not trying to escape or resist arrest.

Syrian Arab News Agency identified the man that was killed as being a civilian and added that 10 of the village’s locals were arrested and taken to a nearby location. Al-Tariq News put the number of people arrested in the raids at eight while Step News Agency added that 10 minors under the age of 18 were among those arrested and that the detainees were severely beaten before they were tied up and transported by the Coalition helicopters.

The Coalition has not released a statement on this incident.

The incident occured around dawn.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image of Abdullah Ayad al-Khater, killed during a raid by Coalition and SDF forces on October 16, 2021. (Image posted by the Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Zir (الزر), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.12527, 40.42864. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4402

Incident date

October 16, 2021

Location

سرمدا, Sarmada, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least four people were killed and up to 23 others wounded in the first of two Syrian or Russian artillery or airstrikes in one of the most populated cities in Idlib, Sarmada, on October 16th 2021. One of those killed was reported to be police chief Saad Eddin Berri; sources said it was likely that another three policeman were also killed.

The Syria Observatory for Human Rights said that they expected the death toll to rise given the severity of the injuries sustained by some of those wounded in the incident.

Syrian Civil Defense (SCD) teams noted that this is the latest in a significant escalation of airstrikes on the region, which is leading to “a humanitarian catastrophe that may be the worst since 2011, threatening the lives of more than 4 million civilians”. SCD also pointed to rising COVID-19 infections in the region, which is only expected to get worse with the approach of winter.

Shaam news reported that a number of key humanitarian warehouses and offices were in the area where the strikes were carried out on the Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey – the border used primarily by humanitarian actors bringing essential supplies into Syria.

A relative of Mr. Berri, the police chief killed in the incident, posted on Facebook:

“In the name of God, the most gracious, the most merciful

“Oh, the reassured soul * return to your Lord, contented with contentment * so enter into my servants * and enter me”

With tearful eyes and humble hearts satisfied with God’s decree and destiny, we received the news of the death of our cousin Saad Eddin Ibrahim Berri from the town of Kafr Daryan following the bombing of the city of Sarmada by Assad’s gangs.”

Orient news reported: “The Civil Defense explained that artillery shelling by the Assad militia and the Russian occupation affected vital and service facilities today and the road between Bab al-Hawa and Sarmada in Idlib countryside, adding that the rescue teams retrieved the bodies of the dead and treated the injured, and put out the fire in light of the continued bombing of the area”.

Syrian Civil Defense teams were reported to have immediately attended the bombing site, with Baladi news correspondent noting: “the civil defense and ambulance teams went to the bombing sites immediately, and worked to open the roads, remove the rubble, retrieve the bodies of the martyrs, and transfer the injured to hospitals and medical points near the area.”

Sources also noted that the attack on Sarmada is in violation of ceasefire agreements, with Shaam news network pointing to the strategic significance of the strikes allegedly observed by Idlib rebel factions to have resulted from Russian operations: “with the aim of sending a clear message to Turkey, which threatens to launch a military operation against the separatist militia “SDF”, which is a repetition of the Russian strikes”.

Shaam noted that the same area was targeted last March, and was “carried out with advanced Russian “Krasnapol” missiles, in parallel with the flight of Russian aircraft of the “Orlan 30″ type over the Sarmada region, which identified the targets and directed artillery to target them”. Several other sources also commented than the laser-guided Krasnapol missiles were used in the incident.

Most sources blamed either Syrian regime or Russian forces for the strike, while two also blamed Iranian backed militias. The Syria Network for Human Rights said: “The primary parties suspected of responsibility for the attack being Russian and Syrian regime forces, since the shelling emanated from an area controlled by them. The investigation process is still underway to specifically identify the party responsible for the bombing”.

The incident occured during the day.

  • Saad Eddin Berri Age unknown male killed
  • Yousef Abdul Rahim Al-Dabaan 33 years old injured
  • Ahmad Juma'a 28 years old injured
  • Jumaa Muhammad 28 years old injured
  • Mahmoud Al-Youssef Age unknown injured
  • Ahmed Al-Saleh Age unknown injured
  • Ahmed Al-Susi Ahmed Age unknown injured
  • Abdullah Gomaa Age unknown injured
  • Hisham Al-Aswad Age unknown injured
  • Jamil Tayeb alrouh Age unknown injured
  • Khaled Al-Saleh Age unknown injured
  • Imran Sheikh Age unknown injured
  • Ahmed Juma Hadid Age unknown injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (47) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (34) [ collapse]

  • A residential neighbourhood is hit by alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime strikes on October 16th 2021. Image via @aboalhodaalhoms on Twitter.
  • Smoke rises from residential neighbourhood in Sarmada after alleged Russian and/or Syrian regime strikes on October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @aboalhodaalhoms.
  • "The first moments of the response of the Syrian Civil Defense teams to the bombing by the regime forces and Russia, which targeted vital facilities on the Bab al-Hawa-Sarmada road, north of Idlib, today, Saturday, October 16, and led to the killing of 4 people and the injury of 23 others."
  • "4 martyrs, including the police chief and another policeman, and about 20 wounded, as a result of shelling by the Assad militia located in the western countryside of Aleppo (the 46th Regiment) through laser-guided missiles, in the area between Sarmada and Bab al-Hawa, the Department of Souls and the police station in Sarmada, north of Idlib"
  • Destruction caused by Syrian regime and/or Russian forces in Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter via @SyrianCoalition.
  • "#Ahmed Dayoub from the bombing of the city of Sarmada today in #Idlib All that he dreams of is prosthetic limbs, Ahmed, as you can see, is a boy without two legs and his hands are not healthy either." - image posted via @momtaz112233 after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada October 16th 2021.
  • "Initial photos of the rescue operations after the artillery and missile shelling on Sarmada in the countryside of Idlib"
  • Images posted after alleged Syrian regime or Russian strikes on Sarmada, Idlib - October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter via @Almohrar1.
  • First responders remove a body from the rubble of a Syrian regime or Russian airstrike on Sarmada, Idlib - October 16th 2021. At least four people were reported killed. Image posted by @Almohrar1 on Twitter.
  • Destruction caused by Syrian regime or Russian strikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @Almohrar1.
  • "4 civilians were killed and 12 others were injured as a result of artillery shelling by the Syrian regime forces on the city of Sarmada in Idlib countryside"
  • First responders tend to fires caused by alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes in Sarmada, October 16th 2021. At least four people were killed in the attack. Image posted on Twitter by @zamanalwsl.
  • First responders stand in front of a building hit by alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes, October 16th 2021 in Sarmada. Image posted on Twitter by @zamanalwsl.
  • Residents gather in the street after alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @zamanalwsl.
  • First responder tends to a fire caused by alleged Syrian regime or Russian strikes in Sarmada October 16th 2021.
  • The effects of reported Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on Sarmada 16th October 2021; Police chief Saad Eddin Berri was reported killed in the incident, alongside another police colleague. Image posted on Twitter by @s2udFqewzZOZrQU .
  • Building damaged by alleged Syrian regime or Russian air or artillery strikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @s2udFqewzZOZrQU .
  • First responders put out a fire in a building after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada October 16th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @s2udFqewzZOZrQU.
  • Image posted by Twitter user @s2udFqewzZOZrQU showing destruction of offices - one of those killed in the incident was reported to be Police chief Saad Eddin Berri.
  • Smoke rising above Sarmada, where Russian and Syrian regime forces were accused of killing at least four people and wounding another 23 in an artillery or airstrike - image posted on Twitter via @abo_aljod84.
  • Image of smoke rising over Sarmada October 16th 2021, after alleged Syria regime or Russian strikes. Image posted by Syriatv.
  • Smoke rises over Sarmada after alleged Syrian regime and/or Russian strikes were reported to have killed four people and injured over 20. Image posted by Orient news.
  • At least four people were killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on October 16th 2021 in Sarmada. Image posted on Facebook by Siriaidlibnews.
  • xxx, Sarmada police chief - one of four killed in alleged Syrian regime or Russian airstrikes on October 16th 2021. Image posted on Facebook by Qais.tribe2021.
  • Syria Civil Defense first responders carry one of the four bodies reported to have been killed in Russian or Syrian regime strikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image via SDC on Facebook.
  • First responders attempt to put out a fire in Sarmada, Idlib, on October 16th 2021 after alleged Russian or Syrian regime strikes. Image via Syrian Civil Defense (SDC) on Facebook.
  • Syrian Civil Defense first responders in the rubble of a building destroyed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces in Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted on Facebook by Syrian Civil Defense.
  • "These children are trying to escape from the shells of the regime forces and Russia, which targeted the city of Sarmada in the northern countryside of Idlib today, Saturday, October 16, and led to the death of 4 people and the injury of 23 others. The international community must put an end to the deadly attacks on northwestern Syria, protect children from them, and make every effort to support and continue the educational process." - via Syrian Civil Defense on Facebook.
  • Destruction in Sarmada, October 16th 2021 - after strikes carried out by Russian or Syrian forces, according to local sources. Image via IdlibPlus on Twitter.
  • Sarmada, Idlib - October 16th 2021, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces hit the heavily populated area - killing at least four and likely injuring over 20. Image posted by Shaam news.
  • First responders in Sarmada, Idlib, after alleged Russian or Syrian regime forces hit the town - killing at leats four and leaving several others wounded. Image posted on Facebook by Shaam.
  • First responders try to put out fires caused by strikes from either Russian or Syrian forces in Sarmada, Idlib, October 16th 2021. Image via Shaam on Facebook.
  • Large fires caused by alleged Russian or Syrian airstrikes on Sarmada, October 16th 2021. Image posted by Shaam news on Facebook.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • Civilians reported injured
    13–23
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (47) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4401

Incident date

October 12, 2021

Location

كفر عمة, Kafr Amma

Geolocation

36.14524, 36.87256 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least five children were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime shelling in Kafr Anna, Syria on October 12th 2021. Two sources mentioned another civilian was also injured; one source mentioned that a woman and a man were injured alongside four children.

The names of the children were widely reported as: Mahmoud Khalil, 10 years old, Youssef Razzouk, 17 years old, Suhaib Abdul Rahman, 7 years old, Bashar Yassin, 17 years old and Moayad Abdel Halim Al-Omar, who’s age is not known at this time.

It was reported that Youssef had injuries to his leg and abdomen, while Moayad had injuries to his leg and foot. One of the children, Bashar Yassin, was reported to have had his legs amputated as a result of the injuries.

The Syrian Civil Defense team reported that they transferred the injured children from Al-Atareb Hospital to Bab Al-Hawa Hospital.

Most sources attributed the artillery shelling to Syrian regime forces, although at least three sources, including the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, attributed the shelling to Russian forces. Almodon news network cited both Iranian militias and Syrian regime forces as being responsible for the shelling.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Mahmoud Khalil 10 years old male injured
  • Youssef Razzouk 17 years old injured
  • Moayad Abdel Halim Al-Omar Age unknown injured
  • Suhaib Abdul Rahman 7 years old injured
  • Bashar Yassin 17 years old injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of four of the five children severely injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling. Image posted on Twitter via @Almohrar1.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in either Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on October 12th 2021. Image via @YusufAd76532779 on Twitter.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the children injured in Syrian regime or Russian artillery shelling on October 12th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @YusufAd76532779.
  • One of the five children severely injured by alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on October 12th 2021. Image posted on Twitter by @YusufAd76532779
  • Five children were severely injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on 12th October 2021; image shows one of the boys. Image posted on Twitter by @YusufAd76532779.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Kafr Amma (كفرعمة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.14524, 36.87256. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–6
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces

Sources (35) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4400

Incident date

October 11, 2021

Location

التفاحية, Al Tuffahiya, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.792773, 36.156702 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians were killed and others were injured, one seriously, in alleged Russian or regime strikes with Kornet missiles and/or thermal missiles on the village of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021.

Zaman Al Wasl reported that three civilians were killed and another one was wounded in regime and Russian militia strikes with a “Kornet” guided missile on a group of people collecting firewood. A Facebook post by Abo Fahed Al Salhani added that they were collecting firewood so that they could sell it to make money for their families.

A tweet by @Omhajr000 provided the names of the three civilians killed: Ahmed Hadid, Ali Qurfaqi, Fadi Rostom.

A cousin of Fadi Rostom, Abo Gaafar, posted a memorial to him on Facebook that included a picture of him.

Enab Baladi identified the injured civilian as having a serious injury and quoted Civil Defense teams as transferring the civilians to the nearest medical point. Nedaa Post and other local sources referred to “several others” injured but not give a specific number.

North-Press Agency added that the group was in a forested area to collect the firewood and the commander of the coastal sector in the Civil Defense, Muhammad Darwicho, told Enab Baladi that the targeting was of people on motorcycles collecting firewood, and not of a car, as was circulated originally.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with the majority attributing the strikes to the regime while a few mentioned Russian involvement. A military source in the “Al-Fateh Al-Mubin” operations room explained to “Zaman Al-Wasl” that “the militias linked to Russia and stationed in the “Shalf” castle within the Jabal Al-Akrad region were the ones who targeted the civilian crowds. However, North-Press agency reported that regime forces in the Al-Qalaa area were the ones that launched missiles at Al-Tuffahiya.

The incident occured in the evening.

  • Ahmed Hadid Adult injured
  • Ali Qurfaqi Age unknown injured
  • Fadi Rostom Age unknown injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Civil Defense volunteers treat the victims of a bombing of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Image of Fadi Rostom "Abu Muhammad", killed in the bombing of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Gaafar, his cousin, via Facebook)
  • Edited images of the men killed in the bombing of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Fahed Al Salhani via Facebook)
  • Edited images of the men killed in the bombing of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Fahed Al Salhani via Facebook)
  • Edited images of the men killed in the bombing of Al-Tuffahiya on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Abo Fahed Al Salhani via Facebook)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Tuffahiya (التفاحية), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.792773, 36.156702. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS121

Incident date

October 11, 2021

Location

قرية الدايس, Al Dabes village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and three civilians, including up to two women, were killed and between two and nine others, including two women and a child, were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces shelling or missile strikes on the village of Al Dabes on October 11, 2021.

The Aleppo correspondent for @HalabTodayTV reported that a civilian was killed and two others were injured when Syrian Democratic Forces launched vacuum missiles at the village of Al Dabes. This was the lowest toll provided by local sources.

According to the Syrian Civil Defense (SCD), a man and a woman were killed and six civilians, including a child and two women, were injured from an explosion in their house. SCD later reported that the death roll rose to three after the volunteer teams pulled out the body of a woman.

One of the civilians injured in the explosion was Nayef, who is under a year old and whose father was killed in the same incident. White Helmet volunteers pulled him out from under the rubble of his home, which was destroyed.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also identified similar casualty numbers from an explosion in a house, adding that they think the explosion was due to an IED.

A tweet from @khalediskef, a journalist for Almayadeen News, reported that nine people, including women and children, were injured in the incident, according to the “armed coordination”. Zaman Al Wasl added that some of the civilians injured were in critical condition.

Sources were conflicted as to the origin of the strikes, with the Syrian Civil Defense referring to “an explosion of an unknown source” in regards to this incident while Orient News attributed the civilian casualties to “vacuum missile sourced from the SDF militia near the Sajur River”. Local sources also told Zaman Al Wasl that the explosion could’ve been caused by heavy artillery shelling launched by the “Syrian Democratic Forces” (SDF) and that it was possible that the shell that targeted the house was a Russian-made “Krasnopol” due to the extent of the damage.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Unknown

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • White Helmet volunteers search for injured civilians following an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmet volunteers search for injured civilians following an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Rubble from the explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Rubble from the explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • The first moments of our teams’ response to an explosion of an unknown source inside a house in Al-Dabis in the #Jarablus area, east of #Aleppo, whose death toll rose to 3, after our teams pulled out the body of a woman who was stuck under the rubble, while 6 civilians were injured, including a child and two women.
  • Rubble from the explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by @NowLebanon2)
  • White Helmet volunteers rescue a civilian injured in an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by @alkhattabirw)
  • Destruction to a civilian home caused by an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Firat Haber Ajansi)
  • Destruction to a civilian home caused by an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Firat Haber Ajansi)
  • Destruction to a civilian home and their possessions caused by an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Firat Haber Ajansi)
  • Destruction to a civilian home and their possessions caused by an explosion in Al Dabes village on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Firat Haber Ajansi)
  • Nayef, a child under a year old who was injured in the explosion and pulled out of the rubble on October 11, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)

YPG forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    YPG forces
  • YPG forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1–2 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–9
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    YPG forces, Unknown

Sources (28) [ collapse]