Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RS4293

Incident date

December 28, 2019

Location

معرة النعمان, Maarat Numan, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least two civilians were killed and up to four civilians were wounded in initial reports about a Russian bombing raid upon the village of Maarat Numan on December 30th.

Local sources reported that Russian helicopters dropped barrel bombs, and there were early reports of four wounded civilians, the death of a child, and the killing of a Civil Defense Worker.  The child was identified as Muhammed Fateh Arafat. Human Rights Watch confirmed the death of the child and noted that the child was only eighteen months old. The Civil Defense Worker was later identified as Muhannad Muhammad al-Shaar. Some local sources referred to three civilians killed and three wounded. There were numerous conflicting reports, including one report that noted two dead and two wounded. Syrian Human Rights Committee reported five victims of the bombings, with two dead and three wounded, including a woman.

Civil Defense reported that volunteers were aiding a family of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) evacuate a home in which they were hiding when the house was struck, and the child was killed. Shaam News described the ten hours necessary to remove the deceased Civil Defense volunteer from the home. Zaman Alwasl News reported numerous air strikes by Russian and pro-Assad forces that targeted highways linking Maarat Numan and Saraqib and Maarat Numan and Ariha.

Al Jazeera News detailed how the strike was carried out by Russian and pro-Assad forces.

A White Helmets post read: “Today [Dec 30th] we bid farewell to another of our White Helmet brothers, Muhannad al-Shaar, a hero killed in a direct hit via regime helicopters, along with a child from the family our team was evacuating in #MaaratalNuman City in #Idlib. The remaining family was rescued.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (40) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (32) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • SCD volunteers searching for survivors under the rubble in Ma'arat Al Nu'man - Dec 30, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Muhannad al-Shaar,, SCD volunteer was killed in Ma'art A NU'man on Dec 30th, 2019 (via SCD Idlib)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The child Muhamad Arafat was killed in Ma'arat Al Nu'man in Idlib on Dec 3th, 2019 (via MMC)
  • Damage caused by the airstrikes on Ma'arat Al Nu'man (via MMC)
  • The child Muhammad Fateh Arafat was killed while a number of his family were injured in an airstrike on Ma'arat Al Nu'man on December 30, 2019. (via SN4HR).
  • White Helmet volunteers sort through the rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @_abdulazizketaz)
  • White Helmet volunteers sort through the rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @_abdulazizketaz)
  • White Helmet volunteers sort through the rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @_abdulazizketaz)
  • White Helmet volunteers sort through the rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @_abdulazizketaz)
  • White Helmet volunteers sort through the rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @Media_idlib)
  • Rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @Media_idlib)
  • Rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @Media_idlib)
  • Rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @Media_idlib)
  • Rubble following strike on Maarat al-Numan on December 30, 2019. (Image posted by @Media_idlib)
  • The child "Mohammed Fateh Arafat" who was martyred today in the city of Maarat al-Numan as a result of the bombing of the city by helicopters
  • While helping to evacuate a family from Maarat al-Numan: Ten hours to retrieve the body of a volunteer who was killed by the regime's helicopters Yesterday, Monday, the Syrian Civil Defense Organization "White Helmets" mourned the volunteer in the Syrian Civil Defense Muhannad Muhammad al-Shaar, who was killed by air strikes by the regime's helicopters while carrying out his humanitarian work, in evacuating a family from the city of Maarat al-Numan. A helicopter targeted them with barrel bombs, which led to the death Volunteer Muhannad and another child.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime
  • Syrian Regime position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (1 child1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Syrian Regime
  • Suspected target
    Assad regime

Sources (40) [ collapse]