Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS3441

Incident date

June 7–8, 2018

Location

زردنا, Zardana, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Up to 52 civilians were reported killed and 100 others, many of whom are in critical situation, were injured in alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Zardana village in Idlib, Syria, on June 7th, 2018, according to local sources. Among those killed are up to 11 women and 11 children and a health worker. Most victims belong to seven different families.

Local sources also said some of those seriously wounded were taken to Bab Al Hawa border hospital, and hospitals in Turkey for treatment. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), one of the civilians wounded in Zardana died 14 days after he got injured.

Orient TV reported that Russian warplanes attacked and destroyed an entire neighborhood in the town, including a clinic, a mosque (Sa’ed bin Mouath) and several buildings, noting that the targeted area civilian without any military presence. The TV channel also reported from White Helmets that one of their volunteers, Ali Hassan Baradei, was killed in the attack, and four other volunteers were seriously injured.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights reported that “Ali Hasan Barad’i, a civil defense member from Kelli town in Idlib, was killed as warplanes believed to be Russian fired missiles near Sa’ed bin Mouath Mosque in Zardana village in Idlib, while he was pulling out victims of a massacre committed by the same warplanes in the village, on June 7th, 2018.”

Local sources said that Russian warplanes targeted a residential area with eight raids and that it used a ‘double-tap’ airstrike what caused a huge number of deaths among civilians. The first raid killed about 28 civilians and when White Helmets arrived, another raid targeted the area, resulting in more victims, and that cluster rockets were used in the attack, according to Step News. Witnesses said that the raids caused a 10 meter crater in the ground, according to SMART Agency.

Syrian Civil Defense said that six of its health centers took part in rescuing civilians and they are  their branches in Ma’arat Misrin, Kelli, Sarmin, Idlib, Binnish and western Idlib branch.

According to the reports, the attack comes after a de-escalation agreement was in place. Shaam Network said “observatories confirmed that the aircraft that targeted the town of Zardana took off with evening hours from Hmeimim base, and that it was a well-known Russian aircraft in the area that had flown for dozens of times and bombed Idlib countryside.” Shaam continues: “Idlib activists also followed the movement of warplanes on the area and monitored the bombing of Russian warplanes of Zardana twice, the first one caused the first massacre, then it was followed by the bombing of the Russian warplanes for the second time during the presence of rescue and civil defense teams, which caused an increase in the number of wounded and martyrs.”

Also according to SMART Agency “Observers deployed in the area, which are responsible for monitoring the movement of warplanes, said that Russian warplanes took off from the base of Hameimim and flew over the cities and towns of Zammar, Atarb, Ibin, Tal Toukan, Ttnaz and Jabal Zawiya, and then headed northeast, towards the area coinciding with the time of the massacre.”

However, Russia denied responsibility for the attack, claiming that it was a result of fighting between military factions in Idlib. Arabic Sputnik (arm of the Russian government) quoted the Russian Ministry of Defense saying that “severe fighting took place in this area between large units of the Jabhat al-Nusra Front and the Army of Islam, using heavy artillery.”

According to BBC, the UN Secretary General called for an investigation into the deadly airstrikes on Zardana. “In a statement released on Sunday night, Mr Guterres called for a full investigation into the attacks, especially allegations that there was also a second strike targeting first respondents, to establish accountability.”

Families and friends of the victims mourned them on social media. Abd Al Hei wrote to Ibrahim Muhammad Yassouf: “With full sadness and sorrow, and with full submission to God’s will, I inform you about the martyrdom of my dear brother, Ibrahim Muhammad Yassouf, as a result of the hateful raids that targeted the village of Zardana.”

Abd Al Aziz Ammon also posted an image of the victim Khaled Soufan saying “I am asking you, is this a terrorist, or a the terrorist is who killed him? May God have mercy on you and make your place in paradise, Khaled.”

Mhamad Kadour mourned his loss of his friend saying “May God have mercy on you, my brother Abd Alqader Amoun.”

The incident occured in the afternoon.

The victims were named as:

Family members (11)

Family members (14)

Family members (11)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Family members (6)

Family members (3)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 52
  • (6–11 children6–11 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (58) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (54) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic video of the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Zardana on June 7th/June 8th 2018 (via @aboalhodaalhoms)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic video of the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes against the town of Zardana on June 7th/June 8th 2018 (via @HadiAlabdallah)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • The Syrian Civil Defense reported the death of volunteer Ali Hassan Baradei, killed while he was trying to save civilians from the alleged Russian airstrike on the town of Zardana on June 7th/8th 2018 (via Shaam Network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • The Syrian Civil Defense reported the death of volunteer Ali Hassan Baradei, killed while he was trying to save civilians from the alleged Russian airstrike on the town of Zardana on June 7th/8th 2018 (via Shaam Network)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Image of a civilian killed in alleged Russian airstrike on the town of Zardana on June 7th/8th 2018 (via Smart News Agency)
  • The Syrian Civil Defense reported the death of volunteer Ali Hassan Baradei, killed while he was trying to save civilians from the alleged Russian airstrike on the town of Zardana on June 7th/8th 2018 (via Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Mahmoud Diab 'Abu Menem' was reported killed in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib on June 7th 2018 (via Bashir Rajo)
  • Abu Taha Luki was reported injured in the alleged Russian airstrike on Zardana in Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via Basel Nabhan)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian bombing on Zardana north of Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian bombing on Zardana north of Idlib on June 7th,, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian bombing on Zardana north of Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian bombing on Zardana north of Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via SCD)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via SCD)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via SCD)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian seriously injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via Moazz Shami).
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Damage to properties in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • White Helmets volunteers in response to alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians after alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A civilian injured in alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via GMC)
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrike on Zardana in Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via Anas Othman)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Ibrahim Yassouf was killed in the airstrikes on Zardana (via Ahmad Tahhan).
  • Another image for Ibrahim Yassouf who was killed in the airstrikes on Zardana on June 7th, 2018 (via Ahmad Tahhan)
  • Ali Hassan Baradei, SCD volunteer killed in the airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via SCD)
  • Destruction in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Destruction in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Zardana in Idlib, Syria on June 7th, 2018 (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the airstrikes in Zardana, Idlib on June 7th, 2018 (via EuphratsPost)
  • (via SMART)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)
  • Syrian Civil Defense volunteers rescuing civilians and pulling bodies out of the rubble in Zardana after alleged Russian airstrikes on June 7th, 2020 (via SCD)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 52
  • (6–11 children6–11 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    50–100
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (58) [ collapse]