Israeli Military in Syria & the Gaza Strip

A child uses his mobile device in the ruins of a building in Beit Lahia, Gaza Strip on May 26th 2021. © Mohamed Zaanoun

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

ISPT117

Incident date

May 19, 2021

Location

المصري ,دير البلح, Al Mashaaleh, Dier Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.413506, 34.333297 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Artillery caused extensive destruction to the Al-Masry family home, according to local sources, on May 19th 2021 in the neighbourhood of Al Mashaaleh, within the town of Deir Al Balah, in Gaza. Up to two people were reportedly seriously injured.

According to Safa, the Palestinian Press Agency, the attack happened at 5.10pm.

Local sources, such as @sabaahamzeh1, attributed this attack to “Israeli warplanes.”

The majority of sources reported that there were “two serious injuries” that were taken to the hospital for treatment. However, Alwasta News identified only one serious injury from the strikes.

Al Haq reported that during the period between 17th May and 19th May, they “documented the targeting of 14 residential properties throughout the Gaza Strip, causing their partial or complete destruction, only four of the owners having reported prior warning by the IOF, including civilian properties in various locations throughout the Gaza Strip,” and included the Al-Masry family house in this list.

It was reported since that Yasser Al-Masry Abu Musab, Commander of the Deir al-Balah Brigade of Al-Qassam died from injuries that he sustained in this attack.

The incident occured at 17:10:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Damage to the Al-Masry family Deir Al Balah on May 19, 2021. (Image posted by @EA_770)
  • family Deir Al Balah on May 19, 2021. (Image posted by @EA_770)
  • family Deir Al Balah on May 19, 2021. (Image posted by @EA_770)
  • family Deir Al Balah on May 19, 2021. (Image posted by @EA_770)
  • Strikes posted by @Zain_Nagdiya
  • Strikes posted by @Zain_Nagdiya
  • Strikes posted by @Zain_Nagdiya

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al Mashaaleh (المصري) neighborhood, within the town of Deir Al Balah (دير البلح), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.413506, 34.333297. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

  • Reports of the incident mention the Al Mashaaleh (المصري) neighborhood, within the town of Deir Al Balah (دير البلح).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY021

Incident date

March 7, 2022

Location

محيط دمشق, The vicinity of Damascus, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were killed in alleged Israeli strikes in the vicinity of Damascus on March 7, 2022. In addition, up to four militants were also killed and up to six others were injured.

Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), a Syrian regime-controlled news agency, reported that two civilians were killed by Israeli strikes in the vicinity of Damascus at around 5am, in addition to material losses. SANA added that the regime’s air defenses intercepted most of the missiles and that the source of the missiles was southern Lebanon south of Beirut.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights originally reported that there were no casualties resulting from the Israeli strikes but later revised their reporting to “two members of Iranian-backed militiamen were killed in the Israeli attack, one of whom is from the southern Syrian province of Daraa and was operating under the banner of a local Iranian-backed militia, and the other was not identified whether he is a Syrian or non-Syrian fighter. The Israeli attack also injured six Iranian-backed militiamen.”

A tweet from @HalabTodayTV differentiated between the civilians and militants killed, reporting that “two civilians and 4 members of the regime forces were killed in an Israeli bombing”.

A tweet from SAM Syria identified two of the people killed: Honorable Lieutenant Khaled Ghazi Ghazieh and Honorable Lieutenant Ali Muhammad Al-Nassar, both from Daraa Governorate – the city of al-Sanamayn. @HoranFreeMedia added that Al-Nasser “[worked] within a local militia backed by Iran.”

Euphrares Post quoted the official Iranian agency, Tasnim, which announced the killing of two leaders of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards militia – Colonel Ihsan Karbalapour and Colonel Mortada Saeed. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights added that both Colonels died after being transferred to hospitals in Damascus.

Shaam News quoted informed sources that indicated that the day before the strikes, “an Iranian Boeing 747 cargo plane belonging to Fars Qeshm Airlines (the Iranian Revolutionary Guards) made a flight between Tehran and Damascus and stayed at Damascus International Airport for about three hours.” Sout Al Asima added that Iran uses this plane to transport arms and ammunition shipments to Syria.

Military sources told Sout Al Asima that the strikes occurred at a site belonging to the Iranian militias in the vicinity of Damascus International Airport, another Iranian militia site south of the capital which they suspected was a warehouse for storing weapons, and an Iranian outpost near the city of “Al-Qutayfah”. @SAMSyria0 also identified a marble factory in the Al-Salima Industrial Area at the entrance to Dahiyat Al-Assad as a site of the strikes.

The incident occured at approximately 5:00 am local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    6

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (52) [ collapse]

  • One of the victims of Israeli strikes on Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by SAM Syria via Twitter)
  • One of the victims of Israeli strikes on Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by SAM Syria via Twitter)
  • One of the victims of Israeli strikes on Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by SAM Syria via Twitter)
  • The victims of Israeli strikes on Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by SAM Syria via Twitter)
  • Destruction to a marble factory in the industrial area in Al-Salimah, at the entrance to Dahiyat Al-Assad from the side of Tishreen Hospital Road. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Destruction to a marble factory in the industrial area in Al-Salimah, at the entrance to Dahiyat Al-Assad from the side of Tishreen Hospital Road. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Destruction to a marble factory in the industrial area in Al-Salimah, at the entrance to Dahiyat Al-Assad from the side of Tishreen Hospital Road. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Destruction to a marble factory in the industrial area in Al-Salimah, at the entrance to Dahiyat Al-Assad from the side of Tishreen Hospital Road. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage to a number of civilians’ homes and cars in Dahyat Harasta, Damascus Countryside caused by Israeli strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage to a number of civilians’ homes and cars in Dahyat Harasta, Damascus Countryside caused by Israeli strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage to a number of civilians’ homes and cars in Dahyat Harasta, Damascus Countryside caused by Israeli strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage to a number of civilians’ homes and cars in Dahyat Harasta, Damascus Countryside caused by Israeli strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage to a number of civilians’ homes and cars in Dahyat Harasta, Damascus Countryside caused by Israeli strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by @radioshamfm)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by @radioshamfm)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli strikes across Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by @radioshamfm)
  • One of the victims of Israeli strikes on Syria on March 7, 2022. (Image posted by @YusufAd76532779)
  • Colonel Ihsan Karbalapour and Colonel Mortada Saeed, killed in alleged Israeli strikes on Damascus on March 7, 2022. (Image posed by Euphrates Post)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2–4
  • Belligerents reported injured
    6

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY022

Incident date

May 13, 2022

Location

محيط دمشق, Al-Suqaidi village, Maysaf city, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

On May 13th 2022, five to six people were reported killed, one was reported to be a civilian, and seven to nine were injured, including one child, a young girl, when Israeli missiles hit the Central region of Syria in the vicinity of Al-Suqaidi village, Maysaf city, in the Hama countryside. Al Araby news reported that four of the people were killed were soliders, and one was a civilian.

One source, the BBC, said that seven soliders were wounded but Shaam news said that three Syrian soliders, two civil servants were killed, and two Syrian soldiers were wounded.

Whilst the Syrian air defenses intercepted “most” of the missiles, the ones that were not able to be intercepted and hit Syria caused civilian harm.

One person who was reportedly killed was Assistant Ammar Hussein Al-Jubaili, who was described by @Ali29919223 on Twitter as “one of the heroes of the air defense, who refused to leave his vehicle while responding to the agression.”  The other names, reported by Msyaf news said were “Lieutenant Yazan Mualla Ahmad”, “Lieutenant Ayham Abdul Karim Al-Hussein”, “Ahmed Afif Al-Din Muhammad”, and “Ali Alloush.” It is unclear which name is the civilian who was killed.

Al Araby reported that Israeli forces targeted two sites in the Al-Bireh and Al-Suwaidi areas in Masyaf, and targeted weapons depots for the Syrian regime forces and Iranian-backed militas, as well as military buildings under preparation, about two kilometers from the city.  A local source, @brATWXTvNQyCfdR reported that Israeli forces targeted “shipments of Iranian weapons produced at the Scientific Research Center in Masyaf.”

According to Al Araby, fires were also reported to have broken out on agricultural land.

The official Syrian regime news agency, SANA reported that ‘At 23.20 on Friday evening, the Israeli enemy launched an air agression with bursts of missiles from over the Mediterranean, west of Banias, targeting some points in the Central Region.”

A military source was reported to have said, “our air defenses intercepted the missiles and downed most of them”

@Schikhmousa reported on Twitter that apparently the attack was targeting “Iranian militia points.”  There was reported to be a high intensity bombardment which lasted for about an hour.

DW News reported that Syria accuses Israel of carrying out the second bombing of its kind within a month.

AFP reported that “the Israeli army told AFP they do not comment on reports in the foreign media.”

The Times of Israel reported that “an Israeli sattellite company and intelligence firm published images Sunday it said showed the damage at an underground facility in Syria from airstrikes days earlier that were attributed to Israel.” The Times of Israel also reported that these airstrikes were the “second alleged Israeli strike on [Syria] in days.”

The incident occured at approximately 8:23 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4–5
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2–8

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • SANA News Agency of the Syrian regime reported on the Israeli attack on May 13th 2022 (Image via Sana News Agency)
  • Ammar Hussein Al Jubaili, one Syrian solider who was killed in the Israeli attack on May 13th 2022 (Image via @Ali29919223 / Twitter)
  • "Shipments of Iranian weapons produced at the Scientific Research Center in Masyaf" targeted on May 13th 2022 (@brATWXTvNQyCfdR / Twitter)
  • "Shipments of Iranian weapons produced at the Scientific Research Center in Masyaf" targeted on May 13th 2022 (@brATWXTvNQyCfdR / Twitter)
  • "Shipments of Iranian weapons produced at the Scientific Research Center in Masyaf" targeted on May 13th 2022 (@brATWXTvNQyCfdR / Twitter)
  • One young girl was reportedly injured in an Israeli airstrike on May 13th 2022 (Image via @daraa_net_2020/ Twitter)
  • Msyaf uploaded an image on May 13th 2022 of the aftermath of the Israeli strike in Syria (Image via Msyaf)
  • Syrian regime soldiers allegedly killed by Israeli forces on May 13th 2022 (Image via @diaa_audi / Twitter)
  • One of the missiles allegedly struck by Israeli forces in Syria on May 13th 2022 (Image via @aliwy22 / Twitter)
  • One of the missiles allegedly struck by Israeli forces in Syria on May 13th 2022 (Image via @aliwy22 / Twitter)
  • Engineer George Issa Dagher, an alleged Syrian regime solider who was killed by an Israeli missile on May 13th 2022 (Image via @SAMSyria0 / Twitter)
  • Captain Sharaf: Yazan Mualla Ahmed, a Syrian regime solider allegedly killed by Israeli forces on May 13th 2022 (Image via @SAMSyria0 / Twitter)
  • Ammar Hussein Jubaili, Lieutenant, Syrian regime soldier reportedly killed by Israeli forces on May 13th 2022 (Image via @SAMSyria0 / Twitter)
  • Ali Muhammad Alloush, reportedly killed after an Israeli strike hit Syria on May 13th 2022 (Image via @SAMSyria0 / Twitter)
  • Satellite images taken on May 15th 2022 of strike area where Israeli missile allegedly hit on May 13th 2022 (Image via Euphrates)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–9
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    4–5
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2–8

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY023

Incident date

June 10, 2022

Location

محيط دمشق, vicinity of Damascus, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian was injured in alleged Israeli strikes on Damascus International Airport on June 10, 2022.

According to the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), a Syrian regime-run source, one civilian was injured and material damage occurred from Israeli missile strikes. SANA added that the Syrian army air defenses downed most of the missiles and that the strikes occurred at 4:20am.

An image posted by @damascusv011 shows the fires that broke out from the airstrikes, adding that all flights in the airport had been suspended. The private Sham Wings airlines said it is diverting all its flights from Damascus to the Aleppo International Airport in the country’s north and an airport employee told Times of Israel “we had to postpone all flights for at least 48 hours and some flights have been rerouted through Aleppo airport.”

@mas2oul1specified that the two runways of the airport were destroyed, the first one destroyed during a previous strike and the second as a result of this incident. @obretix identified both runways as being hit in the airstrikes.

According to @IntelliTimes, the attacks occurred at a time “that would not endanger civilian landings”.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the Friday morning Israeli strike hit three arms depots for Iran-backed militiamen inside the airport, adding that the northern runway at the facility was damaged as was the observation tower.

All of the sources attributed the strikes to Israel, with Arabi 21 adding that the missiles came from the occupied Syrian Golan.

The incident occured at 04:20:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • A picture of the fires that broke out at Damascus International Airport as a result of Israeli raids on June 10, 2022. (Image posted by @damascusv011)
  • "The two runways of Damascus International Airport are suspended due to the Israeli raids.. the first runway is a result of an attack on 5-22 last.. and the second is the result of an attack last night 10/9 June" (Image posted by @mas2oul1)
  • "The two runways of Damascus International Airport are suspended due to the Israeli raids.. the first runway is a result of an attack on 5-22 last.. and the second is the result of an attack last night 10/9 June" (Image posted by @mas2oul1)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1383 ISSY001

Incident date

August 17, 2017

Location

الشجرة, Al Shajra, Daraa, Syria

Geolocation

32.774031, 35.883493 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Up to 27 civilians were reported killed in airstrikes on the town of Al Shajra in western Daraa.

According to Daraa Martyrs Documentation Center, 32 “mostly civilians” were killed when positions of Jaish Khalid bin Walid, a Salafi jihadist group, were targeted. The report claimed that the Coalition launched a long-range missile, which “targeted the Islamic Court of Khalid Bin Al-Waleed Army”.

Ten detainees who were held in the court’s prison were killed in the attack, according to the Center. It noted another 17 civilians who were killed as they were in the near vicinity of the strike. Five members of the “army Khalid bin Walid” were also reported killed.

Zaman al Wasl quoted a local activist who stated that four missiles struck the court, “likely targeting a meeting of leaders”. According to Enab Baladi, “The last of the group’s Emirs was Abu Tim Enkhl, who was killed yesterday (Thursday, August 17) by an air raid on the village of Al-Shajara in the Yarmouk basin.”

Shaam News reported that “activists said that the raid targeted the court and led to the martyrdom of a number of civilians who were imprisoned in the court on charges of belonging to the Free Syrian Army. A number of civilians were killed while in court for other reasons.”

Shaam added that “Many of the dead were killed in the prison, including relatives of the founder of the Yarmouk Martyrs’ Brigade, Muhammad Saad al-Din al-Baridi, known as the “Khal”, who established the presence of the brigade in the western countryside and was killed nearly two years previously in a suicide attack. His relatives had been jailed in the wake of internal disputes within the organization, after receiving information about their intention to carry out a military coup.”

Orient noted that either the Coalition or Israel was responsible for an attack on what it described as the “Khaled bin Al-Walid Army” in Sharja, but was alone in saying this. Al Shaam mentioned that Coalition raids led to “the deaths of a number of martyrs and wounded civilians” but did not identify a specific number of casualties.

The Coalition itself did not publicly report any raids on the province on this date.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17 – 27
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    5

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of reported Coalition or Israeli missile strike on al Sharja (via Mohamad Abazeed)
  • Aftermath of reported Coalition or Israeli missile strike on al Sharja (via Mohamad Abazeed)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Al Shajra (الشجرة), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.774031, 35.883493. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Coalition did not publicly report any airstrikes in the Daraa governorate for August 16th-17th and Augustu 17th-18th.

French Military
  • English
    /
    Original

For Aug 9-15th, France report 2 strikes in Raqqah, Syria – and 13 artillery missions in Mosul.

French Military
  • English
    /
    Original

In the past week, (11th-18th) France conducted 27 sorties, including 22 armed reconnaissance and ground support (CAS), 1 refueling outlet and 4 intelligence gathering sorties by Atlantic 2 or Rafale patrols. Two strikes were carried out in the Raqqah region of Syria. They helped support the Syrian democratic forces in their offensive to retake the city.

‘OPÉRATION CHAMMAL SITUATION En Syrie, A Raqqah, la progression des forces démocratiques syriennes se poursuit. Au sud de la ville, la manœuvre de tenaille, amorcée il y a 15 jours, s’est achevée en fin de semaine dernière. Elle a permis de réaliser la jonction des fronts est et ouest. Depuis, les forces démocratiques syriennes ont relancé une offensive vers le centre de la ville mais elles font face à une défense acharnée des combattants de Daech. En Irak, Les forces de sécurité irakiennes poursuivent leurs opérations dans l’objectif de libérer, à terme, le nord de l’Irak. Actuellement, elles focalisent leur effort sur l’encerclement de la ville de Tall Afar. Les combattants de l’organisation terroriste réalisent un travail de valorisation de leurs positions défensives pour se préparer aux combats à venir alors que les populations tentent de fuir la ville. ACTIVITÉS DE LA FORCE Les soldats de l’opération Chammal poursuive leur mission d’appui au profit des unités irakiennes engagées contre Daech. Cette semaine, sur le théâtre, les aéronefs ont réalisé 27 sorties aériennes dont 22 de reconnaissance armée et d’appui au sol (CAS), 1 sortie de ravitaillement ainsi que 4 sorties de recueil de renseignement par Atlantique 2 ou patrouille de Rafale. Deux frappes ont été conduites dans la région de Raqqah en Syrie. Elles ont permis d’appuyer les forces démocratiques syriennes dans leur offensive pour reprendre la ville. La Task Force (TF) Wagram a mené de son côté 13 missions de tir en appui de la 15e division à l’ouest de Mossoul vers Tal Afar. En particulier, les artilleurs ont fourni des feux de harcèlement et d’éclairement pour interdire aux combattants de Daech de mener des actions au sol ou de réaliser des tirs indirects contre les positions irakiennes. Le bilan global de l’activité aérienne depuis le 19 septembre 2014 s’élève 1330 frappes, 2102 objectifs détruits et 6946 sorties. ‘

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    17 – 27
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Other
  • Belligerents reported killed
    5

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS524 ISSY025

Incident date

July 4, 2022

Location

هوشان, Hoshan, Raqqa, Syria

Geolocation

36.484055, 38.686187 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

One to two civilians were reported killed and three others were injured, including two children, on July 4th 2022, when Turkish or Israeli shelling targeted the village of Al-Hoshan in the countryside of Ain Issa, Syria. The majority of the sources blamed Turkey for the attack but Sout Al Hayat reported that it was as a result of Israeli bombing.

According to local sources the civilian killed was Sheikh Mohammed, aged 25. The two injured children were reported to be Khaled Jabal Ahmed, aged 16, and Bouzan Ossi, aged 17. Hawar News also reported that Mohammed Buzan Sabri, aged 25, was injured as well. There is some conflicting information in different sources as Ahmad Al Aidan, a local source on Facebook reported that Buzan Ossi was killed, not injured like in previous reports. The SDF Press Center reported that the Turkish attack killed two civilians, Sheikh Mohammed and Bouzan Ossi, who died in hospital after being subjected to a severe head injury.  The third person reported injured was Cebel Ehmed, aged 16.

North Press Agency reported that the media center of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said that the village of Hoshan in the western countryside of Ain Issa district, was hit with artillery shelling by the Turkish forces and the SNA. North Press Agency put the death toll at two civilians and mentioned that two others were injured.

Ain Issa Plus reported that a tunnel digger was killed and two others were injured.

The SDF Press Center reported that this attack happened at 4pm and blamed Turkey.

The incident occured at 16:00:00 local time.

  • Sheikh Mohammed 25 years old male killed
  • Bouzan Ossi 17 years old male killed
  • Khaled Jabal Ahmed 16 years old male injured
  • Cebel Ehmed 16 years old male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    SDF Press Center reported that two civilians have been killed and two injured after Turkish shelling on July 4th 2022.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Hoshan (هوشان), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.484055, 38.686187. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Military, Israeli Military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1649 ISSY002

Incident date

October 23, 2017

Location

سحم الجولان, Sahm al Jolan, Dara'a, Syria

Geolocation

32.781247, 35.935592 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported the death of up to seven civilians, including three women and two children, and up to ten ISIS affiliated militants from Jaish Khalid bin al Walid, as a result of either Coalition or Israeli airstrikes on Sahm al Jolan.

The Daraa Martys Documentation Office reported Coalition airstrikes on Sahm al Jolan, “where two consecutive missiles targeted a residential neighborhood in the town of Sahm al Jolan”. According to the report, the neighbourhood in the western Dara’a countryside was under the control of the “Khalid Bin Al Waleed Army”. The office documented “7 martyrs”, including two women and two children, as well as a number of wounded individuals in addition to three fighters who were also killed in the attack.

Hayat News and RT both reported 10 fighters killed and identified Israeli jets as the culprit instead of the Coalition. Both reports noted that in addition to the ten fighters, two women who were believed to be wives of militants were killed. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also attributed the strikes to Israel but quoting them, Jewish Press reported that “there was no concrete evidence indicating Israel had carried out the attack”.

Sahm al Jolan listed two unidentified children “killed after an attack by an international coalition aircraft on the town”. Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office was the only source who had identified by name a civilian casualty. According to a center report of October 28th, Sabah Ibrahim al-Masalmeh “died of her wounds after being hit by a raid by the international coalition aircraft on the town of Sahm al Jolan”.

In the first of their September 2020 civilian casualty reports, the US-led Coalition assessed reports that they were responsible for civilian harm in this strike as “non-credible”, stating that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area at that time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Sabah Ibrahim al-Masalmeh Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (2 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–10

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Sahm al Jolan (سحم الجولان), for which the generic coordinates are: 32.781247, 35.935592. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

CJTF–OIR Declassified Assessment and Press Release

Attached to this civilian harm incident is the Pentagon's declassified assessment of this civilian harm allegation, obtained by Azmat Khan and the New York Times through Freedom of Information requests and lawsuits filed since March 2017, alongside the corresponding press release published by the Pentagon. Airwars is currently analysing the contents of each file, and will update our own assessments accordingly.

Declassified Assessment Press Release

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • MGRS coordinate
    36SYB749310
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 9, 2020
  • Oct. 23, 2017, in Sahm al Jolan, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 3163/CS1649 36SYB749310

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For both October 22nd-23rd and October 23rd-24th the Coalition did not publicly report any strikes in the Dara’a governorate.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 7
  • (2 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    ISIS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3–10

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY024

Incident date

July 1, 2022

Location

سهل عكار, Sahel Akkar, Tartus, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians, including a woman, were injured in alleged Israeli strikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022.

According to the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), two civilians, including a woman, were injured and material damage was caused when Israeli missiles struck a number of poultry farms near Hamidiya town. A military source told SANA that “at 6:30 a.m. on Saturday, the Israeli enemy carried out an air missile aggression from over the Mediterranean Sea, west of the Lebanese city of Tripoli, targeting several poultry farms in the vicinity of Hamidiya town, south of Tartous.”

SANA provided the name of one of the victims: “Ali Rahmoun, from the village of al-Qubaiba, who suffered a broken leg in the attack, said that the Israeli missiles caused damage to his house and more than three kilometers of agricultural land planted with aborigines, in addition to two water wells.”

@TvIdlib reported that “dead and wounded” were a result of the Israeli airstrikes on “the positions of the Assad militia and the Iranian militias” but did not identify whether the casualties were civilians or militants.

SANA added that the airstrikes caused material damage to the irrigation and electricity networks, in addition to citizens’ private properties. The director of Water Resources of the province, Muhammad Mahrez, told SANA that the aggression destroyed three irrigation channels irrigating approximately 100 hectares, resulting in about 50 million Syrian pounds of damage, and the director of Electricity in the province, Abdel Hamid Mansour, indicated that, due to the aggression, the electrical network suffered great damage, including poles and electricity transmission lines. A citizen named Alaa Ibrahim, from the town of Al-Jamasa, explained that his loss due to the attack is 52 sheep and two cows, in addition to agricultural instruments, which are his only source of livelihood.

@TheSyrianTweet also reported damage to agricultural facilities, including damage to “8 greenhouses with a damage rate of 50-80%, two farms, a cow facility, and a number of farmers’ fields in the area planted with maize and some summer crops”.

A tweet from @SAMSyria0 reported that the sites that were hit by airstrikes “do not have any military character”. However, @AlHadath identified “facilities used by Hezbollah” as being the intended targets and Times of Israel reported that the strikes hit “a weapon transported by sea, possibly using Iranian ships that docked at the port last week” as part of Syria and Iran’s attempt to establish a new air defense system.

All of the sources attributed the strikes to Israel and @DagnyTaggart369 identified “four Israeli Air Force F-16 fighter jets” as being responsible.

The incident occured at approximately 6:30 am local time.

  • Ali Rahmoun Age unknown male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Hezbollah, Iranian military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by Syrian Arab News Agency)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SAMSyria0)
  • Damage caused by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @TheSyrianTweet)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @TvIdlib)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @TvIdlib)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SteeleSyAA)
  • Alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hamidiya town on July 2, 2022. (Image posted by @SteeleSyAA)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Hezbollah, Iranian military

Sources (14) [ collapse]