Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish Military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Civilian Harm Status
Belligerent Assessment
Declassified Documents

Incident Code

TS214

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

مخيم روبار, Robar camp, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.466944, 36.948333 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Neighbourhood/area

Airwars assessment

According to Afrin Now, there were civilian casualties in Robar camp, Aleppo, followed an alleged Turkish bombardment of the camp.

Bahzani reported: “The Robar refugee camp was not safe from the bombardment, according to Jean, who said: As a result of the exposure of the Robar camp for the displaced to bombardment, several civilians were injured.”

It has been reported that missiles and shells were used in the raid.

Other local sources also reported an unspecified number of injured civilians in the camp.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (5) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS215

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

عفرين, Afrin city, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.511389, 36.864167 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A number of civilians were killed and injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Afrin, Syria, local media reported – though specific casualty numbers were not given.

Afrin Anha reported the shelling of the town of Afrin, targeting the neighbourhood of Mahmoudiyah – and the road of Jenderis – and the vicinity of the village of Kafr Chile.

There were dozens of missiles, and there is preliminary news about martyrs and wounded in the ranks of civilians.

According to Alwatan, the continuous shelling of the Mahmudiyah neighbourhood in Afrin and the Jenderes area to the west resulted in the deaths and injuries of civilians, including children, who were taken to Afrin Hospital for treatment.

Other sources also reported Turkish bombing of the area, resulting in civilian casualties.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS213

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

قرية درويش, عفرين, Darwish village, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.635, 36.668056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Two civilians including a child died, and up to eight others other was wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling of Darwish village, Syria, local media reported.

According to Nuce24, a 39-year-old man was killed, and 65-year-old was injured as a result of the targeting of their house in the village of Darwish in the area of Medniki.

Other sources also named Rustom Mohammed Jumaa. Most put his age at 41-years.

However, according to Bas News, the bombing of Turkish airliner also caused the death of 13-year-old girl, and wounding eight others in the village of Darwish in the area of Maidanki in rural Afrin, said Prosk Haska, spokesman for the People’s Protection Units.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Rustom Mohammed Jumaa Adult male via IC Afrinresistance‏ killed
  • Haifa Kalaho 13 years old female via Salan Efrin‏ killed
  • Mohammed Juma’a 65 years old male injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows one of the victims, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Darwish village (Source: IC Afrinresistance‏)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video shows the victim body at the hospital, killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Darwish village (Source: Hewar news)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS212

Incident date

February 19, 2018

Location

بلدة الباسوطة, Bashute villages, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.434167, 36.873889 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to many sources, one child was killed and 11 other civilians mainly children were wounded in the alleged Turkish shelling of Bashute villages, Syria.

Their names identified the civilian casualties, this including a the 13-year-old girl and additionally, 11 civilians as wounded.

The Kurdish Red Crescent reported that another 24-years-old civilian sustained bruising to his body. He was trying to escape the Turkish attacks on the village when he had a car accident.

In a video for Rojava, an eyewitness gave testimony in Kurdish with English subtitles: ”

There were eight children here, and Xelil the owner of the house. They all got injured and my neighbour’s daughter was martyred. What can one say?”

Another neighbour: “We heard rockets then we came here. The children had been sitting here; they were actually playing. Some of them were reading behind the house. Their books are still there on the ground. They were reading here they were reading.”

Another man: “We were running here, and as you can see here it’s completely broken but not only here: they fired 3 or 4, my sister’s house and our house and some over there, close to the castle. They say the YPG is here, but there is no YPG, it’s all civilians. Some people came here escaping from the border areas to find a safe place.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Rumaf)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured child at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: IC Afrinresistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the 13-year old victim ( Heva Klaho), killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Athrpress)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured man at the hospital after being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Nuce 24)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture shows the 13-year old victim ( Heva Klaho), killed following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Nuce 24)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A video shows the aftermath of the shelling allegedly by Turkish which led to the killing one child and wounded 11 other civilians mainly children on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Afrin now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows a child civilian at the hospital being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (Source: Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture of the victim Jenav Ziad Kilaho. 11 years old, at the hospital after being treated following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source:Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture of the victim (Shivan Khalil Kilaho) a 6-year-old got many fragments in all his body following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows Henan Mohemmed Kilaho the 11-year-old got injuries in his back and foot following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Ava Khalil Kilaho) the 11-year-old got an injury in her forearm following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim Dilber Khalil Kilaho 14 years old got bruising in all her body following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Dijwar Nezmay Kilaho) 8 years old got an injury in his right knee following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows the victim (Khalil Nebih Kilaho) 42 years old got injuries in his lower parts and his left forearm following an alleged Turkish shelling on Bashute villages, Syria (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Unrecognisable body of a child who was killed in an alleged Turkish airstrike on Bashute villages, Afrin, 19th March 2018. (via Revofront)
  • Basel Jumah Omar 24 years old got bruising in his body. He was trying to escape the Turkish attacks on the village when he had a car accident. (source: Kurdish red crescent pdf emailed to Abdul)
  • Injured civilian being treated in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Bashute villages, Afrin. (via Ahmad Hasan)
  • Injured civilian being treated in the aftermath of an alleged Turkish raid on Bashute villages, Afrin. (via Ahmad Hasan)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS210

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

جنديرس, عفرين, Jindires, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.391667, 36.693056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent reported the death of two civilian adult males in an alleged Turkish shelling of Jindires, Syria.

The victims were identified by names.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Hussein Mustafa Majeed 30 years old male killed
  • Mohammed Umar Kara Mustafa 20 years old male killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (2 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS209

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

قرية قوتا, ريف عفرين , Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.7737831, 36.8417072 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to multiple local sources: two civilians were wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages.

Claudia, a Kurdish activist reported on Twitter, one civilian was wounded in an alleged Turkish shelling of Quta villages. Furthermore, Afrin Now and Hawar news named an additional civilian who got fragments and breaking in his thigh, which is later named by the Kurdish Red Crescent also named the victim and reported that he was 17-years-old.

The source PYD Rojava also reported the injury of a civilian. According to Hawar news, dozens of shells fell on the villages.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Footage shows the destruction of the buildings after being shelled by allegedly Turkish on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source pyd rojava)
  • A picture shows some destruction in the buildings following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows smoke rising from the scene following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: @ClaudiaAlMinah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture shows an injured civilian, being treated following alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows destruction in the building following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows destruction in the building following an alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)
  • A picture shows a destroyed motorbike, being targeted following alleged Turkish shelling on Quta villages, Bulbul district, Afrin (Source: Hawar news)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS211

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

راجو, عفرين, Rajo, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.67296, 36.666364 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

In a private report to Airwars, the Kurdish Red Crescent reported the injury of one civilian in an alleged Turkish shelling of Rajo.

There are no other details at this time.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Salah Hussein 45 years old male head injury injured

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS208

Incident date

February 17, 2018

Location

سرنجاك و كوبلاكا, Sarinjak and Kuplaka, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.723889, 36.911944 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

According to several local sources, one woman and one man died in an alleged Turkish shelling of Sarinjak and Kuplaka, Syria.

According to Rumaf, since the morning hours, the villages of Sarinjak and Kublka have been subjected to heavy shelling. The primary result is the fall of a woman and a man and the wounding of others. The shelling continues.

Afrin Today reported no deaths though said that a female 51-year-old, was wounded by an artillery shell that hit her house in the village of Koblaka in the Shiran area.

Other sources also reported the death of a woman and a man.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • A picture shows the same victim (Fikret Elî Hesen), 51 years old wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling on Sarinjak and Kuplaka (Source: IC Afrin Resistance)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A picture of Fikret Ali Hassan who was wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling on Sarinjak and Kuplaka (Source: Afrin Today)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another picture that shows the same victim (Fikret Elî Hesen) being treated at the midical care after she wounded following an alleged Turkish shelling on Sarinjak and Kuplaka (Source: IC Afrin Resistance)

Turkish Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Military
  • Turkish Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Military

Sources (8) [ collapse]