Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS1506

Incident date

October 26, 2016

Location

حاس, Haas, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.615078, 36.597194 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

In a major casualty incident, which UNICEF called “tragic, shocking, outrageous and a war crime”, 38 named civilians including 18 children and up to six women died in multiple airstrikes on the Martyr Kamal Qal’aji school complex in the village of Haas, which was under the joint control of Armed opposition factions and the Fateh Al Sham Front. Sources were conflicted as to whether this was the work of Russia or the Syrian  regime, though all agreed that the village had suffered intensive bombing which lasted up to 20 minutes and included the use of parachutes carrying bombs/missiles. As well as destruction to three schools within the complex, nearly civilian homes were also hit.

Alaraby quoted a media activist in Idlib, Jaber Abu Mohammed, who said that “a Sukhoi-22 warplane dropped six umbrellas loaded with high-explosive rockets. Activists on social networking sites posted pictures of the dead. The photos showed children who had lost their lives covered by blood and dust. Some of them had lost one of their limbs, in addition there were textbooks and school bags scattered in the ground by shelling”.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights published a detailed report on the incident in which it blamed the Syrian regime for the death of 34 civilians of which 12 were children and five were women. A number of teachers were also among those killed.

The report noted that it had been “proven that the targeted areas are civil areas where no military centers or weapon warehouses for armed opposition factions or extremist Islamic groups were fond before or during the attack.”

According to SN4HR, “On Wednesday 26 October 2016, at approximately 10:52 two SU22 fixed-wing government forces warplanes targeted the southern neighborhood in Hass village where the Martyr Kamal Qal’aji school complex, which contains three schools, is located. One of the three schools is an elementary school while the other two are secondary schools. The bombing lasted for about 20 minutes during which the war-planes fired no less than nine missiles carried by parachutes”.

SNHR spoke to Mr. Sad Al Din Zidan, via Facebook, who helped in aiding the students and told us of what he saw. he gave the following testimony: “I was in Ma’aret Al No’man when the Free Syrian Army observatory announced that there are warplanes soaring in the sky of Jabal Al Zawiya. The warplanes carried out the first airstrike on Hass village. I headed there and when I arrived, the warplanes carried out two consecutive airstrikes. The sound of the bombing was terrifying and the missiles were dropped with parachutes. A few minutes later, a new airstrike was carried out and it was only 30 meters away from me. We laid on the ground and Dr. Yousef Al Tarraf, who was aiding the wounded, sustained a critical injury. I saw children’s dead bodies everywhere and scattered body parts were all over the place between the destroyed schools. I went down to one of the shelters and found more than 150 students and a number of teachers who managed to get to the basement and save their lives. However, tens others lost their lives after these airstrikes.”

SN4HR published a WhatsApp by “Tarraf, a local media activist”: I headed to the targeted location in the southern parts of the village near the school complex after the first missile was dropped. The place was filled with people running and screaming for their children. Eight airstrikes were carried out consecutively on the same area. A great number of children and people, who went there to aid the injured, were killed including one of my relatives.” “I saw a woman calling her son and looking for him between the dead bodies. She found his scattered body parts in one of the streets near his school. The missiles also resulted in huge destruction in the school buildings and the surrounding houses. The area is completely a civil area, there are just schools and residential houses and nothing that could be targeted, but the regime targets children as if they were terrorists. The regime is wiping off a whole generation.”

LCCSY also blamed the regime.

However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and HNN attributed the event to Russia. The Observatory said that at least 37 people died including 15 students and four teachers at the school.

A report by HNN said that “Russian warplanes committed an appalling massacre in the afternoon [of October 26th] targeting a school in the town of Haas. Activists said the plane remained in the atmosphere of the town for several hours prior to the implementation of the raid on the school confirmed that the plane deliberately targeted the school. Those killed ranged from the ages of seven to 25”.

Qasioun was among several other sources that blamed Russia; it added that up to 50 people were wounded in the strikes.

Al Jazeera reported that “the United States, France and Turkey condemned the killing of 28 children in the bombing of the school in Idlib, accusing Russia of carrying it out”. It added: “For his part, French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Aireault accused the Russians or the Syrian regime of involvement in the bombing of the town of Hass”.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights named 38 fatalities.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ahmad Abdullah Al Sheikh Najib
Child named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mohammad Jamal Al Sheikh
Age unknown male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Azzam Akram Qal’a Je
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mrs. Amoun Aboud Al Younes
Adult female teacher, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mrs. Jouriya Na’san Al Na’san
Adult female wife of Aref, teacher, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Aref Jamil al Na’san
Adult teacher, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mrs. Asmaa Mohammad Al Da’ief
Adult female teacher, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mrs. Jouriya Ahmad Al Qaddour
Adult female teacher, from Al Hammameyat, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Bisan Khaled Al Gharib Al Farhat
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Bakkour Suliman Al Bakkour
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Amjad Ibrahim Al Qaddour
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Qasem Hasan Al Younes
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Aya Ahmad Al Gharib Al Farhat
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Eman AbdulHalim Eidou
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdullah Osama Al A’ma
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Fatima Mustafa Haj Suliman
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Mrs. Eman Ibrahim Al Qaddour
Adult female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdullah Omar Al Najjar
Child male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdullah Al Shawi
Age unknown male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Ahmad Bakr Al Rahmoun
Child from Kafr Nabbouda, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Osama Al Sha’ban
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdurrahman Ahmad Al Sha’ban
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
son of Abu Alaa Al Hamwi
Child male from Hama, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Taymaa Mohammad Mamoud Al Salmou
Child female from Al Latamna, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Jana Thafer Al A’raj
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Fatima Sameh Al Sheikh
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Hesham Khaled Al Shwarghi
Age unknown from Ma’rshamsha, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
wife of Aboud Haj Suliman
Adult female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
son of Ahmad Mustafa Al Yahya Al Darra'
Child male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Nour Jamil Qal’a Je
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Rinad Khaled Al Da’ief
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Rim Awad Al Shartah
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Badea Awad Al Shartah
Child named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Umran Al Hamwi
Age unknown from Hama, named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdullah Omar Al Najjar
Age unknown named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Aisha Mahmoud Al Halabi
Child female named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Dr. Yousef Al Tarraf
Adult male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed
Abdullah Mahmoud Osama Al A’ma
Child male named by The Syrian Network for Human Rights killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Martyr Kamal Qal’aji school complex in the village of Haas (حاس). According to research conducted by SN4HR, the exact coordinates for this strike are: 35,615078, 36.597194. Cross referencing source material, we can confirm the accuracy of this location.

Summary

  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    38
  • (18–28 children4–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (51) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (39) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The very beginning of a 20 minute bombardment on a school complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. Footage shows injured men, women and children. (via Mouaz al Shami)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image showing more than 10 bodies of deceased civilians in the aftermath of an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji Schools Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • Part of what is left of Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex following an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Dr. Khaled Al Da’eif bidding farewell his girl Rinad, who was killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of two girls killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via HNN)
  • The exact warplane which dropped the airstrikes on Haas. (via Halab Today TV)
  • The exact warplane which dropped the airstrikes on Haas. (via Halab Today TV)
  • Moments after the raid occurred on Haas. (via Halab Today TV)
  • Image showing the location of the Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex. (via SN4HR)
  • Pictures showing the destruction that resulted from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime bombardment that struck Hass on 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • Pictures showing the destruction that resulted from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime bombardment that struck Hass on 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • Pictures showing the destruction that resulted from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime bombardment that struck Hass on 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • Pictures showing the destruction that resulted from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime bombardment that struck Hass on 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • A schoolbag found within the rubble. (via SN4HR)
  • School books found on the floor in the aftermath of the alleged raid. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of one of the child victims of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of one of the child victims of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of one of the child victims of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of one of the child victims of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    An image of two of the child victims of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via SN4HR)
  • A video depicting the exact moment the bomb was dropped on Hass. (via SN4HR)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Footage depicting civilian casualties being pulled from the rubble. (via SN4HR)
  • The aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Hass, Oct 26th (via Abbas yehya)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image compilation showing children with missing limbs and other civilian casualties. (via Aamerdarwish darwish)
  • A video depicting the exact moment the parachute bomb was dropped on Hass. (via KMC)
  • An image depicting the aftermath of the alleged Russian and Syrian raid on Hass. (via Enabbaladi)
  • A child's schoolbag is left on the floor in the aftermath of the alleged raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji Schools Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via Zamanalwasl)
  • Part of what is left of Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex following an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid. (via LCCSY)
  • A child's schoolbooks are left on the floor in the aftermath of the alleged raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji Schools Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via LCCSY)
  • The parachute missile which was dropped on Haas. (via Maara-now)
  • The parachute missile which was dropped on Haas. (via Maara-now)
  • The parachute missile which was dropped on Haas. (via Maara-now)
  • The parachute missile which was dropped on Haas. (via Maara-now)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    5 of the child casulaties from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Haas. (via RevolutionSyria)
  • Bisan Khaled Gharib, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via ZakariaNassani)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child victim, killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via Fh4301)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The bodies of two girls killed in an alleged Russian and Syrian regime raid on Kamal Qal’a Ji School Complex in Haas, 26th October 2016. (via Fh4301)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A decapitated arm still holds onto a schoolbag. The body of the child is not with the arm. (via Fh4301)
  • Pictures showing the destruction that resulted from the alleged Russian and Syrian regime bombardment that struck Hass on 26th October 2016. (via Alaraby)

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Military

On 20th October 2016, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation reported on the decisions made aimed towards stabilising the situation in Aleppo.

""Today, strikes by the Russian Aerospace Forces and the Syrian Air Force are finished at 10:00 (MSK) in the area of Aleppo. Early termination of the airstrikes is essential for holding a “humanitarian pause” on October 20, 2016”, said General of the Army Sergei Shoigu. According to him, it will allow to guarantee security of civilians leaving the city through 6 humanitarian corridors and to prepare casualty and medical evacuation from the eastern part of Aleppo.
“We apply to the leadership of countries influencing on armed formations active in the eastern part of Aleppo with a proposal to convince their leaders to stop warfare and leave the city,” stated the Minister of Defence.
According to General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, by the start of the “humanitarian pause” the Syrian troops will have been withdrawn to the distance safe for insurgents to leave the city with weapons through two special corridors: one – along the Kastello road, second – in the area of Suk al-Hai market."

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian infrastructure
    School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    38
  • (18–28 children4–6 women1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–50
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime

Sources (51) [ collapse]