Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

R4386

Incident date

September 7, 2021

Location

مدينة ادلب, حي الضبيط, Al-Dabit neighbourhood, Idlib city, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between four and five civilians, including a child, were reported killed and up to 15 other civilians injured in alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery attacks in Idlib city, on September 7 2021. Andalou Agency was alone in reporting that the attack was also carried out by Iranian backed militias.

This attack was widely noted as being the first escalation of violence since a ceasefire deal between Russia and Turkey signed in March 2020.

The area of the city, reported as the neighbourhood Al-Dabit, was described by one Twitter user as being “crowded with civilians” (@Muslim98F16). The buildings most affected by the shelling were reported to include a family swimming pool (thought to be “Al Husari pool”), with one source claiming that a wedding party was also present (@sarkiss18).

Syrian Civil Defense posted on Facebook: “A dangerous escalation of the regime and Russia forces on the city of #Idlib, the largest population center in northwestern #Syria, indicates a new catastrophe… Who will stop these deadly attacks on civilians?”

One of the victims was reported by multiple sources to be Dr Noureddin Ghafir, who was killed alongside his 12 year old son, Majed Al-Din Ghafir. Dr Ghafir was reported to be a professor at the Faculty of Administration and Economics and Al-Nahda University. Some sources mentioned that he was also the Vice President of Idlib University for Administrative Affairs. An adult man Abu Ahmad Sabbagh was also named on Facebook by Abdallah Amiri to have died as a result of injuries sustained in the incident.

Multiple sources mentioned that a young woman, Jude Yasser Shara, was also killed as a result of the artillery shelling. Shara was reported to have recently graduated from an undergraduate degree, and was working in a kindergarten in Idlib City:

“A 21-year-old woman, named as Joud Yaser Shreit, who was a BA graduate in Psychology and the head of al Seraj al Munir Kindergarten for Memorizing the Holy Quran, was one of the victims who were killed in Syrian regime’s heavy artillery bombardment of al Dbeit neighborhood in the west of Idlib city on the evening of September 7” (Syria Network for Human Rights).

Her last Facebook post, uploaded minutes before she died, was circulated by the Idlib Media Center. She had written: “Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy”.

Laser-guided missiles were widely reported to have been used in the attack, with Syria Press alleging that it was the Russian ‘Krasnapol’ missile. Other sources referred to the artillery as rocket-propelled grenades or surface-to-surface missiles.

The incident occured during the night.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (27) [ collapse]

  • Video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) reporting to show the initial artillery strikes on the city of Idlib, September 7 2021 (via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Second video published by Idlib Media Center (EMC) showing bodies being lifted from alleged artillery bombardment on a residential neighbourhood in Idlib city, September 7 2021 (via Facebook).
  • Doctors tend to a child harmed in alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The face of a child reported to have been killed by alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Doctors attempt to treat a child with head injuries resulting from alleged Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021 (Image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • A building turned to rubble with fire burning in the wreckage, a result of alleged Syrian regime or Russian artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (image published by MMC via Facebook)
  • Smoke rises over Idlib City, as reported by Idlib Media Center (MMC) to indicate artillery shelling on September 7 2021.
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "More than 5 martyrs and dozens wounded in the bombing of the Syrian regime forces targeting a wedding party in a popular swimming pool in the vicinity of the city of #Idlib" via @sarkiss18 on Twitter
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The dismembered body of what appears to be a child, reportedly killed by Russian or Syrian regime artillery strikes in Idlib City on September 7 2021 (Image posted by @sarkiss18 via Twitter)
  • A building on fire in Idlib City on September 7 2021, reported to have resulted from Russian or Syrian regime artillery attacks (Image posted by @sarkiss18 on Twitter)
  • "The rise of Dr. "Nour El-Din Ghafir", a teacher at the Faculty of Administration and Economics at Al-Nahda University, and his child, "Majd El-Din Ghafir", following the bombing of the city of #Idlib" - @SRoudinah2 via Twitter
  • Video posted by Al Jazeera showing the aftermath of reported shelling on Idlib City, September 7 2021.
  • White Helmets volunteers search through the rubble in Idlib City resulting from Russian or Syria regime artillery attacks, as reported by Syria Network for Human Rights.
  • White Helmets volunteers use torches to search through the rubble of a collapsed building, posted by Idlib Plus. Reports allege the building was hit by Russian or Syrian Regime "laser guided shells" (Idlib Plus).
  • The aftermath of reported shelling by Syrian Regime or Russian forces in Idlib City September 7 2021. White Helmets search through the rubble at night and appear to carry a body found in the wreckage. Video via @IdlibPlus on Twitter
  • Image taken by White Helmets Volunteers after the reported shelling of Idlib City September 7 2021, allegedly carried out by Syrian Regime or Russian forces (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • White Helmets volunteers look over a body in an ambulance, related to the reported artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • Dr Noureddin Ghafir was reportedly killed alongside his son on September 7 2021 when Russian or Syrian artillery shelling hit Idlib City (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image of a child's toy in rubble posted by Syrian Civil Defense reported to have been taken in the debris caused by Russian or Syrian Regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Multiple reports mentioned that a family swimming pool had been affected by the shelling.
  • A man stands in front of a building reported to have been hit the previous night by Russian or Syrian artillery shelling in Idlib City September 7 2021 (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense via Facebook)
  • An image posted by Syrian Civil Defense after Russian and Syrian regime forces allegedly hit Idlib City with artillery strikes.
  • Hadaf Kindergarten post a tribute to Majed Al-Din Ghafir, reportedly killed in Russian or Syrian regime artillery shelling on Idlib City September 7 2021. Image posted via Facebook. Image reads: And give good tidings to the patient We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return Administering and teachers of #Model _ Goal _ Kindergarten 😔 We extend our deepest condolences and condolences to the family of Al Ghafir for the death of Dr. (Nouruddin Ghafir) And the distinguished and decent child (Majd Al-Din Ghafir) May Allah accept them from the martyrs, raise their position, and empty their family and family patience and solace, O Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
  • "Oh God, good in every choice, and light in every darkness, and ease in every difficulty, the reality of all that we wish. Oh God, by the size of the beauty of your paradise, show me the beauty of the next in my life and fulfil for me what I wish, and comfort my heart. Oh God, the satisfaction that makes our hearts calm, our worries fleeting, and our misfortunes easy".

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 5
  • (1 child1 woman2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–15
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (43) [ collapse]

Published

September 6, 2021

Written by

Imogen Piper and Joe Dyke

Airwars tally offers assessment of the direct civilian impact of 20 years of US strikes

You often find a similar refrain in US media reporting of the cost of two decades of the so-called ‘War on Terror.’ The trope goes something like this: “more than 7,000 US service people have died in wars since 9/11,” an article or news report will say. In the next line it will usually, though not always, try to reflect the civilian toll – but almost exclusively in generalities. Tens, or even hundreds, of thousands.

Ahead of the 20th anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist atrocities, and the subsequent launch of the War on Terror, Airwars has been seeking the answer to one important question – how many civilians have US strikes likely killed in the ‘Forever Wars’?

We found that the US has declared at least 91,340 strikes across seven major conflict zones.

Our research has concluded that at least 22,679, and potentially as many as 48,308 civilians, have been likely killed by US strikes.

The gap between these two figures reflects the many unknowns when it comes to civilian harm in war. Belligerents rarely track the effects of their own actions – and even then do so poorly. It is left to local communities, civil society and international agencies to count the costs. Multiple sources can however suggest different numbers of fatalities, meaning that monitoring organisations like Airwars will record both minimum and maximum estimates.

Our key findings of civilian harm from US actions since 9/11 can be seen in this video and the full dataset is available here.

This accompanying article explains the conflicts we covered and our key findings in a little more detail, before outlining our methodology and data sources.

What are the ‘Forever Wars’?

In the days after the terrorist atrocities of September 11, 2001, in which 2,977 people were killed by Al Qaeda in New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia, US President George W. Bush announced the start of a new type of war, one without defined borders, boundaries, or timescales.

“Our war on terror begins with Al Qaeda, but it does not end there,” he told Americans. “It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.”

“Americans should not expect one battle, but a lengthy campaign unlike any other we have ever seen. It may include dramatic strikes visible on TV and covert operations secret even in success.”

“Every nation in every region now has a decision to make: either you are with us or you are with the terrorists,” he concluded.

So it came to pass. The War on Terror has been a near global endeavour. By 2017 for example, the US Department of Defense said it had around 8,000 “special operators” in 80 countries across the globe.

Dubbed the ‘Forever Wars,’ this conflict has not had clear territorial boundaries, though we have included in our dataset the seven most intensive US military campaigns. The types of conflict vary significantly but broadly fall into three categories:

    Full invasions and occupations of countries – Afghanistan 2001-2021, and Iraq 2003-2009. Major bombing campaigns against the Islamic State terror group – Iraq 2014-2021, Syria 2014-2021, and Libya 2016. More targeted US drone and airstrike campaigns against militant and terror groups – Somalia 2007-2021, Yemen 2002-2021, Pakistan 2004-2018, and Libya 2014-2019.

Key findings

Based on official US military data, we have concluded that the US has carried out a minimum of 91,340 airstrikes throughout the 20 years of the War on Terror.

Particular peaks were seen during the invasion of Iraq in 2003, when the US declared 18,695 strike sorties. The campaign against the so-called Islamic State also saw a sustained peak, with more than 9,000 strikes a year from 2015-2017.

We then gathered together every reliable estimate of civilian harm as a result of US strikes.

Wherever possible we sought to measure civilian harm just from US airstrikes but in some cases, such as the first years of the Iraq invasion, it was impossible to disaggregate airstrikes from artillery fire and other heavy munitions, which were therefore included.

Likewise in some US-led Coalitions it was impossible to determine whether each individual strike was American, though US airpower has dominated all such campaigns.

Based on our comprehensive review of credible sources, we found at least 22,679 civilians were likely directly killed by US strikes since 9/11, with that number potentially as high as 48,308.

 

The deadliest year came in 2003, when a minimum of 5,529 civilians were reported to have been killed by US actions according to the monitoring organisation Iraq Body Count, almost all during the invasion of Iraq that year. The next deadliest year was 2017, when at least 4,931 civilians were likely killed, the vast majority in alleged Coalition bombing of Iraq and Syria. However, if we include maximum estimates of civilian harm then 2017 was in fact the worst year for civilian casualties, with up to 19,623 killed.

Almost all of the reported civilian deaths from US wars since 9/11 (97 percent) occurred in the two occupations (Iraq 2003-20119, and Afghanistan 2001-2021); as well as in the campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (2014-2021).

In 2011, at the peak of its 20-year occupation, the US had more than 100,000 troops in Afghanistan. That conflict came to an end last month when the final US troops left after a chaotic withdrawal. During the Iraq occupation, troops numbers peaked at 166,000 in 2007, though forces withdrew by 2011.

Just three years later and following the rise of so-called Islamic State, the US and its international partners began an aerial bombing campaign against ISIS in support of allies on the ground. Campaigns to force ISIS from the Iraqi city of Mosul and the Syrian city of Raqqa in 2016-2017 saw some of the most intense urban fighting since the Second World War. In Raqqa alone, Coalition strikes reportedly killed at least 1,600 civilians. While the Islamists lost their last territorial stronghold in April 2019, the war continues at a low intensity.

 

As part of our research, we also sought official US military estimates for the numbers of civilians killed by its own actions since 9/11. Neither CENTCOM nor the Department of Defense have published such findings.

In the Iraq and Syria campaign against ISIS, the US-led Coalition has accepted killing 1,417 civilians – far lower than Airwars’ own estimate of at least 8,300 civilian deaths for that war.

Additionally, in 2016 the US admitted killing between 64 and 116 civilians in Libya, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen in counter terrorism operations in the years between 2009 and 2015. But it provided no further details, dates or specifics – making assessment of those claims near impossible.

More publicly, the United States has admitted to killing two civilians in Pakistan; thirteen in Yemen; and five in Somalia in recent years. At least 394 and as many as 570 civilians have in fact been killed by US actions in those countries, according to monitoring organisation New America.

Airwars approached CENTCOM, the part of the US military responsible for most of these conflicts, directly for this project. It said data on officially recognised civilian harm was not readily available. “The information you request is not immediately on hand in our office as it spans between multiple operations/campaigns within a span of between 18 and 20 years,” CENTCOM said in an email, requesting instead that we file a Freedom of Information request. Such requests can take several years to get a response, with no guarantee of the information being released.

It’s important to note that Airwars has examined only direct harm from US strikes since 9/11 – with many of our sources providing conservative casualty estimates. We are therefore looking at a fraction of the overall civilian harm in these countries.

Between 363,939 and 370,072 civilians have been killed by all parties to these conflicts since 2001, according to the well respected Brown University Cost of War programme.

Even so, we believe this research represents the most comprehensive public assessment available of minimum civilian harm by direct US strikes and actions in the 20 years of the War on Terror.

Methodology

Parts or all of the data presented here were peer reviewed by multiple experts in the field, and our full dataset has also been published, to enable scrutiny.

That said, we acknowledge that civilian harm monitoring mechanisms have varied and evolved extensively over the past 20 years, and are rarely consistent across organisations and campaigns.

Airwars itself was formed in 2014, and has collated data on many of the US’s conflicts since then, using our all-source monitoring in local languages to gather allegations of civilian harm. However, for much of the data in the years before 2014 and for the entirety of the Afghanistan campaign – which Airwars does not monitor – we are reliant upon other organisations. This section will explain where the data was gathered from.

Afghanistan

In Afghanistan the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has released civilian harm data since 2006. This includes likely civilian harm from airstrikes carried out by foreign powers. While the War on Terror was launched by the US, some allies initially joined – including European nations that sent significant contingents to Afghanistan. It was not possible to definitively conclude if all of these strikes were conducted by the US as opposed to allied nations, although the US provided the overwhelming majority of airpower throughout the war.

In the early years of the conflict, for the period 2001-05 before UNAMA was fully operational, we have relied upon an investigative dataset compiled by The Nation, which though well researched did not claim to be definitive.

Iraq 2003-11

The US and UK invaded Iraq in 2003 to overthrow President Saddam Hussein, and then maintained an occupation with the support of other nations until withdrawing all forces in 2011. In the vacuum after Hussein was unseated, multiple militant groups, including Al Qaeda in Iraq, a predecessor of the Islamic State, thrived. Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis were killed in ensuing conflict-related violence.

The NGO Iraq Body Count has been collating tolls of civilian harm since the 2003 invasion. It kindly agreed to provide Airwars with all data related to allegations of civilian harm caused by US actions between 2003 and 2013. According to IBC, in many cases such as the initial invasion, and the assaults on the city of Fallujah in 2004, it was near impossible to disaggregate civilian harm caused by airstrikes with artillery and other munitions. As such, the data from Iraq Body Count presented here relates to deaths caused by airstrikes and explosive weapons. Incidents where only small arms fire was involved have been excluded. As with Afghanistan, it is impossible to know for certain whether each strike was carried out by the US or partner nations, though the US provided the overwhelming majority of airpower throughout the war.

Iraq and Syria 2014-2021

In the years after the Arab Spring rippled through the Middle East and North Africa in 2011, the Islamic State militant group seized a swathe of territory spanning northern Iraq and Syria which was roughly the size of the United Kingdom. From 2014 onwards, the US led an international coalition in a bombing campaign against the group, eventually forcing it to cede its last area of territorial control along the Iraqi-Syrian border in April 2019.

Airwars has monitored civilian harm related to the ongoing seven-year war against the Islamic State since the beginning of the campaign, using a standardised methodology and approach for all our civilian harm monitoring projects. Our researchers conduct daily monitoring of local Arabic-language media and social media in Iraq and Syria, documenting and archiving all claims of civilian harm including those claims reported by the local communities themselves. Each event has a unique assessment online, where an archived version of all sources used is also available. Events are considered ‘live’ – constantly updated as new information is found.

Libya

Al Qaeda had a limited presence in Libya following the defeat of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, and was the target of a small number of US strikes. Then from 2014, an Islamic State affiliate emerged in the country – seizing control of several cities and towns a year later.

Airwars researchers have actively monitored all civilian harm caused by all parties in Libya for many years. Based on hyperlocal media monitoring, and reflecting the same methodology and approach as our Iraq-Syria assessments, we have aggregated the number of alleged civilian deaths related to US strikes against both Al Qaeda and so-called Islamic State in Libya since 2012.

Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen

In the years after 9/11 the United States launched an initially secret drone campaign targeting militant organisations in Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen. These campaigns led to often significant allegations of civilian harm.

In Pakistan, the data was originally collected by The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, with those archives transferred to Airwars in 2019. There have been no reported US strikes since July 2018.

In Somalia, Airwars has published a comprehensive review of all civilian harm allegations from both suspected and declared US strikes and actions since the conflict began in 2007.

In Yemen, the data from 2002-2016 was originally collected by The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Airwars has actively monitored the US counter terrorism campaign in Yemen since 2017, and all associated allegations of civilian harm.

Differing methodological approaches

In every conflict, those organisations monitoring civilian harm have applied different methodologies. Airwars, TBIJ and Iraq Body Count are for example remote monitors – meaning that they gather all information publicly available and reflect any uncertainties in their findings – for example by using high and low casualty ranges, rather than definitive figures.

UNAMA employs a different methodology for Afghanistan. Based until recently in Kabul, it deployed field researchers in each province to physically investigate where possible sites of alleged civilian harm, and to interview witnesses. While this approach can lead to more certainty about circumstances and casualty numbers in an individual event, it may also mean that some locally reported cases can be missed. UNAMA also does not provide casualty range estimates – publishing just one number of confirmed civilians killed per year.

More information on conflict casualty standards and methodologies can be found at Every Casualty Counts, which publishes global standards on casualty monitoring, based on the expert work of more than 50 specialist member organisations.

▲ Library image: A US Air Force B-52 refuels during the US campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (Credit: Department of Defense)

Incident Code

R4383

Incident date

September 4, 2021

Location

الرامي, Al Rami, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one child was injured in alleged Russian strikes on the outskirts of the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021.

The Al-Jisr Network correspondent reported that a child was injured by Russian warplanes bombing on the outskirts of the town of Al-Rami.

Baladi News added that the child was injured to varying degrees and that he was taken to the nearest medical point by the Civil Defense teams.

Macro Media Center provided the name of the child injured: Abdo Ahmed Asali and a correspondent for Zaman Al Wasl added that he was eight years old.

Syrian Civil Defense identified the location of the strikes as being on a poultry farm. According to Zaman Al Wasl, the bombings occurred “close to the lines of contact separating Assad’s forces and the Syrian opposition within the Jabal al-Zawiya area”.

All of the sources blamed the strikes on Russia and Zaman Al Wasl identified a Russian (Sukhoi-35) warplane as being used in the attack.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by @IdlibPlus)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by @13_r13)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Rami (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • Alleged Russian airstrikes on the town of Al Rami on September 4, 2021. (Image posted by Edlib Media Center)
  • A child was injured, in Russian air strikes, targeting a poultry farm on the outskirts of the village of Al-Rami in the southern countryside of Idlib, today, Saturday, September 4th.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4382

Incident date

September 3, 2021

Location

كنصفرة, Kansafra, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

At least one civilian, a child, was killed and one to two others were injured in alleged Russian airstrikes while grazing a flock of sheep on the outskirts of Kansafra on September 3, 2021.

Idlib Plus reported that the child “Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk” was killed in Russian airstrikes on the town of Kansafra. Syrian Network for Human Rights identified Ali as being 12 years old and Zaman Al Wasl News said that Ali died from “severe wounds he sustained in the abdomen and pelvis, as well as bleeding in the vertebral arteries and vertebral veins”.

Shaam News added that in addition to the child that was killed, a man was also injured in the bombing and North Press Agency provided the name of the injured young man: Youssef al-Najjar, resident of Kansafra. Both were with a flock of sheep on the outskirts of the village when the attack occurred, which also killed many of the sheep. Syrian Civil Defense added that both tended to sheep to support their families.

Edlib Media Center put the victim toll from the strikes at one child killed and two others injured. The correspondent for Radio Al Kul added that the two wounded were between light and medium injuries and were taken to nearby hospitals for treatment. The correspondent of “Zaman Al-Wasl” in Idlib identified the child that was killed’s father as also sustaining wounds to varying degrees.

Firas Khalifa, the media official in the Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets), told Anadolu Agency that the bombing targeted a farm for raising animals and a workshop for making bricks.

A tweet from @Tiger_forces_ identified “terrorist gatherings and headquarters in the vicinity of the town of Kansafra” as the location of the strikes but provided no other information.

All of the sources that reported on the incident attributed the airstrikes to Russia. Anadolu Agency reported that the “Aviation Tracking Observatory” of the Syrian opposition stated, on its social media accounts, that a Russian plane took off at around 10 am this morning, local time, from Hmeimim Airport in Lattakia Governorate (west) and bombed the village of Kansafra in the southern countryside of Idlib Governorate.

Macro Media Center identified “vacuum missiles” as being used in the airstrikes. “Nedaa Post” correspondent said that the southern outskirts of the village of Kansafra were targeted with three raids.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk 12 years old male killed
  • Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk's father Adult male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (13) [ collapse]

  • The death of the child "Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk" as a result of targeting the town of Kansafra in the Jabal Al-Zawiya area in the Idlib countryside, with Russian air strikes. (Image posted by @IdlibPluss)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the child Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk, killed in airtrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Sheep that were killed in an airstrike on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Macro Media Center)
  • The death of the child "Ali Ahmed Al-Brouk" as a result of targeting the town of Kansafra in the Jabal Al-Zawiya area in the Idlib countryside, with Russian air strikes. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Animals that were killed in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Crater caused by airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Animals that were killed in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets help victims of the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • Smoke and dust from the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Smoke and dust from the airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Civilians killed and injured in airstrikes on Kansafra on September 3, 2021 that also killed a child and injured a man. (Image posted by Anadolu Agency)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Unknown

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4381

Incident date

September 2, 2021

Location

الفريكة, Al Farika, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

A least one civilian, a 17 year old girl, was killed and one to two others were injured in alleged Russian or regime strikes on Farika village on September 2, 2021.

According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, a woman named Fatimah Adnan Hussein was killed while other civilians were injured in Syrian regime forces’ artillery shelling of Farika village.

Syrian Civil Defense added that Fatima had only been married for two months and when she was killed she was visiting with her family for the last time. @anasanas84 reported that she was only 17 years old at the time she was killed.

@Almohrar1 also identified that a young man was injured by the artillery shelling and Baladi News added that the injury of the civilian was moderate. However, Al-Jazeera correspondent in Syria provided information of “the injury of a number of civilians” but did not say how many while Xeber 24 News put the number of injuries at two.

Media activist Ibrahim Khatib said, in an interview with Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, that “the regime forces targeted, this Thursday afternoon, a residential house in the village of Fraika, west of Idlib governorate, with an artillery shell, which led to the killing of a woman who had been married for only two months”.

The majority of sources attributed the strikes to the Syrian regime. However, the Syrian Civil Defense blamed both the regime and Russia for launching the shells that killed the civilian Fatima and @Almohrar1 assigned responsibility to Russia.

The incident occured in the afternoon.

  • Fatimah Adnan Hussein 17 years old female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Network for Human Rights)
  • White Helmets search for survivors following strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Damage caused by strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • White Helmets search for survivors following strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Strikes on Al Farika on September 2, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (25) [ collapse]

Incident Code

YS115

Incident date

August 30, 2021

Location

عفرين, Afrin, Aleppo, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between five and eight civilians, including four to five children, were injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021.

Syrian Civil Defense reported that seven civilians, including four children, were injured in missile shelling carried out by the alleged Syrian Democratic Forces. The “Zaman Al-Wasl” correspondent also put the toll at seven injuries, including four children, and added that eight rockets fell on Afrin.

However, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights provided information that five civilians, including children, were injured in the strikes and a tweet from @jamlyyyyy_ identified six injuries “of varying degrees”.

Anadolu Agency reported that the Turkish province of Hatay announced that 8 civilians, including five children, were wounded, as a result of a six shell bombardments carried out by the YPG/PKK on Afrin at 17:50 local time.

A tweet from @rdwanalshhwan published the names of the civilians injured in the strikes: 1- Doaa Al-Ali, father Ahmed, mother, Joza, born in the southern countryside of Aleppo, Khanasser, age 11 years (F); 2 Abdel Moneim Mohamed Abdel Rahman, 8 years old, from Homs, living on Villa Street, a minor head injury (M); 3- Abd al-Rahman Ali, father Sobhi, mother Khadija, age 64, from Afrin, light in the head (M); 4- Asma al-Musa, father Musa, mother Nadia, 10 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, lived in Afrin, lightly injured (F); 5- Othman Al-Mousa Al-Mousa, the mother, Nadia, 8 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, the current residence is Afrin, a light injury (M); 6- Mahmoud Al-Mohammed, born in 1988, Homs, with a light injury (M).

Syrian Observatory for Human Rights specified that the location of the strikes was “al-Mazut road and Jendires junction in the city”. The correspondent for Zaman Al-Wasl added that “the bombing hit a school, and also caused significant material damage to some residential houses, amid a state of anxiety and fear among the city’s residents.” @YusufAd76532779 added that the shells struck “next to the headquarters of the National Army’s al-Sharqiya Army”.

The correspondent for Qasioun reported that “the civil defense teams rushed to the places where the missiles fell and worked to transport the wounded to medical points to receive the necessary treatment.”

Sources were in agreement that the Syrian Democratic Forces were responsible for the strikes, with Zaman Al-Wasl pinpointing the source of the strikes to the “Tal Rifaat pocket”, adjacent to the “Afrin” area in the southeastern side. Baladi News identified the bombing as being carried out with “rocket-propelled grenades”.

The incident occured at 5:50 pm local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Asma al-Musa 10 years old female mother Nadia, 10 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, lived in Afrin, lightly injured injured
  • Othman Al-Mousa Al-Mousa 8 years old male the mother, Nadia, 8 years old, from the southern countryside of Aleppo, the current residence is Afrin, a light injury injured
  • Doaa Al-Ali 11 years old female father Ahmed, mother, Joza, born in the southern countryside of Aleppo, Khanasser injured
  • Abdel Moneim Mohamed Abdel Rahman 8 years old male 8 years old, from Homs, living on Villa Street, a minor head injury injured
  • Abd al-Rahman Ali 64 years old male father Sobhi, mother Khadija, age 64, from Afrin, light in the head injured
  • Mahmoud Al-Mohammed 33 years old male born in 1988, Homs, with a light injury injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (17) [ collapse]

  • #Euphrates post #Aleppo northern countryside#urgent: Several wounded, including children, as a result of missile strikes on the city of Afrin.
  • Children injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Shaam News)
  • One of the injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • White Helmets search through debris for injured civilians following strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Syrian Democratic Forces strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by Syrian Civil Defense)
  • Strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @anasanas84)
  • Rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @mohmad_rasheed)
  • Rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @mohmad_rasheed)
  • Smoke from rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Smoke from rocket shelling of Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @Almohrar1)
  • Shells from strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)
  • Shells from strikes on Afrin on August 30, 2021. (Image posted by @ala_hacioglu)

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)
  • Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    5–8
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)

Sources (27) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRS011

Incident date

August 29, 2021

Location

جلين, Jillen, Dara'a, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between one and two civilians, including a woman, were killed and four others, including a woman, were injured in alleged Iranian or regime strikes on Jillin on August 29, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense, two civilians were killed and four others were injured in missile and artillery shelling by the regime in the neighborhoods of Dara’a but did not specify which neighbor the civilian casualties occurred. They added that at the time of reporting, they expected the death toll to rise because there are no hospitals in Dara’a to treat those that were injured.

@freedom4daraa tweeted that one civilian was killed and others were wounded in the strikes, while @omar_alharir identified that “at least one female” was killed. A tweet from @Mustafa____2005 also reported that one woman was killed, adding that another was also injured.

@aboomer399 named the woman killed: Mrs. Hamda Eid Al-Jasim. North Press Agency reported that Hamda was 70 years old and a resident of Masakan Jillin.

Orient News pointed out that the areas in Jillin that were shelled were residential communities.

The majority of sources that reported on the incident attributed the strikes and shelling to regime forces. However, a tweet from @freedom4daraa referred to both the regime forces and Iranian militias being responsible for the shelling of Jillin.

The strikes occurred the same day that the Central Committee representing the people of the besieged areas in Daraa announced the collapse of negotiations with the Syrian regime due to the military escalation and the bombing of areas in the province.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

IRS012

Incident date

August 29, 2021

Location

طريق السد, Tareeq Al Sad, Dara'a, Syria

Airwars assessment

Between two and three civilians, including two men from the same family, were killed and up to four others were wounded in alleged Iranian or regime surface-to-surface missile strikes and artillery shelling on Tareeq al-Sad on August 29, 2021.

According to Syrian Civil Defense (SCD), two civilians were killed and four others were injured in missile and artillery shelling by the regime in the neighborhoods of Dara’a but did not specify which neighbor the civilian casualties occurred.

SCD added that at the time of reporting, they expected the death toll to rise because there are no hospitals in Dara’a to treat those that were injured. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported that the inhabitants of Dara’a, including Tareeq al-Sad, are experiencing shortages of food, medicine, water and electricity and lack of medical center.

A tweed from @SRoudinah2 identified that three civilians were killed and a number of others were wounded in strikes on Al-Sad Road. However, @chessrabaa put the death toll at two but also pointed out that a number of others were still under the rubble at the time of reporting.

@Daraa24_24 named “Ahmed Ali Al-Amer Ghazlan” and “Bilal Muhammad Al-Hilal Ghazlan”.

Sources were conflicted as to who was responsible for the strikes, with Halab Today’s Aleppo correspondent blaming the strikes on the regime while a tweet from @Yypnp1rHaJZ1YRZ attributed the bombing to ” the Iranian militias and the Fourth Division”.

@SRoudinah2 pointed to surface-to-surface missile as being used in the attack while other sources referred to the missiles used as “elephant rockets”. The correspondent of “Zaman Al-Wasl” added that “Golan” and “elephantes” missiles were launched on Al-Sad and that the ability of these missiles to destroy is great, noting that the sounds of their explosions are terrifying. However, North Press Agency identified artillery shells as part of the bombing.

The strikes occurred the same day that the Central Committee representing the people of the besieged areas in Daraa announced the collapse of negotiations with the Syrian regime due to the military escalation and the bombing of areas in the province.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmed Ali Al-Amer Ghazlan male injured
  • Bilal Muhammad Al-Hilal Ghazlan male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (5) [ collapse]

  • "Bilal Ghazlan", nicknamed "Abu Muhammad", was killed from the Al-Sad Road neighborhood as a result of targeting the neighborhoods of Daraa Al-Balad and Al-Sad Road with elephant missiles and mortar shells. (Image posted by @syria55s)
  • Ahmed Ali Al-Amer Ghazlan was killed from the Al-Sad Road neighborhood as a result of targeting the neighborhoods of Daraa Al-Balad and Al-Sad Road with elephant missiles and mortar shells. (Image posted by @122as122as)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of "Bilal Ghazlan", nicknamed "Abu Muhammad", was killed from the Al-Sad Road neighborhood as a result of targeting the neighborhoods of Daraa Al-Balad and Al-Sad Road with elephant missiles and mortar shells. (Image posted by @Sullaf_7)

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2 – 3
  • (2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces

Sources (21) [ collapse]