Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS272

Incident date

December 13, 2015

Location

دوما, Douma, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.5714804, 36.4033699 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 42 and 70 civilians, including five women nine to 20 children were killed and between 24 and 250 others wounded in aerial and missile bombardments of Douma and nearby locations in eastern Ghouta, Damascus, according to multiple sources.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that shelling by the regime killed 38, including five women and nine children.

The White Helmets produced a summary of airstrikes in Hamouriya, Sakba, Kafrbatna and Jissrain but did not specify who the warplanes belonged to. It referred to a “deranged aerial and missile bombardment on residential neighbourhoods…in conjunction with the flight of military aircraft“. According to the summary, Hamouriya suffered both an air raid and a missile attack causing fires and destruction to civilian buildings. In total the White Helmets put the death toll at 41, including nine children killed “as a result of the bombing and military aviation, heavy artillery, rockets and cluster bombs and mortar shells at residential neighborhoods in the city.”

All4Syria said that Russia carried out the raids, killing and and wounding civilians. Local activists told the organisation that Russian warplanes dropped four missiles targeting  neighbourhoods in the town of Hamouriya, killing three civilians and wounding others. They also said that Douma was bombarded with rockets and cluster bombs, killing a girl named as Dala’a Kassem Al Bisoani and wounding others. Ten children in total were injured – some critically – in a raid targeting a school in Kafr Batna. They also reported the fire at the warehouse in Sakba, which they said was targeted by regime forces with heavy artillery, reporting the injury of some civilians.

The Shaam News Network said Russian and regime warplanes were responsible, and that there had been more than 70 raids targeting civilians’ homes and schools. It put the death toll at 70 including more than 20 children, with 250 wounded – 30 of whom had lost limbs. A video posted by SNN was entitled “The Russian enemy turns schools into slaughterhouses of children“.

Douma, Samba, Jissrain, Ain Tarma, Zamalka, Jobar and Hamouriya were “all areas under risk of full annihilation,” SNN concluded, but the harshest massacres were in the city of Douma it said, which was targeted by the Russian aviation in a barrage of missiles and cluster bombs which hit a primary school and adjacent residential buildings.

Other sources also said that both Russia and the regime were responsible: the Douma Coordinating Committee put the death toll at more than 40, with dozens wounded. The Syrian Press Center said 46 died and more than 200 were wounded; Eldorar reported that 45 died, including children, dozens were injured and medical facilities were put out of service, blaming “warplanes” and the Assad regime; Madardaily quoted information supplied by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights: at least 28 civilians killed, including two children and dozens wounded – in bombing by regime rockets cities in Douma and Sakba, adding that in the west of Damascus regime helicopters dropped 34 explosive barrels on the city of Darya, killing at five people, while at least eight, including a child died and 35 were injured when about 50 shells fell on areas of Damascus and its suburbs.

But Ennabbaldi stated that only the regime was responsible for the attacks, putting the total killed at 40.

White Helmets reported seven unidentified victims.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

  • Tasnim Alsa’our Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Rahaf Abdul Aziz Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Marwa Saeed Ghazi Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Ghaida al Salahi Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Hadeel Hayrab Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Noor Al Msalmanah Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Maysa Al Madder Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Rayyan Al Shawa Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Fariss Al Hammouri Child named by White Helmets killed
  • Ahmed Al Tabbakh Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Mohammed Albawabiji Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Mohammed Al Haffar Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Mazen al Saleh Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Rateb Awad Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Yassin Awad Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Khadija Haroun Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Maher Kashoot Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Fariss Alaarot Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Ahmed Hanafi Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Mohamed Ali Satoott Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Khitam Hamid Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Ihsan al Mardini Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Iman Abdul Nafi’ Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Zakaria Humaid Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Faress Blalah Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Subhi Abboud Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Adnan Al Duj Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Alaa Hamad Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Fayez Ghazzawi Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Fayez Ghazzawi Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Mohammed Al Sheikh Bakri Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Noor Al Huda Kaloot Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Mostafa Shishakli Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Mohammed Khatib Age unknown male named by White Helmets killed
  • Subhi Alsa’our Age unknown named by White Helmets killed
  • Radwan Mohammad Age unknown the media activist, named by SNN killed
  • Dala’a  Kassem Al Bison Child named by All4Syria killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 70
  • (9–20 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–250
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (44) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic video of a man screaming in distress, amidst the rubble in the aftermath of the airstrike. (via, SNN)
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    Disturbing footage of the airstrike as it fell and the aftermath. Wounded being carried from the scene. (via, SNN)
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    Extremely disturbing footage of civilian casualties including men, women and children before their bodies have been removed from the scene. (via, SNN)
  • Child named, Tanssim Al Sa’our, killed on December 13th 2015. According to the source, the other child (below) in the photograph was her sister who was also seriously injured. (via, Douma Coordinating Committee)
  • A view of the neighbourhood as the airstrike fell. (via, SNN)
  • Locals trying to rescue injured civilians from the rubble. not long after the airstrike. (via, SNN)
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    White Helmets carry an injured civilian to a medical facility. (via, SNN)
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    Image of a seriously injured man receiving treatment in a medical facility. (via, SNN)
  • Damage to the local infrastructure. (via, SNN)
  • Chaotic scenes not long after Douma was hit with airstrikes. (via, SNN)
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    An injured child in a medical facility. (via, SNN)
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    An injured woman in a medical facility. (via, SNN)
  • Civilians stand in disbelief. (via, SNN)
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    A child receives medical treatment on the floor as there are not enough beds for all the injured civilians. (via, SNN)
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    A man grieves for the loss of family or friends. (via, SNN)
  • Clouds of ash fill the sky in Douma. (via, SNN)
  • Another image of the sky not long after the airstrike fell. (via, SNN)
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    Graphic image of a man receiving medical treatment. (via, SNN)
  • Streets deserted in the aftermath. (via, SNN)
  • Media activist Radwan Mohammad, killed in the airstrikes. (via, SNN)
  • Another photograph of Radwan Mohammad. (via, SNN)
  • Moments after the contested airstrike fell on Douma. (via, SNN)
  • A view of the neighbourhood moments after the airstrike fell. (via, SNN)
  • Clouds of dust engulf the area. (via, SNN)
  • The skies filled with dust in Douma. (via, SNN)
  • A different view of the area. (via, SNN)
  • A photograph of the one the youngest victims (not even a year old) from the alleged Russian and Syrian Regime airstrikes. (via, SNN)
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    A distressing image of a deceased baby. Same baby pictured above. (via, SNN)
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    Blood on the floor following an airstrike in Douma. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Graphic image of the bodies of deceased children in Douma. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Graphic image of a deceased person still on the ground following an airstrike. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
  • Smoke pollution in Douma following an airstrike on a residential neighbourhood. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Blood and books scattered on the floor outside a school which was targeted in an airstrike. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Another image of blood on the steps of a school. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    A child's schoolbag left on the steps of a school targeted by an airstrike. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    A drawing done by a child, left outside a school following an airstrike. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    The doors of a school which was targeted by airstrikes. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Blood on the floor inside a school room. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Another image of blood on the floor inside a school room. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Blood smeared on the floor. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
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    Blood on the floor beneath a chalk board inside a school room. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Another image of blood on the floor. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    School books and bags left on the floor in a desperate attempt to escape. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Blood on the steps of a school in the aftermath of an airstrike. (via, Coordinating Committee for Douma)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

Russia is not known to have publicly released any information relating to its airstrikes in Syria between December 9th and December 14th 2015.

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    42 – 70
  • (9–20 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24–250
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (33) [ collapse]