Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Confirmed
Fair
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS399

Incident date

December 2, 2019

Location

تل رفعت, Tal Rifat, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 11 civilians – 10 of whom were named – including eight children aged between three and 15, a woman and an elderly man were reported killed, and 12 others – most of them are children – seriously injured in an alleged Turkish artillery attack on Tal Rifaat, in Aleppo governorate, Syria on December 2nd, 2019, according to local sources.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the attack happened near a primary school and a market  in Tal Rifaat town where a Russian base is established. According to AFP, Maher Mohammed, 35, a vendor in the market, said it was the most frightening bombardment he had witnessed in years. “We ran inside the shops and threw ourselves on the ground,” the father of five told AFP. “They bombarded half the market,” he said.

A nine-year-old who survived the attack with injuries said, “We were playing in our neighborhood. A mortar shell fell near us, a shrapnel piece hit my hand and injured me. I was hospitalised afterwards. We live in Til Rifat, a mortar shell hit our house too.” Mihemed Kêfo, another injured child said that the attack took place when they were playing: “I was in the hospital when I opened my eyes ”.

@Raman_Hassi reported that a mother of one of the victims said, “”I was washing dishes. Suddenly our house was filled with shrapnel. I went out and called Arif (my son), but I did not see him. I only saw black smoke. When the smoke faded away, I saw my son on the ground as a martyr.”

A UNICEF statement said: “We are shocked and saddened by reports that eight children were killed and another eight were injured in attacks on Tal Rifaat town, northern Aleppo. All of them were under the age of 15.”

İbrahim Heftaro, one of the executives of Avrîn/Efrin Hospital, where the wounded were being treated, said: “Most of those injuries of the attack are critical. The district is heavily bombed and therefore the number of wounded and martyrs may increase.”

It is believed that most of the victims are IDPs who fled to Tal Rifaat from Afrin and that many of them have already lost family members in the war. Henîf Hemo, one of the injured children was quoted saying: “In Efrîn they bombed us and attacked us. We left our house and came here. They also attacked here. Are we terrorists? What have we done to bomb us? They killed my friends. What do they want from us? ”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (60) [ collapse]

  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A civilian injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019 (via ANHA).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • A child injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians including children were killed in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many civilians were killed and injured in an alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat. Dec 2nd 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Many children were killed and injured in the alleged Turkish attack on Tal Rifaat (via Politika)
  • Via Politika
  • Child Arif Mohammad was reported killed in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat on Dec 2nd, 2019. (via @Raman_Hassi)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    via SOHR
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • Most of those killed and injured in the alleged Turkish strike on Tal Rifaat, Dec 2nd 2019, are children (via SOHR).
  • via SOHR
  • A child injured in the attack (via ANF)
  • via ANF
  • via AFP
  • SDC statement on the attack (via @dersi4m)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • via NPA
  • via ANF
  • via Gazetekarinca
  • Gazetekarinca
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • names of victims. (via @Kendal_Uzun).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • (8 children1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (60) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS398

Incident date

November 23, 2019

Location

Mala village - Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were reported killed and between three and 22 others including a child injured in alleged Turkish forces mortar, gun fire and drone strikes on Mala village in Ayn Issa – Syria on November 23rd 2019, according to local sources.

ANF said that three civilians were injured when a Free Burma Rangers health team has been attacked by Turkey.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–22
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Via ANF

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–22
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS397

Incident date

November 20, 2019

Location

قرية قرنفل, Qronfol village, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and three others injured in an alleged Turkish drone attack on a vehicle including five civilians in Qurunful village in Tal Abyad – Raqqa in Syria on November 20th, 2019, according to local sources.

The victims are all from the same family and moved to a hospital in Kobane.

The killed civilians were identified as Nîzam Mihemed Fetûh aged 20, and Haci Hemed Sali who is a cousin to Nazim, age unknown.

Nazim’s two sisters Rokistan Mihemed Fetûh aged 22 and Nîroz Mihemed Fetûh aged 25, in addition to Mohamed Mahmoud Fetûh were injured in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • An alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians killed and injured in an alleged Turkish strike on a vehicle of 5 civilians in Qurunful village in Syria on Nov 20th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Images from the funeral of the victims killed in an alleged Turkish attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one of the victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Possibly one or two victims of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • Injuries of the attack (via ANHA)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of the civilians killed in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • One of the civilians injured in the attack (via SOHR)
  • Injured from the attack (via SOHR)
  • Aftermath of the attack (via SOHR)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS391

Incident date

November 10, 2019

Location

Shelgirat - Ain Issa, Raqqa , Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported injured as a result of alleged Turkish forces shelling on  the villages of Sharqê and Sawama close to the M4 highway and the town of Shelgirat in Eyn Isa, Raqqa governorate in Syria on November 11th, 2019 according to local sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS389

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

أم الشعفة, Um Assha'fa, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

One journalist was reported injured as a result of an alleged Turkish artillery attack on the village of Um al-Shuayfa of the city of Tal Tamr, on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

The journalist reported injured is Fadel Hammad, a reporter for the al-Akhbariya TV channel, and he was injured in the foot.

NPA added that there were also “four injuries among Syrian government forces”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS388

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

هيشة, Kisha, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and five others injured in an alleged Turkish forces drone strike on a group of civilians who worked in collecting cotton in Hishe/Kisha village, Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate in Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

Hanî Ehmed Al-Rawî (25) was reported among the killed in the attack and Elî Hemîd al-Khilal (45), Tariq al-Ehmed (30), Mihemed al-Ehmed (29) and Hemûd al-Ehmed (20) were among the injured.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Civilians reported killed and injured by an alleged Turkish drone strike on workers collecting cotton in Ain Issa on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)
  • Civilians reported killed and injured by an alleged Turkish drone strike on workers collecting cotton in Ain Issa on November 9th, 2019 (via ANHA)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1–2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS386

Incident date

November 9, 2019

Location

Dildarê, Tal Temir, Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

One medical worker and one journalist were reported injured in an alleged Turkish forces drone attack on a vehicle belonging to the Syrian regime forces in Dildarê village, Tal Tamr, Hasaka in Syria on November 9th, 2019 according to local sources.

The medical worker working with the Kurdish Red Crescent and the German NGO CADUS was named  as Aram Ehmed or Aram Hamidi (22 years old). He was quoted saying: “I was wounded by shrapnel, I still have a piece in my jaw. Here. And all my teeth are broken.” Local sources reported that the team of KRC was targeted while on their way to retrieve the injured in Dildara village.

The journalist injured is known to work for al-Ikhbariya Syrian television but no further details available.

The attack also killed between three and six Syrian regime forces’ soldiers and wounded between four and 35 others.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Aram Ahmed/Hamidi who works for the KRC and German NGO @cadus_org was injured in a drone attack allegedly by Turkey on Tal Tamr - Syria on 9 Nov 2019 (via @GforGilgo).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TI030

Incident date

November 4, 2019

Location

Khanasor, Sinjar, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that three civilians were injured in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Khanasor.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • "RojNews reports that warplanes have bombed the surroundings of the Khanasor (Xanesor) district of Shengal city in southern Kurdistan, northern Iraq. According to the report, at least three civilians were wounded in the attack." (via ANF)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]