Counting the Uncounted: Azmat Khan and Anand Gopal on their groundbreaking civilian casualty study

US-led alliance has still made no public comment on 18-month investigation, which found that deaths from Coalition airstrikes were up to 31 times higher than acknowledged.

International airstrikes and civilian casualty claims in Iraq and Syria – October 2017

Civilians paid a heavy price in the final days of battle for Raqqa – with thousands of Coalition munitions raining down on the city.

More than 1,800 civilians killed overall in defeat of ISIS at Raqqa, say monitors

The former ISIS ‘capital’ has been captured from the terror group after months of hard fighting. But the cost to civilians – and for the city itself – has been high.

Russia blamed for sharp rise in civilian deaths during battle for Deir Ezzor

In the race to capture ISIS territory, hundreds of civilians have been reported killed by airstrikes in Deir Ezzor governorate in the past two weeks. Russia, the regime and Coalition are all active in the area.

Intensity of Coalition’s Raqqa bombardment greater than for all of Afghanistan, official data shows

On average one Coalition bomb, missile or artillery shell struck Raqqa every eight minutes in August – with local monitors reporting a devastating toll on civilians

International airstrikes and civilian casualty claims in Iraq and Syria – August 2017

Despite a significant fall in reported Coalition casualty events in Iraq, the fierce battle for control of Raqqa meant August was the third deadliest month for non-combatants.

Former Coalition commander Lt Gen Townsend responds to Airwars article on Raqqa

Lt Gen Stephen Townsend, former commander of the US-led Coalition, takes issue with Airwars assessments of Raqqa civilian casualties

Civilian deaths mount in Raqqa amid Coalition denials

The Coalition’s top commander has repeatedly questioned whether large numbers of civilians are dying, even as international investigations are released.