Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS3282

Incident date

March 16, 2018

Location

كفر بطنا, Kafr Batna, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.511853, 36.372857 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Between 61 and 80 civilians were reportedly killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on the city of Kafr Batna, Damascus governorate. Estimates of injured civilians range from 100 up to 200.

The Violations Documentation Center in Syria documented 61 civilian fatalities. @SiegeWatch put the death toll between 61 and 70, whereas other media such as Shaam News Agency reported more than 80 civilians killed. Multiple sources said that the fatalities were mostly women and children, but the exact numbers remain unclear.

@aboalhodaalhoms tweeted that 77 people were killed, stating most of them were civilians. Several sources, such as DoumaTV, reported that the bodies of victims had been charred. According to Shaam News Agency, “pillars of smoke and flames were rising from [civilian] houses, where many civilians were burned alive.”

The Syrian Civil Defence reported more than a 100 wounded. @SiegeWatch reported more than 200 injured in the attack “with four missiles from a Russian jet containing incendiary material (suspected napalm).” @RaedAlSaleh3 reported “hundreds of injured”.

The Syrian Human Rights Committee wrote that the incident occured in the morning.

According to Shaam News Agency, Syrian Civil Defence teams tried to recover the bodies of killed civilians and to evacuate the wounded to medical points, but there was “great difficulty in transporting the injured to the field hospitals due to continued heavy shelling.”

Several sources reported that residential areas, civilian homes and the popular market place of the city were targeted and suggested that napalm was used. Shaam News Agency mentioned the use of “cluster bombs, phosphorus, napalm, as well as poisonous gases”.

Whereas some sources blamed the Russian forces for the airstrikes, others blamed both Russia and the Syrian regime.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    61 – 80
  • (2 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (21) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Casualties in the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018. (via Shaam News Network)
  • The aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Shaam News Network).
  • Footage showing the aftermath of airstrikes, 16th March 2018. (via Doma RV)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Al Jazeera).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties after airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dozens of casualties in the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Marsad Al Hasaka).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @SiegeWatch).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @bin_kfit).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @OrientNews).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage of the aftermath of airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @aboalhodaalhoms).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @RaedAlSaleh3).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via @RaedAlSaleh3).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Baladi News).
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes on Kafr Batna, March 16th 2018 (via Baladi News).

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    61 – 80
  • (2 children2 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    100–200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (48) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3279

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

حرستا, Harasta, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.55869, 36.36515 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Two civilians (adult males) died and several more were wounded in alleged Russian or regime airstrikes on Harasta, according to local media.

The Step News Agency reported that “Russian air strikes with rockets loaded with napalm, incendiary, cluster bombs, and explosive barrels [were dropped] on Harasrta”, among other locations.

But according to @Mustafa_ElHidir, the regime “targeted residential neighborhoods in the city of Harasta with several barrel bombs from helicopters”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ali al-Azn, known as Abu al-Rawd Adult male killed
  • Al-Hajj Abdul Kafi Qadado Age unknown male

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3276

Incident date

March 15, 2018

Location

زملكا, Zamalka, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5261, 36.35385 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

In a major civilian harm incident, up to 21 civilians died and as many as 70 more were wounded in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Zamalka. Many sources said that this was a chemical attack by the regime, though there were also multiple allegations against Russia.

The Violations Documentation Centre named “18 victims killed in warplane shelling by Syrian government and affiliated militias”.

@Mo7ameDAl_shami and other sources noted reports of “toxic gases”.

According to Micro Syria, the town was bombarded with barrel bombs dropped by the regime and warplane raids by Russa, along with artillery fire. The source said the bombardment had “hysterically targeted places crowded with civilians. It recorded:

30 Russian warplanes

24 barrel bombs

25 heavy artillery shells”

The White Helmets reported  “Twenty-one martyrs, including three women and two children, with more than 70 others injured”. It added that residential neighbourhoods had been targeted with “16 air strikes, 18 barrel bombs, more than 60 rockets, rocket launchers and heavy artillery, along with incendiary Napalm bombs”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Fahed Zain al-Deen Adult male killed
  • Hasan Zain al-Deen Adult male killed
  • Yazan Zain al-Dee Adult male killed
  • Haneen Zain al-Deen Adult female killed

Family members (2)

  • Ragad al-Malla Child female killed
  • Qamar al-Malla Child female killed
  • Yasin Diae al-Shaikh Adult male killed
  • Mahmoud al-Helo Adult male killed
  • Iman al-Dabbas Adult female killed
  • Salwa al-Dahla Adult female killed
  • Abo Ali Shaikho Adult male killed
  • Haytham Shaebia Adult male killed
  • Khaled Wakkaf Adult male killed
  • Husam Karkour Adult male killed
  • Abdo Saedoun Adult male killed
  • Mahmoud Laila Adult male killed
  • Waleed al-Sadat Adult male killed
  • Alae Faeour Adult male killed
  • Zia Sheikh Age unknown killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 21
  • (2 children2–3 women12 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A wounded child following a strike on Zamalka, March 15th 2018.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 21
  • (2 children2–3 women12 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–70
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]