Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Belligerent
Country
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

CS1988

Incident date

November 22, 2022

Location

قرية الرز, Al-Zar Village, Deir Ezzour, Syria

Airwars assessment

A young man was either injured or killed during a raid allegedly carried out by the Coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces in the village of al-Zar the evening/morning of November 22, 2022.

According to @euphratspost, a young man named Ahmed Hussein Ali al-Qubbah was severely injured and a 13 year old named Ahmad Mahmoud al-Hilu was arrest during a raid carried out by the SDF in the village of al-Zar around 2am.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported that units affiliated with the SDF, with the support of “International Coalition” aircraft, carried out a raid and arrested a person alleged to be a member of ISIS. At the time of reporting, SOHR did not have information on human losses or material damage.

Nedaa Post referred to the raid as being carried out against “a number of civilian homes” and added that armed clashes between the people in the homes and the SDF resulted in the injury of the young man Ahmed Hussein Ali al-Qubbah when he tried to leave his house.

Baladi News reported that Ahmed Hussein was killed during the raid and Chamtimes referred to the person killed as being a civilian, indicating that Ahmed later died from his injuries. @DeirEzzore identified Ahmed Hussein as being 37 years old and added that he was wounded by a bullet that penetrated his back, paralyzing him.

The incident occured at approximately 2:00 am local time.

  • hmed Hussein Ali al-Qubbah 37 years old male Possibly killed injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The young man, "Ahmed Hussein Ali al-Qubba," who was injured or killed by alleged Coalition and SDF raids on November 22, 2022. (Image posted by @DeirEzzore)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Counter-Terrorism Action (Ground)
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 1
  • (0–1 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Small arms and light weapons
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    ISIS

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3467

Incident date

June 26, 2018

Location

إبطع, Ibta'a, Dara'a, Syria

Geolocation

32.7899783, 36.152792 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

A young man was killed and up to six others were injured in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes on the city of Ibta’a, Dara’a governorate, on June 26th, 2019, according to local sources.

Amin Abu Halwa wrote on Facebook that the young Ali Ahmad Al Mahmoud Al Hariri had been killed as the result of shelling on the town, in addition to “a number of wounded, from moderate to critical condition.” @shakmaskeen reported that six people were seriously injured.

@Step_Agency reported that “regime forces targeted the town of Ibta’a in the western countryside of Dara’a with artillery, while the warplanes launched several airstrikes targeting the town of Harak in the eastern Dara’a countryside.”

Nearly all sources blamed the Syrian regime for the artillery strikes, but Shaam News Network mentioned that both the Syrian regime and Russia had been responsible. Ahmad Al Masalmah blamed Iranian forces for the artillery strikes on Facebook.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Military
  • Iranian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    6
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime, Iranian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3475

Incident date

June 27, 2018

Location

الطيبة, al Tayba, Dara'a, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that up to 13 civilians including at least three children were killed and others also including children injured in Russian forces or Syrian regime forces airstrikes on Al Taybah in Dara’a on June 27th, 2018. Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office said that ten of the victims are from the same family.

SMART News said “13 civilians were killed Wednesday as a result of a Russian air strike on the town of Taybeh in the province of Daraa, south of Syria.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that many of those injured are in critical conditions and that many civilians are still missing and their fate is unknown.

Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office reported that “Syrian warplanes launched a raid on the town of Taybeh in the eastern village of Daraa, targeting civilian sites inhabited by displaced persons from Daraa al-Balad , Which resulted in the massacre of thirteen martyrs, including ten martyrs from one family.  Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office documented the martyrdom of:Ahmed Awad Abazid and three of his daughters and four of his grandchildren and two of his sons in law, in addition to two martyrs, one of them a child from al Tayba and another unidentified child.”

From their side, Shaam Network blamed Russian warplanes for that. “Russian warplanes committed a new massacre in the eastern village of Daraa, where aircraft raided civilian houses and residential neighborhoods in the town of Taybeh. Activists pointed out that the Russian aircraft targeted the town several raids, which led to the death of 7 martyrs who are displaced people from al Gharya,Al Gharbiya mostly children.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the operation is joint between Russian forces and the Syrian regime as they said ” the regime forces continue their targeting to Daraa countryside, deliberately expanding, with the support of the Russian warplanes.”

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that ” At least 9 civilians, most of them from the same family, killed as Syrian/ Russian regime warplanes fired missiles on al Tayba village in Daraa governorate southeastern suburbs, on June 27, 2018.”

The sources said seven of the civilians reported killed are IDPs from al Gharya and Local Coordination Committees of Syria said the seven victims are from the same family.

White Helmets published a video on Facebook in which their volunteers were rescuing a child who was under the rubble. Shaam News said the Russian warplanes raided civilians houses and residential areas, and that civil defense volunteers were not able to respond quickly because of the intensity of the bombing.

A civil defense spokesperson told SMART Agency that “Russian warplanes launched raids on residential neighborhoods in the town, killing 13 civilians and wounding four others, as civil defense teams recovered the victims and moved the wounded to nearby hospitals.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (10)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 13
  • (3–6 children3 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (19) [ collapse]

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    Images of children injured or killed in alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office)
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    Images of children injured or killed in alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office)
  • Image of the damage to a building caused by alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Images of children injured or killed in alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Daraa Martyrs Documentation Office)
  • Image of the damage to a building caused by alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
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    Image of a child injured in alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Tayba on June 28, 2018 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • "At least 13 civilians were killed, most of them women and children, and a number of others were wounded in a horrific massacre carried out by Russian warplanes that targeted civilian homes in the town of Al-Taybeh in the eastern countryside of Daraa this evening, Wednesday."
  • A civilian reported killed in airstrikes on Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via Rabi’ Khalaf ).
  • A civilian reported killed in airstrikes on Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via Rabi’ Khalaf ).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Body of a child killed in Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via Hamza Ali al Khateeb).
  • A child killed in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via @qaboodabood).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via @qaboodabood )
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "A massacre committed by Russian aircraft in the town of Taybeh in the eastern countryside of Daraa."
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Syria Activists: the death toll from the Russian air bombardment on the town of Taybeh in the eastern Daraa countryside has risen to 13, including children."
  • Khaled Mahmoud Ibrahim Hoshan Ayyash and Youssef Mahmoud Ibrahim Hoshan Ayyash, two brothers, were reported killed with their wives and children in Russian or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al Taybah in Dara'a on June 27th, 2018 (via Martyrs Daraa Albalad ).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 13
  • (3–6 children3 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LQ028

Incident date

March 29, 2016

Location

بنغازي‎, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.0802474, 18.7866211 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Subdistrict level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

According to its Facebook page, an LNA MiG-21 and a MiG-23 targeted an alleged terrorist headquarters in Qawarsheh and completely destroyed it. The strikes took place at 12:10.

At 15:58 the MiG-21 reportedly struck two vessels 150km west off the coast of Benghazi.

At 22:45 the helicopter formation targeted two boats and at 03:25 and 04:55 in the same night it targeted other vessels.
The fate of any civilian crews onboard the vessels remains unknown.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

LC004

Incident date

June 21, 2014

Location

ميناء منطقة رأس الهلال, Ras al Helal Port, Benghazi, Libya

Geolocation

32.9106258, 22.1705678 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that the LNA targeted one or two boats off the coast of Ras al Helal. The boat was said to have been completely destroyed and five civilians injured.

According to Libya News, five civilians were wounded, ranging from medium to light injuries, following an aerial bombardment of a marine boat in Ras al Helal, west of Derna. The attack completely destroyed the boat. The wounded were taken to Al Huraish Hospital in the city. A medical source confirmed that the civilians were in a stable condition and that some of them had left the hospital.

Africa Gate News reported that a Libyan air force plane bombed two navigational craft at the port of Ras al Helal (30 km from Derna) carrying arms and ammunition for extremist groups in Benghazi – though this source made no mention of civilian casualties.

However, the source MarBu3tLiByA also reported that five people were wounded in an airstrike which targeted a boat.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports on the incident mention the Ras al Helal Port ( ميناء منطقة رأس الهلال) for which the generic coordinates are: 32.9106258,22.1705678

Libyan National Army Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Libyan National Army
  • Libyan National Army position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Libyan National Army

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3982

Incident date

July 30, 2019

Location

موقا, Mouqa, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that an unknown number of civilians were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Mouqa, Idlib governorate, on July 30th, 2019.

@Step_Agency reported that “Russian warplanes targeted the town of Mouqa in the southern countryside of Idlib”

@Syrian191124 tweeted: “Helicopters targeted with barrel bombs the vicinity of the village of Mouqa in the southern countryside of Idlib”

In another post, Step News Agency reported: “The Russian air force targeted several air strikes in Khan, Moka and Jbala villages in the southern countryside of Idlib, injuring a number of civilians.”

All sources blamed Russia for the strikes.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Warplanes shelling the village of Mouqa , southern Idlib countryside on July 30th, 2019 (via @AlatrashGhaleb).

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4010

Incident date

August 12, 2019

Location

كفرنبل, Kafar Nabil, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

Five civilians, including three women, were reported injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil, Idlib governorate, on August 12th, 2019, according to local sources.

Syria Civil Defense stated that “five civilians, including three women, were injured in warplanes’ airstrikes on the houses of civilians in the centre of Kafar Nabil.”

Shaam News Network reported that “Russian and regime warplanes and helicopters launched air strikes accompanied by very heavy artillery and rocket shelling, which resulted in […] many wounded civilians in the cities and towns of Kafar Nabil” and a number of other towns.

@MasarPressNet tweeted: “A number of civilians were wounded by the bombing of the warplanes on the city of Kafr Nabil in the southern countryside.”

Shaam News Network was the only source mentioning other Russia as the responsible belligerent. Other sources did not attribute blame.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Image Caption Translation: "Five civilians, including three women, were injured in warplanes' air strikes on the houses of civilians in the center of Kafar Nabil." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Five civilians, including three women, were injured in warplanes' air strikes on the houses of civilians in the center of Kafar Nabil." (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Image Caption Translation: "Five civilians, including three women, were injured in warplanes' air strikes on the houses of civilians in the center of Kafar Nabil." (via Syria Civil Defense)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS4038

Incident date

August 16, 2019

Location

حيش, Hiysh, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one woman was killed and a woman and “others” were reported injured in airstrikes on Hiysh, Idlib, on August 16th.

Syrian Network for Human Rights names Mrs. Eman Shahhoud al Azraq, from Khan Sheikhoun city, as the victim killed in airstrikes by the Syrian regime on Hiysh.

Smart News reported, “Russian warplanes shelling with vacuum missiles in Hiysh town south of Idlib.” A tweet by @baladinetwork also identified Russia as bombing Hiysh “with high-explosive missiles” and included an image that shows a cloud of dust in the sky. A video posted by @syria7ra shows the bomb being dropped and the explosion and the sound of impact and planes flying can be heard.

Meanwhile, Step Agency stated that “a woman and others were injured” in the incident, naming both Russian forces and the Syrian regime in reports of the attack on Hiysh, among others.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (14) [ collapse]