Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS279

Incident date

December 15, 2015

Location

مسكنة, Maskanah, Aleppo, Syria

Geolocation

35.964534, 38.036764 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

26 to 30 civilians including five women were killed and dozens injured in airstrikes on Maskaneh, according to multiple sources – though reports were conflicted as to whether the attack was the work of Russia or the Assad regime.

The Shaam News Network reported that Russian aircraft committed an “appalling massacre” when warplanes targeted Maskaneh’s popular market “Bazaar” in two airstrikes.

Activists told SNN that the market was packed full of civilians, meaning that the death toll exceeded 30 and that many of the dead were unrecognisable due to deformation of bodies.

SNN noted that although Maskaneh is under IS control, the raids are only targeting markets and civilians.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported on the attack, initially putting the death toll at least 12 and then 30, including five women. They also noted that four IS militants were killed. Although they stated that “warplanes” were responsible, they did not say who they belonged to.

According to the IS agency Al A’maq, 24 were “dead and injured“, with most of them being women. They said that there had been three Russian raids.

But the Syrian Network for Human Rights, who put the death toll at 20, said that regime missiles were to blame.

The VDC also accounted for three unidentified victims:

Unidentified 1 – adult, male

Unidentified 2 – adult, male

Unidentified 3 – adult, male from Homs

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Abdulla Sraj al-Ali Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Kawthar Hsain al-Ali Adult female named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed

Family members (2)

  • Abdulla Mahmoud Mustafa Sarraj Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Mahmoud Hasan Taleb Sarraj Child male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed

Family members (2)

  • Hameed al-Nafea Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Hasan al-Nafea Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed

Family members (2)

  • Alaa al-Rahhal Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Alaa al-Rahhal Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Ali Mohammad Jasem al-Ammash Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Wazeer Saleh al-Shebli Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Mahmoud Mohammad al-Ibraheem Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Ali al-Merie Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Mohammad al-Hmoush Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Hsain Ahmad al-Mahmoud al-Jadaan Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Wife of Ismael Ahmad al-Ekle Adult female named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Hasan al-Ghrad Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Mohammad Ahmad al-Saleem al-Issa Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Awsh al-Hadi al-Sheikh Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Kareeme al-Mahmoud al-Ello Adult female named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Nuriye al-Ibraheem al-Mehsen Adult female named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Raed Hsain Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Wife of Ali al-Ammash Adult female named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Malek Hasan al-Hammo Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Fares al-Jumaa al-Muwali Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Abdul Hadi Musa Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed
  • Aboud Saleh al-Khlaif al-Sayyad Adult male named by the VDC as killed by Russian aircraft killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    26 – 30
  • (5 women21 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • The market in Masskana following alleged Russian strikes, December 15th. (via SNN)
  • In the aftermath of the airstrikes on Maskana. A truck which has been caught in the raid too. (via, SNN)
  • A van destroyed by the airstrikes. (via, SNN)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a deceased man. (via, SNN)
  • An injured man in a medical facility. (via, SNN)
  • The streets in the aftermath of the contested airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Damaged infrastructure. (via, SNN)
  • Residential buildings destroyed by the airstrikes. (via, SNN)
  • Walls of a building totally demolished by an airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • The aftermath of a contested airstrike. (via, SNN)
  • Civilians grieve for their loved ones. (via, SNN)
  • A huge crater formed by the airstrikes. (via, SNN)
  • Another photograph showing the size of the crater formed by the airstrikes. (via, SNN)
  • More evidence to show the damage to the infrastructure. (via, SNN)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

For December 15th-16th 2015, Russia reported that “In the course of the last 24 hours, aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic have performed 59 combat sorties engaging 212 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Hasakah and Raqqah provinces… In the Aleppo province, a Su-24 bomber made a strike on an ISIS concentration of manpower and military hardware. Objective monitoring data confirmed elimination of not less than 10 militants and 3 automobile vehicles with large-caliber machine guns.”

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    26 – 30
  • (5 women21 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    24
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (14) [ collapse]