Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS356

Incident date

January 9, 2016

Location

مَعَرَّة النُّعْمَان, Maarat al Numan, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.647038, 36.679174 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

Between 52 and 96 civilians including three women and one child were killed and more than 200 injured in Russian airstrikes on Maarat al Numan, according to multiple sources.

The Shaam News Network initially reported that more than 20 civilians were killed and dozens wounded (mostly women and children) when Russian warplanes struck different districts of the city with “highly explosive missiles“, targeting civilian homes, a popular market place and the Justice Palace. The death toll climbed in subsequent reports, finally reaching over 90 with more than 200 wounded “thronging field hospitals in the region“. They stated that body parts were scattered all over the area.

Activists told SNN that Russian aircraft also targeted a courthouse and prison belonging to the Al-Nusra Front, resulting in massive destruction and the deaths of all who were at the site or around it.

They said that the majority of those killed were prisoners who were being held on multiple charges including belonging to the FSA. A medical source added that masked members of the Al-Nusra Front raided a field hospital in the region to arrest some of the injured.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also blamed a Russian bombardment. An initial report put the death toll at 39 people “including rebels, prisoners and civilians, while dozens of others were wounded and seriously wounded.”

But two other reports said more people had died, with the figure finally rising to 81, including 52 civilian citizens and prisoners (including three women and a child), 23 fighters from Jabhat Al-Nusra (al-Qaeda in the Levant) and six fighters from other rebel and Islamic factions.

According to the Syrian Observatory, Russia used four missiles on the Administrative Court of Jabhat Al-Nusra which included a prison, in addition to targeting areas in the vicinity of Maarat al Numan. As a consequence it said the death toll was even higher, but that this could not be documented because “of extreme secrecy by concerned parties in the area“.

The Syrian Network for Human Rights published four early reports which blamed the Assad regime. But a detailed fifth report eventually said Russian warplanes were responsible, and that 67 people had died, including three women.

The White Helmets – which needed two days to clear the site – said the final death toll was 96.

 

 

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Family members (3)

Family members (2)

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 96
  • (1 child3 women37 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Al Jazeera reporting on the incident in Maarat al Numan. Graphic footage showing deceased and injured civilians. (via, Al Jazeera)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Bodies of the deceased line the streets in the aftermath of the alleged Russian raids on the 9th of January 2016. (via, Al Maara Today)
  • Zakaria Abd al-Jabbar al-Satouf, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Abd al-Jabbar al-Satouf, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Omer Khaled al-Saraqbi, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Hasan Dody "Inak", killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Samawel Mohammad al-Mahmoud, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Mohammad Foad al-Qadour, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • Adeeb Abo Hosain, killed in an alleged Russian raid on 9th January 2016. (via, VDC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Deceased civilians in the back of an ambulance in Maarat al Numan. (via, LCCSY)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Upsetting footage of deceased civilians. (via, Shaam News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic footage of civilian casualties being pulled out of the rubble by the White Helmets. (via, The White Helmets)
  • Four casualties from the alleged Russian raids in Maarat al Numan. (via, Al Latamna youth gathering)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Russian Armed Forces

In its report for military actions on January 11 2016, the Kremlin reports carrying out strikes in Idlib governorate: “In the course of 10 days of the year 2016, the Russian aircraft have performed 311 combat sorties engaging 1097 objects in the Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Daraa, and Raqqah provinces.“

Summary

  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    52 – 96
  • (1 child3 women37 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    200
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (26) [ collapse]