US-led Coalition in Iraq & Syria

Civilians in the ruins of Mosul city. (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
US-led Coalition
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

CS1928

Incident date

August 31, 2019

Location

كفرجالس, Kafr Jalis, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.977803, 36.643374 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

In an airstrike confirmed by CENTCOM, US forces struck what it reported to be an Al-Qaeda command center in northern Idlib. Local sources reported that the US strike struck a military headquarters belonging to “Ansar Al-Tawhid” in the town of Kafr Nabil, but added that civilian houses were struck nearby as well, resulting in a number of deaths and wounded.

The US Central Command under the Pentagon reported that US forces had struck an al-Qaeda facility north of Idlib in Syria on Saturday. According to Lieutenant Colonel Earl, “the operation targeted al-Qaeda leaders in Syria responsible for attacks that threaten American citizens, our partners and innocent civilians,” Brown, the head of media operations at the Central Command, told Reuters in an e-mailed statement.

However, local sources claimed that children and women from the families of members of ISIS living in the area were killed in the attack as well. According to Syria TV, 23 people were identified, including four people under the age of 18 and seven unidentified bodies. According to Alaraby, the children and women were family members of members of the terror organisation.

Step News Agency reported that 14 members of ISIS were killed and more than 23 were wounded. In addition, the source reported that a civilian by the name of Ahmed Youssef Yassou was killed when rocket shelling hit his farm.

The Syrian Human Rights Committee reported that 29 people were killed, 22 wounded and one person went missing; 21 year old Khaled al-Sha’ban. The source identified the names of 22 victims. It further stated that the seven unidentified bodies were saved for forensic medicine.

Baladi estimated a total death toll of 30 people, most of whom were buried under the rubble, while Alquds reported on a total of 51 dead.

Russia accused the US of “endangering” a ceasefire in Syria’s Idlib province by carrying out the airstrike.

The incident occured at approximately 3:00 pm local time.

  • Ahmed Youssef Yassouf 65 years old male killed
  • Abdul Rahman Qandah 19 years old killed
  • Samir Ahmed Mohammed Ali 22 years old killed
  • Musa Ja'ma 21 years old killed
  • Suleiman Khaled Khatib 15 years old killed
  • Basil Al Khalaf Age unknown killed
  • Khalid Mohammed Fadl 17 years old killed
  • Muath Samir Fadel 16 years old killed
  • Abdul Salam Sayah 12 years old killed
  • Amjad al-Abrash 24 years old killed
  • Yacoub Ibrahim al-Rahman 20 years old killed
  • Omar Mohammed Aldani Age unknown killed
  • Ibrahim Mutasim Parish 21 years old killed
  • Abdul Hamid Satouf Al-Satouf 12 years old killed
  • Mohammed Omar Yehia Hababa 12 years old killed
  • Ibrahim Mahmoud Mohammed Ali 21 years old killed
  • Nizar al-Shami 20 years old killed
  • Yasser Khaddour 23 years old killed
  • Khaled Abu Khattab Age unknown killed
  • Nasser Abu Abdul Majeed Age unknown killed
  • Huthayfa Abu Abdul Hakim Age unknown killed
  • Aref Hamjou 15 years old killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 29
  • (6 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    22
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    22 – 29
  • (6 children1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    22
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (16) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1927

Incident date

August 16, 2019

Location

المانعية, Al Man’iya, Ar Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

“Two unidentified men” were reported killed in a Coalition ground operation in Al-Mananiya, east of Raqqa, on August 16th.

Suriye.u.a.d stated that “two unidentified men [were] killed after being shot by Coalition forces that carried out an airstrike on the village of Al-Mananiya east of Raqqa.”

Meanwhile, Shaam News stated that “Coalition Forces conducted an air-landing operation, targeting two displaced families in the village of Al-Man’iya in the eastern countryside.”

It is unclear at this point whether the men were civilians or belligerents.

Airwars has set a possible civilian casualty range of 0 to two, and is conducting ongoing research.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1926

Incident date

August 1, 2019

Location

قرية بكعة في تل حميس, Baka`a Village in the area of Tal Hamis, Al Hasaka, Syria

Airwars assessment

Six civilians were reported killed by an alleged Coalition action in Baka`a Village, Al Hasaka, on August 1st.

Al Khabour News reported that: “The International Coalition forces, backed by elements of the Democratic Unionist Party (BYD), committed a massacre in which six people, including children and women, were killed in the village of Beka`a in the area of ​​Tal Hamis in the province of Hasaka.”

The Khabour correspondent stated: “Two aircraft belonging to the International Alliance landed in the village of Beka`a, before heavy machine guns and rockets hit several houses in the village [….].The bombing led to the death of an entire Iraqi family, after the collapse of the house over their heads.”

According to this source, Coalition forces “withdrew immediately after the destruction of the house, without retrieving any bodies.”

Meanwhile, NSyria News reported that “the anti-terrorist forces of the Syrian Democratic Forces carried out an aerial landing operation supported by the International Coalition in the countryside of the town of Tal Hamis in northern Syria.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said “that the anti-terrorism forces, with the support of the international Coalition, carried out an air landing near the Syrian-Iraqi border in the town of Tal Hamis in the countryside of the province of Hasaka.

“The Syrian Observatory confirmed that two members of the family of one of the ‘Islamic State’ cells in the region were arrested, in addition to the sources of weapons in their possession.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • "The operation resulted in the arrest of Sabah Ali Muhammad and Razzaq Ali Muhammad. They found pistols, magazines, hand grenades and electronic devices used in terrorist operations." (via Vedeng News)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    6
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (9) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1925

Incident date

July 29, 2019

Location

قرية الزر في منطقة البصيره, Al Zer area near Al-Busayrah area, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Coalition airstrikes on Al Zer killed claimed the lives of a number of people and injured others, although it is unclear whether they were combatants or non-combatants.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that it “learned from a number of reliable sources that helicopters affiliated to the International Coalition targeted a cell of the ‘Islamic State’ organisation that was hiding in Hawijat Al-Busayrah in the eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor, which resulted in the killing of five of the cell’s members of the Syrian nationality amid information about the killing of a sixth non-Syrian member”.

According to Step News, five members were of Syrian nationality, two of them from the village of Zer, and the other three from the village of Saalu in the eastern village of Deir al-Zour.

However, Syrian-regime affiliated source SANA News claimed that “a number of civilians were martyred and other were injured, most of them women and children”.

Baladi also blamed the Coalition for the death of five civilians and named the victims as “Abdul Karim Mohammed al-Wattb, the son of Hussein al-Hindula ,and a young from the town of Zer, whose name is still unknown, as well as two young men from the town of Saalu, west of the town of Al-Mayadin”.

Nabd News reported: “Coalition spokesman Scott Rawlinson told AFP Coalition forces launched a raid on a Daesh near the vision in the rural north of Deir al-Zour. The raid on Sunday night killed five terrorists who played a key role in facilitating attacks in the region against security forces and innocent civilians, according to Rawlinson”.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (20) [ collapse]

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • Civilians reported injured
    0–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (20) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1924

Incident date

July 16, 2019

Location

الطكيحي قرب مدينة البصيرة, Al Takaihi near Al Basira town, Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources alleged that the International Coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) carried out an airstrike that struck the home of ISIS leader Ragheb Hussein al-Hindoura at dawn, and claimed that the airstrike killed between 10 to 15 relatives in the house adjacent to Hassan’s house and wounded others. The dead and wounded relatives were reported as civilians.

According to one source, Hassan refused to surrender to Coalition forces and opened fire, which escalated the situation and prompted the Coalition forces to shell his house after it was besieged by SDF forces, resulting in one member of the SDF killed and two others wounded.

Deir Ezzor 24 reported: “Special sources confirmed that the aircraft of the International Coalition bombed the house of the leader of Da`esh Hassan Ibrahim, killing 15 civilians, and wounded others.”

According to Step News, not 15 but 10 civilians were killed in the attack. The source added that five ISIS members were wounded in addition to two members of SDF.

Euphrates Post however, reported that these allegations were false. The source claimed:

“All the news reported by some media about the killing of two civilians during the raid and aerial landing carried out by the SDF supported by the international coalition forces in the village of Al-Takihi at dawn today is not true. The operation resulted in the killing of the leader of the state organization Ragheb Hussein Al-Hindoura and injury of his wife only and the arrest of two of his father’s brothers and two others who are unknown”.

In response, Deir Ezzor 24 reported that it received new information from military sources that Ragheb Hussein Ahmed al-Ibrahim was a security official for ISIS in several area’s of Deir Ezzor countryside, especially the area known as the Triangle “Al-Bassirah – Ash-Shahil – Al-Tukayhi”. The source added that the member of the SDF killed was named Abdul Hamid al-Faihan.

Orient added: “It is noteworthy that the international coalition forces carried out dozens of landings in the countryside of Deir Ezzor, targeting elements, leaders and cells”.

In September 2019 the Coalition announced that it had assessed this allegation of civilian harm to be non-credible. Their monhtly civilian casualty report noted, “After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties.”

The incident occured around dawn.

  • Wife of Ragheb Hussein al-Hindoura Adult female injured

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    One of ISIS' leaders Ragheb Hussein al-Hindoura was reported killed in an alleged Coalition airstrike on Al Takaihi village in Al Basra on July 16th (via Euphrates Post).

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Other
  • Stated location
    in Al Takaihi, Syria
    Nearest population center

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 26, 2019
  • July 16, 2019, in Al Takaihi, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 15
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1923

Incident date

July 13, 2019

Location

بادية (فليطح) فلطيح, Faltih(Fletih) desert (Badit Faltih), Deir Ezzor, Syria

Airwars assessment

Abed Abdullah al-Numan, a shepherd from the town of Al Tayana, was killed by an alleged Coalition airstrike when he was out working in the Faltih(Fletih) desert (Badit Faltih), north of Deir Ezzor – near the Syrian-Iraqi border, according to local media.

Suriye u.a.d. reported that the victim was killed by a Coalition helicopter, whereas Euphrates post reported he was struck from a Coalition plane.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, who also blamed the Coalition, the plane was “without pilot”.

No other details are known at this time.

In September 2019 the Coalition announced that it had classed this allegation of civilian harm as non-credible. Their monthly civilian casualty report noted, “After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abed Abdullah al-Numan Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A shepherd called Abed Abdullah al-Numan was out with his sheep when he was struck by an alleged Coalition airstrike on Faltih(Fletih) desert (Badit Faltih), north of Deir Ezzor - near the Syrian-Iraqi border, on July 13th (via Euphrates Post).

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    No Coalition strikes were conducted in the geographical area
  • Stated location
    in Badit Faltih, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SFV157184
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Sep 26, 2019
  • July 13, 2019, in Badit Faltih, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of available information it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

Between July 2 and July 31, 2019, CJTF-OIR conducted one strike consisting of five engagements against Daesh
targets in Syria. CJTF-OIR engaged five Daesh tactical units.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1922

Incident date

July 4, 2019

Location

الحسكة, Al Hasaka, Al-Hasakah, Syria

Airwars assessment

One child was reported killed, and another injured, in a collision with a vehicle belonging to the US-led Coalition in Al-Hasakah on July 4th.

Haleb Today TV documented that those wounded and injured were two children, stating that a correspondent from Aleppo Today reported “a child killed and another seriously injured in a traffic accident between the patrol of the International Coalition and a motorcycle on which two children were traveling, near the village of Shomukh rural western Hasaka.”

According to this source, “the correspondent added that the child Hani Al Afin – 12 years old – was killed after the incident, while the child Yasser Abdul-Baki – 15 years – had a concussion, and required the amputation of one of his fingers in addition to various wounds in the body.”

While other sources referred to those harmed in the incident as children, Smart News alleged that “one person died and another was injured in a collision between a vehicle of the International Coalition and a motorcycle west of the city of Hasaka.”

Meanwhile, Syria TV News reported that “a civilian was killed and another wounded Thursday when their motorbike was run over by a vehicle belonging to the International Coalition in the province of Hasaka, northeast of Syria.”

Kurdstreet News and Rojava052 stated that the vehicle involved in the incident was a “French patrol of the International Coalition.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (1)

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Image caption translation: "A civilian was killed and another was injured in a traffic accident on the Hasaka road. Kurdish media reported that an international Coalition convoy collided with civilians on their motorcycle on the Hasaka road - Ain Issa, killing one of them and injuring the other." (via Jist TV).

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1921

Incident date

June 30, 2019

Location

ريف المهندسين الأول, Rif Al Mouhandessen Al Awal, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.094532, 36.961419 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

A confirmed Coalition strike with high-explosive missiles against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on the afternoon of June 30th is also locally reported to have injured at least two children and two women, and killed a number of foreign AQ-linked fighters. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claimed that the strike was carried out at 4.20 pm, exactly.

According to Step news, a total of seven injured people were evacuated including the two children and two women, in addition to the bodies of three men. Step News added in a later post that the number of casualties had risen to eleven people but did specify the number of dead or wounded or their combatant status.

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights initially reported that eight commanders and fighters were killed but in a later post added that the number had risen to nine. According the source, the victims included two Algerians, two Tunisians, one Egyptian and a Syrian commander in addition to 14 wounded who attended a meeting when the building they were in was struck with rocket shelling. The source added that it wasn’t clear whether the shelling was carried out by the International Coalition or by Russian missiles.

Alarabiya reported: “The US-led coalition said Monday its jets carried out strikes in northwest Syria a day earlier that a monitor reported had killed eight extremists, including commanders, from an al-Qaeda-linked group.

‘This operation targeted AQ-S operatives responsible for plotting external attacks threatening US citizens, our partners, and innocent civilians,’ US Central Command said in a statement, using an acronym for Al-Qaeda in Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based war monitor, earlier said six commanders were among the slain extremists from the Hurras al-Deen group.”

Among those killed extremists were Abu Omar, Tunisian, and Abu Dujana, Algerian, leaders of the organization according to Mena Monitor. @jalaysalshuhada reported that Abu Omar was a Tunisian member of the Shura Council and a judge in the internal judiciary of the organization.

Mena Monitor added that among the wounded extremists were Abu Yahya al-Masri and Abu Dhar al-Masri.

 

 

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Step News).
  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Step News).
  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Step News).
  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Step News).
  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Syria live ua).
  • A building was struck by a confirmed Coalition strike against Al Qaeda at Rif Al Mouhandessen near Aleppo on June 30th (via Syria live ua).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Abu Omar, Tunisian member of the Shura Council and a judge in the internal judiciary of extremist organization "Horras Al Din", was alleged killed in a Coalition strike in Aleppo on June 30th (via @jalaysalshuhada).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Video showing bodies of stuck under the rubble caused by a Coalition strike in Aleppo on June 30th (via @jalaysalshuhada).

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilians reported killed
    11
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–7
  • Airwars grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition

Sources (23) [ collapse]