Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISPT1669

Incident date

December 11, 2023

Location

الشيخ رضوان, Sheik Radwan, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532389, 34.470222 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

31.532879, 34.470028 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 7:43 AM on Monday, December 11th 2023, a series of alleged Israeli airstrikes hit six homes belonging to the extended Salem family in Sheikh Radwan, killing at least 102 civilians. Airwars was able to identify 104 named victims (102 fatalities, and two others injured), though some local reports put the death toll at 200 civilians.

Airwars estimates that 50 children* were killed in the attack, which some sources said wiped out almost an entire neighbourhood. It was reported that many of the victims sought refuge in this house to escape the incursion of the Israeli forces into areas of Gaza.

Shehab Agency, Warfare Analysis and other sources initially reported “dozens of martyrs and wounded”. Other sources, including IMEMC news and Mondoweiss news, wrote about 15 civilians killed and dozens injured. According to a news report by arabi21.com, approximately 50 people, including men, women and children, were home in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood at the moment of the strike. A Twitter/X user Younis Tirawi (@ytirawi) wrote that the rescue teams managed to retrieve 32 dead bodies and estimated that an additional 80 were still beneath the rubble.

Other social media users and Salem family members provided much higher casualties figures. According to the Facebook user Yahya salem, one of the affected houses belonging to his uncle Suleiman was bombed after his uncles and their children gathered there, leading to the death of around 50 people. Another user @humanprovince wrote that his good friend’s entire extended family was wiped out yesterday in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood of Gaza City as 70 members of the family were killed. A Twitter/X user @MariamBarghouti wrote that 100 members of the Salem family were killed in the 24 hours since the strike, adding that “There is massacre on top of massacre on top of massacre in Gaza.”

A Facebook user Yahya Salim wrote that 100 family members were killed, and dozens were still under the rubble. He also shared a video showing a completely destroyed building and ongoing rescue efforts – people searching for the bodies of their beloved under the rubble, mentioning that these are his uncles, cousins, his mother and father who remained alive. He added: “there is no ability to rescue those trapped under the rubble, no cars transporting the martyrs and the injured.”

A family relative Ramy salem wrote: “107 martyrs so far and still missing under the rubble💔” Another family relative, Ahmad Salem, alleged that the death toll was higher – according to him, about 130 members of his family were killed, including his uncles and aunts, and their children. A Facebook user Ana Safaa estimated that the number of the victims killed was even higher, up to 200, writing that  “a large number of the family were martyred, approximately 200 martyrs, and a large number are also seriously injured.”

Tributes by family relatives and friends helped Airwars to identify victim names as well as family connections. In particular, the condolence message by Mohammed Salem helped to narrow down the fatalities list to the specific families/houses within the extended Salem family. In cases where sources did not explicitly specify the family connections between the victims, identification through their three full names (usually referring to the victim’s first name, followed by the first name of their father, and their family name) was used.

The extended Salam family

Abu Akram family

An elderly woman Umm Akram Salem, wife of Abu Akram, was killed alongside her two sons, Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) and Abdul Rahman Salem (Abu Uday), her daughter-in-law, Akram’s wife, Zainab Saber Salem (Umm Youssef), Akram and Zainab’s son Younis Akram Salem and an additional unnamed child, and Abu Uday’s daughter Nada Abdul Rahman Salem.  Umm Akram’s daughter Hana Henno  Khalil Salem and her husband Sherif Saber Salem were also killed. Fadl salem abu anas shared an image of two men, Sharif Salem and Rami Salem (mentioned below in “Abu Ramzi house” section), indicating that both of them are “in heaven”.

The surviving sister of Akram and Hanna, Ana Safaa, expressed her grief in a testimony online: “And it goes a💔 black year, yes, a black year that was full of calamities. . .I lost the most precious thing… my mother, my heaven Umm Akram Salem.” In another post, Ana Safaa explained that her mother, Umm Akram Salem, underwent a heart surgery (“she came out of the death before the war with heart operations”), and that her brother’s wife,  Umm Youssef, was like a second mother to her.

A daughter of Ana Safaa’s brother Abdullah Khalil Salem, identified as Sirin Salem, was also reportedly killed.

Ana also mourned the death of her sister Hanaa and Hanaa’s husband Sheriff, her brother Abu Youssef and his wife Umm Youssef along with her nephew Younis Salem, her brother Abu Uday and his daughter Nada Salem. She wrote about Younis that “he had never harmed anyone in his life”

Fadl Salem Abu Anas wrote a tribute to the memory of Abu Youssef, his wife Zainab and their children, sharing an image where one of the men making a meal outside was apparently Abu Youssef. Only one child of Akram Khalil Salem (Abu Youssef) could be identified (Younis Akram Salem).

Mohammed Salem mourned the death of his beloved aunt, Umm Akram, “the beloved martyr Abu Youssef”,  the martyrs Umm Youssef Zainab Salem, Younis Akram Salem and Umm Ali Howaida Nafez Salem.

The Abu Ramzi house

According to Mohammed Salem, other family members were killed in the Abu Ramzi house. He, and Yahya Salim, identified the following names:

Sufyan Salem was killed along with his wife and all his family members, except for one son named Ahmed. Among the victims were their children Rami Sufyan Salem (Abu Bilal), Rama Sufyan Salem, Ahmed Sufyan Salem, Halima Sufyan Salem, and Saif Sufyan Salem.

Salem Salem (abu Anas), Salem Salem’s wife (who could possibly be Sherine Jamil Salem) and all his family members were also reportedly killed. Salem’s children, who who lost their lives, were identified as Anas Salem Salem, Wabab Salem Salem, Roa Salem Salem, Ahmed Salem Salem and Remas Salem Salem.

Mohammed Salem also added that the entire family of Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb – his wife Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa, sons, daughters, and relatives – were killed, while sources were conflicted as to whether Ramzi himself was left alone injured or was killed. The children were identified by Yahya salim as three sons Mustafa Ramzi Salem, Mohamed Ramzi Salem, Muhannad Ramzi Salem and two daughters Nourhan (Nour) Ramzi Salem and Nawal Ramzi Salem.

Members of Al-Shawa family, related to the Salem family through Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa’s mariage to Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb, were also killed in the same attack (see below: Al-Shawa family).

Al-Shawa family

According to the Facebook tribute by Moataz Shawa, the bombing of her sister’s Suhair house allegedly perpetrated by the Israeli military led to the death of 18 of her family members. “They were my whole life”, she added.

She also shared pictures showing the complete destruction of their family home. “This is what’s left of my house, after all my family members were killed” Moataz wrote.

Moataz’s father Majid Awni Jamil Al-Shawa (abu Fadi) was killed along with his wife, Moataz’s mother Helen Badie Jamil al-Shawa, their sons, Moataz’s brothers Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa and Ihab Majed Awni Al-Shawa, their daughter, Moataz’s sister Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa along with her husband Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb (abu Mustafa) and their five children (documented above – “Abu Ramzi house”), their daughter-in-law, wife of Fadi, Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al-Shawa (Al Sarsak), their daughter-in-law, wife of Ihab, Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Shawa (Al-Sarsak) and their grandchildren.

Among the grandchildren killed in the attack were sons of Fadi and Nevin Fares Al-Shawa and Firas Al-Shawa, their daughter Shahad Al-Shawa; a son of Ihab and Walaa, Muhammad Al-Shawa, and the two daughters of Ihab and Walaa – Helen Al-Shawa and an infant Sham Al-Shawa.

In one Facebook post, Moataz Shawa shared a group picture featuring her mother Helen, her sister Suhair, her niece Nawal, her brother Ihab, Ilhab’s wife Walaa with the 5-month old daughter Sham. She wrote the heartbreaking words that all of them were killed: “Everyone in the picture was killed by Israel. They were all martyrs in a hideous massacre carried out by [Israeli] aircraft that killed 18 people from my family. Every person has a story, a story, and a dream that he was seeking to implement.”

In a separate post, Moataz shared the pictures of her sister Suhair – a smiling young woman in a black dress and a grey hijab, and of her children who were killed. In one more post, she shared the pictures of her deceased father Majed and her mother Helen – he is dressed in a suit with a black tie, and she is in a black embroidered dress and hijab. In other posts, she shared the pictures of her brothers Fadi and Ihab and their children.

Another family relative, Ghadeer Mohammad, also mourned his aunt Helen Al-Shawa, his uncle Abu Fadi Em Fadi Al-Shawa, his relative Nevin, “the kind and compassionate one”, and Suhair.  He also wrote a condolence message to the apparently surviving member of the family, Eman Majed Al-Shawa, saying: “Dear Eman, may God give you patience, strengthen you, and give your heart patience.“

The Shawa Family Facebook account also wrote a tribute to the 19 members of the Al-Shawa family who were killed “while they were safe in their home in Gaza City – Sheikh Radwan neighborhood”, and went on to “ask God Almighty to grant them wide mercy, forgiveness, and the highest paradise in Paradise, and to accept them as companions with the prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the good ones.”

Facebook users Al-qishawi Nael and Alaa al-Fasees mourned the death of Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa, calling him “our brother, friend, and comrade” and sharing a picture of a young bearded man in glasses.

Abu Ghassan’s house

According to the post by Abdelmajeed Aljelekh, among the victims were also Umm Ghassan Salem and her four sons, brothers Yahya Zakaria Salem, Bassam Zakarya Salem (Abu Hamza), Hossam Zakarya Salem, and Ahmad Zakarya Salem, as well as her daughter with all her children, and the wife of one of the brothers, Yahya, named Sabreen Sami Kasbeh. Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh further identified Nidal Zakarya Salem, son of Zakarya Salem, as killed.

Mohammad Sandouqa wrote that Umm Ghassan was a wife of the late Zakaria Salem. He mourned the death of the brothers – Bassam, Hossam, Yahya and Ahmad.

According to the Facebook tribute by Omar Mustafa, Yahya Salem was his neighbour and childhood friend. He added that he was killed along with his mother, his brothers Bassam and Hossam, some of their children and wives..

Qusi Mustfa Alooz also mourned the death of Umm Ghassan and her sons, sharing the image of Yahya and Ahmad, apparently quite young men.

Mohammed Salem wrote that he lost his beloved aunt, Umm Ghassan, his nephews Yahya and Ahmed as well as Yahya’s wife.

Mohammed Kusba, uncle of the late Sabreen, mourned her death and death of her husband and aunt: “With hearts full of faith in God Almighty and satisfied with God’s will and destiny, my niece (Sabreen Sami Kasba, her husband Yahya Salem, and her aunt, a thousand mercy on them) was martyred.”

Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house

A family relative Waleed Naeem Salem wrote on Facebook that it was “a black day for our family”. He mourned the death of 60 members of his family, including his aunt, Bushra Ahmed Salem (Umm Wissam) who was killed along with her husband Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem (abu Wissam), their daughter Ahlam Ziyad Salem and their three sons –  Wissam Ziad Salem, Abdullah Ziyad Salem, and Basil Ziad Salem. A wife of Basil, Shaima Akram Salem was also killed along with their sons Youssef Basil Salem and Zain Basil Salem. They were all killed in the house of Ziad Salem, according to Mohammed Salem, survived only by Hossam Basil Salem, one of Basil’s sons. Waleed also shared a striking  image where names of the victims written in Arabic can be seen on the black background.

Mohammed Salem also added that Muhammad and his wife were also killed in this house- it is possible that he could refer to Muhammad Iyad Salem who was mentioned in the list of victims published by Emad j abushawiesh.

A niece of the late Ziad, Abed Deeb, wrote a heartfelt Facebook testimony, mourning the death of her dear uncle Ziad, his wife and children.

Mohammed b Salem in his post wished “Mercy on the family of my aunt Umm Wissam, her husband Ziad, her children, her grandchildren, and her children’s wives 💔😭.”

Hamed jawad mahdi posted a tribute for Basil Ziad Salem, calling him “the beloved and dear friend to our hearts.”

Shaimaa Akram Salem, her husband and children were mentioned also in the testimony by Ana Safaa.

Umm Bashir’s house

According to a post by Mohammed Salem, the three women belonging to three different generations were killed in the house of his aunt Umm Bashir, in particular, Haji Noha Saeed Salem was killed alongside her daughter Reham Saeed Salem and Reham’s daughter Haji Hanan Saeed Salem.

Among the civilians killed in this house were a mother Khader Salem (umm Basil), her three sons –  Basil Rafiq Salem, Jihad Rafiq Salem and Ahmed Rafiq Salem and her daughter Farah Rafiq Salem.  At the same time, Khader’s husband Rafiq Salem (Abu Basil), their married daughters, and Basil’s wife and daughter survived.

Khitam Saeed Salem, child of Saeed Salem was also listed as civilians killed by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh

Thaer Mounir Salem was killed alongside his mother, his wife, his brothers Muhammad  Mounir Salem, Ammar Mounir Salem and Omar Mounir Salem (Omar was identified in Yahya Salim’s list of victims) and his sister Shahd Mounir Salem. Thaer and his siblings’ father Abu Thaer survived.

Rizq Salem’s (Abu Nidal) house

According to Mohammed Salem, his uncle Muhammad Rizq Salem (Abu Nidal) was killed alongside his wife, their son Alaa Muhammad Salem, their daughter Amani Muhammad Salem and their two grandchildren, sons of their surviving son Nidal –  Muhammad Nidal Salem and Ahmed Nidal Salem. He stated that Nidal Salem, his wife and two daughters survived. However, Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh’s list of victims included Nidal Muhammad Salem as one of those killed, with the following relatives: Fidaa Muhammad Salem, Nihad Muhammad Salem, and Kafah Muhammad Salem (mentioned below).

Abu Iyad’s house

According to Mohammed Salem, Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) was killed alongside his wife and all their four children. The names of his deceased children were Ahmed Mahmoud Salem, Mohamed Mahmoud Salem, and Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem, the name of the fourth child was not provided. It could possibly be Kafah Muhammad Salem as his name was listed right below those of the three brothers identified in the list provided by Mohammed Salem- in case there was a typo in the writing of Kafah’s middle Arabic name (Mohammad instead of Mahmoud – only one letter different in Arabic).

Abed Deeb mourned the loss of her cousin Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) and his entire family. She added many images of the family members – mostly men of different ages, but it is hard to identify exactly who was portrayed in the pictures.

Additional members of the Salem family

There were additional members of the Salem family mentioned in the testimonies by Yahya Salim and Emad j Abushawiesh as killed, but absent in the post by Mohammed Salem. In particular, those were identified as Moaz Hossam Salem, Lana Hossam Salem, Baraa Hossam Salem – children of Hossam Salem, and Muhammad Iyad Salem (on Muhammad Iyad Salem, see section Ziad Salem (Abu Wissam)’s house), Muhammad Suleiman Salem, Wisam Al-Khawaldeh, Nesma Hani Salem.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to the Israeli military.

*When victims were referred to as “children of” Airwars counted them as children given the context and understanding of the family in this case, unless there was evidence to suggest at their age (such as marital status). Where only names were identified without ages, Airwars counted these as adults. Our civilian casualty ranges will be updated once more information is available.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 7:43 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (104)

Khader Salem خضر سالم
Adult female killed
Basil Rafiq Salem باسل رفيق سالم
male killed
Jihad Rafiq Salem جهاد رفيق سالم
male killed
Ahmed Rafiq Salem احمد رفيق سالم
male killed
Farah Rafiq Salem فرح رفيق سالم
female killed
Nidal Zakaria Salem نضال زكريا سالم
killed
Thaer Munir Salem ثائر منير سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Thaer Salem زوجة ثائر
Adult female killed
Mother of Thaer أم ثائر
Adult female killed
Ammar Mounir Salem عمار منير سالم
Adult male killed
Muhammad Mounir Salem محمد منير سالم
Adult male killed
Shahd Mounir Salem شهد منير سالم
Adult female killed
Wisam Al-Khawaldeh وسام الخوالدة
killed
Hanan Saeed Salem حنان سعيد سالم
female killed
Noha Saeed Salem نهى سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Reham Saeed Salem ريهام سعيد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Rizq Salem محمد رزق سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Muhammad Rizq Salem زوجة محمد رزق سالم
Adult female killed
Omar Mounir Salem عمر منير سالم
killed
Khitam Saeed Salem ختام سعيد سالم
killed
Alaa Muhammad Salem علاء محمد سالم
Adult male killed
Amani Muhammad Salem اماني محمد سالم
Adult female killed
Muhammad Nidal Salem محمد نضال سالم
male killed
Ahmed Nidal Salem احمد نضال سالم
male killed
Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Mahmoud Abdel Karim Salem (Abu Ahmed) زوجة محمود عبد الكريم سالم
Adult female killed
Kafah Muhammad Salem كفاح محمد سالم
male killed
Ahmed Mahmoud Salem احمد محمود سالم
killed
Mohamed Mahmoud Salem محمد محمود سالم
killed
Ibrahim Mahmoud Salem ابراهيم محمود سالم
killed
Fourth child of Mahmoud Salem
male killed
Abdul Rahman Salem عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Fidaa Muhammad Salem فداء محمد سالم
killed
Sufyan Salem سفيان سالم
Adult male killed
Wife of Sufyan Salem زوجة سفيان سالم
Adult female killed
Rami Sufyan Salem رامي سفيان سالم
male killed
Rama Sufyan Salem راما سفيان سالم
female killed
Ahmed Sufyan Salem احمد سفيان سالم
killed
Halima Sufyan Salem حليمه سفيان سالم
Age unknown female killed
Saif Sufyan Salem سيف سفيان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Salem Suleiman Salem سالم سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sherine Jamil Salem شرين جميل سالم
Age unknown female killed
Wabab Salem Salem وباب سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Roa Salem Salem رؤى سالم سالم
Age unknown female killed
Anas Salem Salem انس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmed Salem Salem احمد سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nada Abdel Rahman Salem ندى عبد الرحمن سالم
Age unknown female killed
Akram Khalil Salem (abu Youssef) اكرم خليل سالم
Adult male killed
Mother of Akram أم اكرم
Adult female killed
Zainab Saber Salem (umm Youssef) زينب صابر سالم
Adult female killed
Younis Akram Salem يونس اكرم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Child of Zainab Saber Salem طفل زينب صابر سالم
Age unknown killed
Hanaa Khalil Salem هناء خليل سالم
Adult female killed
Sherif Saber Salem شريف صابر سالم
Adult male killed
Nihad Muhammad Salem نهاد محمد سالم
Age unknown killed
Yahya Zakaria Salem يحيى زكريا سالم
Adult male killed
Umm Ghassan Salem أم غسان سالم
Adult female killed
Bassam Zakarya Salem بسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Hossam Zakarya Salem حسام زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Ahmad Zakarya Salem احمد زكريا سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sabreen Sami Kasbeh صابرين سامي كسبة
Adult female killed
Howaida Nafez Salem (Umm Ali) هويدا نافذ سالم
Adult female killed
Ziad Abdel Rahman Salem زياد عبد الرحمن سالم
Adult male killed
Bushra Ahmed Salem شرى احمد سالم
Adult female killed
Ahlam Ziyad Salem احلام زياد سالم
Age unknown female killed
Abdullah Ziyad Salem عبدالله زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Wissam Ziad Salem وسام زياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Basil Ziad Salem باسل زياد سالم
Adult male killed
Shaima Akram Salem شيماء اكرم سالم
Adult female killed
Youssef Basil Salem يوسف باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Zain Basil Salem زين باسل سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Iyad Salem محمد اياد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad's wife
Age unknown Matched to MoH ID possibly Muhammad Iyad Salem's wife
Nesma Hani Salem نسمه هاني سالم
Age unknown female killed
Moaz Hossam Salem معاذ حسام سالم
Age unknown male killed
Lana Hossam Salem لانا حسام سالم
Age unknown female killed
Baraa Hossam Salem براء حسام سالم
Age unknown killed Matched to MoH ID gender unknown
Remas Salem Salem ريماس سالم سالم
Age unknown male killed
Nidal Muhammad Salem نضال محمد سالم
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Suleiman Salem محمد سليمان سالم
Age unknown male killed
Sirin Salem سيرين سالم
Age unknown female killed
Majid Awni Jamil Shawa ماجد عوني جميل الشوا
Adult male killed
Helen Badie Jamil Shawa هيلين بديع جميل الشوا
Adult female killed
Fadi Majid Awni Al-Shawa فادي ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Nevin Suhail Abdullah Al Sarsak نفين سهيل عبدالله السرسك
Adult female killed
Fares Al-Shawa فارس الشوا
Child male killed
Shahad Al-Shawa شهد الشوا
Child female killed
Firas Al-Shawa فراس الشوا
Child male killed
Ihab Majed Awni Al Shawa ايهاب ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult male killed
Walaa Hossam Salim Al-Sarsak ولاء حسام سليم السرسك
Adult female killed
Helen Al-Shawa هيلين الشوا
Child female killed
Muhammad Al-Shawa محمد الشوا
Child male killed
Sham Al-Shawa شام الشوا
4 years old female killed
Suhair Majid Awni Al Shawa سهير ماجد عوني الشوا
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem's wife
Adult female killed
Ramzi Suleiman Salem Deeb Salem رمزي سليمان سالم ديب
Adult male killed
Mustafa Ramzi Salem مصطفى رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Muhammad Ramzi Salem محمد رمزي سالم
Child male killed
Nawal Ramzi Salem نوال رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Nourhan Ramzi Salem نورهان رمزي سالم
Child female killed
Muhannad Ramzi Salem
Adult male killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter
Adult female killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 1
Child killed
Um Ghassan Salem's daughter's child 2
Child killed

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention multiple residential buildings being struck in the vicinity of the Sheik Radwan Clinic (عيادة الشيخ رضوان) within Sheik Radwan (الشيخ رضوان) neighbourhood of Gaza (غزة) city. Al Jazeera provided Airwars with the exact coordinates for one residential buildings after receiving testimony from a survivor, as follows: 31.532389, 34.470222. The generic coordinates for Sheik Radwan Clinic are: 31.532879, 34.470028. Due to limited imagery from the site, we were unable to verify the locations further..

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Residential building struck","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470222,31.532389],"type":"Point"}},{"type":"Feature","properties":{"label":"Sheik Radwan Clinic \n عيادة الشيخ رضوان","label-type":"black-white"},"geometry":{"coordinates":[34.470028,31.532879],"type":"Point"}}]}

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (51) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
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    Source: Mohammad jaber salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
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    Source: Fadl salem abu anas
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    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
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    Source: Qusi mustfa aloozi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abu waseem abu diah
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Princ princ
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
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    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed deeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Waleed naeem salem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moataz m shawa
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa al-fasees
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al-qishawi nael
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    Source: Yahya salim
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    Source: Yahya salim
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    Source: Yahya salim
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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    Source: Moataz m shawa
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Healthcare facility, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    102 – 200
  • (50 children26 women26–27 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (50) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0905

Incident date

November 5, 2023

Location

محيط شارع الصناعة, Vicinity of Al Sinaa Street, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.509642, 34.443460 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Eight people, including three children, all from the Al Rayees family, were killed on November 5, 2023, when two alleged Israeli missiles hit their seven-story house, the Al-Safadi Building on Al-Sinaa Street.

@Hakeam_ps, a neighbour of Al Rayees family, described their own escape and forced displacement after their house was destroyed in the same strike, adding that they were now isolated without electricity. The source said “What happened could never be described, more like an earthquake, but more violent… Dust stormed the house, fragments everywhere. My mother and her grandchildren were in a state of panic and fear”.

The family members were killed across three generations: grandfather Azmi Al Rayees and his wife Enaya Al Rayees were killed alongside their son, Dr Maisara Azmi Al Rayees, and their daughters, Uraib Al Rayees and Izza Al Rayees. Izza’s three children Karim Ramez Samir Nabhan, Adam Ramez Samir Nabhan, and Sham Ramez Samir Nabhan were killed as well.

Several local sources reported that the bodies of the victims killed could not be rescued due to a lack of suitable equipment to search through the rubble of the family home. @HuDa_NaIm92 said that some neighbors were “digging with their hands under piles of stones and rubble”. Mai Mare on Facebook reported that “There is no hope of retrieving them. There is no equipment, no gasoline or diesel, no bulldozers, nothing.”  Leqa’a Al Saadi said on Facebook that Muhammad Al Rayees and Moayad Al Rayees, two brothers from the Al Rayees family who reportedly survived the attack, “tried in every possible way to search for their family and extract them from under the rubble, hoping to find them or some of them alive”.

The next day, on social media, Amr Tabaza called Palestinians in Gaza to help reach the members of Al Rayees family buried under the rubble, saying “The building is 7 floors… and no one has reached them so far.”. On November 7th, on Twitter, @Ali_Hisham added that Maisara Al Rayees had been buried under the rubble for two days and asked for help to “exhume his body to tell him goodbye one last time”. A second strike was reported in the same location just days after the incident, with additional casualties alleged. This incident will be assessed separately by Airwars.

Dr Maisara Al Rayees was described as a maternal and child health specialist and a graduate of a prestigious UK Foreign Office Chevening Scholarship through which he studied at King’s College London for his master’s degree. Mai Mare said that Maisara worked with Doctors Without Borders. The same source indicated that she had met Maisara two months ago to send him “a special invitation to meet with British Foreign Secretary Cleverly to talk to him face to face about Gaza”. Mai added: “Just last month, I contacted Maisara and asked him if they would like me to work on a video for the Chevening Scholarships as a photo story, telling the story of [him and his wife’s] love, education and work in Gaza, but today, my heart is heavy and worn out with this news.” One source described Maisara as ambitious, kind and calm; someone who loved to help people. He had recently married his partner Laura Al Hayyek, whom he met on the scholarship programme. Laura Al Hayyek, an employee of the United Nations and a graduate of the Chevening Scholarship, was reported as killed in the bombing by some sources. However through private communication, Airwars researchers have been able to confirm that she was not present when the strike occurred.

Uraib Al Rayees was described as creative. He was said to be a dentist and a painter.

A BBC article published five days after the strike reported that “The Foreign Office on Wednesday said it was “devastated” and offered condolences to the surviving family and “Chevening Alumni community” over the death of Dr Al Rayees but didn’t give any details about what happened to him, or where.” The handling of this incident reportedly led to internal complaints within the Foreign Office that the government was showing a “permissive approach” to Israel “breaching international humanitarian law””.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

 

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Azmi Al Rayees عزمي الريّس
Adult male killed
Enaya Al Rayees عناية الريس
Adult female killed
Uraib Al Rayees عريب الريس
Adult female killed
Izza Al Rayees عزة الريس
Adult female killed
Maisara Al Rayees ميسرة عزمي الريّس
Adult male killed
Karim Ramez Samir Nabhan كريم رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed
Adam Ramez Samir Nabhan آدم رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed
Sham Ramez Samir Nabhan شام رامز سمير نبهان
Child male killed

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the vicinity of Al Sinaa Street (شارع الصناعة) in Gaza city (غَزَّة). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.509642, 34.443460.

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  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

  • Imagery:
    @MuathHumaid

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children3 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (14) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @GazaShaheed
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    Source: @HuDa_NaIm92
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    Source: @yazanabueid
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mai Mare
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tahany Hedar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Q.D
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Ali_Hisham
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @Ali_Hisham
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    Source: @Ali_Hisham
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShaymaAlWaheidi
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  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    8
  • (3 children3 women2 men2 healthcare_personnel)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Healthcare
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (18) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0783

Incident date

October 31, 2023

Location

مخيم جباليا, Jabalia camp, North Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.532720, 34.498137 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On October 31, 2023 confirmed Israeli strikes on the densely populated Jabalia refugee camp killed at least 126 civilians, including 69 children. A further 280 civilians were reported injured by the director of the nearby Indonesian Hospital.

A second strike hit the same location the following day, though the full casualty assessment for that incident will be reviewed separately by Airwars. Israel has confirmed that it conducted both strikes, with the stated target being Hamas leader Ibrahim Biari, and “his base”, according to IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari. Munitions experts speaking to The Guardian indicated that the IDF used so-called bunker buster munitions in the strike: 2,000lb bombs with an estimated crater size of 40ft which cause an “earthquake like” phenomenon on impact.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raised concerns on Twitter/X that the strikes may have been “disproportionate attacks that could amount to war crimes”. Though no official civilian casualty estimate has yet been conceded by Israeli forces, IDF Spokesperson Richard Hech acknowledged that the IDF knew that civilians were present, and said that civilian harm was a “tragedy of war”.

Airwars has identified at least 116 names of civilians killed, including ten cases involving the fatality of more than one member of the same family. In three of these cases, families were reportedly killed in their entirety.

The Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were also killed. These civilians have been included in Airwars’ upper fatality estimate only, as they have not yet been otherwise corroborated.

Numerous accounts on social media of relatives grieving over unnamed family members killed in the bombing have also been accounted for in Airwars’ civilian casualty range. When one source mentioned that a civilian and “his whole family” were reportedly killed, but the victims could not otherwise be identified, Airwars counted two civilians killed in its ranges as a minimum. In cases where sources indicated that “children” were killed without providing further information on the number of victims, Airwars counted two children killed as a minimum.

Sources also reported that “a large number” of victims were still under the rubble after the strikes, with Hamas officials, quoted by the National, reporting that 120 individuals were still missing by November 2nd. These individuals have not yet been included in the Airwars casualty toll. No reports were found to indicate that there had been prior warning of the strike.

“Apocalyptic scenes”

Footage and videos released following the strikes showed vast craters, alongside dozens of onlookers standing on the edges and people searching for survivors. Local sources have widely referred to the bombing as a “massacre”. Pictures published by local and international sources showed entire housing blocks leveled.

CNN said the survivors talked about “apocalyptic scenes in the aftermath of Tuesday’s strike”, with one eyewitness saying “it felt like the end of the world”. “Children were carrying other injured children and running, with grey dust filling the air. Bodies were hanging on the rubble, many of them unrecognizable. Some were bleeding and others were burnt,” Mohammad Al Aswad told CNN.

The Washington Post reported that “Palestinians carried away the injured and dead on blankets and mattresses”. The Guardian described “body bags piled up with horrific speed at the morgue of the nearby Indonesian hospital in Beit Lahia, and then outside the building” and added that “the wounded filled [the Indonesian Hospital] beds or were raced to Dar al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City, where medics from the Médicins Sans Frontiers aid group struggled to find space even for badly injured children”.

“Young children arrived at the hospital with deep wounds and severe burns. They came without their families,” said Mohammed Hawajreh, an MSF nurse who was quoted by the organisation in a statement condemning the attack. “Many were screaming and asking for their parents. I stayed with them until we could find a place, as the hospital was full with patients”.

Similarly, @AJA_Egypt described scenes with “rows of corpses and shrouds…Jabalia martyrs piled up in the courtyard of the Indonesian Hospital”.

One source on social media (@rdooan) said the bombing left “a hole filled with the corpses of Palestinian families”, while another source stated that “the bodies of families are crowded on top of each other”.

Rescue efforts to identify civilians in the rubble continued after the strikes, with The Guardian reporting that following the strike, “rescuers combed with their hands through surface layers of a tangled mass of concrete and steel which hours earlier had been homes in the Jabalia refugee camp in Gaza. They were searching for survivors, or the bodies of victims, which the immense force of an Israeli airstrike had left near the surface. Those trapped deeper may be entombed for months”.

Mahmoud Basal, a spokesperson for the Palestinian Civil Defense emergency services, told The Washington Post 20 buildings had been destroyed by the strikes, while Al-Arabiya wrote that the bombing “blew up an entire residential neighborhood”. One source specified that the location hit initially was the Al-Tarnis area of the camp. A number of sources qualified the bombing as a “massacre”. Journalist Anas Al Sharif described the destruction of dozens of homes in the “most populated area in the world”.

AP spoke with Abu al-Qumssan, a witness of the strike, who described what happened:“In a matter of seconds, it turned into night,” Abu al-Qumssan said. “It felt like containers of explosives and iron were dropped on us. It was a very strange and bloodcurdling sound. I couldn’t make out the streets from homes,” he said. “People and bodies evaporated.” He went to his uncle’s house, only to find the flimsy metal structure had been crushed into nothing.

Victims identified

In many cases, victims were identified on social media by survivors, relatives or friends.

The Abu Al Qoumsan family

At least 21 members of the family of Al-Jazeera broadcast engineer Muhammad Abu Al Qoumsan were killed in Jabalia. Relative of the Abu Al Qoumsan family, Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan, announced on Twitter/X the deaths of his relatives, namely: the three brothers Abu Al Thib Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s father), Abu Anas Abu Al Qoumsan, Abu Firas Abu Al Qoumsan. He also announced the deaths of Abu Firas  Abu Al Qoumsan’s wife (name not provided), her two sons Wasel Abu Al Qoumsan and Mohannad Abu Al Qoumsan, and her two daughters Nabough Abu Al Qoumsan and Abrar Abu Al Qoumsan.

He also recorded the deaths of Umayya Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abu Al Qoumsan’s sister), and of his sister-in-law, described as the wife of his big brother Thib Abu Al Qoumsan. While her name was not provided, the names of her children were: two daughters Rahaf  Abu Al Qoumsan and Layan  Abu Al Qoumsan, and three sons Abdullah  Abu Al Qoumsan, Mohammed  Abu Al Qoumsan, and Aboud  Abu Al Qoumsan.

Imam Abu Al Qoumsan (Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan’s sister), and her three sons Yamen, Zain and Yazeed were also reportedly killed. Um Mohammed Abu Al Qoumsan, an Abu Al Qoumsan relative, said that her sister “Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan, mother of Rami Ahjazi” was also killed in the incident. It is unclear if she is one of the wives unnamed previously.

Ra’ed Abu Al Qoumsan announced the deaths of his father, of his uncle Abu Firas, of his uncle’s wife and children – (the uncle, his wife and children have already been included above), of his sisters and their children, of his brother’s wife and her children. No names or ages were provided by this source, and it was unclear whether all of those victims have also been listed above.

One additional woman from Al Qoumsan family unit, Marwa Basil Abu Al Qoumsan was identified killed by Al-Jazeera staff on social media. It was unclear whether Marwa was an additional victim, or whether her identity matched one of the women reportedly killed but whose name had not been provided.

To avoid double counting the deaths of members of Abu Al Qoumsan family, where names were not provided by other sources, Airwars has considered these individuals were already named in the sources above in minimum estimates, though have been considered as additional family members in our maximum estimate.

The Siraj family

A man identified as Abdul Salam Siraj was reportedly killed alongside all the members of his family. Ismail Mohammad Foda posted on Facebook: “My friend Abdul Salam Siraj, his entire family was exterminated in Jabalia… his mother, his wife, his two daughters, two sisters, three brothers, and his uncle’s entire family”. Airwars has been unable to separately identify the uncle’s family, and so has counted these as at least two individuals in our minimum range.

The Khudair Ali family

Muhammad Ali announced on Twitter/X the deaths of nine of his relatives that he described as “my beloved ones, my heart and my soul, my support in my country, my cousins and my sisters, in the treacherous massacre in Jabalia camp”.

He identified the victims as Fadi Khudair Ali and his wife (name not provided), Muhammad Khudair Ali, Malak Khudair Ali (described as his cousin), Khadra Jaber Ali (his aunt), and Khadra’s children: Ahmed, Zainab and Muhammad. He also named his cousin’s sons Haidar and Kanan Al-Daour. Another source said that “Umm Fadi” was grieving her sons and daughters, all killed in the Jabaliya bombing.

The Masoud family

A friend of Omar Masoud “Al-Abeka” announced Omar’s death, alongside the deaths of his wife Donia Bashir and their four children (a son and three daughters). The source described Omar as a former prisoner who was detained for twenty years for killing an Israeli, before he got released, getting married and having children. The names of Omar’s family members were not provided by the source. Sources did not explain if Omar Masoud was imprisoned for being a member of a militant group, and also did not state if Masoud was a member of a militant group at the time of his death.

The Abu Sultan family

Nine members were reportedly killed from the Abu Sultan family, which one source said was killed in its entirety.

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan and his wife Sahar Abu Sultan (Al-Hoor), and their five children (four sons and one daughter) Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan, Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan, Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan, Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan, and their daughter named Shahd Omar Abu Sultan. Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan’s wife, and his daughter were also reportedly killed (though names were not provided by the source). On the deaths of the Abu Sultan family, on Facebook, Suhil Yahya posted: There are no relatives or loved ones left, they are all gone”.

The Hamad Family

Medhat Khalil and two other sources reported the death of Kamal Hamad “Abu Diaa” and his son (unnamed) in the Jabalia bombing.

The Al-Tanani family

Two children from the Al-Tanani family were reported killed by one source, namely Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani and Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani. Their age was not provided by the source.

The Okasha family

At least 33 members of the Okasha family were reported killed in the strikes, according to AP. This includes husband and wife Rawand Okasha Umm Kinan and Belal Okasha, alongside their three children, as reported by their relatives Mohammad Okasha and Abood Okasha. The children’s uncle Ziad Okasha Abu Iyad and his wife Manal Okasha “Al-Najjar” were also reported killed alongside their son Youssef Ziad Okasha and sons of their late uncle Naeem Abu Raed.

Another cousin, Raed Okasha, his children, and his wife, their cousin Muhammad Okasha and his three children Rakan, Amid, and Masa were also listed among the fatalities, alongside their cousin Yasser Okasha, his children and his wife, their cousin Nael Okasha, his children and his wife Islam Muhammad Al-Kafarna Okasha. A video posted on Facebook by Mohammed Okasha showed Yasser Okasha in combat gear wearing weapons, suggesting he may have been a militant. 

A post from Mona Sahle added additional names and offered her condolences to her cousin Nasser Okasha Abu Muhammad for the loss of Nasser’s daughter, her husband, and their children. Muhammad Okasha and his three children are survived by their wife and mother Samah Abu Saltah who was born in the Balata camp, and moved between Gaza and Nablus. Mohammed Okasha added the names Thaer Naeem Okasha and his family, and Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi.

The Alyan family

Jehad Al Sharawi posted a memorial to her uncle Muhammad, uncle Hussein, and the Alyan family for the loss of: Youssef Muhammad Alyan, Mahmoud Jabr Alyan, Karim Majid Alyan. Ziad Alyan also posted a memorial for his brother Mahmoud Jabr Alyan.

The Omrain family

Faraj Abo Mohammed announced five deaths from Abu Al-Omrain family : Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain, Reem Muhammad Al-Firi (Abu Al-Amrain), Muhammad’s wife, and of three children: Rital Youssef Abu Al-Amrain, Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Amrain and Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Amrain.

The Rayyan family

Reuters published a video of a Jabaliya resident, identified as Abdel Kareem Rayyan, holding a paper listing the names of the 15 family members that he claimed were killed in the Israeli strikes. Abdel Kareem Rayyan declared to Reuters: “I lost my whole family, 15 of them. They were innocent, just staying in the camp. What wrong did they do? All of them were killed. My sister’s house with her children, my brother’s house with his children, all of my siblings, no one left except me and my younger brother. Fifteen people, these are their names – they are innocent an kind, it’s literally a massacre, complete destruction. All of the alley, 20 houses were demolished”.

Airwars was able to identify the following names from the list he showed to Reuters: Raed Ahmad Rayyan, Hanna Rayyan, Sa’ed Rayyan, Maher Rayyan, Anwar Rayyan, Jannah RayyanRaed Sa’ed Rayyan, Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan, Mahmoud Sa’ed RayyanGhassan Mohammed Rayyan, Israa Mohammed Rayyan, Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan, Masa Mohammed RayyanIman Saed Abou Hamdan, Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan.

Another man identified as Hassan Ahmed Rayan told Reuters in the same video “The house had 15 people in it, until this moment we cannot reach any of them. Since yesterday, we’ve been trying to find anyone, but we couldn’t. There is no equipment, no civil defense teams, it’s all personal efforts to remove the rubble”.

On social media, Ahmad Abi Ibrahim announced the deaths of his relatives his cousin and brother in law Raed Rayan Abu Saed, his “beloved sister Hanna”, described as Saed’s mother, Saed’s sister identifed as Anwar, and her sons. Janna is referred to as a younger sister with who they “recently celebrated her success in high school”.

Maher is described as a ” decent young man, [who] spent his life in obedience to God, between the mosque and the university. He completed his education as a doctor and volunteered to treat the wounded in the Indonesian Hospital at the beginning of the outbreak of the current war on Gaza.” Nassma Jamal published on Facebook: “May God have mercy on the martyrs of the Rayyan family, relatives and cousins, who were martyred while they were steadfast and sitting in their homes in the Jabalia camp massacre. The martyr Abu Saed Raed Rayan, his wife, children and some of his grandchildren, his son Saed Rayan, his wife and children, and the wife of cousin Abu Ghassan Rayan and her children. Fifteen people, most of them children.” Airwars has estimated the minimum number of children killed in the Rayan family to be six, though the exact number is not yet clear.

In addition to the victims identified alongside other family members outlined above, Airwars also identified an individual named Juma Muhammad Al-Shaarawi, whose death was announced by Baraa Samir describing Al-Shaarawi as a “good and decent young neighbor”.

Unnamed victims

As in many incidents of civilian harm, not all victims were named by sources.

The Izz Al Din Al Qassam brigade official page posted that seven civilian hostages taken from Israel by Hamas militants, including three holders of foreign passports, were killed. The identity of the hostages was not provided.

Airwars also archived a number of videos where relatives or friends spoke about their losses surrounded by scenes of desolation.

In one video published by @Roaastudies and by Middle East Eye, an unnamed Palestinian man present at the scene of the incident was recorded explaining to the camera that he had three children and “not one has survived”. He is seen collapsing at the site of the bombing screaming: “My three children are all gone! My three children, Oh God! My three children! That other day, he told me to come, he told me “Come Dad””. A man holding him replies “Maybe we’ll find one, maybe we’ll find one alive”. The camera holder then says, “this is my friend, he just lost his family”.

@ramiaalibrahim published a video including another Palestinian man whose name was not identified, was filmed walking around the rubble screaming “my son is a martyr, oh God!”, while an additional video published by @Yasser_Gaza on Twitter/X showed a grieving mother who reportedly “lost all of her children“.

On social media, one video released by @Palestinealaa19 showed a father and his son at the scene of the bombing – the young adolescent was crying over bodies in plastic bags of members of his family lined up on the street. The father can be heard telling his son “you can’t collapse, you can’t cry, this is our destiny, we are not better than them, look they are all around us, we don’t forget them and the other 8,000 people – without counting those under the rubble, at least we got out, at least we knew who they are”.

In one video published by @AJArabicnet, a child critically injured in the bombing asked his relative to give him water, while another video released by @Ahmed_GR00 shows a young girl injured with blood on her clothes. The source alleged that she lost the sight of her eyes but at the time of the recording was not aware of her fate.

@shamel__news published a video of two young girls and one young boy rescued from the rubble from Jabalia. @visegrad24 mentioned on Twitter/X the case of a young boy rescued from the rubble by rescuers at the site but no further information was provided regarding the child’s identity. Documenting similar scenes, AP recorded “Young men [carrying] the limp forms of two children from the upper floors of the crumbling frame of one damaged apartment building, while helping down another child and woman. It was unclear whether the children were alive or dead. Gray dust, apparently left by pulverized concrete, seemed to coat nearly everything.”

One Twitter/X the user @Mohammed78990 published a video of a baby followed by this comment: “painful scene from the Jabaliya massacre”. The same source explained that the mother was killed in the bombing. In another video released by @AJA_Palestine, a young man and his young sister were filmed sitting on the rubble crying over the death of their father. 

Overall casualty estimates provided by sources

Initial reporting following the first Israeli bombing on October 31st recorded “a number of martyrs” and “dozens” injured, with Bellingcat setting the initial death toll at “at least 40 killed”, followed by the Guardian which initially reported that “47 bodies were “recovered from the rubble after an explosion in several houses in Jabalia camp”, analysing video footage published by Agence France-Presse.

The director of the Indonesian hospital, Mohamed el-Ron, told the BBC that the hospital recorded 400 casualties, “including 120 dead”, the majority being “women and children”. In a press conference held at that hospital on October 31st, doctors announced that “at 4pm the Indonesian hospital received a high number of killed and injured after an attack on residential block in Jabaliya camp”. The medical staff stated that “one staff member lost four members of his family during the strike.” The same source added that the number of civilian casualties was bigger than their capacity. A number of sources reported “hundreds of injured and killed” following the two declared rounds of strikes on Tuesday and Wednesday. – with @ajmubasher reporting “more than 400 martyrs and wounded”, without further details.

On October 31st, the Palestinian Ministry of Health initially counted “50 martyrs and around 150 wounded and dozens under the rubble in a heinous Israeli massacre that targeted a large area of homes in Jabalia camp”. Later in the day, the MoH said it feared at least 100 had been killed in the bombing, and hundreds others injured, according to @ariel_oseran.

Airwars’ civilian fatality range reflects the number of individuals identified by local sources (both named and unnamed). As per our methodology, where specific numbers of civilians were not explicitly mentioned (such as reference to ‘multiple’ children), we have counted these as at least two casualties. Very few sources were able to report on exact numbers of those injured in the first strike, so Airwars has taken the number originally shared by the Indonesian Hospital of 280 injured civilians.

Israel Defense Forces statements on civilian harm

IDF spokesperson Lt Col Richard Hech acknowledged the Israeli strike had “destroyed a big chunk” of the Jabaliya camp. Hech declared that Israeli forces were aware that the area they targeted was an area where many civilians lived but refused to comment on any civilian casualties resulting from their actions. He justified the strike saying that their focus was on “a senior Hamas commander” who “sadly…was hiding again as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that’s all I can say at this point. (…)”.

Similarly, The Guardian reported that according to the IDF “some cavities seen in images of destroyed camp buildings were created by the collapse of tunnels that had been dug by Hamas, which [IDF spokesperson Daniel Hagari] said chooses to put key military infrastructure below areas where many civilians gather.”

Military spokesman Jonathan Conricus quoted by AP News stated that the apartment buildings collapsed “only because the vast underground Hamas complex had been destroyed.” Similarly, AP News reported that “Brig. Gen. Daniel Hagari said an underground Hamas installation beneath a targeted building collapsed, toppling other nearby buildings. Conricus later said the main strike had hit between buildings. “We don’t intend for the ground to collapse,” he told reporters. “But the issue is that Hamas built their tunnels there and that they’re running their operations from there.”

Though the IDF did not confirm the exact numbers of civilian casualties, interviews conducted with IDF spokespeople indicate that Israeli forces have acknowledged civilian harm as a result of their strikes on Jabaliya camp. Airwars has therefore graded the civilian harm status of this incident as “confirmed”, and archived relevant excerpts from interviews in the ‘strike report’ section at the end of this assessment.

Combatant fatalities

The October 31st strike was reportedly intended to target Ibrahim Bari, described as a top commander of Hamas’s central Jabalia battalion, and a key commander during the deadly attack inside Israel on October 7th. Israeli forces believed that Biari had also been “leading fighting in northern Gaza from a network of tunnels under the camp,” according to The Guardian.

According to The Guardian, Daniel Hagari announced Biari’s death alongside “scores” of Hamas militants – without providing the total number of combatants killed. He added that the strike on the building Biari was in “led to the collapse of other things because there was a very extensive infrastructure there.”

@AvichayAdraee on Twitter/X released an IDF video in Arabic where Israeli forces claimed to have killed Hamas leader Ibrahim Al Bayari on October 31st in middle of Jabalia, alongside “many elite members” of Hamas. During a briefing (quoted by The Guardian), IDF spokesperson Hagari declared that “There are dozens of terrorists that have been killed with [Bayari], and the ‘metro’ underneath has collapsed, so it made this hole that you see in the area. We are dealing with terrorists that build the system of infrastructure of terror underneath the Jabalia refugee camp for a big reason. They want this picture of destruction.”

Hamas militants “strongly denied the presence of one of its leaders in the refugee camp” according to CNN, with AP adding that “Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem denied the military’s claim, saying it was trying to justify “its heinous crime” against civilians.”

With ambiguity around the exact number of militants killed, Airwars has applied a 12-24 combatant casualty range to account for comments such as ‘dozens’ of targets killed.

Munitions used

While a video of the moment of the bombing was released by IDF forces on social media, the IDF spokesperson reportedly refused to comment on the number of munitions used or their types or identify “which craters were caused by tunnel collapses” – indicating that Israel would provide information at a later stage, according to The Guardian.

The Guardian reported “at least five craters in the densely populated refugee camp, which weapons experts said were left by the use of multiple JDAMs – joint direct attack munitions – in the airstrike.” Former Pentagon munitions expert Marc Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the biggest crater at the site looked like a hit with a GBU-31.” “There are other bombs it could be. That one just fits best with all the evidence. The estimated crater is around 40 ft [12 metres]””.

A former United Nations weapons inspector Chris Cobb-Smith, told The Guardian, “The munition is almost certainly JDAM, either a GBU 31 (Warhead Mark 84) general purpose bomb or possibly a GBU 56 (Warhead BLU 109) bunker buster. Both about 2,000lb [900kg].”

According to The Guardian: “The GBU (guided bomb unit) is a precision-guided air-to-surface weapon system. It is part of the Israeli arsenal provided by the US and also manufactured by Israel under contract. These Boeing-manufactured GBUs use a tritotal, which is an explosive mix of TNT and aluminium powder, used commonly in air-dropped bombs. The Israeli air force recently posted images of dozens of GBU-31 being loaded on planes. “This fits our analysis. You can see the size of the bomb and guidance straps, which are the signature of the GBU-31,” added Garlasco.””

Garlasco also told The Guardian that “the type of munitions he believes were used would have met stated Israeli military goals of hitting underground tunnels, but also caused extensive damage above ground. If they are set to have a delayed detonation, which is one of three options on the bomb, they cause an earthquake-like phenomenon when they do explode. “JDAMs will burrow through the ground, and have a delayed detonation, causing the building to collapse on itself. This explains the extent of the damage,” he said. “Buildings also collapse due to the blast wave, not just tunnels”.

According to Bellingcat, on October 31, “Reports began to appear online about 2:30 pm local time (…) A Reuters live stream filming towards Jabalia and Gaza City appears to have captured a large explosion at approximately 2:24pm local time, consistent with the earliest reports of the strike on Jabalia.” This observation matched The Guardian’s findings, which noted that “The first online reports of Tuesday’s attack came at about 2.30pm local time. A Reuters live stream captured the moment of impact a few minutes earlier.” According to The Guardian, relying on Reuters video footage and other media content, the exact location of the strike was narrowed to buildings at the intersection of Al Mouhawel and Al Almey streets.

Note that at the time of publication of this assessment, the Ministry of Health had not yet released an update to the list of named fatalities originally published on October 26th.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at 14:30:00 local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (21)

Abu Al Thib Abo Al Qoumsan أبو الذيب أبو القمصان
Adult male Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's father killed
Abu Anas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو أنس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult male killed
Abo Firas Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة أبو فراس أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Wasel Abo Al-Quoumsan واصل أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Mohannad Abo Al Qoumsan مهند أبو القمصان
Child male Abo Firas's son killed
Nabough Abo Al Qoumsan نبوغ أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Abrar Abo Al Qoumsan أبرار أبو القمصان
Child female Abo Firas's daughter killed
Umayya Abo Al Qoumsan أمية أبو القمصان
Adult female “Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan”'s sister killed
Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's wife زوجة ذيب أبو القمصان
Adult female killed
Rahaf Abo Al Qoumsan رهف أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Layan Abo Al Qoumsan ليان أبو القمصان
Child female Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's daughter killed
Abdullah Abo Al Qoumsan عبدالله أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan محمد أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Aboud Abo Al Qoumsan عبود أبو القمصان
Child male Thib Abo Al Qoumsan's son killed
Iman Abo Al-Qoumsan أيمان أبو القمصان
Adult female Mahmoud Abo Al Qoumsan's sister killed
Yamen Abo Al-Qoussan يامن أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Zain Abo Al-Qoussan زين أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Yazeed Abo Al-Qoussan يزيد أبو القمصان
Child male Imam's son killed
Jamila Yusef Abu Al-Qumsan جميلة يوسف أبو القمصان
Adult female mother of Rami Ahjazi killed
Marwa Basil Abu Al-Qumsan مروة أبو القمصان
Adult female killed

Family members (12)

Abdul Salam Siraj عبد السلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's mother أم عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's wife زوجة عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's daughter ابنة عبدالسلام سراج
Child female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's sister أخت عبدالسلام سراج
Adult female killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's brother أخ عبدالسلام سراج
Adult male killed
Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
male killed
Another family member of Abdul Salam Siraj's uncle عم عبدالسلام سراج
(source mentions all of his uncle's family were killed - no number provided) killed

Family members (10)

Fadi Khudair Ali فادي خضير علي
Adult male killed
Fadi Khudair Ali's wife زوجة فادي خضير علي
Adult female killed
Muhammad Khudair Ali محمد خضير علي
Adult male killed
Malak Khudair Ali ملاك خضير علي
Adult male killed
Khadra Jaber Ali خضرة جابر علي
Adult female killed
Ahmed Jaber Ali أحمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Zainab Jaber Ali زينب جابر علي
Child female Khadra's daughter killed
Muhammad Jaber Ali محمد جابر علي
Child male Khadra's son killed
Haidar Al-Daour حيدر الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed
Kanan Al-Daour كنان الداعور
Child male Muhammad Ali's cousin's son killed

Family members (6)

Omar Mas’oud عمر مسعود
Adult male former prisoner - civilian status unclear killed
Donia Bashir دنيا البشر
Adult female killed
Son of Omar and Dunya
Child male killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed
Daughter of Omar and Dunya
Child female killed

Family members (9)

Omar Mustafa Abu Sultan عمر مصطفى أبو سلطان
Adult male killed
Sahar Al-Hoor سحر الهور
Adult female Omar's wife killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult male Omar and Sahar's son killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's wife زوجة أحمد عمر أبو سلطان
Adult female killed
Ahmed Omar Abu Sultan's daughter ابنة عمر أبو سلطان
Child female killed
Muhammad Omar Abu Sultan محمد عمر أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Abdullah Omar Abu Sultan عبدالله أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher killed
Mahmoud Omar Abu Sultan محمود أبو سلطان
Child male Son of Omar and Saher, killed
Shahd Abu Sultan شهد أبو سلطان
Child female Daughter of Omar and Saher killed

Family members (2)

Ahmed Salah Dhiyab Al-Tanani أحمد جمعة صالح ذياب الطناني
Child male killed
Mahmoud Muhammad Dhiyab Al-Tanani محمود محمد صالح الطناني
Child male Ahmed's brother killed

Family members (5)

Ahmed Akram Abu Al-Omrain أحمد أكرم أبو العمرين
Adult male killed
Reem Muhammad Al-Firi ريم محمد الفيري
Adult female Ahmed's wife killed
Rital Youssef Abu Al-Omrain ريتال يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child female Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Abdul Karim Youssef Abu Al-Omrain عبدالكريم يوسف أبوالعمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed
Zaher Ramadan Abu Al-Omrain زاهر رمضان أبو العمرين
Child male Ahmed and Reem's child killed

Family members (15)

Raed Ahmad Rayyan رائد أحمد ريان
Adult male killed
Hanna Rayyan هناء ريان
Adult female wife of Raed Rayyan "Abu Saedd" killed
Sa’ed Rayyan سائد ريان
Child male Hanna and Raed's son killed
Maher Rayyan ماهر ريان
Adult male Doctor killed
Anwar Rayyan أنوار ريان
Child female Hanna and Raed's daughter killed
Jannah Rayyan جنة ريان
Child female killed
Raed Sa’ed Rayyan رائد سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Hanaa Sa’ed Rayyan هناء سائد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mahmoud Sa’ed Rayyan محمود سائد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Ghassan Mohammed Rayyan غسان محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Israa Mohammed Rayyan سراء محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Mujahid Mohammed Rayyan مجاهد محمد ريان
Age unknown male killed
Masa Mohammed Rayyan ماسة محمد ريان
Age unknown female killed
Iman Saed Abou Hamdan يمان سائد ابو حمدان
Age unknown female killed
Karam Abdulkarim Rayyan كرم عبدالكريم ريان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (3)

Mahmoud Jabr Alyan محمود جبر عليان
Age unknown male killed
Youssef Muhammad Alyan يوسف محمد عليان
Age unknown male killed
Karim Majid Alyan كريم ماجد عليان
Age unknown male killed

Family members (26)

Rawnd Okasha روند عكاشة
Adult female killed
Bilal Okasha بلال عكاشة
Adult male Rawnd's husband killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Child of Bilal and Rawnd Okasha طفل بلال وروند
Child killed
Ziad Okasha زياد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Manal Al-Najjar منال النجار
Adult female Ziad's wife killed
Youssef Ziad Okasha يوسف زياد عكاشة
Child male Son of Ziad and Manal killed
Raed Okasha رائد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's child
Child killed
Raed Okasha's wife
Adult female Raed's wife killed
Nael Okasha نائل عكاشة
Adult male killed
Islam Mohammed al Kafarna اسلام محمد الكفارنة
Adult female Nael's wife killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Nael Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's child
Child killed
Yasser Okasha's wife
Adult female killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha ثائر نعيم عكاشة
Adult male killed
Thaer Naeem Okasha's relative
Age unknown killed
Muhammad Fayez Al-Zwaidi. محمد فايز الزويدي
Age unknown male killed
Muhammad Okasha محمد عكاشة
Adult male killed
Masa Okasha ماسة عكاشة
Child female Daughter of Mohammed killed
Rakan Okasha راكان عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed
Ameed, Okasha عميد عكاشة
Child male Son of Mohammed killed

Family members (2)

Kamal Hamad "Abu Diaa" كمال حمد
Adult male killed
Kamal Hamad's son
Child male killed

The victims were named as:

Jumaa Mohammed Al Sharawi جمعة محمد الشعراوي
Adult male killed

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes on the Jabalia camp (مخيم جباليا). Satellite imagery shared by Christiaan Triebert (@trbrtc) shows the strike location at the following exact coordinates: 31.533320, 34.499070.

  • Imagery:
    @trbrtc

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 143
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (107) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (152) [ collapse]

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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @ShehabAgency
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @TheUKAr
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    Source: @alyredaa
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    Source: @WaheidiSaad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: Anas Al Sharif
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @alyelbassel
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    Source: @Jales_tinian2
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
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    Source: Ziad Emad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Ali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
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    Source: Rami Aroki
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Um Mohammed Abo Al Qoumsan
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Palestine voice radio
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    Source: Palestine voice radio
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Alaraby television
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Khader Sultan
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
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    Source: Suhil Yahya
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
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    Source: Abdullah Al Hor
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Raed Abo Al Qoumsan
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    Source: Ra’ed Abo Al Qoumsan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Jehad Al Sharawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ziad Alyan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Baraa Samir
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
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    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abood Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mais Al Reem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Okasha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
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    Source: Hamouda Abo Malek
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled Abo Al Hour
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Salah salama
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    Source: Journalist Adel Za’rab
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
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    Source: Faraj Abo Mohammed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
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    Source: Bellingcat Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Statement
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
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    Source: The Guardian News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Reuters
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    Source: @trbrtc
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    Source: @trbrtc
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
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    Source: CNN News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @UNHumanRights
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Original strike reports

Israeli Military

CNN Wolf Blitzer Interview w/ IDF Spokesperson Richard Hecht

WB
Back now to our breaking news here in the Middle East. A massive explosion at the largest refugee camp in Gaza. Joining us now is Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hecht. He's the international spokesperson for the Israel Defense Forces. Thanks so much for joining us. I want to ask you first about this massive blast that we all just saw. We saw the video at the Jabalya refugee camp in Gaza. Is there anything more you can, first of all, tell us about how this explosion happened?

RH
Hi Wolf. Thanks for having me. So we'll be coming out in the next hopefully hour with more data. But I can update you now that there was a very senior Hamas commander in that area. Sadly, he was hiding again, as they do behind the [sic] within civilians. And that's all I can say at this point. We're looking into it and we'll be coming out with more data as we learn what happened there.

WB
So can you confirm it was an Israeli attack that destroyed a big chunk of that Jabalya refugee camp?

RH
Yes, I can. We when we were focused on the target, a senior commander, Wolf, I will be updating you with more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But even if that Hamas commander was there, amidst all those Palestinian refugees who are in there in that Jabalya refugee camp, Israel still went ahead and dropped a bomb there attempting to kill this Hamas uh this Hamas commander. Knowing that a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children, presumably would be killed, is that what I'm hearing?

RH
That's not what you're hearing, Wolf. We again, we're focused on this commander, again, who you'll get more data who this man was, killed many, many Israelis. And we're doing everything we can. These are, it's a very complicated battle space. That could be infrastructure there. There could be tunnels there. And we're still looking into and we'll give you more data as the hour moves ahead.

WB
But you know that there are a lot of refugees, a lot of innocent civilians, men, women and children in that refugee camp as well. Right?

RH
This is the tragedy of war, Wolf. I mean, we as you know, we've been saying for days, move south. If civilians are not involved with Hamas, please move south.

WB
I’m just trying to get a little bit more information. You knew there were civilians there.
You knew there were refugees, all sorts of refugees. But you decided to still drop a bomb on that refugee camp attempting to kill this Hamas commander. By the way, was he killed?

RH
I can't confirm yet. There will be more updated. Yes, we know that he was killed and about the civilians there, we're doing everything we can to minimize. I'll tell you, I'll say again, sadly, they are hiding themselves within the civilian population. And again, we are doing this stage by stage, and we're going to go after every one of these terrorists who was involved in that heinous attack on the 7th of October Wolf.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    126 – 143
  • (69 children22 women28 men1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    280
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Known target
    Palestinian Forces
  • Belligerents reported killed
    12–24

Sources (107) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0591

Incident date

October 25, 2023

Location

منزلا لعائلة المبحوح بالقرب من دوار أبو رصاص في مخيم البريج، وسط القطاع, The al-Mabhouh Family Home, Block 4 near the Abu Rasas roundabout in the al-Bureij refugee camp, east of the Salah al-Din Road., Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On Wednesday, October 25th 2023 an alleged Israeli aircraft bombed the home of the al-Mabhoub Family, killing at least four Palestinian children, including Siwar Ibrahim al-Mabhouh, aged five, and her brother Baraa Ibrahim al-Mabhouh, aged 14, and injuring dozens of others. Though other casualties occurred, the names of these victims have not yet been made publicly available.

@refugeesps and the Palestinian news agency Safa reported that the strike resulted in injuries, while a Facebook user named Khamis reported in a post that there were dozens of injuries relating to the incident.

The home, located near the Abu Rasas roundabout in the al-Bureij refugee camp, east of the Salah al-Din Road, central Gaza Strip, was reported to be completely destroyed by the airstrike, reduced to piles of rubble.

The same day, an uncle of Siwar and Baraa Ibrahim Al-Mabhouh, who goes by Mahmoudmod online, posted on Facebook, mourning the loss of his brother’s children. He added two pictures of the children to his post, each smiling at the camera, dressed in elegant clothing as if they were going to a celebration. In one picture Siwar has her hair done and is wearing a traditional black and red embroidered thobe dress. In the other picture, Baraa wears a tailored blue double breasted suit and is smiling proudly at the camera.

Facebook user ‘Abeer’ posted an update that “two martyrs” arrived at the al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital following the bombing of the Al-Mabouh family home.

@maryam_with_you posted on Twitter/X two videos showing the destruction of the Al-Mabouh family home by “several missiles.” One video showed a man searching through rubble with his bare hands with a caption reporting that Palestinian civilians and members of the community attempted to “rescue a young Palestinian man from under the rubble of his house.”

A second video showed a civil defense member carrying a very young child, dusty and limp in his arms, away from the rubble. It is not clear if the child was killed or injured.

A Facebook user named Mohammed Sabah Abu Hamza posted a graphic video showing the bodies of four young children and one young man. The caption reported that the victims had been killed in the strike on the Al-Mabouh family home. Airwars has given a minimum estimate of five casualties, including four children, as a result of this video. It is possible however that the young man is 14-year old Baraa.

Another Facebook user named Nasser Rahma reported the death of Baraa Ibrahim Al-Mabouh alongside his two young sisters.

Facebook user Khamis further posted a video depicting the destruction of the Al-Mabhouh’s house, which has been reduced to rubble. Civilians are gathered in the street around the site of the incident and others can be seen attempting to free the injured trapped under the rubble. A number of children walk away from the destruction covered in a thick layer of dust. The video shows a fire engine on the street near the site of the incident.

Airwars has matched the names of both named victims with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

Baraa Ibrahim al-Mabhouh براء إبراهيم المبحوح
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429046972
Sister of Baraa Ibrahim al-Mabhouh
Child female killed
Siwar Ibrahim al-Mabhouh سوار إبراهيم المبحوح
5 years old female Matched to MoH ID 438576910

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4–5 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (9) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoudmoh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoudmoh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hanadymoh1992
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hanadymoh1992
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

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  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (4–5 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (22) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0546

Incident date

October 24, 2023

Location

منزلين لعائلة أبو وردة في جباليا النزلة شمالي القطاع, Two homes of the Abu Warda family in Jabalia al-Nazla, north of the Gaza Strip, Deir Al Balah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On Tuesday, October 24th 2023, at least 21 civilians were reportedly killed and a number of others were injured during an alleged Israeli airstrike on the two homes of the Abu Warda family, near the al-Nazla roundabout, in Jabalia al-Nazla, in the northern Gaza Strip.

Shehab news agency initially reported that there was one person killed and two injured as a result of the alleged airstrike. Accompanied is a picture taken during the day of a large smoke plume in the near distance.

The Al nazle-nasr family Facebook page reported that the home belonged to one of the victims, the elderly Hajj Nasser Muhammad Saleh Abu Wardah (also known as Abu Muhammad), and reported that there were children affected by the alleged strike, which is corroborated by the other sources.

In a post on Facebook, Mohammad Abo-Warda identified the names of those who were killed in the alleged airstrike and his relations to them. He stated that his father and his mother who are unnamed in the post had been killed. His parents were later identified as Hajj Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh and Raja Atta Abu Wardeh. He described his father as an “honourable… generous man with a beautiful character” and called his mother “beloved by all”.

He also reported the deaths of his brother, 27-year-old Ahmed Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh, and his three sisters, ten-year-old Jana Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh, nine-year-old Sama Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh and Haya Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh. Haya’s daughter Sham Abdel Malek Abu Wardeh was also killed in the incident. Mohammad Abo-Warda’s cousins 16-year-old girl Dima Bashir Abu Wardeh and 34-year-old Madeleine Mahmoud Abu Wardeh were also killed alongside Madeleine’s daughter who was unnamed.

Alongside his post, Mohammed shared five pictures of his family members, his parents, his brother Ahmed and young sisters, Jana and Sama, from before the incident. These images showed the family sat together, celebrating occasions like the arrival of a new baby and school milestones.

The Abu Warda family Facebook account posted 12 names of their family members who were killed in the alleged strike. Some had been reported by Mohammad abo-warda, the other victims named were: 14-year-old boy Farouk Muhammad Farouk Abu Wardeh, six-year-old girl Sarah Tariq Bashir Abu Wardeh, and 47-year-old woman Nisreen Khader Abu Wardeh. It is possible that Sarah is the same child as Madeleine’s daughter.

The Facebook page “Alnazla today” posted a list of those who had reportedly been killed in the alleged airstrike. In addition to the above names, the post identified one-year-old Masa Muhammad Youssef Nasr and four-year-old Faten Muhammad Youssef Nasr as killed in the incident. This source also added that Ziad Al-Muqayd (also known as Abu Muhammed) and his wife and children were reportedly killed in the alleged airstrike (named below).

A Facebook user called Nadi y nser posted images of Masa and Faten from before the incident and referenced a victim named Mohammed saying, “may God heal you, O Muhammad, my dear brother”, suggesting that this victim may have been injured.

Another Facebook user Mohammed Khaleel, shared a graphic image of the bodies of the young sisters Faten and Masa.

Naheel Sai’d identified the names of Ziad Al-Muqayd’s wife Reham Shekhda Khader, two sons, 11-year-old Muhammad Ziyad Al-Muqayd and six-year-old Karim Ziad Al-Muqayed, and his daughter, nine-year-old Maryam Ziyad Al-Muqayd. Naheel reported that the family were killed when the house in which they had took refuge was bombed. Accompanying this post was a picture of two of the children on a ride at a funfair.

In a post on Facebook, Saheel Al-Muqayyad posted a prayer to Ziad Al-Muqayd, his beloved brother and his family, as did Husam Abu Hamze and other friends and family members. A Facebook account called Sons of Al-Jarn Neighbourhood paid tribute to Ziad and his family saying, “the people of al-Jarn neighbourhood mourn”.

Shehab news agency posted a picture of a young boy on a hospital bed, being cared for by medical personnel. The picture is captioned “After three hours under the rubble, the child Mahmoud Abu Warda was recovered in good health”. There is no detail if the child received any injuries as a result of this reported airstrike, however the length of entrapment and difficulty in his rescue suggest that he may have been harmed.

Safa, the Palestinian news agency, posted a video on Facebook of a boy named Raad Abu Wardeh, showing the moment he “was taken out from under the rubble of a house in the Jabalia Al-Nazla area”. In the video there are around 50 men at the scene assisting and watching the young boy, limp and covered in dust, being lifted onto a stretcher. No sources detailed whether Raad survived the incident or the extent of his injuries. The video also shows extensive damage to the side of the building and it appears the onlookers are standing on the remains of where a house once stood. It looks like at least two buildings have been impacted by this alleged airstrike.

@mariagazali reported in a post on Twitter/X that a woman had been killed and others had been injured in a bombing that affected two homes belonging to the Abu Warda family. The account shared an image of a killed victim arriving at a healthcare facility. The post did not identify the woman by name.

Einas Mahmoud posted a tribute to her nephew, likely Farouk Muhammed Farouk Abu Warda, who was killed in the incident. Pictured is a young teenage boy smiling at the camera. The boy’s mother was identified as Iman Abu Wardeh, he was her first-born son.

Where possible, Airwars has matched names with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of nearly 7000 victims’ names and ID numbers released on October 26th.

Where sources identified a belligerent, all sources attributed the strike to Israeli Forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (14)

Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh ناصر محمد أبو وردة
Adult male killed
Raja Atta Abu Wardeh رجاء عطا أبو وردة
Adult female killed
Ahmed Nasser Muhammad Abu Warda احمد ناصر محمد أبو وردة
27 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 402502744
Sama Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh سما ناصر محمد أبو وردة
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 433068509
Jana Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh , جنى ناصر محمد أبو وردة
10 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 426923603
Haya Nasser Muhammad Abu Wardeh هيا ناصر محمد أبو وردة
Adult female killed
Sham Abdel Malek Abu Wardeh شام عبد المالك أبو وردة
Child female killed
Madeleine Mahmoud Abu Wardeh مدلين محمود أبو وردة
34 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802265124
Madeleine's daughter طفلة مادلين
Child female killed
Dima Bashir Abu Wardeh ديما بشير أبو وردة
16 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424722361
Farouk Muhammad Farouk Abu Wardeh فاروق محمد فاروق أبو وردة
14 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 429129836
Sarah Tariq Bashir Abu Wardeh سارة طارق بشير أبو وردة
6 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 439081860
Nisreen Khader Muhammed Abu Wardeh نسرين خضر محمود ابوورده
47 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 900971441
Raad Abu Warda رعد ابو وردة
Child male injured

Family members (3)

Masa Muhammad Youssef Nasr ماسة محمد يوسف نصر
1 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 445696933
Faten Muhammad Youssef Nasr فاتن محمد يوسف نصر
4 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 441134509
Mohammed محمد
Age unknown male injured

Family members (5)

Ziyad Muhammad Mahmoud Al-Muqayd زياد محمد محمود المقيد
42 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 906640453
Reham Shehdeh Khaderرهام شحدة خضر رهام شحدة خضر
33 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 802637975
Muhammad Ziyad Al-Muqayd محمد زياد المقيد
11 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 433275138
Karim Ziyad Al-Muqayd كريم زياد المقيد
6 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 437157894
Maryam Ziyad Al-Muqayd مريم زياد المقيد
9 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 434611133

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21 – 22
  • (12–14 children5–6 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (23) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @ShehabAgency
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Husam abu hamze
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Naheel sai’d
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al asfe maher
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Almoqayad family
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Aljaran street children
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadi y nser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Nadi y nser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad khaleel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ramez al moqayed
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Einas mahmoud
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Einas mahmoud
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mariagazali
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al jazeera palestine
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad abo-warda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad abo-warda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad abo-warda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad abo-warda
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    Source: Mohammad abo-warda
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tamer siidi abd rabbo
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Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    IDP or refugee camp
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21 – 22
  • (12–14 children5–6 women3 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1–3
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (21) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0558

Incident date

October 24, 2023

Location

منزل لعائلة مخيمر غرب رفح جنوبي القطاع, Mukhaimer family home, Tal Al-Sultan area, west of Rafah, Rafah, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

Shortly before 1:48 AM on October 24th 2023, 21 members of the Mukhaimer family, including at least eight women and one child, were killed and at least several family members, including an infant, were injured in an alleged Israeli airstrike on their home located in the Tal Al-Sultan area, west of Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip.

Testimonies by family relatives and friends on social media helped to identify the names of all 21 victims killed.

63-year-old Hamada Misbah Mukhaimer (Abu Musa) was killed along with his wife, Amal Mukhaimer al-Bayoumi. Many social media users shared an image of the late Hamada, an elderly man with grey hair and moustache, often dressed in a suit.

Five adult children of Hamada and Amal were immediately killed, with their wounded sibling passing away from injuries two weeks later. Their 26-year-old son, Mohamed Hamada Mukhaimer, 35-year-old son Musa Hamada Mukhaimer, 29-year-old daughter Iman Hamada Mukhaimer, 31-year-old daughter Fidaa Hamada Mukhaimer, and 34-year-old daughter Salma Hamada Mukhaimer married to Dr. Alaa Abu Shawar were killed in the strike, along with Salma’s son, two-year-old Ali Alaa Nasr Abu Shawar. Musa Hamada Mukhaimer, son of Hamada and Amal, was severely wounded in the strike and passed away as a result of his injuries on November 4, 2023. A child and extended relative, Fathi Alaa Mukhaimer, was also injured.

Also killed in the strike were 82-year-old Fathi Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer, and his eldest son, 39-year-old, Alaa Fathi Mukhaimer. Fathi’s sisters, 80-year-old Souad Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer and 62-year-old Rawda Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer (Umm Anas), and Rawda’s 63-year-old husband, Ahmed Abdel Hamid Mukhaimer (Abu Anas) were also killed.

Four sons of Ahmed Abdel Hamid Mukhaimer and Rawda Mukhaimer were also killed – namely, 38-year-old Anas Ahmed Mukhaimer, 31-year-old Abdul Hamid Ahmed Mukhaimer, 34-year-old Nimr Ahmed Mukhaimer, and 27-year-old Muhammad Ahmed Mukhaimer.

37-year-old Muhammad Hassan Mukhaimer was killed alongside his sisters, 46-year-old Khuloud Hassan Mukhaimer and Rawda Hassan Mukhaimer (age currently unavailable).

Athar Ibrahim Mukhaimer was also named among the victims killed.

Reports of the strike were posted online soon after the strike. At 1:48 AM Shehab Agency reported that three deceased women were transferred to Al-Najjar Hospital after a house of the Mukhaymar family was hit. At 3:50 AM on October 24, Safa Press Service reported that “[Israeli] aircraft targeted a house for the “Mukhaimer” family in the Tal Al-Sultan area in Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. There were martyrs and injuries at the scene.”

A video posted to Facebook by Alaa Hasan shows a crowd of people gathered in the dark at the location of the strike, with rescuers retrieving a body from beneath the rubble of the Mukhaimer family home and wrapping it in a blanket. In a Facebook post from the same day, Umm Abdallah’s Kitchen wrote “martyrs of the Mukhaimer family massacre this morning in Rafah” and shared photos and videos of the destroyed home and of some of the victims of the alleged Israeli strike. In one clip, dozens of people continue to sort through the debris of crushed concrete, rebar, and personal objects such as a wheelchair. Two of the photos show a row of bodies wrapped in white cloth.

Journalist Tariq Abu Ishaq shared a video of a toddler being treated in a hospital, writing that “an injured child was found next to the Mukhaimer family’s house in Rafah, which was targeted by [Israeli] aircraft a short while ago. Whoever recognizes him informs his family to receive him from Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis.” Ishaq later provided an update saying “He was identified by his name Fathi Alaa Mukhaimer and his family were on the way to receive him.”

Hamada Misbah Mukhaimer, known to many as “Abu Musa,” was a prominent lawyer and teacher. On the day of the strike, the Fatah Gaza movement announced his death on its official website, stating that “the Democratic Reform Movement in the Fatah movement mourned with great pride the martyr, freedom fighter, Counselor Hamada Mukhaimer.” According to Facebook user Tareq Alzar, Mukhaimer was involved in the defense of several Palestinians in Israeli courts.

On Facebook, lawyer Amnah al-Derby wrote, “The teacher, educator, friend, and motivator is gone, the brave and encouraging is gone, the strong one is gone, the owner of the legal school and the one with judicial expressions… All words will not do you justice, my teacher, to your pure soul, a thousand peace to you and your family. My teacher, mentor, and legal and judicial reference. ….Rafah’s chief lawyer, Counselor A. Hamada Mukhaimer is a martyr.”

Highlighting some of Hamada’s other legal accomplishments, journalist Kamel Ghareeb reported that Mukhaimer was “the current legal advisor to the Rafah Services Club and a member of its General Assembly [as well as] a former member of the Appeals and Disciplinary Committees of the Palestinian Football Association.” Mukhaimer was “a well-known sports jurist who has pleaded various cases before the Sports Court in Palestine.”

A neighbour, Khaled Juma, mourned their deaths in a Facebook post, lamenting the human loss: “Umm Ali, Salma Mukhaimer, the wife of Alaa Abu Shawar Ibn Nasr, and her uncle is the martyr Musa al-Hanafi, was also martyred because Musa is Hamada Mukhaimer’s brother. Her father, lawyer Hamada Mukhaimer, his wife, his daughters, and their relatives who came from Gaza to Rafah were also martyred. They were our neighbors in the Shaboura camp.” Attaching a picture of a smiling infant on a beach, Juma emphasized the child’s youth: “The photo is of Ali Alaa Nasr Abu Shawar, two-year-old…”

Hamada’s daughter, Salma Hamada Mukhaimer, was known for her work as a freelance journalist. Following her death, @AidaAlami and @channeldraw tweeted that “[Mukhaimer], a freelance journalist, was killed alongside her child in an Israeli airstrike in Rafah city in the southern Gaza Strip.” Ms. Magazine reported the same information in an article titled “Reporting Under Fire: Honoring the Journalists Covering the Israeli-Gaza War.”

Facebook user Wafa’ Abdelrahman shared a picture of the smiling Salma in a striped shirt and a pink hijab together with her husband and small Ali dressed in a matching shirt. Hussam Hamzeh Himour wrote a condolence message on Facebook to Dr. Alaa Abu Shawar, extending condolences on his wife and her family’s passing.

Alaa Naser wrote in his post that Salma came to Gaza from Jordan, presumably for a visit, and shared two family pictures – one featuring a smiling Salma with her husband and son standing behind their seated parents, another of Salma standing together with her parents.

In a post from October 25th, 2023, Maphaz Ahmad Yousef described some of her favourite memories of spending time with Salma and her family at the Mukhaimer home, writing: “Salma and her family lived here. Uncle Hamada and aunts Amal, Iman, Fida, Muhammad, Ayat, and Musa. The house was filled with laughter. They are all lighthearted. I used to spend hours with them. Iman brings me coffee. Salouma prepares sweets so that we can eat them and reduce the bitterness of the coffee. My beloved aunt used to come and light up our seats…Only Salma and her family knew I was coming when I went to Gaza. They come to receive me from the crossing, and I stay with them and we plan together how I want to surprise my family. Salma was a sweet memory for me. Her room is a witness to our non-stop conversations. She used to say, “It’s enough for you to go, the dawn has come upon us.” Don’t you know, Salma, that I can’t get enough of talking to you? I’m trying to make the most of every minute of my short visit Many times when I used to come to you, your mother would say, “Are you coming to Gaza for Salma or for us?”…Salma is a piece of my soul. On the 18th day of the war on Gaza and hours before that, I sent her a message saying, “My heart is broken, Salma.” She told me, ‘me too.’…The house and the family are gone. Salma, her son, his uncle, his aunt, Iman, Fidaa, and Muhammad were gone. Ayat remained a witness to this calamity.”

Ahmed Zohier Agha shared photos of Fathi Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer – known to some as “Abu Al Alaa” – and his son Alaa Fathi Mukhaimer standing near the sea, writing an obituary to the father and son: “The Mukhaimer family massacre: 17 martyrs. The dear, caring uncle, the able professor, the fighter, and the educator of generations, the martyr Fathi Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer, his son Alaa, and 15 martyrs from his family and relatives.”

Rabeh Mohammad Ameen posted a smiling photo of Alaa Mukhaimer, writing “My brother-in-law, Alaa Mukhaimer, was martyred this morning in Rafah.”

Basel al-Taluli posted photos of the brothers Muhammad and Anas Mukhaimer, calling the two men “good friends and neighbors with good morals.” Ahmed Mohamed shared on Facebook “My childhood and work friend, my cousin and my aunt’s daughter / Athar Ibrahim Mukhaimer is a martyr.”

Abdelrahman Diab offered condolences to the members of the Mukhaimer family on the death of Muhammad, Khuloud, and Rawda.

Ahmed Mohamed mourned her death in his post, writing “My childhood and work friend, my cousin and my aunt’s daughter / Athar Ibrahim Mukhaimer is a martyr. Today, Athar left a wound that days will not heal. May God have mercy on you and grant your family patience and solace.”

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Where possible, names have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 1:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Hamada Musbah Mohammad Mukhaimar حمادة مصباح مخيمر
63 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 924056260
Amal Mukhaimer al-Bayoumi أمل مخيمر البيومي
Adult female killed
Mohamed Hamada Musbah Mukhaimer محمد حمادة مخيمر
26 years old male Son of Hamada and Amal Matched to MoH ID 402491286
Musa Hamada Musbah Mukhaimer موسى حمادة مخيمر
35 years old male Son of Hamada and Amal killed Matched to MoH ID 802171108
Iman Hamada Musbah Mukhaimer ايمان حمادة مخيمر
29 years old female Daughter of Hamada and Amal Matched to MoH ID 400158499
Fidaa Hamada Musbah Mukhaimer فداء حمادة مخيمر
31 years old female Daughter of Hamada and Amal killed Matched to MoH ID 803616929
Salma Hamada Musbah Mukhaimer سلمي حمادة مخيمر
34 years old female Daughter of Hamada and Amal killed Matched to MoH ID 802486886
Ali Alaa Nasr Abu Shawar علي علاء نصر ابو شاور
2 years old male Son of Salma killed

Family members (9)

Fathi Abdel Fattah El Hanafy Mukhaimer فتحي عبد الفتاح مخيمر
82 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 411071426
Alaa Fathi Abdel Fattah Mukhaimer علاء فتحي مخيمر
39 years old male Son of Fathi killed Matched to MoH ID 411757834
Souad Abdel Fattah Hanafy Mukhaimer سعاد عبد الفتاح مخيمر
80 years old female Sister of Fathi killed Matched to MoH ID 970755633
Rawda Abdel Fattah Hanafy Mukhaimer روضة عبد الفتاح مخيمر
62 years old female Sister of Fathi killed Matched to MoH ID 970755666
Ahmed Abdel Hamid Mukhaimer احمد عبد الحميد مخيمر
63 years old Husband of Rawda killed Matched to MoH ID 912977063
Anas Ahmed Mukhaimer أنس احمد مخيمر
38 years old male Son of Ahmed and Rawda killed Matched to MoH ID 800593675
Abdul Hamid Ahmed Mukhaimer عبد الحميد احمد مخيمر
31 years old male Son of Ahmed and Rawda killed Matched to MoH ID 803729193
Nimr Ahmed Mukhaimer نمر احمد مخيمر
34 years old male Son of Ahmed and Rawda killed Matched to MoH ID 802335505
Muhammad Ahmed Mukhaimer محمد أحمد مخيمر
27 years old male Son of Ahmed and Rawda killed Matched to MoH ID 402497432

Family members (3)

Muhammad Hassan Mukhaimer محمد حسن مخيمر
37 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 801064387
Khuloud Hassan Mohammed Mukhaimer خلود حسن مخيمر
46 years old female Sister of Muhammad killed Matched to MoH ID 955785498
Rawda Hassan Mukhaimer روضة حسن مخيمر
Adult female Sister of Muhammad killed

The victims were named as:

Athar Ibrahim Mukhaymar آثار ابراهيم مخيمر
Age unknown female killed
Fathi Alaa Mukhaimer فتحي علاء مخيمر
Child male injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21
  • (1–2 children8–9 women11 men1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (40) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Talet barhoum
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tareq alzar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abd madi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Fatah movement - gaza center
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Lawyer amnah al derby
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad al modallal
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa naser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa naser
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Khaled juma
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ali mechentel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Rabeh mohammad ameen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Al nassr camp children
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Umm abdallah’s kitchen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Umm abdallah’s kitchen
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Journalist kamel ghareeb
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mostafa hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mostafa hijazi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir mukhimar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir mukhimar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir mukhimar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir mukhimar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Samir mukhimar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Basel altaluli
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Basel altaluli
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahlam qaraqish
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud albakri alafifi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hasan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hasan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hasan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hasan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Alaa hasan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Abed ulian
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed zohier agha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed zohier agha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wafa’ abdelrahman
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Maphaz ahmad yousef
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    21
  • (1–2 children8–9 women11 men1 journalist)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Impact
    Education
    Impact on services or infrastructure relating to education, health or food supply. See methodology note for details.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (34) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0134g

Incident date

October 23, 2023

Location

منزل لعائلة الدهشان (دهشان) في حي الصبرة بمدينة غزة, A house of the al-Dahshan (Duhshan) family in the Al-Sabra neighborhood, Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Airwars assessment

On the morning of Monday, October 11th, 2023, a house for the al-Dahshan (Duhshan) family located in the Al-Sabra neighborhood of the Gaza City was bombed in an alleged Israeli airstrike that killed at least 11 and up to 15 members of the al-Dahshan family, including four women and four children, and wounded a number of civilians. At least three members of the family may have been members of a militant group, though the evidence was unclear.

According to witnesses, there was no warning prior to the bombardment.

Wafa News also reported that a number of civilians were wounded. Twitter/X user MohammedArafa82 wrote that his uncle Abu Saeed’s house was bombed and levelled to the ground.

Among those killed in the incident were 51-year-old lawyer Dr. Saeed Talal al-Dahshan (Duhshan) (Abu Hafs) alongside his 73-year-old mother Hooriyah Ibrahim Muhammad al-Duhshan, his 41-year-old wife Maha Ahmad Saleh al-Dahshan, and their 22-year-old son Talal Saeed Talal al-Dahshan.

Dr. Saeed Talal al-Dahshan, dubbed a “young Malaysian,” for his time spent in the country; he was also an international lawyer who specialized in Palestinian affairs. Having obtained a doctorate in international law from the University of Islamic Sciences Malaysia, he published a book, “How to Sue Israel,” in which he outlined a legal strategy for “holding Israel accountable for its violations of international law,” as stated by Literary Hub. According to the post by Sami Salahat, Dr. Saeed al-Dahshan used to live in Malaysia in recent years. In some images he is seen surrounded by his students.

A Twitter/X user Rima Naimoğlu (@filistinlirima) highly praised Dr. Saeed al-Dahshan,  calling him “one of the distinguished international lawyers of Palestine, whom I set as an example for myself and see as my teacher.” On hearing the news of his colleague’s death, Twitter/X user @Ahmed Khattab shared a post stating that he had worked with Dr. Saeed al-Dashan to “monitor and expose the occupation’s human rights violations.” Ahmed wrote that now Saeed was “a victim of these violations.”

Relatedly, Twitter/X user @Mahmoud Quassai Mokresh mourned the loss of a young Talal Saeed al-Dahshan, stating that he had “wanted to become a doctor abroad like his father.” Now, Mahmoud wrote, “in place of a Dr. [is] a martyr.” He shared a black-and-white image of the young Talal in a suit and a striped scarf.

Saleh Alajarmeh wrote a Facebook tribute to the late Dr. Saeed al-Dahshan and his son Talal, sharing an image where both are seen in suits and ties at an event or conference. Mohammad in his condolence post also shared an image of the father and son and Saeed’s brother Muhammad.

Saeed’s brother, 47-year-old Muhammad Talal Saeed al-Dahshan was killed along with his 38-year-old wife Ghada Faraj Is’haq al-Dahshan (Murtaja) and their five children. Their two sons: 18-year-old Anas Muhammad al-Dahshan and 11-year-old Qais Muhammad al-Dahshan, and their three daughters: 17-year-old Lana (Leena) Muhammad al-Dahshan, four-year-old Zeina Muhammad al-Dahshan, and 13-year-old Tala Muhammad al-Dahshan were all killed.

Among the victims killed in the strike were also the sons and wife of Yahya Talal Al-Dahshan, according to the post by MohammedArafa82. One social media user mentioned Lana Yahya al-Dahshan, apparently his daughter, among the victims killed.

Multiple sources referred to Dr. Saeed as a “Commander” and a “mujahid leader” – it is unclear if this is a reference to militant activity, given that these terms are often used in Gaza to refer to members of militant groups. It is also possible however that these terms were used descriptively to refer to Dr Saeed’s legal and academic efforts against Israel. Another source “Lawyer Mohammad Hasan Al-Dahshan Abu Moaz” also referred to Muhammad Talal Al-Dahshan Abu Anas as “the hard-working mujahid” and Talal Saeed Al-Dahshan as the “heroic mujahid”.

Apart from these references, Airwars was unable to find other evidence online that would indicate they were members of any particular armed group, such as associated emblems belonging to militant groups or imagery with weapons of any kind. Their statuses as militants is therefore ‘contested’, with their casualties included only in the upper belligerent and civilian ranges as per our methodology.

Following the incident, Saeed and Ghada’s son, @Hafs Said, shared a post stating: “And give good news to those who are patient. My dear father and mother, the apple of my eye and the mate of my soul, my brother Talal, with God’s permission and satisfaction. My uncle, my cousins, and my grandmother are beside their Lord, God willing. Our house was targeted without warning. They sat under the rubble of the house for more than 35 hours. May God have mercy on you, my beloved ones.”

Where possible, names of the victims have been matched with the Palestinian Ministry of Health list of fatalities in Gaza released on October 26th, 2023.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured in the morning.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

Hooriyah Ibrahim Muhammad al-Duhshan أم السعيد الدهشان
73 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 913035143
Maha Ahmad Saleh al-Dahshan مها الدهشان
41 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 906518741
Ghada Faraj Is'haq al-Dahshan (Murtaja) غادة الدهشان مرتجى
38 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 800449456
Qais Muhammad Talal al-Dahshan قيس محمد الدهشان
11 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 432067189
Anas Muhammad Talal al-Dahshan أنس محمد الدهشان
18 years old male killed Matched to MoH ID 421305509
Lana (Leena) Muhammad Talal al-Dahshan لينا محمد الدهشان
17 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 424144368
Zeina Muhammad Talal al-Dahshan زينة محمد الدهشان
4 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 442222592
Tala Muhammad Tala al-Dahshan تالا محمد الدهشان
13 years old female killed Matched to MoH ID 429792443

Family members (4)

Wife of Yahya Talal al-Dahshan (Unnamed)
Adult female killed
Son of Yahya Talal al-Dahshan (Unnamed)
Age unknown male killed
Son of Yahya Talal al-Dahshan (Unnamed)
Age unknown male killed
Lana Yahya al-Dahshan لانا يحيى الدهشان
Age unknown female killed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 15
  • (4–7 children4–5 women1–6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Saleh Alajarmeh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Wissam Alhassan
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammad Mohammad
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hafs Said
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamzeh Nassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamzeh Nassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamzeh Nassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamzeh Nassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Hamzeh Nassar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Sami Salahat
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mahmoud Qussai Mokresh
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibraheem Ansar Ibraheem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibraheem Ansar Ibraheem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ibraheem Ansar Ibraheem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Khattab
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Umm Saleh Al-Aklouk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Umm Saleh Al-Aklouk
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Moamen Hazem
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Literary Hub Report
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @filistinlirima

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    11 – 15
  • (4–7 children4–5 women1–6 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    0–3

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISPT0494

Incident date

October 23, 2023

Location

مسجد "النور المحمدي" في حي الشيخ رضوان, Al-Nour Al-Mohammadi Mosque, Sheikh Radwan neighborhood, Gaza City, Gaza, the Gaza Strip

Geolocation

31.530800, 34.474270 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On Monday, October 23rd 2023, at around 12pm, an Israeli airstrike allegedly injured and killed dozens of civilians including children, and destroyed the al-Nour al-Mohammadi Mosque and neighbouring homes in the Sheikh Radwan neighbourhood of Gaza City. The mosque was located in the centre of a civilian area in Gaza City. The exact number of civilians killed and injured were not reported on, so Airwars has provided an estimated range based on qualitative descriptions of the event.

Shehab Agency reported on the destruction of the mosque, adding that the strike caused “injuries among the mosque’s neighbours.” Nabaa Media Group reported the mosque was bombed with a “series of missile attacks that resulted in dozens of casualties, including martyrs and wounded,” sharing a video of two massive plumes of smoke rising up from the site of the strikes in a distance. A Twitter/X user @fo_er stated that “in the last hour, two mosques were destroyed,” while @M0SC0W0 posted that the mosque was “completely destroyed,” adding that it was located “in the middle of an area crowded with Palestinian civilians.” Mohammed al-Najjar posted that the bombing also led to the “destruction of citizens’ homes.”

One Twitter/X user, @AhmedTafesh86, reported that “a large number of children were injured and killed during the bombing,” as they were playing in a playground next to the mosque. It is unknown how many children were killed. Other users shared images of the destroyed mosque, its dome shattered with a lone minaret still standing amongst the rubble.

Many media sources including TRT Arabi, Al Araby News, Al-Quds, AJA and Anadolu Agency, reported on the statement by the Hamas-run Gaza Ministry of the Interior, which stated that “Israeli aircraft destroyed the Al-Nour Al-Muhammadi Mosque….This led to injuries among citizens.” Al-Quds and Anadolu noted that with this alleged strike, the total number of mosques reportedly destroyed since October 7th has risen to 32.

Where sources identified the belligerent, all sources attributed the strikes to Israeli forces.

Due to the scale and urgency of Airwars’ assessment process, all images have been automatically uploaded to each assessment with the graphic filter applied to protect users. We have also included all images identified from the sources, which may also include any imagery of combatants.

The incident occured at approximately 12:00 pm local time.

Geolocation notes (1) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention the Al-Nour Al-Mohammadi Mosque in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood (مسجد “النور المحمدي” في حي الشيخ رضوان). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed the location down to the following exact coordinates: 31.530800, 34.474270.

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  • Source: Said El Najjar

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 24
  • (5–10 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (36) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (34) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @alaraby_ar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @fouadkhreiss
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AJA_Egypt
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AL24newschannel
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @TkrytyMr21896
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @mu_hy1
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @marebpress
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @thenewkhaleej
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @alestiklal
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @EmadHagag10
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @EmadHagag10
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @FaramakZahraie
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @AlawlaTv
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: @Shorouk_News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Eastnowarbic
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Mohammed Zaatout
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Said El Najjar
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Direct from Egypt
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Ahmed Abd al-Husayn al-Hamdawi
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: NameerIbrahimBacha
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: Tobna.News
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Source: AJA.Egypt
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Israeli Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Military
  • Israeli Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Religious Institution, Residential building
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    12 – 24
  • (5–10 children)
  • Civilians reported injured
    12–24
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Israeli Military

Sources (36) [ collapse]