Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

RUK113

Incident date

April 11, 2022

Location

Салтiвка, Saltivka, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.003572, 36.333718 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Neighbourhood/area level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Multiple sources alleged that a 16 story residential building in Saltivka was hit by reported Russian shelling during the day on 11 April 2022, killing at least one civilian, a 2 year old child, and injuring up to 13 others, including a child.

Sources including Aktyvna Gromada, Korrespondent and Glavcom account for a two year old child being injured and dying at the hospital the next day, on April 12th, while Truexanewsua and Kharkiv1654 telegram channels reported one civilian casualty already on April 11th, possibly rising the civilian casualties count to two for this event. In addition, the mayor of Kharkiv Igor Terekhov on the radio and volunteer Nataliia Popova on a Facebook post confirmed that the child was killed by shrapnel.

Reports from Kharkiv Human Rights Group added that ten civilians were wounded while Huyovy_kharkiv posted on Telegram that 13 people, including two children (one of the children later died), were injured in addition to the one death.

Photos from the scene showed smoke rising around the high-rise buildings, as well as a car on fire with reports saying that two cars were burnt out in the attacks. Posts on telegram suggested that over 10 houses were destroyed within 20 minutes during the attack on Saltivka, with many of the injured reportedly suffering from shell-shock.

The Conflict Intelligence Team confirmed what other sources reported based on video evidence that the shelling was the result of the explosion of a submunition from cluster munitions on the residential area in Saltivka. In addition, @Osinttechnical posted a video of what they identified as cluster munition impacts, “likely from a BM-30.”

This incident has reference to ACLED code UKR55595.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (20) [ collapse]

  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by H_saltovka via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by H_saltovka via Telegram)
  • Shell fragments from alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by H_saltovka via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by H_saltovka via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by H_saltovka via Telegram)
  • Fire and destruction caused by alleged Russian shelling of Saltivskyi district on April 11, 2022. (Image posted by Huyovy_kharkiv via Telegram)
  • Kharkiv, cluster munition impacts, most likely from a BM-30

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention multiple strikes within the Saltivka (Салтiвка) neighbourhood of the city of Kharkiv (Харків), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.003572, 36.333718. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    10–13
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (28) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK093

Incident date

April 3, 2022

Location

Слобідський, Slobidskyi, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.947193, 36.269957 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On April 3rd 2022, three to seven civilians were killed and 30 to 42 injured, including two to three children, possibly aged between 3, 5 and 17, when alleged Russian forces shelled Heroiv Stalinhradu Avenue in the Slodifskyi district of Kharkiv.

The Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor’s Office announced that they were investigating an incident in the Slobidskyi district where preliminary findings show that seven people were killed and 34 people were injured, including three children.

Police.Kharkov put the number of dead at four and Kharkiv volunteer Nataliya Popova reported on Facebook that three people were killed and 31 others were injured. A tweet from @maria_avdv identified 42 people as being wounded in the shelling, including two children.

Kharkiv Life reported on Telegram that one taxi driver was among the dead, but also reported that the taxi driver was just injured.

Radiosvoboda quoted Oleg Sinegubov, head of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration who said that according to data they had gathered, 23 of those injured were in a serious condition, including three children ages three, five and seventeen who were hurt in the attack.

Ten houses and a tram depot was reported to be damaged.

The attack was reported to have taken place at 6pm according to Helsinki.org.ua.

Police.Kharkov reported via Telegram that all victims were civilians, and were taken to Kharkiv Hospital. Photos posted on local telegram channels suggested that the area was hit by rocket artillery, with some photos showing some of the artillery and weapons debris having landed in a children’s playground. Bellingcat reported that at the playground specifically, two people were killed by what they claimed was a cluster munition attack, and the images associated with this incident seem to corroborate these findings.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR55038 and UKR55038 and Bellingcat code CIV0730.

The incident occured at approximately 6:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 7
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (24) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of the victims of the alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by the Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Police.kharkov
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Police.kharkov via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Police.kharkov via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Police.kharkov via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Police.kharkov via Facebook)
  • Graphic image of the victims of the alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News UA via Telegram)
  • 04/03/2022. As a result of the shelling of the Slobid district of Kharkiv by the Russian military on the evening of April 3, seven people were killed and 34 injured, the prosecutor's office of the Kharkiv region reported.
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Shells which hit a playground in Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • One of the victims of the alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022 identified as a taxi driver. (Image posted by Kharkiv Life via Telegram)
  • Damage to a playground caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by @maria_avdv)
  • Remnants of an alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by @maria_avdv)
  • Damage to a playground caused by alleged Russian shelling of Kharkiv on April 3, 2022. (Image posted by @maria_avdv)

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a playground being struck in the district of Slodifskyi (Слобідський). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have narrowed down the exact location of the strike to these coordinates: 49.947193, 36.269957.

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  • Imagery:
    Police Kharkov

  • Imagery:
    Suspilne News

  • Imagery:
    Truexa News UA

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3 – 7
  • Civilians reported injured
    30–42
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (37) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK063

Incident date

March 17, 2022

Location

Козача Лопань, Kozacha Lopan, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.336013, 36.193996 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

50.334438, 36.190772 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

Between four and six civilians, including an elderly woman, were killed and at least two others, including a child, were wounded by alleged Russian or Ukrainian shelling of Kozacha Lopan in Kharkiv on March 17, 2022.

The head of the Dergachev community Vyacheslav Zadorenko announced on Facebook that Russian forces used cluster bombs and “as a result, at least six people were killed, data on the number of injured are being investigated. The invaders bombed the railway station, shops, pharmacies and other civilian buildings in the center of the village. At the same time, the military infrastructure that the invaders placed in Kazachya, as well as the Russian military, were not damaged.” Various local sources quoted Zadorenko and provided similar information.

Russian sources including Russian state-run RIA Novosti attributed the bombing to Ukrainian forces, accusing Ukraine of bombing “civilian objects, including at the point of issue of humanitarian aid,” resulting in the death of four civilians and the injury of at least two others. Quoting a “representative of the local provisional administration,” the Russian source reported that the shelling occurred around noon and involved 52 mm artillery guns. Discussing the victims, a local resident told RIA that a teenage girl was wounded when she was “returning home with their grandmother with food products. The grandmother was killed on the spot, the girl’s leg was torn off.”

This assessment corresponds to ACLED code UKR53666.

The incident occured at approximately 12:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Ukrainian Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Damage caused by alleged Russian bombing of Kozacha Lopan on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Slovoidilo)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Zadorenko
  • Damage from an alleged Russian cluster bomb on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by @TRTRussian)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Tatyana Radchuk
  • The armed forces of Ukraine from heavy guns fired at the border village of Kazachya Lopan, Kharkiv region. They beat exclusively on civilian objects, including at the point of issue of humanitarian aid. At that moment, another batch of food and basic necessities was distributed to people. As a result, four civilians were killed and several others were injured.
  • In the LNR reported 4 dead after the shelling of the village in the Kharkiv region by the Armed Forces of Ukraine As reported in the Luhansk People's Republic, in the Kharkiv region, Ukrainian soldiers fired on the village of Cossack Lopan from heavy guns. According to preliminary information, the shelling lasted about half an hour, and in total about forty shells were fired from the MSTA. As a result of the shelling, four people were killed, and more than two were injured. “The first shells fell around noon, it was at this time that almost the entire village (and this is at least a thousand people) received Russian humanitarian aid. Also, blows were delivered to the area of the village council and the local school. There were also people there and received humanitarian aid,” the LPR noted. The victims were evacuated to the Russian Federation for medical assistance. Among the wounded civilians was a 12-year-old girl, she was caught on the street with her grandmother when they were returning to their home with food products. An elderly woman died on the spot, and the girl was seriously injured, the LPR reported. Some residents managed to leave their homes when everything calmed down. They traveled on foot to the Russian border to take cover from shelling.
  • Damage caused by shelling of Cossack Lopan on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Rossaprimavera.ru)
  • Ukrainian security forces shelled the recently liberated village of Kozachya Lopan in Kharkiv region. According to the RIA Novosti news agency, the first shells fell around noon. It was at this time that at least a thousand people gathered in the square to receive Russian humanitarian aid. According to preliminary information, four people were killed and at least two wounded. The victims, including a 12-year-old girl, were evacuated to Russia.
  • Kozachya Lopan was shelled with heavy weapons during the distribution of humanitarian aid Ukrainian militants shelled the village of Kozachya Lopan in Kharkiv region with heavy guns. The settlement is under the control of the Russian army. They organized a distribution of humanitarian aid there, and when hundreds of people arrived, the neo-Nazis opened fire on them. There were fatalities and injuries.

Geolocation notes (4) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention strikes in multiple locations in the town of Kozacha Lopan (Козача Лопань). Analysing audiovisual material from sources, we have narrowed these locations down to the following coordinates: 50.336013, 36.193996; 50.334438, 36.190772.

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  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Zvezda

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    Zvezda

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    First Kharkov

  • Tagged visual material from sources

    Imagery:
    First Kharkov

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Ukrainian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Ukrainian Military
  • Ukrainian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4 – 6
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Military, Ukrainian Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK066

Incident date

March 17, 2022

Location

Рынок Барабашова, Barabashovo market complex, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.002250, 36.304934 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On March 17 2022, shortly before 14:00, a missile allegedly fired by a Russia BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launcher system hit Barabashovo market on Akademika Pavlova Street in Kharkiv, killing one rescue worker and injuring another rescue worker and a woman. One Telegram channel with a clear pro-Russian stance source accused the Ukrainian military of intentionally setting the fire.

A state rescuer was killed by injuries sustained in a secondary strike on the location during rescue efforts in a double tap strike. Pravda News reported that multiple trading pavilions within the market complex were on fire and two surrounding residential buildings were partially damaged in the blaze. A Telegram post from Truexa News subsequently reported that shrapnel flew into a nearby house damaging the garden and part of the house and injuring one woman.

According to operational information from the State Emergency Service, reported by Pravda news, while working to extinguish the fire another missile hit in which two of the rescuers were injured by shrapnel. Both were taken to hospital but the member of the rescue crew sadly did not survive his injuries. Double tap strikes are commonly perceived as infringing on the Principle of Distinction as defined by International Humanitarian Law.

The Emergency Services reported that 21 units of the fire and rescue teams attended the fire with approximately 100 personnel working to extinguish the fire resulting from the missile attack. A Telegram post by Truexa News noted that the fire was finally extinguished after 17 hours, with trading pavilions and two residential buildings partially damaged, and that all efforts had been made to prevent the spread of the fire.

Preliminary data cited in a report on Facebook from the Main Directorate of the State Emergency Service in the Kharkiv region suggests that the shelling occurred from a Grad multiple launch rocket systems. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project also reported that the fire was a result of shelling from a Russian BM-21 Grad, a Soviet design multiple rocket launcher. However, Russian sources on Telegram channel Perviy Kharkovskyi claimed that the fire had been started by the Ukrainian Army.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR53662.

The incident occured at approximately 2:00 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (33) [ collapse]

  • Smoke from fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Slovoidilo)
  • Smoke from fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Slovoidilo)
  • Smoke from fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Slovoidilo)
  • Rescue workers responded to Barabashovo market following alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Rescue workers responded to Barabashovo market following alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Rescue workers responded to Barabashovo market following alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Damage at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Damage at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Rescue workers responded to Barabashovo market following alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Pravda News)
  • Rescue workers responded to Barabashovo market following alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Kharkiv Today)
  • Smoke from fire at Barabashovo market caused by alleged Russian strikes on March 17, 2022. (Image posted by Unian via Telegram)
  • Kharkiv Barabashova
  • Kharkiv Barabashova until extinguishing the fire after the explosions.
  • Kharkiv they burned the Barabashov market
  • Kharkiv The Barabashov market is on fire
  • Barabashov Market in Kharkov
  • The famous "Drum" - the market of Barabashov is on fire. As one of the subscribers wrote to us, the "zahysnyks" themselves lit it. People were standing at the "new mail", department 6, and they perfectly saw who was shooting and where they were flying.
  • Barabashov is on fire/Peaceful areas
  • It will not be dark in Kharkiv today ( Barabashovo is burning. Barabashov Market is the largest industrial goods market in Ukraine, with an area of more than 75 hectares, it is the largest in Eastern Europe and ranks 14th in the ranking of the largest markets in the world.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Barabashovo market (Рынок Барабашова) complex in the city of Kharkiv (Харків). The generic coordinates for the complex are: 50.002250, 36.304934. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Marketplace
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 healthcare_personnel)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (29) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK057

Incident date

March 13–14, 2022

Location

Дергачі, Derhachi, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.109589, 36.114197 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

At least one to two civilians, including a child, were killed and at least one civilian, a woman, was injured in an alleged Russian shelling of the suburb of Derhachi in Kharkiv. According to the Kharkiv Human Rights Group, the shelling of Derhachi occurred from 23:00 on March 13th, 2022 to the morning of March 14th, 2022.

Suspline Kharkiv reported that at least two civilians were killed and a woman with serious injuries was sent to Derhachi Central Hospital as a result of the shelling. The head of the Kharkiv police investigation department, Serhiy Bolvinov, cited by Kharkiv Today, reported that a schoolgirl died when her family’s private house was hit directly during the shelling.

According to Bolvinov, the schoolgirl was reportedly killed when she had “gone to another room to get toys for small children and at that moment a shell hit their house in [Derhachi].” The Kharkiv Human Rights Group and Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union stated that there were parents and two other children in the house who managed to escape and were not wounded. Comments.ua described the damage to the family’s home as “partially destroyed, the ceiling collapsed in some places, walls were destroyed and windows were broken.”

Though most sources, including Serhiy Bolvinov cited by Kharkiv Times, identified the victim as a 15-year old schoolgirl, “born in 2007”, local sources @Truexanewsua and eyewitness reports cited by Obozrevatel describe the victim as 13-years old. One source, @objectiv, alleged via Twitter that the schoolgirl had been killed “by gunfire”.

The Kharkiv Human Rights Group reported that the shelling was carried out using cluster bombs. All sources alleged Russian responsibility for the strike.

Mayor Vyacheslav Zadorenko, cited by Suspline Kharkiv, reported the complete destruction of private houses and the damaging of the buildings of the Department of Education, Youth and Sports and the Interdistrict Department of the State Executive Service. Andrey Malyy reported via Facebook that the Papa Carlo door factory was “set on fire” due to the bombing of Derhachi.

This incident occurred at night.

This incident has reference to ACLED code UKR53326.

The incident occured during the night.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (21) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    "Russian world" in Dergachy, a direct hit on a residential building
  • Damage to a home caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by @tsnua)
  • Damage to a home caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by @ICTV_Fakty)
  • Damage to a home caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by @ICTV_Fakty)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Obozrevatel)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Obozrevatel)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Truexa News)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by GX
  • Russian aircraft dropped bombs on the village of Dergachi near Kharkiv. The Papa Carlo door factory is on fire and the Ecurie de Paris stables are located nearby.
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Andrey Malyy
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by GX
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Irina Evsa
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Sergiy Bolvinov
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Olga Orlova
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Olga Orlova via Facebook)
  • Damage caused by alleged Russian shelling of Derhachi on March 14, 2022. (Image posted by Olga Orlova via Facebook)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the city of Derhachi (Дерхачі), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.109589, 36.114197. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (32) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK047

Incident date

March 10, 2022

Location

Селекційне, Selektsiyne, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

49.777494, 36.025767 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

An elderly woman was killed by alleged Russian cluster bomb airstrikes on the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022.

Suspilne Media reported that the Russian military carried out an airstrike with cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne that resulted in the death of a 73 year old woman.

Serhii Bolvinov, Head of the Investigative Department of the National Security Service in the Kharkiv posted on Facebook that investigators who found the body of the woman killed also found tracks on the ground from projectiles and damage to metal structures.

Following the strike, the Office of the Prosecutor General announced that they were opening criminal proceedings based on the violation of the laws and customs of war, and murder.

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR53185.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (12) [ collapse]

  • Impact site of alleged Russian cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Media)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a Telegram post with the victim of alleged Russian cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022. (Image posted by Suspilne Media)
  • Remnants of an alleged Russian cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022. (Image posted by Prokuratura Kharkiv)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Graphic image of a victim of alleged Russian cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022. (Image posted by Prokuratura Kharkiv)
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Serhii Bolvinov, Head of the Investigative Department of the National Security Service in the Kharkiv region
  • Impact site of alleged Russian cluster bombs in the village of Selektsiyne on March 10, 2022. (Image posted by Serhii Bolvinov via Facebook)
  • Screenshot of a Facebook post by Larisa Bodareva
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Kharkiv Regional Prosecutor's Office
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by enews.com.ua
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Ukovenko Media
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by Kharkov News
  • Screenshot of Facebook post by worldnews.org.ua

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Selektsiyne (Селекційне), for which the generic coordinates are: 49.777494, 36.025767. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1
  • (1 woman)
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (14) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK036

Incident date

March 7, 2022

Location

вул. Каштанова & Дергачёвский лицей № 3, Kashtanova Street & Dergachev Lyceum No. 3, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.108270, 36.114390 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Additional Geolocations

50.109481, 36.120553 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On March 7th, at 9:30 am, Russian troops allegedly begun shelling the town of Dergachi with artillery, specifically cluster munitions. There were also reports that the troops shot at the town. Vyacheslav Zadorenko, chairman of the Dergachi commune, reported that the munitions hit Dergachi Lyceum No. 3, and other residential parts, killing at least three people and injuring 15. The chairman revealed that the injured were taken to Dergachyoy Central Hospital. News sources like Suspilne and Kharkiv Today quoted Zadorenko’s statement.

The chairman revealed that one of the 15 injured was a four year old child and also referenced information that one of the three dead was killed on Kashtanova Street. Suspilne quoted his observations that “the roof of the lyceum was damaged, windows were broken and there were traces of shots in the school yard”. The pictures in media sources and his Facebook corroborate this account. The school can be seen with windows broken.

The shelling further damaged the town’s power grid infrastructure, leaving residents without access to electricity and its gas supply. Emergency Services allegedly handled the issue of the gas.

Three twitter handles, expressing sympathies towards Russia, tweeted the same response to these allegations “Unfortunately the evacuation of Kharkiv has been disrupted by the Ukroreich. There is firing from residential areas right now along the ring road towards Saltovka np Dergachi. The Ukronazis are firing 120 mm, 152 mm artillery and MLRS. No evacuation in such a situation is out of the question”.

The incident occured at 09:30:00 local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility, Power Station, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (11) [ collapse]

  • Source: Viacheslav Zadorenko's Facebook. Broken windows of lyceum
  • Source: Viacheslav Zadorenko's Facebook. Broken windows of lyceum, damages inside school.
  • Source: Viacheslav Zadorenko's facebook. Impact site of shelling in lyceum yard.
  • Source: Objektiv TV . Broken windows of lyceum facing into courtyard with shots in snow.

Geolocation notes (3) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention multiple locations being struck. Kashtanova Street (вулиці Каштановій), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.108270, 36.114390; and the Dergachev Lyceum No. 3 (Дергачёвский лицей № 3), for which the exact coordinates are: 50.109481, 36.120553.

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  • Imagery:
    Viacheslav Zadorenko

  • Imagery:
    Viacheslav Zadorenko

  • Imagery:
    Viacheslav Zadorenko

Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian infrastructure
    Gas facility, Power Station, School
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    3
  • Civilians reported injured
    15
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RUK030

Incident date

March 4, 2022

Location

вул. Залізнодорожна, Zaliznychna Street, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Geolocation

50.035305, 36.173485 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Street level. Continue to map

Airwars assessment

On March 4th 2022, one civilian, a 41 year old man, was reportedly injured by a cluster munition while buying groceries on Zaliznychna Street, in the Mala-Danylivka district of Kharkiv, according to Amnesty International’s report, the ACLED dataset, and Kharkiv Life Telegram channel.

The injured man told Amnesty International “We found some food, and we stood outside the food shop and I heard a great sound. I turned myself and I saw a lot of little fire. It was the height of my knees, 50 metres from me. I fell down, and my wife too, and I felt something hit my right leg… I pulled down my trousers and saw lots of blood.”

According to Amnesty, “Surgeons later removed three fragments from his right groin, calf, and foot. Amnesty International’s Crisis Response weapons investigator examined the physical evidence in person, and confirmed the largest fragment was from either a 9N210 or 9N235 cluster munition.”

This assessment has reference to ACLED code UKR54616.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (2) [ collapse]

  • Fragments of 9N210 or 9N235 cluster munitions as documented by Amnesty International. Copyright: Amnesty International.

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention Zaliznychna Street (вул.залізнична) in the city of Kharkiv (харків), for which the generic coordinates are: 50.035305, 36.173485. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

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Russian Military Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Military
  • Russian Military position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Single source claim
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Cause of injury / death
    Heavy weapons and explosive munitions
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Weak
    Single source claim, though sometimes featuring significant information.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Military

Sources (2) [ collapse]