Israeli Military in Syria & the Gaza Strip

A child uses his mobile device in the ruins of a building in Beit Lahia, Gaza Strip on May 26th 2021. © Mohamed Zaanoun

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

ISSY-200119-B

Incident date

January 20–21, 2019

Location

السويداء, As-Suwayda, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least two belligerents, specifically members of the Syrian regime military, were killed and 15 others were wounded in alleged Israeli airstrikes on As-Suwayda on the evening of January 20, 2019/morning of January 21, 2019.

According to Euphrates Post, “two elements of the Assad regime were killed and others were wounded following raids carried out by the Israeli warplanes targeting Radar Jina in the east of the town of Al Kafar, south of the city of Al Suwaida.”

Smart News Agency gave the information that “2 killed and 15 wounded by Israeli air strikes on military positions in al-Suwayda (local medical sources).”

Another post by Euphrates Post specified “Israeli air strikes on the military airfield in the western countryside of Al Suweidi.”

Step News Agency also reported that “Israeli raids also targeted a number of the regime’s positions in the Quneitra hills and al-Tha’la airport in the western province of Suweida. The raids also targeted the area of ​​the “radar” East of al-Suwayda, amid a general outage of electricity throughout the province.”

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published an overall report on Israeli strikes, including the relevant information “the Israeli forces carried out tens of land and air strikes by their warplanes and ground-to-ground missiles, where the bombardment lasted less than 60 minutes and targeted areas extending from the southwest of Rif Dimashq to al-Thula airbase in the western countryside of al-Suwaidaa.” They identified Iranian, Hezbollah, and regime sites as being struck and gave the overall estimate of “the killing of 11 people including 2 Syrian nationals” but didn’t specify if they were killed in this location or in Damascus.

Following the strikes, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu said  “Last night, the air force strongly attacked Iranian targets in Syria after Iran launched a missile from there at our territory.” The Israeli military also issued the statement ““We have started striking Iranian Quds targets in Syrian territory. We warn the Syrian Armed Forces against attempting to harm Israeli forces or territory.”

The incident occured around midnight.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN)
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Hezbollah, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    15

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN)
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Hezbollah, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2
  • Belligerents reported injured
    15

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-110219

Incident date

February 11, 2019

Location

القنيطرة, Al Qunaitra, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Israeli airstrikes were carried out on Quneitra hospital on February 11, 2019.

According to the Syrian Arab News Agency, “at 19.50 p.m., Israeli drones launched 4 missiles on Quneitra hospital and one of the points affiliated to the security guard forces, affirming that the damages were limited to materials.” A reporter also added that “the Israeli aggression has targeted the destroyed Hospital of Quneitra with a number of tank shells and one of the observation centers in Jabata al-Khashab.”

Newsweek also reported that “the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency and the pro-government Al-Ikhbariya news station have reported a series of Israeli strikes near the town of Tel al-Durayya in the southwestern province of Al-Quneitra. The reports suggested that only material damage was inflicted, with projectiles hitting the provincial hospital and an observation post in the town of Jubata al-Khashab.”

Smart News Agency and Free Deir Ezzor Radio also identified Israeli strikes as being carried out in the area and both identified the areas hit as being controlled by the regime.

Israel confirmed they were responsible for the strikes, with the Times of Israel reporting “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Tuesday confirmed that Israel had carried out a military strike in the Syrian Golan Heights the night before, further breaking from Israel’s previous policy of ambiguity around its activities against Iran in Syria. “We are working all the time to block Iran. We operate every day, including yesterday, against Iran and its efforts to entrench itself in the region,” Netanyahu said before boarding a flight to Poland for a conference focused on Tehran’s activities in the Middle East.”

The Times of Israel also reported that “Israeli military reporters were told that the strike targeted Iranian-backed Shiite militiamen trying to set up a base of operations near the Israeli border.”

There were no civilian or belligerent casualties reported.

The incident occured between 6:30 pm and 7:50 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Tuesday confirmed that Israel had carried out a military strike in the Syrian Golan Heights the night before, further breaking from Israel’s previous policy of ambiguity around its activities against Iran in Syria.
“We are working all the time to block Iran. We operate every day, including yesterday, against Iran and its efforts to entrench itself in the region,” Netanyahu said.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-270319

Incident date

March 27–28, 2019

Location

الشيخ نجار وقرب مطار حلب الدولي, Al sheikh Najar and near Aleppo airport, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between seven and 10 belligerents, specifically member of the Iranian forces and their loyal militias, were killed and others were wounded in alleged Israeli strikes on Al sheikh Najar and near Aleppo airport around midnight between March 27/28, 2019.

Euphrates Post reported “Israeli planes targeted midnight on Wednesday with violent raids in the vicinity of Aleppo International Airport. Local media sources said that huge explosions were heard in the vicinity of Aleppo International Airport and Sheikh Najjar area, in conjunction with the escalation of the flames.” They added that according to the forces loyal to the regime, “the Israeli aircraft targeted some sites in the industrial area in Sheikh Najjar northeast of Aleppo, and limited damage to materials only.”

A tweet from @BabakTaghvaee identified the facilities struck as “a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. #Israel Air Force’s F-16D/Is & F-15Is dropped their SDBs on the #IRGC targets near #Aleppo from 45,000 to 51,000ft altitude.”

Syrian Arab News Agency also reported that “a number of industrial sites in Sheikh Najar industrial region” were hit with strikes and that damage was material only.

While various sources reported that the damage was material only, Step News Agency posted about “the sound of ambulances in several neighborhoods in Aleppo and news of casualties and casualties in the ranks of the regime and its militias as a result of the Israeli raids that touched the vicinity of Aleppo airport just before.” Syrian Observatory gave specific information that “at least 7 of the Iranian forces and their loyal militias have been killed, as a result of Israeli strikes against ammunition depots of the Iranian forces and their loyal militias, in Sheikh Najjar Industrial Area on the outskirts of Aleppo city, and the death toll may rise because there are some injured people.”

Jerusalem Post gave information that “according to the Syrian Human Rights Center, ten people died and the city of Aleppo in Syria is in chaos due to the “Israeli strike,” Maariv initially reported. The report is in contrast to official Syrian media reports that suggest Syrian air defenses defended the area.”

The Times of Israel reported that “Acting Foreign Minister Israel Katz on Thursday appeared to confirm that Israeli warplanes struck Iranian military targets outside the northern Syrian city of Aleppo overnight. In an interview with Israel Radio, Katz said that “as far as Iran knows, it’s Israel” that carried out the strike targeting a weapons depot, and went on to say that it was a “challenging” operation to perform.”

Aljazeera added that “the blasts caused an electrical blackout in Aleppo, the country’s second-largest city and a major industrial hub that bore the brunt of years of fighting and heavy Russian and Syrian aerial bombardment on its former rebel-held areas. Other attacks hit the vicinity of al-Nairab military airport on the outskirts of Aleppo in the second such attack on the installation used by Iranian troops in less than a year.”

The incident occured around midnight.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    7–10
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (10) [ collapse]

  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)
  • Caption: #BREAKING: #Israel Air Force carried-out an airstrike against a rocket manufacturing workshop at Sheikh Najar industrial zone, near the #Aleppo International Airport. It is reported that #IRGC was producing Fajr-5C precision guided rockets for #Syria Arab Army there. (Images posted by @BabakTaghvaee)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

The Times of Israel reported that "Acting Foreign Minister Israel Katz on Thursday appeared to confirm that Israeli warplanes struck Iranian military targets outside the northern Syrian city of Aleppo overnight. In an interview with Israel Radio, Katz said that “as far as Iran knows, it’s Israel” that carried out the strike targeting a weapons depot, and went on to say that it was a “challenging” operation to perform."

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    7–10
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-120419

Incident date

April 13, 2019

Location

مصياف, Massyaf, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one belligerent was killed and between six and 17 were injured in alleged Israeli strikes on the town of Massyaf in the Hama Countryside between April 12th and April 13th, 2019.

Arab News quoted Syrian Arab News Agency as stating “an Israeli airstrike on a military position in central Syria early Saturday wounded six soldiers and destroyed several buildings” and quoted Syrian Observatory for Human Rights as stating “the airstrikes hit three targets, wounding 17 Syrian soldiers. It said there were also deaths, but it was not immediately clear how many were killed and whether they were Iranians or Iran-sponsored fighters.”

Step News included details “URGENT Initial reports speak of one dead and six wounded from the army of the regime as a result of Israeli raids on the area of Musayaf west of Hama,.”

In addition, “around 2:30 a.m. … the Israeli air force carried out a strike targeting one of our military positions in the town of Misyaf,” in Hama province north of Damascus, SANA quoted a military source as saying.

Euphrates Post reported “Israeli air strikes on the College of Accounting and Administration in the city of Misyaf in the western countryside of Hama, killing and wounding a number of elements inside the camp.” A post from Free deir ezzor radio identified the camps as “where the Iranian militias are holding training courses for its elements.”

Tweets from @ImageSatIntl showed “#Before,12 April, & #After ,13 April, few hours after the #strike in #Masyaf, #Syria. Completely destroyed structures which were (according to #OSINT) #missiles  manufacturing hangars, related to #Iran. See here the #before and #after.”

The incident occured at 02:30:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    6–17

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Israeli raids targeted the Camp Pioneers in the area of Sheikh Ghadban in the vicinity of Musayaf West Hama, where the Iranian militias are holding training courses for its elements Other raids targeted military positions of the regime near the town of Tlalkh Breef # Homs al-Gharbi amid the sound of violent explosions that shook the area (Image posted by Free deir ezzor radio via Facebook)
  • Caption translation: Israeli raids targeted the Camp Pioneers in the area of Sheikh Ghadban in the vicinity of Musayaf West Hama, where the Iranian militias are holding training courses for its elements Other raids targeted military positions of the regime near the town of Tlalkh Breef # Homs al-Gharbi amid the sound of violent explosions that shook the area (Image posted by Free deir ezzor radio via Facebook)
  • The #SSM factory is located in the vicinity of other facilities which according to #OSINT are related to the #Iranian SSM project in #Syria. (Image posted by @ImageSatIntl)
  • If the attacked factory is indeed controlled by #Iran, it is probable that at least the eastern part of the “#syrian” base it controlled by them. #Syria #Masyaf #SSM #ISI (Image posted by @ImageSatIntl)
  • If the #bombed site in #Masyaf, #Syria, was indeed a #missile factory, it could allow production and assembly of different #SSM elements or for improving the #accuracy of missiles. #ISI #Iran #VISINT #IMINT (Image posted by @ImageSatIntl)

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    6–17

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-170519

Incident date

May 17, 2019

Location

دمشق, Damascus, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Israeli air strikes were launched against Damascus on May 17, 2019.

According to Euphrates Post, “Israeli air raids targeted the Assad regime sites shortly before the capital Damascus, air raids targeted the headquarters of the first division in the city of Al-Keswa, in conjunction with the launch of surface-to-air missiles from the air defense bases of the regime.”

No estimates of casualties or any other information is available at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-270519

Incident date

May 27, 2019

Location

القنيطرة, Quneitra, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one soldier was killed and another was wounded in alleged Israeli strikes on the Quneitra countryside on May 27, 2019.

According to the Syrian Arab News Agency, “at 09.10 p.m., the Israeli enemy targeted one of the Syrian military sites to the east of Khan Arnabeh in Quneitra countryside. The source added that the Israeli aggression claimed the life of one soldier and injured another one.”

RT quoted “Earlier in the day, Syrian anti-aircraft fire was directed at an Israeli military aircraft that was flying in the north of the country and the Syrian anti-aircraft shell fell inside Syria,” IDF spokesman Avichay Adrei wrote in Twitter.”

The incident occured at 21:10:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1–10

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    1–10

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-010619

Incident date

June 1, 2019

Location

تل الشعار, Tal Al Sha’ar, Quneitra, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least three soldiers were killed and seven others were wounded in declared Israeli strikes on Tal Al Sha’ar in Quneitra on June 1, 2019.

Sputnik News reported that the Israeli strikes “led to the rise of three soldiers and wounding seven others in addition to material damage.” Syrian Arab News Agency also confirmed the death of “three martyrs and wounding seven soldiers were injured in addition to some material losses.”

A spokesman for the IDF tweeted “Israel defense sources targets a number of military targets in Syria # in response to the firing of two rockets at the # Jabal al-Sheikh north of Al Golan on Saturday evening. Among the targets: two artillery batteries and several monitoring and intelligence sites in the Golan area as well as a sa2 air defense battery.”

The incident occured at 04:10:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Assad regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    7

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

A spokesman for the IDF tweeted "Israel defense sources targets a number of military targets in Syria # in response to the firing of two rockets at the # Jabal al-Sheikh north of Al Golan on Saturday evening. Among the targets: two artillery batteries and several monitoring and intelligence sites in the Golan area as well as a sa2 air defense battery."

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Assad regime
  • Belligerents reported killed
    3
  • Belligerents reported injured
    7

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY-020619

Incident date

June 2, 2019

Location

مطار T4, T4 airport, Homs, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one soldier was killed and two others were injured in alleged Israeli strikes on the T4 airport in Homs eastern countryside on June 2, 2019.

Syrian Arab News Agency reported that the airstrikes “resulted in one martyr, two injured soldiers, damage to an ammo depot, and material damage to some structures and equipment.” In addition, they credited the anti-air defense system as destroying two of the missiles that targeted the airport.

No other sources reported on this incident.

The incident occured in the evening.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    None known
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    1
  • Belligerents reported injured
    2

Sources (1) [ collapse]