Israel and Gaza 2023

Satellite imagery, screenshot from Google Earth, October 2023

Belligerent
Israeli Military
Country
Syria
the Gaza Strip
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents
Infrastructure

Incident Code

ISPT0343

Incident date

October 18, 2023

Location

أبراج العودة, al Awda Towers, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.546701, 34.519015 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Wednesday, October 18th 2023, at least two civilians, a 40 year-old writer and a 16 year-old child, were killed in an alleged Israeli airstrike and/or artillery strike on al-Awda Towers, a residential building north of Beit Lahia, Gaza strip.

At 6:21 in the morning, Safa news reported “violent Israeli bombardment in al-Awda Towers, north of Beit Lahia.”  Sources on local and social media including Baghdad Today, Shorouk News and Swaed Gaza News stated that the first tower of the two al-Awda towers had been destroyed in the alleged bombing, with Facebook user QO Sai posting that there were “reports of two martyrs”.

Mohammad Abu Albara listed Hazem Fareed Sabeih (40) as one of the civilians killed, saying “I offer my condolences myself, my family, and the Sobeih family with the martyrdom of my cousin, the martyr, beloved relative, and writer: Hazem Sabeih Abu Muhammad”, adding that he was a resident of al–Awda towers. Facebook user Waleed M. Asead also mourned the death of Yahya al-Majdoub (16), reportedly the second victim of the alleged bombing.

Hazem Fareed Sabeih was mourned by many of his relatives, friends and neighbours, who described him as “beloved,” “smiling,” and “heroic,” sharing images of him with children and other loved ones, always pictured with a radiant smile. Mahmoud Hussneih Madi described him as “the one dear to all our hearts in the al-Awda Towers” and Omar Subeih posted, “The eyes will shed tears and the heart will grieve, and we are saddened by your absence/The martyrdom of my beloved brother Hazem Farid Sobeih “Abu Muhammad”/To God’s mercy, my beloved, and by God, my brother, parting with you is difficult.”  Other relatives described how deeply he would be missed, and posted photos of him with his loved ones to their social media pages.

Airwars has matched both of the names of both of the civilians killed with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

When sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Hazem Farid Sobeih حازم فريد صبيح
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800148249
Yahya al-Majdoub يحيى المجدوب
16 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 424482677

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention an alleged strike on al Awda Towers (أبراج العودة) to the west of Beit Hanoun (بيت حانون), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.546701, 34.519015. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0423

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

خزاعة, Khuza’a, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.307314, 34.360372 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 21, 2023, at least two people were killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike as they were riding a motorcycle in Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis in the Gaza Strip. The victims were named as Nidal Atwa Qudeih and Nael Raja Qudeih, both of whom were adult males. Some sources reported that a third person was killed or critically injured, but the name of that possible casualty is currently unknown.

That day, @AlArabyTV reported on Twitter/X, “Martyrs as [Israeli military] aircraft targeted a motorcycle in Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip.” Other sources, including @RoyaNews and @newsnajah tweeted that two people were killed by an airstrike while on a motorcycle. @ShehabAgency reported that three people were killed in this incident. On Facebook, Al Hadath posted a video showing two covered bodies with the headline, “Nidal Atwa and Nael Raja Qudeih, both farmers from the town of Khuza’a, east of the city of Khan Yunis, went to inspect their crops. They are hard-working people who work to earn a living and supervise lands planted with tomatoes and vegetables. The [Israeli] army killed them without mercy.”

Numerous mourners shared their grief online following the killings. On Facebook, Hmooda Abo Ali shared smiling photos of the two men who were killed, writing “What a heartache. My cousins are martyrs. There is no power but from God Almighty. Martyr Nael Raja Qudeih [and] Nidal Atwa Qudeih (Denino). May God have mercy on you.” Another Facebook user, Muhammad Abu Rida, shared a portrait of one of the men as well as a photo of the two bodies covered in white sheets as a crowd of mourners gathers in prayer behind them. The caption of this post reads “The rise of the two young sons of our town, Nael Raja Odeh Qudeih and Nidal Atwa Qudeih “Denino”, in a targeting in the town of Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis.” In a post by Mohammed Qudeih, which included a video showing a large funeral procession with a crowd carrying the two shrouded bodies, the caption states, “The rise of the martyr Nael Raja Qudeih, The martyr Nidal Atouh Qudeih, May God have mercy on you and let you enter His spacious gardens. We belong to God and to Him we shall return.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Nidal Atwa Qudeih نضال عطوة قديح
42 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 906626072
Nael Raja Qudeih نائل رجاء قديح
Adult male killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Khuza’a (خزاعة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.307314, 34.360372. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @RoyaNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: EuropeanARea
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hmooda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hmooda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hmooda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alsharqiapulse
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Majeddiyab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Majeddiyab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Food
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0450

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

الأمل, Al Amal, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.354810, 34.297943 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On the evening of Sunday, October 22nd 2023, at least four civilians were killed and 18 others, including more than 15 children, were reportedly injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike that bombed Al-Zinati’s house in the Al-Amal neighbourhood, in the west of Khan Yunis, in the central Gaza Strip.

This incident resulted in the deaths of several civilians, including 32-year-old Hisham Musa Al-Zinati and his five-year-old son, Malik Hisham Al-Zinati. Hisham’s brother, Ahmad Musa Al-Zinati and his wife, Noor al-Madhoun, were injured in the incident, and their two children, Khaled Ahmed Al-Zinati (4 years old) and Musa Ahmed Al-Zinati (2 years old) were killed. Kareem Musa Al-Zinati and Hisham Musa al-Zinati’s wife were also injured in the incident.

According to the Fatah Media and Culture Commission, 18 civilians were injured because of the bombing of the family home. Palestine Now further reported that more than 15 children were injured in the alleged Israeli bombing.

Shehab Agency reported that two of the victims killed were pulled from the rubble.

In a series of images posted by Palestine Now and the photographer, Amr Tabash, at least ten different children can be seen arriving and being treated at Nasser Hospital, many of them carried in, some crying and others limp.

Amr Tabash also posted a video of Malik Hisham al-Zinati’s body arriving at Nasser Hospital in an ambulance, he can be seen wrapped in a blanket and being held by a paramedic.

Images from the burials of the victims were also shared by Amr Tabash, their family members gathered around their shrouded bodies, weeping. Multiple victims had their faces uncovered as their family members said their final goodbyes.

Following the incident, friends and family shared their farewells for those who were killed in the incident. In a Facebook post dedicated to Hisham Musa Al-Zainat, Ahmed Al-Sini stated, “You are a person with a kind, clean and respectful heart. You and your son Malik and all your family are in Paradise. God Almighty, I love you, I love you, I love you.” Ahmed Al-Sini also posted images of himself and Hisham together and an image of Hisham with his son Malik. Prayers were shared on Facebook by Ahmed Al-Zinti, who named each of those killed and asked: “God to forgive them, have mercy on them, and place them in His spacious gardens”.

Khaled and Musa’s uncle, Ebrahim Zeyad, shared images of the young brothers from when they were alive, calling them “beloved of your uncle’s heart” and asking others to pray for their mother, his sister Noor al-Madhoun.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli Military.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the evening.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Hisham Musa Al-Zinati هشام موسى الزيناتي
32 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 803581800
Malik Hisham Al-Zinati مالك هشام الزيناتي
3 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 443259197
Khaled Ahmed Al-Zinati خالد احمد الزيناتي
4 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 441266806
Musa Ahmed Al-Zinati موسى احمد الزيناتي
2 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 445668882
Ahmad Musa Al-Zinati أحمد موسى الزيناتي
Adult male injured
Noor al-Madhoun
Adult female injured
Wife of Hisham Al-Zinati زوجة هشام الزيناتي
Adult female injured
Kareem Musa Al-Zinati كريم موسى الزيناتي
killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Al Amal (الأمل) neighbourhood of the city of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.354810, 34.297943. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (29) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Go
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah din
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine now
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Al-Sini
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ebrahim Zyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ebrahim Zyad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Tabash
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nana Khalil
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (3 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    18–19
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0461

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بيت لاهيا, Beit Lahia, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.551277, 34.509233 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 10:36 PM on Sunday, October 22nd 2023, the Al-Ghandour family’s house in Beit Lahia, near the Abu Ubaida Center, in the north of the Gaza Strip, was allegedly hit by Israeli aircraft bombing, resulting in at least 18 and potentially more than 25 deaths, including at least four women and at least five children. Sources referred to a large number of others also injured in the strike, though exact figures were not found.

Initially, Shehab Agency and the Gaza Interior Ministry reported about four people killed and a number of injuries. Later on, Muhammad Hazem Al-Masry wrote about a large number of injured, and Umm lol about “dozens of martyrs and wounded” as a result of the attack. Rafat Abu Alaa reported about 16 civilians killed, noting that the death toll may increase due to many remaining under the rubble. Activist Mohamed Yousif stated that more than 25 members of Al-Ghandour family were killed with some remaining under the rubble.

Among them, 18 members of the family who were killed were identified by Airwars based on social media testimonies by relatives and friends. A 60-year-old man named Muhammad Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour (also known as Abu Badr) and his wife, 56-year-old Maryam Ahmed Al-Ghandour (Al-Halabi) were killed alongside their eight sons, daughter, daughter-in-law and four grandchildren.

Their sons who were killed were identified as 30-year-old Fahd Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, 22-year-old Omar Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, 20-year-old Youssef Muhammed Badr Al-Ghandour and 18-year-old Muhammad Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour. Three other sons of theirs were also killed: Hamza Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour,  39-year-old Badr Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, and 37-year-old Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour.

Their newly-wed son, Mustafa Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, and his wife, 22-year-old Ahlam Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour (Farhat), were killed.

Muhammed and Maryam’s 9-year-old daughter, Nisma Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, was killed alongside her nieces and nephews. They were identified as Mahmoud’s four children: his daughters, 12-year-old Maryam Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour and Maria Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour, who was described as a child, and his sons, 14-year-old Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour and 13-year-old Qusay Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour.

Two other family members, a 40-year-old man named Shehada Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour and a 38-year-old female relative called Tawfiqa Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour were also killed.

Family members and friends of the Al-Ghandour made heartfelt tributes and described their grief. Multiple sources described victims remaining buried under the rubble but didn’t identify the number of victims or their names.

One relative of the family, Ahmed Sardah, in a post on Facebook, expressed his distress and pleaded for anyone who lived near the Al-Ghandour family in Beit Lahia or the area of the Indonesian Hospital to check on them and reassure him.

Where the sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

The names of fifteen victims have been reconciled with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities published on October 26, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:36 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (18)

Muhammad Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour محمد بدر الغندور
60 years old killed Matched to MoH ID 911985737
Maryam Ahmed Abdullah Al-Ghandour (Al-Halabi) مريم احمد الغندور
56 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 909522427
Mustafa Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour مصطفى محمد بدر الغندور
Age unknown male killed
Ahlam Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour حلام محمد سليم الغندور
22 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 408376549
Youssef Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour يوسف محمد بدر الغندور
20 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 408768794
Omar Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour عمر محمد بدر الغندور
22 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 407047075
Hamza Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour حمزة محمد بدر الغندور
Age unknown male killed
Nisma Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour نسمة محمد بدر الغندور
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434022703
Badr Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour بدر محمد بدر الغندور
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800305062
Fahd Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour فهد محمد بدر الغندور
30 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 804581247
Muhammad Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour محمد محمد بدر الغندور
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421397001
Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour محمود محمد بدر الغندور
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800629727
Muhammad Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour محمد محمود محمد الغندور
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429124571
Qusay Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour قصي محمود محمد الغندور
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429953078
Maryam Mahmoud Muhammad Al-Ghandour مريم محمود محمد الغندور
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800629727
Maria Mahmoud Muhammad Badr Al-Ghandour ماريا محمود محمد بدر الغندور
Child female
Tawfiqa Muhammad Salim Al-Ghandour, توفيقة محمد سليم الغندور
38 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 801541194
Shehada Badr Fahd Al-Ghandour شحادة بدر فهد الغندور
40 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800308397

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the town of Beit Lahia (بيت لاهيا), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.551277, 34.509233. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 26
  • (5–7 children4 women8–10 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nidal Al-Ghandour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Monir Serdah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ashour Ghandour Abu Fadi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salama Abu Jihad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Muhammad Hassan Al-Masry
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Talat Gandoor

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    18 – 26
  • (5–7 children4 women8–10 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0332b

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

Gaza Strip, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On October 17th, 2023, Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Balbisi (25) was killed by an alleged Israeli airstrike in the Gaza Strip.

The Martyrs of Gaza Twitter/X account posted a tribute by Muhammad’s friend Hamoud Abbadi, quoting him as saying, “Who said that parting does not change the features? We were always together… in everything, laughing, going out, doing everything together. But this time, I am crying alone. We spent our childhood together, creating all our memories together. But now, I have to continue without you. Tell me, how can I? I can’t comprehend it until now, and I will never be able to overcome it. You are a loss to humanity. May God have mercy on you, my dear.”

Other friends and relatives expressed their grief on social media. On Facebook, Ahmed J.L.Alsibakhi wrote, “I extend my sincere condolences and sympathy to my friends and sisters, the Al-Balbisi family in general, and my dear brother and friend Ibrahim Al-Balbisi on the martyrdom of his brother Muhammad Al-Balbisi…Exactly two weeks ago, I was sitting with him in Rafah, going to see Ezza. I sat with him and he told me one sentence: we will all die, and life is not permanent and will end in the blink of an eye. Your words are wrong, my friend. We belong to God and to Him we shall return…” Abed Saqr shared a video featuring a smiling photo of Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Balbisi, along with a caption saying “To God we belong and to Him we shall return. The martyrdom of the good young man, Muhammad Al-Bilbisi, my cousin.” Another relative, Ahmad Ibraheem Al-Balbisi, posted “May God reward us with the martyrdom of my nephew, Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Balbisi.” On Twitter/X, @aliaalixxx reposted another photo showing Muhammad smiling at the camera and wrote “Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Balbisi (25 years old). He had many dreams.. and he was very kind to people and to be happy.. affectionate with everyone and a brother and son to everyone.”

Airwars was able to match Muhammad’s name with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th

The specific time and location of the strike are currently unknown. One source identified the belligerent, attributing the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Mahmoud Aa-Balbisi محمد محمود البلبيسي
25 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 405178633

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed J.L.Alsibakhi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed J.L.Alsibakhi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Sager
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @GazaMartyrs
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @GazaMartyrs
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0479

Incident date

October 22, 2023

Location

بئر النعجة, Bir Al Na’jah, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.541901, 34.488035 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An alleged bombing by the Israeli military on the house of the Nabhan family located in Bir al-Naja on Sunday, October 22nd 2023, led to injuries among civilians. Safa News reported this incident coupled with three social media posts containing similar information.

Multiple reports describe injuries at the scene, but no other identifying factors have been made available, and the severity or number of injuries is presently unknown. It is unclear whether the injuries sustained were to members of the Nabhan family, or others.

Due to the lack of further information, Airwars has classified this incident as “weak”, and will update the assessment should more information come to light.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Bir Al Na’jah (بئر النعجة), west of Jabalia (جباليا). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Bir Al Na’jah are: 31.541901, 34.488035.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0560

Incident date

October 24, 2023

Location

طلال السلطان, Tal al Sultan, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.310318, 34.241843 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Around 10:45 in the evening of Tuesday, October 24, 2023, the home of the Musa family in the Tal Al-Sultan neighbourhood in Rafah, south of Gaza Strip, was allegedly bombed, resulting in at least three people killed and one injury.

Safa News reported that three martyrs and a wounded civilian were recovered “as a result of the bombing of the Musa family’s home in the Tal Al-Sultan neighbourhood in Rafah.”

The source for the incident did not attribute the strike to any one belligerent, therefore Airwars has classified the strike status and civilian harm status as ‘contested’ (meaning it could be attributed to either conflict parties), though the civilian harm claim is considered ‘fair’ given multiple corroborating sources.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 10:45 pm local time.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the neighbourhood of Tal al Sultan (طلال السلطان) to the west of Rafah (رفح). Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further. The generic coordinates for Tal al Sultan are: 31.310318, 34.241843.

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Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Palestinian Militants Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Palestinian Militants
  • Palestinian Militants position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Military, Palestinian Militants

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1669

Incident date

December 11, 2023

Location

الشيخ رضوان, Sheik Radwan, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532389, 34.470222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

31.532879, 34.470028 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 7:43 AM on Monday, December 11th 2023, a series of alleged Israeli airstrikes hit six homes belonging to the extended Salem family in Sheikh Radwan, killing at least 102 civilians. Airwars was able to identify 104 named victims (102 fatalities, and two others injured), though some local reports put the death toll at 200 civilians.

Airwars estimates that 50 children* were killed in the attack, which some sources said wiped out almost an entire neighbourhood. It was reported that many of the victims sought refuge in this house to escape the incursion of the Israeli forces into areas of Gaza.

Shehab Agency, Warfare Analysis and other sources initially reported “dozens of martyrs and wounded”. Other sources, including IMEMC news and Mondoweiss news, wrote about 15 civilians killed and dozens injured. According to a news report by arabi21.com, approximately 50 people, including men, women and children, were home in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood at the moment of the strike. A Twitter/X user Younis Tirawi (@ytirawi) wrote that the rescue teams managed to retrieve 32 dead bodies and estimated that an additional 80 were still beneath the rubble.

Other social media users and Salem family members provided much higher casualties figures. According to the Facebook user Yahya salem, one of the affected houses belonging to his uncle Suleiman was bombed after his uncles and their children gathered there, leading to the death of around 50 people. Another user @humanprovince wrote that his good friend’s entire extended family was wiped out yesterday in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood of Gaza City as 70 members of the family were killed. A Twitter/X user @MariamBarghouti wrote that 100 members of the Salem family were killed in the 24 hours since the strike, adding that “There is massacre on top of massacre on top of massacre in Gaza.”

A Facebook user Yahya Salim wrote that 100 family members were killed, and dozens were still under the rubble. He also shared a video showing a completely destroyed building and ongoing rescue efforts – people searching for the bodies of their beloved under the rubble, mentioning that these are his uncles, cousins, his mother and father who remained alive. He added: “there is no ability to rescue those trapped under the rubble, no cars transporting the martyrs and the injured.”

A family relative Ramy salem wrote: “107 martyrs so far and still missing under the rubble💔” Another family relative, Ahmad Salem, alleged that the death toll was higher – according to him, about 130 members of his family were killed, including his uncles and aunts, and their children. A Facebook user Ana Safaa estimated that the number of the victims killed was even higher, up to 200, writing that  “a large number of the family were martyred, approximately 200 martyrs, and a large number are also seriously injured.”

Tributes by family relatives and friends helped Airwars to identify victim names as well as family connections. In particular, the condolence message by Mohammed Salem helped to narrow down the fatalities list to the specific families/houses within the extended Salem family. In cases where sources did not explicitly specify the family connections between the victims, identification through their three full names (usually referring to the victim’s first name, followed by the first name of their father, and their family name) was used.

The extended Salam family

Abu Akram family

An elderly woman Umm Akram Salem, wife of Abu Akram, was killed alongside her two sons, Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) and Abdul Rahman Salem (Abu Uday), her daughter-in-law, Akram’s wife, Zainab Saber Salem (Umm Youssef), Akram and Zainab’s son Younis Akram Salem and an additional unnamed child, and Abu Uday’s daughter Nada Abdul Rahman Salem.  Umm Akram’s daughter Hana Henno  Khalil Salem and her husband Sherif Saber Salem were also killed. Fadl salem abu anas shared an image of two men, Sharif Salem and Rami Salem (mentioned below in “Abu Ramzi house” section), indicating that both of them are “in heaven”.

The surviving sister of Akram and Hanna, Ana Safaa, expressed her grief in a testimony online: “And it goes a💔 black year, yes, a black year that was full of calamities. . .I lost the most precious thing… my mother, my heaven Umm Akram Salem.” In another post, Ana Safaa explained that her mother, Umm Akram Salem, underwent a heart surgery (“she came out of the death before the war with heart operations”), and that her brother’s wife,  Umm Youssef, was like a second mother to her.

A daughter of Ana Safaa’s brother Abdullah Khalil Salem, identified as Sirin Salem, was also reportedly killed.

Ana also mourned the death of her sister Hanaa and Hanaa’s husband Sheriff, her brother Abu Youssef and his wife Umm Youssef along with her nephew Younis Salem, her brother Abu Uday and his daughter Nada Salem. She wrote about Younis that “he had never harmed anyone in his life”

Fadl Salem Abu Anas wrote a tribute to the memory of Abu Youssef, his wife Zainab and their children, sharing an image where one of the men making a meal outside was apparently Abu Youssef. Only one child of Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) could be identified (Younis Akram Salem).

Mohammed Salem mourned the death of his beloved aunt, Umm Akram, “the beloved martyr Abu Youssef”,  the martyrs Umm Youssef Zainab Salem, Younis Akram Salem and Umm Ali Howaida Nafez Salem.

The Abu Ramzi house

According to Mohammed Salem, other family members were killed in the Abu Ramzi house. He, and Yahya Salim, identified the following names:

Sufyan Salem was killed along with his wife and all his family members, except for one son named Ahmed. Among the victims were their children Rami Sufyan Salem (Abu Bilal), Rama Sufyan Salem, Ahmed Sufyan Salem, Halima Sufyan Salem, and Saif Sufyan Salem.

Salem Salem (abu Anas), Salem Salem’s wife (who could possibly be Sherine Jamil Salem) and all his family members were also reportedly killed. Salem’s children, who who lost their lives, were identified as Anas Salem Salem, Wabab Salem Salem, Roa Salem Salem, Ahmed Salem Salem and Remas Salem Salem.

Mohammed Salem also added that the entire family of Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb – his wife Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa, sons, daughters, and relatives – were killed, while sources were conflicted as to whether Ramzi himself was left alone injured or was killed. The children were identified by Yahya salim as three sons Mustafa Ramzi Salem, Mohamed Ramzi Salem, Muhannad Ramzi Salem and two daughters Nourhan (Nour) Ramzi Salem and Nawal Ramzi Salem.

Members of Al-Shawa family, related to the Salem family through Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa’s mariage to Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb, were also killed in the same attack (see below: Al-Shawa family).

Al-Shawa family

According to the Facebook tribute by Moataz Shawa, the bombing of her sister’s Suhair house allegedly perpetrated by the Israeli military led to the death of 18 of her family members. “They were my whole life”, she added.

She also shared pictures showing the complete destruction of their family home. “This is what’s left of my house, after all my family members were killed” Moataz wrote.

Moataz’s father Majid Awni Jamil Al-Shawa (abu Fadi) was killed along with his wife, Moataz’s mother Helen Badie Jamil al-Shawa, their sons, Moataz’s brothers Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa and Ihab Majed Awni Al-Shawa, their daughter, Moataz’s sister Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa along with her husband Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb (abu Mustafa) and their five children (documented above – “Abu Ramzi house”), their daughter-in-law, wife of Fadi, Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al-Shawa (Al Sarsak), their daughter-in-law, wife of Ihab, Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Shawa (Al-Sarsak) and their grandchildren.

Among the grandchildren killed in the attack were sons of Fadi and Nevin Fares Al-Shawa and Firas Al-Shawa, their daughter Shahad Al-Shawa; a son of Ihab and Walaa, Muhammad Al-Shawa, and the two daughters of Ihab and Walaa – Helen Al-Shawa and an infant Sham Al-Shawa.

In one Facebook post, Moataz Shawa shared a group picture featuring her mother Helen, her sister Suhair, her niece Nawal, her brother Ihab, Ilhab’s wife Walaa with the 5-month old daughter Sham. She wrote the heartbreaking words that all of them were killed: “Everyone in the picture was killed by Israel. They were all martyrs in a hideous massacre carried out by [Israeli] aircraft that killed 18 people from my family. Every person has a story, a story, and a dream that he was seeking to implement.”

In a separate post, Moataz shared the pictures of her sister Suhair – a smiling young woman in a black dress and a grey hijab, and of her children who were killed. In one more post, she shared the pictures of her deceased father Majed and her mother Helen – he is dressed in a suit with a black tie, and she is in a black embroidered dress and hijab. In other posts, she shared the pictures of her brothers Fadi and Ihab and their children.

Another family relative, Ghadeer Mohammad, also mourned his aunt Helen Al-Shawa, his uncle Abu Fadi Em Fadi Al-Shawa, his relative Nevin, “the kind and compassionate one”, and Suhair.  He also wrote a condolence message to the apparently surviving member of the family, Eman Majed Al-Shawa, saying: “Dear Eman, may God give you patience, strengthen you, and give your heart patience.“

The Shawa Family Facebook account also wrote a tribute to the 19 members of the Al-Shawa family who were killed “while they were safe in their home in Gaza City – Sheikh Radwan neighborhood”, and went on to “ask God Almighty to grant them wide mercy, forgiveness, and the highest paradise in Paradise, and to accept them as companions with the prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the good ones.”

Facebook users Al-qishawi Nael and Alaa al-Fasees mourned the death of Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa, calling him “our brother, friend, and comrade” and sharing a picture of a young bearded man in glasses.

Abu Ghassan’s house

According to the post by Abdelmajeed Aljelekh, among the victims were also Umm Ghassan Salem and her four sons, brothers Yahya Zakaria Salem, Bassam Zakarya Salem (Abu Hamza), Hossam Zakarya Salem, and Ahmad Zakarya Salem, as well as her daughter with all her children, and the wife of one of the brothers, Yahya, named Sabreen Sami Kasbeh. Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh further identified Nidal Zakarya Salem, son of Zakarya Salem, as killed.

Mohammad Sandouqa wrote that Umm Ghassan was a wife of the late Zakaria Salem. He mourned the death of the brothers – Bassam, Hossam, Yahya and Ahmad.

According to the Facebook tribute by Omar Mustafa, Yahya Salem was his neighbour and childhood friend. He added that he was killed along with his mother, his brothers Bassam and Hossam, some of their children and wives..

Qusi Mustfa Alooz also mourned the death of Umm Ghassan and her sons, sharing the image of Yahya and Ahmad, apparently quite young men.

Mohammed Salem wrote that he lost his beloved aunt, Umm Ghassan, his nephews Yahya and Ahmed as well as Yahya’s wife.

Mohammed Kusba, uncle of the late Sabreen, mourned her death and death of her husband and aunt: “With hearts full of faith in God Almighty and satisfied with God’s will and destiny, my niece (Sabreen Sami Kasba, her husband Yahya Salem, and her aunt, a thousand mercy on them) was martyred.”

Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house

A family relative Waleed Naeem Salem wrote on Facebook that it was “a black day for our family”. He mourned the death of 60 members of his family, including his aunt, Bushra Ahmed Salem (Umm Wissam) who was killed along with her husband Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem (abu Wissam), their daughter Ahlam Ziyad Salem and their three sons –  Wissam Ziad Salem, Abdullah Ziyad Salem, and Basil Ziad Salem. A wife of Basil, Shaima Akram Salem was also killed along with their sons Youssef Basil Salem and Zain Basil Salem. They were all killed in the house of Ziad Salem, according to Mohammed Salem, survived only by Hossam Basil Salem, one of Basil’s sons. Waleed also shared a striking  image where names of the victims written in Arabic can be seen on the black background.

Mohammed Salem also added that Muhammad and his wife were also killed in this house- it is possible that he could refer to Muhammad Iyad Salem who was mentioned in the list of victims published by Emad j abushawiesh.

A niece of the late Ziad, Abed Deeb, wrote a heartfelt Facebook testimony, mourning the death of her dear uncle Ziad, his wife and children.

Mohammed b Salem in his post wished “Mercy on the family of my aunt Umm Wissam, her husband Ziad, her children, her grandchildren, and her children’s wives 💔😭.”

Hamed jawad mahdi posted a tribute for Basil Ziad Salem, calling him “the beloved and dear friend to our hearts.”

Shaimaa Akram Salem, her husband and children were mentioned also in the testimony by Ana Safaa.

Umm Bashir’s house

According to a post by Mohammed Salem, the three women belonging to three different generations were killed in the house of his aunt Umm Bashir, in particular, Haji Noha Saeed Salem was killed alongside her daughter Reham Saeed Salem and Reham’s daughter Haji Hanan Saeed Salem.

Among the civilians killed in this house were a mother Khader Salem (umm Basil), her three sons –  Basil Rafiq Salem, Jihad Rafiq Salem and Ahmed Rafiq Salem and her daughter Farah Rafiq Salem.  At the same time, Khader’s husband Rafiq Salem (Abu Basil), their married daughters, and Basil’s wife and daughter survived.

Khitam Saeed Salem, child of Saeed Salem was also listed as civilians killed by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh

Thaer Mounir Salem was killed alongside his mother, his wife, his brothers Muhammad  Mounir Salem, Ammar Mounir Salem and Omar Mounir Salem (Omar was identified in Yahya Salim’s list of victims) and his sister Shahd Mounir Salem. Thaer and his siblings’ father Abu Thaer survived.

Rizq Salem’s (Abu Nidal) house

According to Mohammed Salem, his uncle Muhammad Rizq Salem (Abu Nidal) was killed alongside his wife, their son Alaa Muhammad Salem, their daughter Amani Muhammad Salem and their two grandchildren, sons of their surviving son Nidal –  Muhammad Nidal Salem and Ahmed Nidal Salem. He stated that Nidal Salem, his wife and two daughters survived. However, Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh’s list of victims included Nidal Muhammad Salem as one of those killed, with the following relatives: Fidaa Muhammad Salem, Nihad Muhammad Salem, and Kafah Muhammad Salem (mentioned below).

Abu Iyad’s house

According to Mohammed Salem, Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) was killed alongside his wife and all their four children. The names of his deceased children were Ahmed Mahmoud Salem, Mohamed Mahmoud Salem, and Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem, the name of the fourth child was not provided. It could possibly be Kafah Muhammad Salem as his name was listed right below those of the three brothers identified in the list provided by Mohammed Salem- in case there was a typo in the writing of Kafah’s middle Arabic name (Mohammad instead of Mahmoud – only one letter different in Arabic).

Abed Deeb mourned the loss of her cousin Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) and his entire family. She added many images of the family members – mostly men of different ages, but it is hard to identify exactly who was portrayed in the pictures.

Additional members of the Salem family

There were additional members of the Salem family mentioned in the testimonies by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh as killed, but absent in the post by Mohammed Salem. In particular, those were identified as Moaz Hossam Salem, Lana Hossam Salem, Baraa Hossam Salem – children of Hossam Salem, and Muhammad Iyad Salem (on Muhammad Iyad Salem, see section Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house), Muhammad Suleiman Salem, Wisam Al-Khawaldeh, Nesma Hani Salem.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

*When victims were referred to as “children of” Airwars counted them as children given the context and understanding of the family in this case, unless there was evidence to suggest at their age (such as marital status). Where only names were identified without ages, Airwars counted these as adults. Our civilian casualty ranges will be updated once more information is available.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 7:43 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (104)

Khader Salem خضر سالم
Adult female killed
Basil Rafiq Salem باسل رفيق سالم
male killed
Jihad Rafiq Salem جهاد رفيق سالم
male killed
Ahmed Rafiq Salem احمد رفيق سالم
male killed
Farah Rafiq Salem فرح رفيق سالم
female killed
Nidal Zakaria Salem نضال زكريا سالم
killed
Thaer Munir Salem ثائر منير سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Thaer Salem زوجة ثائر
Adult female killed
Mother of Thaer أم ثائر
Adult female killed
Ammar Mounir Salem عمار منير سالم
Adult male killed
Muhammad Mounir Salem محمد منير سالم
Adult male killed
Shahd Mounir Salem شهد منير سالم
Adult female killed
Wisam Al-Khawaldeh وسام الخوالدة
killed
Hanan Saeed Salem حنان سعيد سالم
female killed
Noha Saeed Salem نهى سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Reham Saeed Salem ريهام سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Rizq Salem محمد رزق سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Muhammad Rizq Salem زوجة محمد رزق سالم
Adult female killed
Omar Mounir Salem عمر منير سالم
killed
Khitam Saeed Salem ختام سعيد سالم
killed
Alaa Muhammad Salem علاء محمد سالم
Adult male killed
Amani Muhammad Salem اماني محمد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Nidal Salem محمد نضال سالم
male killed
Ahmed Nidal Salem احمد نضال سالم
male killed
Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) زوجة محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult female killed
Kafah Muhammad Salem كفاح محمد سالم
male killed
Ahmed Mahmoud Salem احمد محمود سالم
killed
Mohamed Mahmoud Salem محمد محمود سالم
killed
Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem ابراهيم محمود سالم
killed
Fourth child of Mahmoud Salem
male killed
Abdul Rahman Salem عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Fidaa Muhammad Salem فداء محمد سالم
killed
Sufyan Salem سفيان سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Sufyan Salem زوجة سفيان سالم
Adult female killed
Rami Sufyan Salem رامي سفيان سالم
male killed
Rama Sufyan Salem راما سفيان سالم
female killed
Ahmed Sufyan Salem احمد سفيان سالم
killed
Halima Sufyan Salem حليمه سفيان سالم
Age unknown female killed
Saif Sufyan Salem سيف سفيان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Salem Suleiman Salem سالم سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sherine Jamil Salem شرين جميل سالم
Age unknown female killed
Wabab Salem Salem وباب سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Roa Salem Salem رؤى سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Anas Salem Salem انس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmed Salem Salem احمد سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nada Abdel Rahman Salem ندى عبد الرحمن سالم
Age unknown female killed
Akram Khalil Salem (abu Youssef) اكرم خليل سالم
Adult male killed
Mother of Akram أم اكرم
Adult female killed
Zainab Saber Salem (umm Youssef) زينب صابر سالم
Adult female killed
Younis Akram Salem يونس اكرم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Child of Zainab Saber Salem طفل زينب صابر سالم
Age unknown killed
Hanaa Khalil Salem هناء خليل سالم
Adult female killed
Sherif Saber Salem شريف صابر سالم
Adult male killed
Nihad Muhammad Salem نهاد محمد سالم
Age unknown killed
Yahya Zakaria Salem يحيى زكريا سالم
Adult male killed
Umm Ghassan Salem أم غسان سالم
Adult female killed
Bassam Zakarya Salem بسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Hossam Zakarya Salem حسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmad Zakarya Salem احمد زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sabreen Sami Kasbeh صابرين سامي كسبة
Adult female killed
Howaida Nafez Salem (Umm Ali) هويدا نافذ سالم
Adult female killed
Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem زياد عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Bushra Ahmed Salem شرى احمد سالم
Adult female killed
Ahlam Ziyad Salem احلام زياد سالم
Age unknown female killed
Abdullah Ziyad Salem عبدالله زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Wissam Ziad Salem وسام زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Basil Ziad Salem باسل زياد سالم
Adult male killed
Shaima Akram Salem شيماء اكرم سالم
Adult female killed
Youssef Basil Salem يوسف باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Zain Basil Salem زين باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Iyad Salem محمد اياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad's wife
Age unknown Matched to MoH ID possibly Muhammad Iyad Salem's wife
Nesma Hani Salem نسمه هاني سالم
Age unknown female killed
Moaz Hossam Salem معاذ حسام سالم
Age unknown male killed
Lana Hossam Salem لانا حسام سالم
Age unknown female killed
Baraa Hossam Salem براء حسام سالم
Age unknown killed Matched to MoH ID gender unknown
Remas Salem Salem ريماس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nidal Muhammad Salem نضال محمد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Suleiman Salem محمد سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sirin Salem سيرين سالم
Age unknown female killed
Majid Awni Jamil Shawa ماجد عوني جميل الشوا
Adult male killed
Helen Badie Jamil Shawa هيلين بديع جميل الشوا
Adult female killed
Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa فادي ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al Sarsak نفين سهيل عبدالله السرسك
Adult female killed
Fares Al-Shawa فارس الشوا
Child male killed
Shahad Al-Shawa شهد الشوا
Child female killed
Firas Al-Shawa فراس الشوا
Child male killed
Ihab Majed Awni Al Shawa ايهاب ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Sarsak ولاء حسام سليم السرسك
Adult female killed
Helen Al-Shawa هيلين الشوا
Child female killed
Muhammad Al-Shawa محمد الشوا
Child male killed
Sham Al-Shawa شام الشوا
4 years old female killed
Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa سهير ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem's wife
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem رمزي سليمان سالم ديب
Adult male killed
Mustafa Ramzi Salem مصطفى رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Muhammad Ramzi Salem محمد رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Nawal Ramzi Salem نوال رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Nourhan Ramzi Salem نورهان رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Muhannad Ramzi Salem
Adult male killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter
Adult female killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 1
Child killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 2
Child killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention multiple residential buildings being struck in the vicinity of the Sheik Radwan Clinic (عيادة الشيخ رضوان) within Sheik Radwan (الشيخ رضوان) neighbourhood of Gaza (غزة) city. Al Jazeera provided Airwars with the exact coordinates for one residential buildings after receiving testimony from a survivor, as follows: 31.532389, 34.470222. The generic coordinates for Sheik Radwan Clinic are: 31.532879, 34.470028. Due to limited imagery from the site, we were unable to verify the locations further..

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Residential building struck","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470222,31.532389],"type":"Point"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Sheik Radwan Clinic \n عيادة الشيخ رضوان","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470028,31.532879],"type":"Point"}}]}

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (51) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu waseem abu diah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Waleed naeem salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa al-fasees
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Yahya salim
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]