Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS022

Incident date

December 14, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.369073, 37.499594 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Several sources reported the targeting of civilian infrastructure by Turkish warplanes in Al Bab, Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights wrote: “Turkish warplanes targeted the national hospital in the city of Bab in the north-eastern Aleppo countryside with several strikes, which is controlled by the Islamic State. No information about casualties so far.”

Khaled Shaban reported something similar on Twitter.

The ISIS news outlet Al A’amaq claimed that the hospital was hit by three strikes.

Step News said there were “deaths and injuries” but didn’t elaborate if they were civilians.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS049

Incident date

January 13, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Al Bab 24 named Hassan Mohammad al Hussein al Assfour as killed in “Turkish shelling” in Al Bab, Syria.

On January 14th, both Amna Alali and Halab Today reported the “death of 12 civilians and wounding of 18 more as a result of a Turkish air and artillery yesterday [Jan 13th] on the town of Tadef and the city of Bab in the countryside”

There are no other details avalible at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hassan Mohammad al Hussein al Assfour Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Hassan Mohammad al Hussein al Assfour, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Al Bab city, 13th January 2017. (via Al Bab24)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS417 TS025

Incident date

December 17, 2016

Location

الباب, Al-Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Three unnamed civilian males were reported killed in a Turkish (or less likely Coalition) action at al Bab. The Coalition later denied responsibility.

According to Step News, “Turkish planes targeted al Bab, east of Aleppo, with three raids and there are news about casualties.” VDC later reported three unidentfied male civilian deaths – though said these were a result of actions by “International Coalition forces.”

In an emailed response to a report submitted by Airwars on this and other incidents in December 2016, Coalition officials said the event was presently assessed as ‘Not credible’ with “no Coalition strikes conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Tweet reporting more than 50 alleged Turkish raids targeting al Bab over the last 12 hours. 17th December 2016. (via Muhammad Smiry)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Al Bab, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For December 16th-18th 2016 the Coalition has publicly reported no strikes in the vicinity.

France
  • English
    /
    Original

For December 14th to 20th, France reports 10 strikes: 8 in Iraq – 7 of which were in Mosul – and 2 in Syria. They reported that 16 targets were destroyed.

#Chammal : 10 frappes contre Daech en Irak et en Syrie cette semaine, 16 objectifs détruits.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS029

Incident date

December 22, 2016

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 23 and 94 civilians were killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Al Bab, Syria, according to local media.

Al Jazeera reported the lowest death toll at 20 and refered to the ISIS media agency Al A’amaq as the source. Later Al A’amaq itself said the toll rose to 50.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights described “The death of 23 civilians because of Euphrates Shield forces missiles and shells fired on Al Bab city in Aleppo governorate suburbs, December 22, SNHR yet unable to verify the news, 2016.”

7al said 32 civilians died in the attack, whereas Russia Today reported 72 people dead.

Al Bab News posted on Facebook that “nearly 18 members of the al Shalash family, most of them women and children, killed following Turkish bombardment on al Bab.”

Halab News gave the highest death count at 91 and named many of the victims. Al Bab News reported the same names and said 45 more people were injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (6)

  • Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Adult male killed
  • Wife of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Adult female killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed
  • Child of Jaafar Omar Ne'ma Child killed

Family members (19)

  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Unknown victim from the Asfour family Adult killed
  • Ahmed Hussein Al-Asfour Adult male killed
  • Wife of Ahmed Hussein Al-Asfour Adult female killed
  • Son of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child male killed
  • Son of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child male killed
  • Daughter of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child female killed
  • Daughter of Ahmed Hussein al-Asfour Child female killed

Family members (6)

  • Member of the Abo family Adult female killed
  • Member of the Abo family Adult male killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed
  • Child from the Abo family Child killed

Family members (2)

  • Member of the Fadel Sabbagh family Adult killed
  • Member of the Fadel Sabbagh family Adult killed

Family members (28)

  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed
  • Member of the Shalash family Adult killed

Family members (3)

  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed
  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed
  • Member of the Kazakaz family Adult killed

Family members (11)

  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family Adult killed
  • Member of the Naunu family killed

Family members (6)

  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed
  • Member of the Ghazal family Adult killed

Family members (2)

  • Mustafa Mahmoud al-Sukkar Adult male killed
  • Wife of Mustafa Mahmoud al-Sukkar Adult female killed

Family members (4)

  • Jafar Bertawi Adult male killed
  • Wife of Jafar Bertawi Adult female killed
  • Mohamed Jaafar Bertawi Child male killed
  • Fatima Jafar Bertawi Child female killed

Family members (4)

  • Mahmood al-Naama Adult male killed
  • Wife of Mahmood al-Naama Adult female killed
  • Mahmud al-Naama Child male killed
  • Yusuf Mahmud al-Naama Child male killed
  • Member of the al-Uday family Adult female killed
  • Child from the village of Qarodi Child killed
  • Ibrahim Qabalawi Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 94
  • (16 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Some of the victims of the mass civilian causality incident in Al Bab, Aleppo on 22nd December 2016. (via Aleppo 24)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    23 – 94
  • (16 children9 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    45
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS054 RS1847a

Incident date

January 18, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A single source, Halab News, reported eight of the nine civilians in “Russian enemy raids” in Tadef, Syria. It also named the victims.

According to Al Jazeera, “The Russian and Turkish air forces, for the first time, carried out a joint operation against militants of the Islamic State Organization in Bab in countryside of, Aleppo, in an agreement with the Syrian regime, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Wednesday.”

However, the US-led Coalition also reportedly carried out strikes on Al Bab. Shahed-ayan.co reported: “The United States-led International Alliance announced on Tuesday (January 17th) that it had launched four air raids for the first time near the city of Bab in support of the Turkish-led military operation against the Da’ash organization in northern Syria. ‘We have spotted targets near Bab al-Bab in cooperation with Turkey, and we expect to continue this type of raid,’ said coalition military spokesman Col. John Durian at a news conference in Baghdad.
‘We noticed an opportunity in which it was in our common interest to destroy those targets, which included an armored personnel carrier and tactical units of the organization,’ Durian said.”

According to Terror Monitor, “AR ISIS published photos claiming to be targeting heavy weapons in the west of the city of Bab in the countryside of Aleppo.”

Misrin Post added that the regime also carried out raids on Tadef.

However, none of these sources made any mention of civilian harm.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Ibrahim Hassan al Zein Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Ahmad Jumaa al Zein Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Abd al Hamid Rahmo Dalati Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Hussam Mohammad Sobhi al Othman Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Wife of Mahmoud al Eido Age unknown female named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Daughter of Mahmoud al Eido Age unknown female named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Ahmad Wahab al Raziya Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed
  • Yahiya Ahmad Khalilo Age unknown male named by Halab News reported as killed by Russian forces killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • "The military aircraft of the regime forces targeted several raids in the city of Bab in the countryside of eastern Aleppo." (via mersin_post)
  • ISIS published photos claiming to be targeting heavy weapons in the west of the city of Bab in the countryside of Aleppo. (via TerrorMonitorAR)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

United Kingdom
  • English
    /
    Original

Wednesday 18 January – Tornados destroyed a terrorist armed truck near Al Bab in Syria…Surveillance and strike operations have also been maintained against Daesh in Syria, and on Wednesday 18 January, Tornados conducted an armed reconnaissance patrol near Al Bab, where they used a Paveway IV to destroy an armed truck which Daesh had attempted to conceal in a vehicle shelter.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    9
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Turkish Armed Forces, Russian Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS012

Incident date

November 21, 2016

Location

قرية الغوز, Al Ghor, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.343056, 37.454444 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to the ISIS-affiliated media outlet al Amaq, five civilians were killed byTurkish artillery shelling on Al Ghor, a village west of Al Bab.

“Five people killed and ten injured following Turkish artillery bombing of the village of al Ghor west of al Bab in the Aleppo countryside,” the propaganda unit claimed.

There are currently no other known public sources relating to this incident.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    10
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS040

Incident date

January 5, 2017

Location

الباب, Al Bab, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.371972, 37.51631 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reportedly killed in an alleged Turkish artillery shelling on Al Bab.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights wrote: “And two citizens, including a child, were killed in shelling by Turkish forces on areas in Al Bab city in the northeastern countryside of Aleppo.”

The ISIS propaganda outlet Al Raed La Ykazeb Ahlahu published a similar report and also said that 11 people were injured.

Jabal Aqel Al Bab reported that one person killed came from the Sukkar family, while the other one is a child from Al Mahdatha school. In addition, the source mentioned 15 wounded people.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Member of the Sukkar family Age unknown killed
  • Child from Al Mahdatha school Child killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS335 TS005b

Incident date

October 11, 2016

Location

تل بطال, Tall Btal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.50018, 37.43927 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Between 3 and 4 displaced people were reported killed in camps near Tal Btal, a village south of Ra’i in the Aleppo countryside. It was unclear whether Turkey or the Coalition was responsible.

Ramaf reported that an attack hit a camp, claiming “the lives of three martyrs and [left] more than fifteen wounded as a result of being targeted by Turkish artillery. Ramaf named the three victims.

The ISIS-controlled propaganda unit al Al A’maq Agency reported that four civilians were killed, including a girl “when two tents were targeted with an American raid.”

Only two sources reported on this incident. There are no other known details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Khaled Ma’rouf Age unknown male killed
  • Mahmoud Sheikh Nouri Age unknown male killed
  • Mohammad Adel Age unknown male killed
  • A female child Child female killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    near Tal Btal, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Aug 4, 2017
  • After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area of the reported civilian casualties.

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For October 10th-11th the Coalition reported that “Near Manbij, three strikes engaged three ISIL tactical units and destroyed six fighting positions and two vehicles.” For October 11th-12th, the Coalition reported “Near Manbij, one strike suppressed an ISIL tactical unit” and that “Near Mar’a, four strikes engaged four ISIL tactical units and destroyed three fighting positions and a vehicle.”

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 4
  • (0–1 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    US-led Coalition, Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]