Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

CS1952

Incident date

October 22, 2020

Location

جكارة, Jakara, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

36.148757, 36.388092 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Five civilians were allegedly killed and one injured in a unilateral US airstrike on Jakara near the Turkish border.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights “documented more human losses, as a result of the US air strikes on a ‘dinner’ in the village of Jakara in the countryside of Salqin near the Syrian border with the Iskenderun Brigade, where the death toll rose to 22, including 5 civilians, and 17 jihadist leaders and elements.”

The source further stated: “Among the dead jihadists, 11 former leaders of Tahrir al-Sham, 5 of whom were of non-Syrian nationalities, and one of the dead was a leader of the ‘Islamic State’ before joining the organization at a later time, all of whom were killed by targeting an American drone for a banquet.

It is noteworthy that the death toll is expected to rise due to the wounded, some of them in serious conditions, in addition to the information about the dead others.”

@asseraaalsham listed four victims that supposedly weren’t victims of Hurras Al Din/Al Qaeda and tweeted: “America is lying when it says we have targeted an Al Qaeda meeting.”

Yahoo News reported: “‘US Forces conducted a strike against a group of Al-Qaeda in Syria (AQ-S) senior leaders meeting near Idlib, Syria,’ said Major Beth Riordan, the spokeswoman for United States Central Command (CENTCOM).

‘The removal of these AQ-S leaders will disrupt the terrorist organisation’s ability to further plot and carry out global attacks threatening US citizens, our partners and innocent civilians,’ Riordan said in a statement.

She did not specify the number of deaths from the strike.”

Shaam News wrote: “The sources pointed out that among the dead was the prominent security host in the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, Samer Souad, who is the owner of the targeted farm, in addition to his two brothers, Amer and Ibrahim, as well as the former leader of the organization, Abu Talha al-Hadidi, the former emir of the Badia sector, was killed in the strike.

Among the dead was the leader, ‘Hammoud Sahara’, a former emir of the Aleppo sector, and another security officer in the organization from the city of Aleppo, nicknamed the Jordanian, in addition to a figure called ‘Abu Ahmad Zakur’, and a civilian from the sheikhs of the Al-Aqidat clan from Deir Ezzor called ‘Abu Hassan Shash Al-Saleh Al-Hamad.’

The sources pointed out that there are charred bodies whose identity has not been customarily identified, at a time when information indicates that the meeting was at a dinner prepared by the security authority at the authority, ‘Samer Souad’, in his addition to a farm in the village of Jakara in the countryside of Salqin.”

The incident occured in the evening.

  • Hassan Dhiban Adult male from the village of Al-Owina from Al Ghab killed
  • Ahmed Jarrah Adult male notable of the Samatiyya clan killed
  • Abu Hassan Shash Adult male sheikh of the al-Aqeedat clan, from the village of al-Khuwari, east of Saraqib killed
  • Abu Hassan Shash Adult male Khaldoun Abu Jaafar injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    10–17

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • Alleged dinner scene before and victim of US drone strike on Jakara on October 22nd, 2020 (via Shaam News)

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Jakara (جكارة), for which the generic coordinates are: 36.148757, 36.388092. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

United States Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    United States Armed Forces
  • United States Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    5
  • (3 men)
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Known attacker
    United States Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS
  • Belligerents reported killed
    10–17

Sources (7) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS1950

Incident date

October 15, 2020

Location

عرب سعيد, Arab Saeed, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.960982, 36.529044 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (other) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (other)

Airwars assessment

A child was reported killed, in addition to two leaders from Al Qaeda affiliated Hurras Addin group, and other civilians reported injured after a US drone allegedly struck two cars simultaneously in Arab Sa’eed town, west of Idlib in Syria on October 15th, 2020. On October 29th, the organisation Bonyan announced that one of their volunteers died of her injuries sustained in the attack.

Amnesty International senior crises advisor Donatella Rovera (@DRovera) tweeted a statement by the UN that two humanitarian workers and their driver were injured by shrapnel caused by the attack.

Euphrates Post named the two Jihadi leaders killed as Abu Tharr Al Masri – possibly the main target of the attack – and Abu Yousuf Al Maghribi. The child has not been identified. A local source said the two men, and their companions, were killed in the attack but it is unclear if that refers to the child or to other people.

Shaam News Network said that the car was struck with a guided missile which completely burned the car.

Local sources blamed the Coalition for the incident. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said: “Two Arab jihadists and a child were killed this evening, after their car, Santa Fe, was targeted by a drone believed to be affiliated to the International Coalition on the road to Arab Said [Saeed], west of Idlib city. The fatalities’ bodies have been burned almost completely.”

However, Fox News reported from Maj. Beth Riordan, a spokesman for U.S. Central Command in a statement to that “U.S. forces conducted a strike against Al Qaeda in Syria in the vicinity of Idlib, Syria, Oct. 15. AQ-S continues to present a threat to America and our allies”, which means the attack was a unilateral US action.

On October 29th, Bonyan organisation announced in a Facebook post that one of their volunteers Dima Abdan died of her injuries sustained in the strike: “It’s with deep sadness we share that this morning our colleague, Dima, has passed of her injuries at a hospital in Turkey. Dima was seriously injured while she, and her colleagues, were on their way back from her humanitarian project location in Salqin city on 15th of Oct. The car was hit by shrapnel in Arab Saeed area.”

Shaam News Network also reported the death of the woman, writing that “she was seriously injured while returning and her colleagues from their work site in the city of Salqin to their homes in the city of Idlib on Wednesday morning. Thursday 10/15/2020 at 4:45 pm, as the vehicle of the organization that was carrying them in the Arab Saeed area was hit by many shrapnel.”

The incident occured at approximately 4:45 pm local time.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected targets
    Al Qaeda/HTS, Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (8) [ collapse]

  • Caption: A Coalition's drone strike kills two leaders of Hurras Addin group.
  • Caption: Three unidentified persons were killed and some civilians were wounded as a result of the an international coalition drone strike on a car near the town of Arab Saeed, west of Idlib."
  • The car allegedly targeted by a US-led coalition drone in Arab Saeed in Idlib on October 15th, 2020 was totally burned and all those on board killed. (via EMC)
  • The car allegedly targeted by a US-led coalition drone in Arab Saeed in Idlib on October 15th, 2020 was totally burned and all those on board killed. (via EMC)
  • A SCD member seen trying to extinguish fire that broke out after an alleged US-led coalition drone strike in Arab Saeed in Idlib on October 15th, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Three people were killed as a result of the US-led coalition drone strike on a car near the town of Arab Saeed, west of Idlib on October 15th. (Via MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Caption: "The death of the leaders of Hurras Addin Organization Abu Dhar al-Masri, Abu Yusuf al-Maghribi and their companions as a result of the targeting of their car by the coalition drone in Arab Said area a short while ago."
  • UN statement

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention a vehicle being struck at an intersection in the vicinity of Arab Saeed (عرب سعيد) town. According to one source, @obretix, the exact coordinates for this incident are: 35.960982, 36.529044. Reviewing audio-visual material from the case we can confirm this location to be accurate.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected targets
    Al Qaeda/HTS, Unknown
  • Belligerents reported killed
    2

Sources (12) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3702

Incident date

May 19–20, 2019

Location

كفرنبل , Kafar Nubul, Idlib , Syria

Airwars assessment

According to numerous sources, a series of consecutive overnight strikes devastated a neighbourhood of Kafar Nubul from May 19th to 20th, killing 10 to 15 civilians, while injuring two to 20. While the majority of sources held Russia accountable for the bombardment, a minority did not positively attribute blame.

Women and children were named by many sources as the highest proportion of those killed and injured, with multiple sources reporting the death of seven children.

Young brothers Suleiman and Ibrahim al Ismail were reportedly killed alongside their pregnant mother, according to numerous sources. The sources named ten victims only.

While Edlib Media Center initially alleged four fatalities, the same source later stated that the figure had risen to 10, as understanding of the event unfolded. Multiple other sources claimed that there were at least 10 fatalities as a result of the bombardment. SyriaCivilDefense posted “The number of victims of the massacre of  Kafar Nubul rose to nine martyrs to the moment, after 10 air raids with high-explosive missiles on the residential neighborhoods of the city.”

Substantial damage to civilian infrastructure is documented by many sources, with Step News claiming that the strikes deliberately “targeted infrastructure and hospitals”, and Jisr TV stating that 15 homes were destroyed. Many sources reported that Mariam Maternity Hospital in southern Idlib was out of service as a result of the raid, while Step News alleged the “destruction of the hospital”. Documenting the rescue mission, Syria Civil Defense poignantly reported “the destruction of a number of homes above the heads of the residents.”

In spite of the Russian-Turkish agreement, stipulating the cessation of shelling in the region, Step News reported that “Idlib and the northern city of Hama are under frequent air, artillery and missile attacks by the Regime and Russia, resulting in civilian deaths and injuries, and tens of thousands of displaced persons.”

One resident of the neighbourhood, speaking in a video released by Edlib Media Centre, stated; “my uncle was killed, and my cousin was injured. There are another seven to eight killed, and around 10 injured. There are no military bases here. There’s nothing … it’s all civilian.”

According to Syrianmosaic, the Russian ministry of defense stated that they attacked with raids terrorists in Kafr Nubul in the evening of the day when the incident took place.

The ministry said: “Al-Nusra Front terrorists tried to launch an attack on the Russian Hmeimim base by rocket launchers, and at eight o’clock yesterday evening, Idlib terrorists fired six shells.” “Russian reconnaissance means were able to locate this missile launcher on the western outskirts of the village of Kafr Nabl in Idlib Governorate, and the Russian Air Force destroyed this terrorist point with a specific strike.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (3)

  • Ibrahim al Ismail Child male killed
  • Suleiman al Ismail Child male killed
  • Hiba Shahine Adult female pregnant Wife of Husam Al Ismaeil and The mother of those children killed

Family members (4)

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 15
  • (3–7 children2–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (59) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (48) [ collapse]

  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the May 19th/20th airstrike on Kafar Nabil (via Syria Civil Defense)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following the alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Edlib Media Center)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of the alleged Russian airstrike on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Structural devastation following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Structural devastation following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Rescue efforts in the aftermath of alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Euphrates Post)
  • Translation: "Idlib, Southern countryside: the evacuation of civilian victims from the rubble of houses in the city of Kafr Nabel, south of Idlib, after the Russian shelling of the area on 20/05/2019"
  • A short video documenting the air raids (via Anas Marawi)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shahba Press)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of residential structures and civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • The devastation of civilian infrastructure following alleged Russian airstrikes on Kafar Nabil May 19th/20th (via Shaam News)
  • A video depicting the aftermath of the airstrikes. Translation: "at night after evening prayer, Russian planes started hitting the village including the neighbourhood. They hit with more than ten raids. Among the victims were my uncle and cousin and six others from the neighbourhood and there are around ten injured. “
  • A child sitting amid destruction caused by alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Kafr Nubul on May 19th, 2019. (via MMC)
  • Destruction caused by alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Kafr Nubul on May 19th, 2019. (via MMC)
  • A child sitting amid of destruction caused by alleged Russian forces airstrikes on Kafr Nubul on May 19th, 2019. (via MMC)
  • One of the victims of an airstrike on Kafr Nubul on May 19th, 2019. (via Abu Ibrahim Ta`ata`a)
  • One of the victims of an airstrike on Kafr Nubul on May 19th, 2019. (via Abu Ibrahim Ta`ata`a)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    10 – 15
  • (3–7 children2–4 women)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–20
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (59) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3658

Incident date

May 4, 2019

Location

الجانودية, Al Ganoudia, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Alleged Russian or regime strikes struck the outskirts of the town of Ganoudia in the western countryside of Idlib. An unknown number of civilians including children were reported wounded on May 4th, 2019.

Pro regime sources said that the attacks targeted Al-Nusra Front in the area, killing and injuring a number of its members.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (33) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3538

Incident date

September 4, 2018

Location

الجانودية, al Janoudiya, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed and two others injured in alleged Russian forces or Syrian regime airstrikes on Al-Janoudiya in Idlib, on September 4th, 2018.

@almo3tasem91 tweeted “Two martyrs and a number of wounded civilians in the village of Al-Janoudiya as a result of being targeted by several air strikes by Russian warplanes.”

Local sources also said the attack led to severe damage in civilians’ properties as a result of the airstrikes.

Syria TV said “As for the town of Al-Janoudiya in the northern countryside of Jisr Al-Shughour, two people were injured and civilian property was badly damaged after being targeted by six air strikes by Russian warplanes.”

@SyriaCivilDefe said that the area was hit with six air strikes by Russian aircraft “which resulted in the injury of two people, and damage to public property.”

Russian forces and the Syrian regime were both blamed for the attack. While a pro-regime one said that Syrian Air Force targeted what they described as terrorists spots in Al Janoudiya with two raids, Sputnik  reported from a Russian military source that they conducted airstrikes on areas in Idlib on the same day.

@now_damascus tweeted “The Syrian Air Force has targeted locations of terrorist groups in the town of Al-Janoudiya in the countryside of Jisr Al-Shughour, with two air strikes, in conjunction with missile strikes targeting the same location.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (3) [ collapse]

  • The moment raids hit al Janoudiya, 4th Sept 2018. (via Sputnik)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (15) [ collapse]

Incident Code

RS3537

Incident date

September 4, 2018

Location

فريكة, Freika, idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Two civilians were reported killed, and another injured in Freeka town in Idlib, as a result of alleged Russian airstrikes on September 4th, 2018, according to local sources.

Syrian TV reported that “a civilian was killed and his son was seriously wounded in Russian air strikes on the village of Freeka in Idlib countryside.” Macro Media Center identified the victim as Ahmad Mohammad al-Jaber, and said that his son Omar was injured in the incident.

However, Enab Baladi said that two civilians were killed in the attack. “According to the reporter of Enab Baladi in the Idlib countryside, the shelling killed three people in the city of Jisr Al-Shughour, and two in the town of Freeika in Idlib countryside.”

Sputnik reported from a Russian military source that “On the same day [September 4], four planes from the Russian air unit deployed at the Hmeymim Airbase carried out strikes on Nusra Front terrorist group targets in Idlib province with precision-guided munitions.”

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Ahmad Muhammad Al-Jaber male killed
  • Omar Ahmad Al-Jaber male critical injury injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • The bombing of Freika, 4th Sept 2018. (via Sputnik)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 2
  • (1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    1
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS472

Incident date

February 3, 2017

Location

سرمين, Sarmin, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.904042, 36.726111 Note: The accuracy of this location is to City level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

City

Airwars assessment

A confirmed US airstrike on a militant group reportedly linked to Al Qaeda also possibly killed or injured a number of civilians.

According to Step News, 12 or more members of new group Hai’at Tahrir al Sham were killed in a raid targeting a meeting on the edges of Sarmin.

As Step News explained, “Hai’at Tahrir al Sham was formed on 28th of the past month under the leadership of Abu Jaber al Sheikh and it includes many factions most notably Fatah al Sham Front and Nour al Din al Zanki movement, and came after the attacks carried out by the front on several factions in rural Idlib and Aleppo, notably Soukour al Sham which has recently come  under the banner of Ahrar al-Sham movement.”

While most reports said only fighters died, both LCCSY and Ara News also reported civilian casualties.

The Pentagon confirmed on February 8th that it had carried out the attack, though made no reference to civilian harm.

In its monthly civilian casualty report for October 2019 – published on December 5th of the same year – the US-led Coalition assessed this event as ‘non credible’, noting: “February 3, 2017, in Sarmin, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2475/S422 37SBV948575”.

The Coalition published a location for the assessment identifying to within 100 metres the area where it had focused its review.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (1) [ collapse]

  • A unilateral targeted US strike targeted a meeting of a new militant group near Sarmin - but may also have caused civilian casualties (via Step News)

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Non credible / Unsubstantiated
    Insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition strike resulted in civilian casualties.
  • Reason for non-credible assessment
    Other
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    None
  • Civilian injuries conceded
    None
  • Stated location
    in Sarmin, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SBV948575
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Dec 5, 2019
  • February 3, 2017, in Sarmin, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2475/S422 37SBV948575

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

The Pentagon reports that “On Feb. 3, one U.S. strike killed 10 terrorists in a building being used as an al-Qaida meeting place.”

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    0 – 10
  • Civilians reported injured
    12
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected target
    Al Qaeda/HTS

Sources (23) [ collapse]

Incident Code

CS426

Incident date

January 6, 2017

Location

تفتناز, Taftanaz, Idlib, Syria

Geolocation

35.99805, 36.78559 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Within 100m (via Coalition) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Within 100m (via Coalition)

Airwars assessment

A reported unilateral US airstrike targeted and possibly killed Sheikh Yones Shoaib, aka Abu Hassan Taftanaz – a key leader of Fatah al-Sham. However his 15-year old son Hasan Younes Shoeaib also reportedly died, along with at least one other relative. The Syrian Observatory later questioned whether Sheikh Yones Shoaib in fact died.

In June 2019 the Coalition accepted responsibility for this allegation of civilian harm, though claimed it to have been an attack on ISIS. Its monthly civilian casualty report noted “Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against Daesh terrorists. Regrettably, two civilians were unintentionally killed due to their proximity to the strike.” In May 2020, the Pentagon declared this as a US action.

According to Enab Baladi at the time of the event, “A drone belonging to the international Coalition led by the United States, carried out a raid on the town of Taftanaz in the countryside of Idlib this afternoon, caused the deaths of Shoaib and his son, a 15-year-old and his relative, former member of the Nusra Front, Mohamed Kamal Shoaib (Abu Omar).”

Shaam News said that Shoaib’s home was targeted by a drone in the attack, and that along with the three deaths several unspecified people were injured. Baladi News said that land next to the house was targeted.

Syria analyst Charles Lister – pointing out the increase in US attacks on al Nusra, noted: “Nusra/JFS’s decision to operate as a mass movement – in the open and embedded as one component of a broader armed revolution has laid it out as intrinsically vulnerable to (a) air attack and (2) external infiltration.”

The Coalition provided Airwars with the location of this incident, accurate to within a 100 metre box.

In May 2020, in its annual report to Congress, the Pentagon declared this to have been a US civilian casualty event.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected targets
    Al Qaeda/HTS, ISIS

Sources (17) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (4) [ collapse]

  • Aftermath of the airstrike (via Jisir TV)
  • Sheikh Yones Shoaib (Abu Hassan Taftanaz), a leading figure in the "front Fateh Sham" (via Enab Baladi)
  • Table from May 2020 Pentagon report to Congress, conceding additional US civilian harm events in Iraq and Syria during 2017.

Geolocation notes

Prior to the Coalition providing the MGRS for this incident, Airwars had geolocated this event to 35.9976603, 36.7856598. In June 2019 the Coalition provided 37SCV004860 as the MGRS for this event.

US-led Coalition Assessment:

  • Known belligerent
    US-led Coalition
  • US-led Coalition position on incident
    Credible / Substantiated
    The investigation assessed that although all feasible precautions were taken and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict, unintended civilian casualties regrettably occurred.
  • Given reason for civilian harm
    Killed by strike blast
    Airwars’ assessment of belligerent’s civilian casualty statement
  • Initial Airwars grading
    Confirmed
  • Civilian deaths conceded
    2
  • Stated location
    near Taftanaz, Syria
    Nearest population center
  • Location accuracy
    100 m
  • MGRS coordinate
    37SCV004860
    Military Grid Reference System

Civilian casualty statements

US-led Coalition
  • Jun 28, 2019
  • Jan. 6, 2017, near Taftanaz, Syria, via Airwars report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against Daesh terrorists. Regrettably, two civilians were unintentionally killed due to their proximity to the strike.

United States
  • May 6, 2020
  • Since last year’s Section 1057 report, CJTF-OIR assessed that an additional 21 reports of civilian casualties during 2017 were credible, with approximately 71 civilians killed and approximately 13 civilians injured as result of U.S. military operations. With these additional assessments, CJTF-OIR assessed that a total number of 191 reports of civilian casualties during 2017 were credible, with approximately 864 civilians killed and approximately 219 civilians injured. 6-Jan-17 Taftanaz, Syria Air 0 civilians injured 2 civilians killed

Original strike reports

US-led Coalition

For January 6th-7th the Coalition publicly reported: “Near Idlib, one strike engaged an ISIL tactical unit.” However given that strikes on al Nusra are generally unilateral US actions, this may not refer to this incident.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Declared strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike, Drone Strike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    2
  • (1 child)
  • Civilians reported injured
    2
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Confirmed
    A specific belligerent has accepted responsibility for civilian harm.
  • Known attacker
    US-led Coalition
  • Suspected targets
    Al Qaeda/HTS, ISIS

Sources (17) [ collapse]