Turkish Military in Iraq & Syria

An internally displaced Kurdish family in northern Iraq, 2016 (Maranie R. Staab)

Belligerent
Turkish military
Country
Iraq
Syria
start date
end date
Airwars Grading
Belligerent Assessment

Incident Code

TS407

Incident date

January 29, 2020

Location

تل رفعت, Tell Rifaat, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

36.472183, 37.094334 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that “a child was killed by artillery shelling of the Turkish Forces carried out from areas controlled by their loyal factions. The shelling targeted Tall Rifaat town within areas of deployment of the Kurdish forces north of Aleppo on January 29th, 2020.”

No further details are available at the moment.

The incident was first reported on January 30, 2020 at 12:54 am by Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Tell Rifaat (تل رفعت), for which the coordinates are: 36.472183, 37.094334

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (1) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS408

Incident date

February 3, 2020

Location

Aqiba village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Local sources reported that Turkish forces targeted villages in Afrin including Aqiba village during the night, leading to the death of one elderly civilian, an the injury of other civilians including his daughter, on February 3rd, 2020.

NPA Syria reported that “a Syrian civilian was killed and a woman was injured due to the Turkish forces shelling on the village of Aqiba in Sherawa district, south of the Syrian-Kurdish region of Afrin.”, and that “67-year-old Ali Malla lost his life, and his daughter Zainab was wounded after their house was targeted by the Turkish military and its affiliated armed opposition groups’ bombardment on February 3rd, 2020.”

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Turkish shelling on Afrin, Syria on February 3rd, 2020 (via Raperinagel9).
  • Aftermath of alleged Turkish shelling on villages in Afrin, Syria on February 3rd, 2020 (via NPASyria).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ali Malla, 67, was reported killed by alleged Turkish shelling on Aqiba village in Afrin, Syria on February 3rd, 2020 (via Rojavanetwork).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS409

Incident date

February 15, 2020

Location

Bashamreh village, Sherawa district, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

A woman and two children were injured in alleged Turkish air and/or artillery strikes on the village of Bashamreh, Sherawa district, Aleppo governorate, on February 15th, 2020, according to local sources.

ANF English reported that Turkish forces launched an attack on the village, resulting into the injury of a woman named Sêvîn Nebu Qesab and her 8-year-old daughter Hemide Selih Hilal. The name of another injured child is unknown.

Hawar News Agency reported that “the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries are bombing the populated village of Bashamreh in Sherawa district in Afrin, and it resulted in wounding a woman and two children”.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Displaced women reportedly seeking shelter from alleged Turkish shelling on Bashamreh village, Aleppo governorate, on February 15th, 2020 (via @HesenHoseng).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS410

Incident date

February 18, 2020

Location

Mişrefa & Şergirat, Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians were reported injured in alleged Turkish air or artillery strikes on the village of Mişrefa and Şergirat, Ain Issa, on February 18th, 2020, according to local sources.

ANF reported that “at 19.30 local time, the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat were targeted. In the attack with heavy weapons, the wheat warehouse was bombed with mortars. According to the first information, at least 3 people were injured and hospitalised.”

@AzadiRojava posted a video of wounded men receiving medical help in Ain Issa hospital, also reporting three wounded civilians due to Turkish bombing.

The incident occured at approximately 7:30 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (7) [ collapse]

  • Wounded man receiving medical help after alleged Turkish attacks on the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat on February 18th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Young man receiving medical help after alleged Turkish attacks on the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat on February 18th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Injured man receiving medical help after alleged Turkish attacks on the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat on February 18th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Young man receiving medical help after alleged Turkish attacks on the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat on February 18th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Injured man in a hospital after alleged Turkish attacks on the villages of Mişrefa and Şergirat on February 18th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Footage of wounded receiving medical help in a hospital after alleged Turkish bombing of villages in Ain Issa on February 18th, 2020 (via @Jamal_Bali7).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (3) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS411

Incident date

February 23, 2020

Location

Fatsa village, Raqqa , Syria

Airwars assessment

ANF reported that on February 23rd, 2020, “Turkish forces attacked the village of Fatsa in Ain Issa region at around 17:30 local time on Saturday. The attack left three children and a woman injured, and were then taken to Raqqa Hospital for treatment.”

Also @Kurdistan4K reported that Turkish shelling renewed on Ain Issa countryside, causing injuries among civilians.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Woman injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Fatsa village in Ain Issa on February 23rd, 2020 (via ANF)
  • Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria. (via @Kurdistan4K)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS412

Incident date

February 23, 2020

Location

Mebuce village, Raqqa , Syria

Airwars assessment

According to ANF, two civilians including a child were injured in alleged Turkish shelling of Mebuce village in Tal Abyad on February 23rd, 2020. ANF said that ” During the night, the invading Turkish state and its mercenaries shelled the village of Mebuce in Girê Spî (Tal Abyad). As a result of the bombing, a 16-year-old boy named Meram Khelîl was injured together with another civilian.”

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • A child injured in alleged Russian shelling on Mebuce village in Tal Abyad on February 23rd, 2020. (via ANF)
  • Ain Issa, Raqqa, Syria. (via @Kurdistan4K)

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS413

Incident date

February 24, 2020

Location

خروفية كبير, Kharoufiyeh Kabir, Aleppo , Syria

Airwars assessment

One woman was reported injured in alleged Turkish shelling on Kharoufiyeh Kabir in Manbej of Aleppo, Syria on February 24th, 2020 according to local sources.

Manbej Military Council reported that “The Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries target from their base in the village of Al-Yashli and Sheikh Nasser and Al-Tokharak the points of concentration of the forces of Manbij Military Council in the large village of Kharoufiya, Dandaniyah, Arab Hassan Al-Sagheer, Aoun Dadat, Rafia. As a result, a woman from the village of Kharoufiyeh Kabir was wounded, as a result of indiscriminate shells near the densely populated village, and one Syrian army was wounded. ”

No further details are available.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Destruction to a house in Kharoufiya Kabir village in Manbej allegedly caused by Turkish forces shelling on February 24th, 2020. (via manbejmc).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Incident Code

TS414

Incident date

February 25, 2020

Location

Aqiba village, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Three civilians from the same family, including a woman and a child, were killed in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on Aqiba village in Afrin’s Sherawa district in the night of February 25th, 2020, according to local sources.

ANF reported that Seroşet Mihemed Hesen (12), Fatma Ali (46) and Hesen Izet Mihemed (55) were killed in the night of February 25th, 2020, in an “attack by the Turkish army and allied mercenaries”.

@Karl_hakon reported that the family was killed as the house they were in was targeted. In addition, he reported three wounded.

ANF reported that “thousands of people from Afrin and Shehba gathered before the Avrin Hospital in the Fafin district of Shehba before moving to the cemetery of martyrs in a long convoy”.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (6) [ collapse]

  • Thousands of people reportedly came to the funeral of three civilians that were killed in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the village of Aqiba on February 25th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • A convoy during the funeral of three civilians that were killed in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the village of Aqiba on February 25th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • Thousands of people reportedly came to the funeral of three civilians that were killed in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the village of Aqiba on February 25th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • A crowd during the funeral of three civilians that were killed in alleged Turkish artillery strikes on the village of Aqiba on February 25th, 2020 (via ANF).
  • The victims of the alleged Turkish artillery strike: Fatma Ali (left), Hesen Izet Mihemed (right) and Seroşet Mihemed Hesen (below) (via @HesenHoseng).
  • The bodies of the victims after alleged Turkish airstrikes on the village of Aqiba, Aleppo governorate, on February 25th, 2020 (via @Karl_hakon).

Turkish Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Turkish Armed Forces
  • Turkish Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • (1 child1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Turkish Armed Forces

Sources (4) [ collapse]