Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

CI883

Incident date

February 3, 2024

Location

منطقة السكك, Al-Sikak area in the city of Al-Qaim, Al-Anbar, Iraq

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians were reported killed and up to 15 others were wounded by declared US airstrikes on the Al-Sikak area in the city of Al-Qaim, Iraq early in the morning on February 3, 2024. Between three and five medical personnel in the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) were also allegedly killed. Another 11 PMF members were also allegedly killed and 36 injured. US forces claimed that damage was also caused by a secondary explosion that occurred after the strike.

Two of the three civilians alleged killed were named, Abdul Rahman Al-Rawi and Sattar Al-Jughaifi, with most sources stating that they were not members of any militant group; including sources spoken to directly by Airwars researchers. However one source, Usama Al Ma’mouri, listed the two individuals under the caption ‘martyrs of the Anbar and Al-Tafuf Brigade’. Airwars has therefore included the individuals only in our maximum casualty range.

ِAl Baghdadi News reported that a young man named Abdul Rahman Khaled Al-Rawi was killed in the city of Al-Qaim, and Nisreen Al Mousawi reported that the bodies of two civilians had been recovered after the US strikes, Abdul Rahman Al-Rawi and Sattar Al-Jughaifi. According to Nisreen Al Mousawi, at the time of reporting, “there are a number of martyrs and wounded from the Al-Sikak area who have not been reached yet, and ambulances are rushing to the area.” Local sources including ِAbu Ibrahim Al Sabhani offered condolence messages to the family of Abdul Rahman Khaled Al Rawi for their loss, and a post by Journalist Ali Qais Al-Rawi included details that Abdul Rahman was born in 2004 and was a student at Al-Qaim Industrial Preparatory School in his 5th year of the electricity department.

Aِ tweet from @AzharJumaili provided details that more than 10 houses had been burned in the Al-Sikak area, and that 15 civilians were injured so far, including those that lived near the PMF base. A post from Waleed al Obeidi reported that 3 civilians had been killed and 11 had been wounded in Al-Qaim district.

Journalist Ali Qais Al-Rawi spoke with people in Al-Qaim who said that the airstrikes “were the most violent and powerful”. Local sources told Reuters that the struck neighborhood in Al-Qaim is a residential area that was being used by armed groups to store large amounts of weapons, and that the US strikes and secondary explosion caused widespread damage.

A Facebook post by Usama Al Ma’mouri included the names of three people who were identified as medical assistants of a brigade: nurse Qasim Mohsen Sajet, nurse Zulfiqar Talaat Abd, and nurse Abdullah Ibrahim Abdul Jabbar. Medical professionals are considered protected persons under international humanitarian law.

The post also included the names of seven others identified as members of the Anbar and Al-Tafuf Brigade operations: Atheer Jaber Salman, Abdul Abbas Abdullah Abbas, Safaa Hussein Majeed, Hussein Ali Ismail, Hamza Qati Radi Al-Jamali, Abdul Rahman Khaled, Sattar Al-Jughaifi. This contests the sources who reported that Khaled Abdul Rahman and Sattar were both civilians. A post from Bani Hajeem added the name Ajami Dhidan Al-Ghanimi to the list of militants killed while Ghaith Ayed added the names Shammar Kawam Al-Khader and Kazem Abdel Hamza Alwan Al-Aifari.

The ِInformation Directorate of the PMF released a statement that strikes resulted in the death of 16 and the injury of 36 others, and that the search was still ongoing for bodies. The statement broke the casualties down to their specific rolls in the PMF: Anbar Operations Mobile Headquarters and the 13th Brigade Support Battalion (seven killed and seven wounded), Logistics support headquarters (one wounded), artillery location (one killed and four wounded), armor location (three killed and ten wounded), Tank battalion location (four wounded), Two sites belonging to the 45th Brigade (11 wounded), Issam Al-Baldawi Medical Hospital (five killed).

The Assistant for Medical Affairs in the PMF also accused the US of “targeting medical detachments and hospitals belonging to the Popular Mobilization Forces in the Al-Qaim district” and provided the names of those who were killed when hospitals affiliated with the PMU were struck: Qasim Mohsen Sajet, Zulfiqar Talaat Abd, Abdullah Ibrahim Abd al-Jabbar, Atheer Jaber Salman, and Abd al-Abbas Abd Allah Abbas.

The Iraqi government spokesman, Basem Al-Awadi, confirmed that the strikes resulted in the deaths of 16 people, including civilians, and caused “major damage” to homes and private property. In response, the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs also summoned the temporary Chargé d’Affairs at the United States Embassy in Baghdad, Mr. David Burger, and issued an official memorandum of protest which denounced “the American aggression that targeted Iraqi security forces as well as civilian sites in the Akashat and Al-Qaim regions, which led to martyrs and injuries, including civilians, in addition to damage to residential buildings and property.”

US CENTCOM released a statement that at 4pm EST (12:00am in Iraq and Syria) “U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) forces conducted airstrikes in Iraq and Syria against Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Quds Force and affiliated militia groups. U.S. military forces struck more than 85 targets, with numerous aircraft to include long-range bombers flown from United States. The airstrikes employed more than 125 precision munitions. The facilities that were struck included command and control operations centers, intelligence centers, rockets, missiles, unmanned aerial vehicle storage, and logistics and munition supply chain facilities of militia groups and their IRGC sponsors who facilitated attacks against U.S. and Coalition forces.”

A statement from the Department of Defense added that “National security officials said the facilities targeted in today’s strikes were carefully selected to avoid civilian casualties and were based on clear evidence that they were connected to attacks on U.S. personnel” and John Kirby, National Security Council coordinator was quoted as saying “The Department of Defense is in the early stages of battle damage assessment, but we believe that the strikes were successful,” adding the details that the strikes were against seven facilities utilized by Iran’s IRCG, three of the facilities were in Iraq and four of them were in Syria, and more than 125 precision-guided munitions were fired over the course of 30 minutes. According to Army Lt. Gen. Douglas A. Sims II, director of operations for the Joint Staff, the strikes employed “multiple aircraft, including B-1 Lancers that flew from bases in the U.S.”

Arabi21 News also quoted Director of Operations for the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, Douglas Sims, who stated that the strikes were “very successful, which led to large secondary explosions resulting from strikes that hit their weapons.” An unnamed American official also told Arabi21 that the US targeted “a small number of “dynamic targets” that appeared as the mission began, including a surface-to-air missile site and drone launch sites.”

The incident occured between 4:00 pm and 4:30 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–2 men3–5 other protected persons)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Known targets
    Iranian military, Iraqi militias (PMUs)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    11
  • Belligerents reported injured
    36

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (41) [ collapse]

  • A plane takes off from an unidentified location, as the U.S. launches airstrikes on targets linked to Iran's Revolutionary Guard (IRGC) and the militias it backs, in the screen grab from a handout video released on February 2, 2024. US Central Command via X/Handout via REUTERS
  • Security forces inspect a damaged car at the site of a U.S. airstrike in al-Qaim, Iraq February 3, 2024. REUTERS/Stringer
  • Shell casings in al-Qaim, Iraq February 3, 2024. REUTERS/Stringer Acquire Licensing Rights
  • A destroyed building is pictured at the site of a U.S. airstrike in al-Qaim, Iraq February 3, 2024. REUTERS/Stringer
  • Destruction from US airstrikes on a PMF site. (AP)
  • "With hearts that believe in God’s will and destiny, I extend my sincere condolences to the family of the deceased Abdul Rahman Khaled Shehadha, narrator A. The death of their son as a result of the bombing of the city of Al-Qaim"
  • Abdul Rahman Khaled Shehadha Al-Rawi, reportedly a civilian killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِOmar Abed Husein via Facebook)
  • Abdul Rahman Khaled Shehadha Al-Rawi, reportedly a civilian killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِAl Boumahal Clan via Facebook)
  • Abdul Rahman Khaled Shehadha Al-Rawi, reportedly a civilian killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِNashwan Al Mohammed via Facebook)
  • Abdul Rahman Khaled Shehadha Al-Rawi, reportedly a civilian killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by @Iraq.nanoa via Twitter/X)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Members of the 13th Al-Tafuf Brigade reportedly killed by US strikes in Al-Qaim on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِِِِAl Saleh via Facebook)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِAl Sharqiya TV)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِAl Sharqiya TV)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِAl Sharqiya TV)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِAl Sharqiya TV)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Images taken in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Remnants in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Remnants in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • Effects of the US strike in Al-Qaim district on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by ِMountather Al Zaydi)
  • A member of the "Islamic resistance mujahideen in Anbar" who was reportedly killed by US strikes on February 3, 2024. (Image posted by Ghaith Ayed)
  • Some of results of American strikes at AlQaem town on the border between Syria and Iraq

US Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US Forces
  • US Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

US Forces

TAMPA, Fla. - At 4:00 p.m. (EST) Feb. 02, U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) forces conducted airstrikes in Iraq and Syria against Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Quds Force and affiliated militia groups. U.S. military forces struck more than 85 targets, with numerous aircraft to include long-range bombers flown from United States. The airstrikes employed more than 125 precision munitions. The facilities that were struck included command and control operations centers, intelligence centers, rockets, missiles, unmanned aerial vehicle storage, and logistics and munition supply chain facilities of militia groups and their IRGC sponsors who facilitated attacks against U.S. and Coalition forces.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (0–2 men3–5 other protected persons)
  • Civilians reported injured
    11–15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    US Forces
  • Known targets
    Iranian military, Iraqi militias (PMUs)
  • Belligerents reported killed
    11
  • Belligerents reported injured
    36

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT1371

Incident date

December 1, 2023

Location

محيط مستشفى ناصر, Vicinity of Nasser Hospital, Khan Younis, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.346941, 34.293052 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one person was killed and a number of people were injured on Friday, December 1, 2023, when the Qanan family home near Nasser Hospital, west of Khan Younis, in the south of the Gaza Strip, was reportedly bombed by an Israeli military aircraft.

The man identified by sources as killed was Arafat Mustafa Qanan, also known as Al-Sakhr or Abu Sakhr.

@CensoredNws and @AlAYASHxs reported that a number of people were killed and injured in the incident but did not give exact figures.

Multiple family members made heartfelt tributes to Arafat, including his brother, Tareq, and sister, Asmaa. Iyad Hamdi described Arafat in a post on Facebook as ‘good’ and ‘pure’ and others described their intense grief at his loss. @Abood_Shantii described him as a ‘beloved friend and neighbour’.

Videos and images posted on Facebook show civil defence crews and others searching through the dusty rubble of the Qanan family home and carrying out at least one victim. The house appeared completely destroyed with only pillars and a broken, sagging ceiling remaining. Images taken by Amr Tabsh and posted by multiple sources show children’s toys amongst the rubble.

According to Al Ghad TV, the Qanan family home was the first strike to occur after the temporary ceasefire between Israel and Gaza ended.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Arafat Mustafa Qanan عرفات مصطفى قنن
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (26) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @jihadabuhamdans
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    Source: @jihadabuhamdans
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @albaharmalik
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: MsdrNews
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    Source: MsdrNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: MsdrNews
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Iyad Hamdi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qanan family
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tareq Qanan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Amr Batsh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Asmaa Qanan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Nasser Hospital (مستشفى ناصر) to the west of Khan Younis (خان يونس), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.346941, 34.293052. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0419

Incident date

October 21, 2023

Location

خربة العدس , Khirbat Al Adas, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.286310, 34.271887 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between six and ten civilians were reported killed, including at least one member of the Palestinian Civil Defense and five children, when alleged Israeli missiles struck a Palestinian Civil Defense facility alongside the Dahir family home on October 21st, 2023. A number of other civilians, including Palestinian Civil Defense members, were also injured.

The incident took place near the Khirbet Al-Adas junction, east of Rafah, in the southern part of the Gaza Strip on Saturday morning.

Muhammad Fawzi Qtait also known as Abu Jazar (father of Jazar) was named as the Palestinian Civil Defense paramedic and firefighter killed in the strike. He was reported to be from Ma’an, Khan Yunis.

In a post from the Dhuhair family, it was reported that eight members of the family were killed including five children. The names were identified as: Ayman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Iman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Andalus Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir, Aws Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir and another child Elias Anas Muhammad Hamad Dhahir.

Family members named as mourning the victims – though not present during the strike – included grandmother Nabila, Elias’ parents, Anas Dhahir and Hanin Saleh Zorob, and Ayman, Iman, Andalus and Aws’ father Islam Muhammad Hamad Duhair. Aws’ kindergarten, Baraem Al Tofoula Model Kindergarten, made a post announcing his death and expressing their deep sorrow.

The Ministry of the Interior and the Directorate of the Civil Defense in Gaza reported the death of Muhammad Qtait and the injury of at least four other Civil Defense members, while source Adnan Ghanima reported in a tweet that six members were seriously injured. According to Masdar Al Akhbariya, 11 Civil Defense workers were injured and three were in serious condition. A post from the Rafah Municipality reported several deaths and injuries among Civil Defense members and civilians. The casualty range for those injured is therefore put at 4-11.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli airplanes.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (5)

Ayman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أيمن إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
13 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429423221
Iman Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir إيمان إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
12 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 430509919
Andalus Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أندلس إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
10 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 434448718
Aws Islam Muhammad Hamad Dhahir أوس إسلام محمد حمد ضهير
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440694404
Elias Anas Muhammad Hamad Dhahir إلياس أنس محمد حمد ضهير
5 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 440596930

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Fawzi Qtait محمد فوزي قطيط
39 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800322224

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 10
  • (5–8 children1 woman2 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The journalist Adel Al Zaab
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    Source: Tabarbour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
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    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
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    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rafah Municipality
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adnan Ghanima
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Adnan Ghanima
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
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    Source: Ahali Maan
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    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahali Maan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Omar Mahmoud Brhoum Zaraab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraem Al Tofoula Model Kindergarten
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @SerajSat
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the area of Khirbat Al Adas ( خربة العدس ), within the Gaza strip (قِطَاعُ غَزَّةَ), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.2863108, 34.271887. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.  

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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 10
  • (5–8 children1 woman2 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4–11
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0290

Incident date

October 17, 2023

Location

جوار مستشفى الكويتي, Vicinity of al Kuwaiti Hospital, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.503611, 34.450833 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Tuesday morning, October 17 2023, between 12 and 28 civilians were reported killed, including at least 2 children, and others were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on a five-storey house behind the al-Kuwaiti hospital in the city of Rafah, southern Gaza.

While one source on social media claimed that there were 12 killed in the strike, media outlets like Shehab Agency and Alray reported on the death of 22 civilians. The Palestinian Information Center stated that 25 civilians had been killed, sharing video footage of the bodies of at least two children killed, one of whom appears to be an infant. Another source on social media, Jarad, shared an image of a middle-aged man in a press vest collapsed in grief. Sana news added that “others were injured” in the bombing, without specifying the number or details of those injured, while the Voice of the Nation newspaper quoted Shehab Agency and the Ministry of the Interior in Gaza as updating the death toll to 28 killed, alleging that: “While pressuring the residents of northern Gaza to move towards the south, Israel is intensifying its bombing of various areas of southern Gaza.”

Airwars will update the assessment if further details on the victims identities become available.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 28
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

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    Source: Jarad Jarad
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of al Kuwaiti hospital (مسجد بلال بن رباح) in Rafah (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.503611, 34.450833. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 28
  • (2 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0268

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

مركز الدفاع المدني في حي التفاح, Civil defence center, Al Tuffah, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.506667, 34.471389 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On 16th October, 2023, at least six men working in the Palestinian civil defense were killed, and another seven employees were injured (two in a critical condition) as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on the civil defense center in Al Tufah neighborhood, east of Gaza City. All victims were reportedly providing humanitarian services at the time of attack.

The General Directorate of the Palestinian Civil Defense held a press conference at Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza where he accused the Israeli military of directly targeting its headquarters and reported on the death and injuries of its servicemen. The attack killed the director of the center Muhammad Al-Ghaleed (36 years old), two firefighters – Alaa Abu Ghanima and Naji Al-Fayoumi (43 years old) – and three paramedics –  Muhammad Ali, Iyad Salem and Abdul Rahim Abu Al-Bayd (35 years old).

PBS News reported that seven paramedics were killed “as they prepared for a rescue mission” and quoted a video of one of the survivors who said “They targeted a center for ambulances. There are no weapons. There are no militants. There is nothing, nothing but civilians.”

A brother of the killed paramedic Iyad Salem wrote in a Facebook testimony that “he was martyred while doing his duty to save the lives of the injured in Gaza”. A friend of Naji Al-Fayoumi emphasized that the firefighter too was killed while performing his professional duty in civil defense.

One of the paramedics who lost his life in the incident, Muhammad Ali, was a pharmacist. His friend recalled that “he accompanied him for some time in studying pharmacy.”

Some local sources, including there Rafah Health Administration, were earlier reporting about five killed men and two of the injured being in critical condition.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

The victims were named as:

Muhammad Al-Ghaleed محمد الغليظ
36 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 800722894
Alaa Abu Ghanima علاء ابو غنيمة
Adult male killed
Naji Al-Fayoumi ناجي الفيومي
43 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 905267316
Muhammad Musa Ali محمد موسى علي
Adult male killed
Iyad Salem اياد سالم
Adult male killed
Abdul Rahim Abu Bayd عبد الرحيم ابو بيض
35 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 802135574

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • (6 men6 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

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    Source: Ayman.harazeen.7
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    Source: Ayman.harazeen.7
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    Source: Palestinian Civil Defense
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    Source: Abdallah Abo Al Khair
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    Source: Remoo Salem
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    Source: Mahmoud Al Halabi Abo Islam
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    Source: Abo Adham
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    Source: Khalil Katkat
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    Source: Khalil Katkat
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    Source: Khalil Katkat
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    Source: Khalil Katkat
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    Source: Khalil Katkat
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    Source: Shareef Abo Al Oun
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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    Source: Rafah Health Administration - General Administration of Primary Health Care
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a civil defence headquarters (مركز الدفاع المدني) in the Al Tuffah (التفاح) neighbourhood of Gaza city (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.506667, 34.471389. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    6 – 7
  • (6 men6 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    7
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (24) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0264

Incident date

October 16, 2023

Location

محيط مقر الدفاع المدني, Vicinity of the Civil Defense Headquarters , Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.501690, 34.438913 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At dawn on Monday, October 16th, 2023, between four to seven civilians, including between four to six paramedics, were reportedly killed and several more injured when two alleged Israeli airstrikes hit an ambulance and the Civil Defense headquarters in the Tal al-Hawa neighbourhood southwest of in Gaza City.

Initially a Facebook user Ahmed Saleha reported that four humanitarian personnel were killed, sharing an image of a seriously injured man in the uniform stained with blood. Later the Palestinian refugee portal and other sources wrote that seven civilians were killed. It was reported by Al Arabiya news outlet that six of the those seven civilian casualties were also paramedics, and three were also members of the Civil Defense.

The Palestinian Refugee Portal added that “the Palestinian Red Crescent had confirmed that its vehicles could not move in front of Al-Quds Hospital in Gaza to respond to calls for response due to the intensity of the bombing”. Royanews.tv further corroborated that “dozens of citizens evacuated buildings and homes adjacent to the site of the bombing on Tal al-Hawa, due to the extensive damage it caused to their homes, in addition to the fear that homes and residential towers would be targeted at any moment”.

Al Jazeera also reported on the strike and reposted a video by the Red Crescent showing moments between two strikes: an ambulance with civilians, including a young girl and paramedics inside the ambulance, and moments later the sound of another airstrike, presumed to be at the Civil Defense Headquarters, is hear nearby. A video posted by Israa Hossam Salam on Facebook showed the aftermath of the strike where ambulance drivers recovered and recounted the event.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured around dawn.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 7
  • (4–6 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Arabic
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Saleha
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    Source: East Palestine
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    Source: Royanews.tv news
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Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Civil Defense Headquarters (مسجد بلال بن رباح) to the southwest of Gaza city (غزة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.501690, 34.438913. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 7
  • (4–6 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0187

Incident date

October 13, 2023

Location

قرب دوار الكويت, Vicinity of Kuwait roundabout, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.479770, 34.442282 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 13th 2023, a male paramedic was injured by alleged Israeli airstrikes while rescuing other injured civilians near the Kuwait roundabout located in the Gaza Strip. Local sources reported that he died of his wounds either on October 14 or October 15.

He was identified by his relatives on social media as volunteer paramedic Ahmad Abdulrahman. His brother-in-law indicated that Ahmad Abdulrahman was married to “Umm Mohammed”.

Several local Tweets and Facebook posts quoted that the Ministry of Health said that Ahmad died on October 15, and Abo Fadi Sawafiri, Ahmad’s colleague, wrote on Facebook that the paramedic died of his injuries, “while trying to evacuate the injured near the old car market.”.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Ahmad Abdulrahman احمد عبدالرحمن
Adult male killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abo Fadi Sawafiri Facebook
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    Source: Abo Fadi Sawafiri Facebook
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    Source: Mos3ifon facebook
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    Source: Mos3ifon facebook
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmad MQ

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Kuwait roundabout (دوار الكويت), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.479770, 34.442282. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 man1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0126

Incident date

October 11, 2023

Location

قرب أبراج الكرامة, Vicinity of Al Karama Towers, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.544161, 34.466389 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 11, 2023, two civilians were reportedly killed and two paramedics injured when an ambulance evacuating injured people near to Al Karama Towers was struck by alleged Israeli strikes. Sources did not provide the names or identities of the victims.

A report published by Al Mezan Center for Human Rights claimed that a number of strikes had hit the Karama neighbourhood from Tuesday 10th October onwards. The strikes were allegedly attributed to the Israeli forces by @HAMADBANALI1 and Al Mezan report. Mezan’s report stated a large number of injured were still under the rubble while strikes continued.

Al-Mayadeen’s correspondent in Gaza reported the attack on the ambulance, as well as other news agencies such as Shehab and AJA Egypt.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Karama Towers (قرب أبراج الكرامة), for which the generic coordinates are: 31.544161, 34.466389. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (6) [ collapse]