Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS349

Incident date

January 7, 2016

Location

عربين, Arbeen, Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.538143, 36.364331 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Town level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Town

Airwars assessment

Twelve civilians were killed including two to three women and two to four children and  as many as 85 injured in airstrikes on Arbeen, according to multiple sources – although reports were conflicted as to whether Russian or Assad regime forces were responsible.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that 18 non-combatants died including women and children – with tens injured – in regime airstrikes and shelling in Eastern Ghouta. Among the casualties were four children and two women “killed in the aerial bombardment and shelling by the regime forces which targeted cities of Arbeen and Zamalka.”

However, a subsequent SOHR report blamed “warplanes believed to be Russian“, adding that they killed at least 10 people, including two women in “intense bombing“.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights said regime shelling claimed the lives of at least 10 civilians, including one child and two women, adding that “even the rescue and aid teams were targeted with a Russian raid“. According to Shaam News Network, however, Russian warplanes killed 12 and injured more than 80.

The White Helmets published several reports on the incident but referred only to “warplanes” carrying out up to 13 raids with vacuum missiles which left 12 dead and up to 85 injured, including women and children, but said that the number of dead was likely to rise due to the severity of injuries. They added that there had been great destruction of civilian neighbourhoods.

The White Helmets as also named one unidentified victim.

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (4)

  • Ala’a Sleiman Al Najjar Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Nadia Mamdouh Al Najjar Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Abd Al Rahman Adnan Al Najjar Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Mohammad Adnan Al Najar Age unknown male named by the White Helmets killed
  • Sleiman Ramadan Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Ameer Abdo Al Marji Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Mohammad Deeb Omar Al Bakouni Age unknown male named by the White Helmets killed
  • Mahmoud Al Kahhala Age unknown male named by the White Helmets killed
  • Mohammad Omar Rihan Age unknown male named by the White Helmets killed
  • Ahmad Al Harbawi Age unknown named by the White Helmets killed
  • Jihad Al Sheikh Child named by the White Helmets killed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (2–4 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    80–85
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic footage of deceased bodies and injured civilians being taken from the scene into an ambulance. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Smoke rises from the scene of the incident in Arbeen. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Chaos as White Helmets run to the scene to rescue civilians in Arbeen. (via, The White Helmets)
  • White Helmets leave their van to make it to the buildings on foot due to rubble blocking the roads. Burning buildings can be seen at the end of the footage. (via, The White Helmets)
  • A photo of the alleged plane which dropped the airstrikes on Arbeen. (via, SNN)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Damascus governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12
  • (2–4 children2–3 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    80–85
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (13) [ collapse]