Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS171

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

براكاسة, Barkasa, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.723889, 36.800000 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

At least three civilians died, and more were wounded in an alleged Turkish airstrike which reportedly struck civilian homes in Barkasa, Syria, according to local media.

Xeber24 reported that two families remained under the rubble as a result of the bombing of Turkish aircraft that targeted the homes of villagers.

According to SotKurdistan, “there was a Turkish aerial bombardment of Afrin and its environs on Thursday. This led to the massacre of two families in the village of Berkashah in the area of Balbala. We learned that the rescue teams recovered the victims from the rubble, most of them were wounded, but we could not obtain the names.”

In a video, Rumaf named three wounded civilians including Rachid Sidou (67 years old). However, other sources named Rachid Sidou as killed (and put his age at 43 or 34, rather than 67). IC Afrin resistance tweeted an image of the victim’s funeral.

According to most sources, Rachid Sidou’s body was only discovered 15 days after the bombardment.

On February 26th the Kurdish news agency ANHA reported that Mr Sidou’s body was found under the rubble two weeks after his house was bombed. It added that no one had been able to reach the demolished building because of continued heavy shelling by the Turkish army.

The transcript of a video for the incident reads as follows:

“Voice off camera asking woman: What kind of shelling was it? Was it artillery or plane?

Woman: It was artillery. We were sleeping at my brother’s house. We usually sleep there and then we go to our house in the morning and spend the daytimes there. In the morning I was in our home and getting breakfast ready I went to the kitchen to get a cup, and I was shot in my foot, and then there was artillery shelling and firearms they were just hitting us. We were all injured. We were all civilians; they hit the civilians, not the military. There is no military there.

Off camera: You mean they’re deliberately hitting the civilians?

Woman: Yes, they demolished the civilians’ homes. They demolished half the village. There are still people there under siege we’ve spoken to them they’re still shelling the houses. There is a cave people are taking shelter in because the village is still being hit because they know there are civilians they won’t’ let anyone come out alive.”

It must be noted that this video transcript was also reported in the incident in Kafr Shila, 8th February 2018. It is unclear where this video belonged. 

According to Afrin Now, the wounded were taken to Afrin Hospital, two of them in stable conditions and the others in critical condition.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Rojava)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the body of the victim Reşîd Ebdulhenan Seydo (43), found by Kurdish Red Crescent followed an alleged Turkish airstrike on Barkasa, Afrin. 9th February 2018. (via: Rumaf)
  • A picture shows a group of people carrying the victim Reşid Sido, 43 years old, killed followed an alleged Turkish air strike on Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via: IC Afrin resistance)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS167

Incident date

February 9, 2018

Location

اخجيلة, Akhjla village, Jandrissa, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.377381, 36.664178 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to a tweet by Roni Omar, one civilian, named Osman Hamo Na’so, was killed.

Afrin Now reported “shelling by the Turkish occupation army aircraft on the village of Qustal Khadriya and Qustal Mekdad in the area of Bulbula, and the village of Deir Sawan in the vicinity of Shara. Aircraft also bombed the village of Akhjla of the region of Jandrissa, wounding a civilian”.

Other sources also reported the wounding of a civilian.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Osman Hamo Na’so Adult male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Osman Hamo Na'so, killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Akhjla village, Jandrissa, Afrin, 9th February 2018. (via Roni Omar)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS164

Incident date

February 8, 2018

Location

اشكا غابري, Ashka Gharbi village, Jandrissa, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.399444, 36.636667 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to several sources, an unidentified number of civilians were wounded followed an alleged Turkish shelling on Ashka Gharbi village, Jandrissa, Afrin.

Afrin Now reported that in Syria the Turkish occupation army shelled the village of Ashka Gharbi of the Jundressa area in Afrin province with artillery. There were reports of civilian casualties and injuries caused by indiscriminate shelling.

On February 9th, The Military Council for Manbij and its countryside reported that at 6 pm yesterday, the village of Ashkan Gharbi was subjected to a very violent indiscriminate artillery bombardment causing civilian injuries.

The same video was used to document the shelling of Kafr Shila which injured three civilians, including two 10 year old boys and their mother. It is unclear to which incident it belongs. 

The incident occured at 6:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A boy injured in "very violent indiscriminate artillery bombardment", by alleged Turkish shelling. 8th February 2018. (via SDF PRESS)
  • The sign at the village (which is made by the Kurdish people, not official Syrian regime sign) reads” Aska Rojava.

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS165

Incident date

February 8, 2018

Location

ماسكا, Maska, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.648611, 36.678889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to local reports, up to 4 civilians were injured followed an alleged Turkish air strike on Maska.

Kurdhr indicated that the Turkish air force targeted the village of Maskah in the Jundair district of Jandairis with two air raids, injuring more than 4 civilians.

Rumaf reported that many civilians were wounded in the strike.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS166

Incident date

February 8, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Two civilians including a woman died, and more than four others were wounded in alleged Turkish airstrikes on Afrin, according to local media.

Afrin Now revealed a 70-year-old man was killed in the incident and the second victim, a 50-year-old woman, was indicated by Maf News.

However, a tweet in reply to the source Bekodo suggested that Amina Shahin was not a civilian – and an image was published of her holding a gun. Furthermore, Nuce Kurd and Bas News reported that it was Amina Shain who died of the heart attack, brought on my fear and panic.

According to Hawar, Turkish occupation planes destroyed two gunmen in the city of Afrin after five air strikes targeted it.

At approximately 23:30 local time, the Turkish planes targeted two farmers. The first to slaughter the sheep of Al Shaab municipality and the second to slaughter the chickens, which are one kilometre southwest of Afrin.

The shelling resulted in the deaths of the gunmen and the deaths of 15 sheep, and wounded three civilians.

There were five wounded civilians indicated by several sources.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Abdul Qadir Othman 70 years old male from the village of Shikhurzze killed
  • Amina Shahin 50 years old female displaced from Bulbula area killed
  • Bader Darmoush 10 years old male A fragment in his chest, from Deir Ballout injured
  • Mustaffah Beder Dirmoush Child male injured
  • Dibeh Darmoush 35 years old female Shrapnel in the foot, from Deir Ballout injured
  • Shukri Mustafa 88 years old male injured right thigh injured
  • Khadija Abdul-Munan, 60 years old female taken to hospital, her condition became stable injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    50-year-old Amina Shahin was killed as a result of the Turkish bombardment of Afrin city, 8th February 2018. (via Afrin Now)
  • A picture shows the exact moment the airstrike hit Afrin due to an alleged Turkish airstrike, 8th February 2018. (via: Afrin now facebook)
  • A picture shows the exact moment the airstrike hit Afrin due to an alleged Turkish airstrike, 8th February 2018. (via: Afrin now facebook)
  • A picture shows the exact moment the airstrike hit Afrin due to an alleged Turkish airstrike, 8th February 2018. (via: SDF)
  • A picture shows the exact moment the airstrike hit Afrin due to an alleged Turkish airstrike, 8th February 2018. (via: SDF)
  • Khadija Abdul-Munan, 60, was wounded by a missile fired by the Turkish occupation forces on the city center of Afrin. She was taken to Afrin Hospital and her help was provided and her condition is now stable. (via Afrin Now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim Abdul Qadir Othman, killed by an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 8th February 2018. (via: Afrin now)
  • A tweet in response to the death of 50-year-old Amina Shahin claiming she is not a civilian. This image here shows her holding an AK47. (via Bekodo)
  • Civilians huddle for protection in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish airstrike on Afrin, 8th February 2018. (via MirovKeberd)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–5
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS163

Incident date

February 8, 2018

Location

كفر شيلا, Kafr Shila, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.509722, 36.833611 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to several local media report, one woman and her two children were wounded in an alleged Turkish bombing of Kafr Shila, Syria.

Airwars researchers translated the video footage from Rumaf facebook post, which has now unfortunately been removed.

“Voice off camera asking woman: what kind of shelling was it? Was it artillery or plane?

Woman: it was artillery. We were sleeping at my brother’s house. We usually sleep there and then we go to our house in the morning and spend the day times there.   In the morning I was in our home and getting breakfast ready I went to the kitchen to get a cup and I was shot in my foot and then there was artillery shelling and fire arms they were just hitting us. We were all injured. We were all civilians, they hit the civilians not the military. There is no military there.

Off camera: you mean they’re deliberately hitting the civilians

Woman: yes they demolished the civilians’ homes. They demolished half the village. There are still people there under siege we’ve spoken to them they’re still shelling the houses. There is a cave people are taking shelter in because the village is still being hit because they know there are civilians they won’t’ let anyone come out alive.”

The another video of a young injured boy was also used to document the shelling of Ashka Gharbi village, Jandrissa, Afrin where as many as two civilians were injured. It is unclear to which incident it belongs. 

The incident occured at 11:00 pm local time.

  • Amina Dormash 35 years old female a displaced woman from Tallada injured
  • Mahoud Dormash 10 years old male wounded in Deir Balut, a displaced person from Tallaha injured
  • Mustafa Dormash 10 years old male wounded in Deir Balut, a displaced person from Tallaha injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video reveals the child, being treated at the medical centre followed an alleged Turkish strike on Kafr Shila, 8th February 2018. (via: SDF Video)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS161

Incident date

February 7, 2018

Location

جنديرس, Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a private report, the Kurdish Red Crescent named the following one civilian was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Rajo.

The type of weapon is unknown.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Sheyar Ahmad Baker 35 years old injury to the ankle and stomache injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS162

Incident date

February 7, 2018

Location

بلبلة, Bulbul, Afrin, Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.770899, 36.818318 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a private report, the Kurdish Red Crescent named the following one civilian was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Bulbul.

The type of weapon used is unknown.

No further details are currently available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Salah Rashid 30 years old male injury to the ear injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]