Civilian Casualties

Civilian Casualties

Incident Code

ISSY014

Incident date

January 22, 2021

Location

حي كازو, Kazo neighborhood, Hama, Syria

Airwars assessment

Four civilians from the same family including two children were reported killed and four others including an infant were injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes, or Syrian regime rockets launched to respond to Israeli airstrikes in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021.

The family is displaced from Idlib, and it seems that one of the children died of his injuries in the hospital, according to local sources. Two children were pulled out of the rubble and the family members were taken to Hama National Hospital. @SAMSyria0 said that the rocket hit a building was inhibited by a family of 10 members (parents, grandparents and 6 children).

As to what the Israelis targeted, Syrian Files said that attack targeted a surface-to-surface missiles factory run by the scientific research center. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that attack targeted five locations that had “members of the militia loyal to Iran and the Lebanese Hezbollah which were present within the regime’s military forces in the vicinity of Hama and its proximity in the region Al-Wusta from Syria, which led to its complete destruction.” Iran Wire Arabic said that the attack targeted “warehouses for storing weapons for Iranian militias in 3 locations, one of which is in the 47th Brigade of the 8th Division, and Iranian militias use it to store missiles, while the bombing also targeted a military center for developing weapons, especially missiles near scientific research in Masyaf, and a military headquarters for the Revolutionary Guard in the Umrah area of ​​Ain Halakim district, west of Hama.”

As to who is responsible, the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) affiliated with the Syrian regime reported that Israeli forces launched rockets targeting the surrounding of Hama governorate, and that the Syrian air defence responded to the attack. SANA then said that a family consisting of a father, a mother and two children were killed, and four others, an elderly person, a woman and two children were injured, and that three houses were demolished in the western side of Hama.

However, @Syriahr blamed the Syrian regime for the killing and injuring of the civilians saying that they were killed by rockets of the Syrian regime which were launched from Hama’s military airport, located meters away from Kazo neighborhood. The Observatory said that “the remnants of the missiles fired by the regime’s air defense brigades, in an attempt to counter the Israeli missiles, killed a family consisting of a woman, her husband and two children, in addition to the injury of three, who are an elderly man, two children and a woman, after the remnants of one of the missiles fell on the Kazo neighborhood in the northwestern part of Hama.

Sounds of explosions were also heard in Tartus, Banias and rural Damascus as a result of launching of air defence missiles.

@SAMSyria0 mentioned that ‘part of a military object, a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in the sane time of the raid, and the sound of an explosion was reported in Irbid, north of Jordan, during the raid.’

@SAMSyria0 then tweeted images of what described ‘parts of the S200 long-range air defense missile near Yabroud in Damascus countryside, which is most likely the cause of the sound of the explosion that was heard in the vicinity of Damascus.’ Another missile was found in Ras Al-Ma’arra in Qalamoun area in rural Damascus.

@khalediskef also shared images describing them as ‘fragments of the missiles that were used during the Israeli raid on Hama, it was found that they were American GBU-39 guided bombs.’

Local sources also shared images of missiles in Tartus and the Observatory denied that there was an Israeli attack on Tartus, and said what was found was remnants of the regime’s air defence response to the attack in Hama.

According to Iran Wire, the attacks killed 40 Syrian regime members and 20 members of the Iranian militias, in addition to destroying the targeted sites.

The incident occured at approximately 4:00 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (8)

  • Elham Al-Abdo 40 years old female killed
  • Mahmoud Halabiya 4 years old male killed
  • Karmo Al-Abdo 63 years old male 63 killed
  • Munjid al-Abdo 10 years old male killed
  • Noor Halabia 3 years old female injured
  • Khawla Halabiya 3 months years old female injured
  • Khaled Al-Abdo 26 years old male injured
  • Yosra Al-Ahmad 50 years old female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    60

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (69) [ collapse]

  • Caption translation: Breaking: Al-Watan Correspondent in Hama: A displaced family consisting of three people, a father, a mother and a young girl, was martyred, in addition to a man from their relatives, and a critically ill infant was injured in the Kazo neighborhood of Hama due to the "Israeli" attack on the governorate at dawn today.
  • Caption translation: Because of the Israeli aggression, a displaced family living in the Kazo neighborhood, consisting of three people, was martyred, a father, a mother, a young girl and a baby in critical condition. Mercy for their souls, patience and solace for their families. Kazo is a popular civilian neighborhood, and there is no military post there at all
  • Caption translation: Local sources in Hama: An entire family was killed in the Kazo neighborhood, and two babies were pulled out of the rubble alive. Four martyrs and three wounded, from one family, as a result of the aggression against Hama at dawn today.
  • Caption translation: Parts of a military object (a missile? !!) fell in the Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with the raid, and the sound of an explosion was reported in Irbid, north of Jordan, during the raid.
  • Caption translation: Pictures showing one of the S200 long-range air defense missile parts near Yabroud in Damascus countryside, which is most likely the cause of the sound of the explosion that was heard in the vicinity of Damascus.
  • Caption translation: The wounded of the Israeli air aggression that targeted Hama at dawn today was wounded.
  • Caption: The damage to civilian homes as a result of the Israeli aggression on Hama at dawn today.
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • One of the children injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes or Syrian regime rockets in Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA).
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Aftermath of Israeli airstrike or Syrian regime rockets on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Remnants of missiles used in an alleged Israeli attack on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via SANA)
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • A building totally damaged in an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Civilians gathered in the location of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @AlwatanSy).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Remnants of a Syrian air defence rocket found in Al-Qadmous, Tartus, Tawahin village. (via @SAMSyria0).
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • Parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • The location where parts of a military object, most likely a missile, were found in Khirbet al-Wahhadneh area in Ajloun governorate in Jordan, in coincidence with an Israeli airstrike on Hama in Syria. (via @SAMSyria0)
  • A child injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A child injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A civilian injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • A woman injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on locations in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via @SyriawatanNews).
  • According to @khalediskef, these are fragments of missiles used during the Israeli raid on Hama, and found to be American GBU-39 guided bombs.
  • According to @khalediskef, these are fragments of missiles used during the Israeli raid on Hama, and found to be American GBU-39 guided bombs.
  • A wounded child in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A wounded woman in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A wounded child in hospital after alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Kafar Takharim)
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • A member of the Ba'ath party in Idlib paid a visit to hospital where wounded civilians as a result of the Israeli airstrike were staying. (via Idlib, Salqin )
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • The funeral of the four victims of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib, Salqin)
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Damage to a house as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Damage to a house as a result of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Aftermath of an alleged Israeli airstrike on Kazo neighborhood in Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Syria is ours post).
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • Remnants of Syrian air defence rockets/bomb showed on the Syrian TV. (via U Defence)
  • A map showing the location of Kazo neighborhood in Hama and the Hama airport and Bayada, and also Tripoli where the bomb is believed to have been launched from. (via U defence)
  • Four civilians from the same family including two children were killed by alleged Israeli airstrikes on Hama on January 22nd, 2021. (via Idlib governorate martyrs)

Israeli Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Armed Forces
  • Israeli Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    4
  • (2 children1 woman1 man)
  • Civilians reported injured
    4
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    60

Sources (41) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY013

Incident date

August 31, 2020

Location

الهيجانة, Al Hayjana, Rural Damascus, Syria

Geolocation

33.357582, 36.245826 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Village level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Village

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians, including at least one woman, were reportedly killed in alleged Israeli air or artillery strikes or the shrapnel of Syrian regime defence missiles in Al Hayjana in rural Damascus, Syria on August 31st, 2020. At least one other civilian was injured.

Several sources reported multiple alleged Israeli strikes in southern Syria. Baladi News reported that military sites of regime forces and Iranian militias were targeted. The regime-controlled Syrian Arab News Agency stated that the “Israeli aggression targeted the southern region with bursts of rockets, and our air defence system responded to them.” According to SANA, the shelling took place from the the Jabal al-Sheikh area towards the occupied Syrian Golan.

According to a military source, SANA reported two deaths, seven wounded and material damage, without specifying the number of civilian casualties.

Step News Agency also reported that ” Israeli warplanes targeted, with several air strikes, the sites of the Syrian regime and Iranian militias in the hills surrounding the Al-Kiswah area in the countryside.” Step also wrote that “thee residents of the capital Damascus circulated a video clip documenting the departure of an air defence missile from one of the military barracks of the Syrian regime south of Damascus, and its fall on the ground in the vicinity of Al Kiswa, south of the capital,”

According to a @HalebTV correspondent, one of the regime’s air defence missiles fell on the house of a civilian in Hayjana, killing a woman and injuring three people, as well as destroying the house completely.

@khalediskef, among other sources, identified the killed woman as Mutla Al Sarhan and one of the injured civilians as her husband.

Hasakah Eye concluded that “Israeli shelling killed 11 people, seven Hezbullah tracking elements, three Syrian regime elements, and three civilians after Israeli bombing on the vicinity of Damascus airport”, writing that the strikes targeted Hezbollah elements.

Instead of reporting airstrikes, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported Israeli rocket attacks coming from the occupied Golan Heights.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    11

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the village of Al Kiswa (الكسوة), for which the generic coordinates are: 33.357582, 36.245826. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Israeli Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Israeli Armed Forces
  • Israeli Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike and/or Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    1 – 3
  • (1 woman)
  • Civilians reported injured
    3–7
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attackers
    Israeli Armed Forces, Unknown, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military
  • Belligerents reported killed
    11

Sources (19) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY012

Incident date

June 24, 2020

Location

معمل تجفيف البصل, Onion Drying Factory, Hama, Syria

Geolocation

35.013944, 37.065056 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Nearby landmark level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Nearby landmark

Airwars assessment

Up to three civilians were injured in alleged Israeli strikes on an onion factory, reportedly used by Iranian militias as a weapon and ammunitions depot, in Al Salamiya on June 24th, 2020, according to local sources.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported that Israeli strikes targeted an onion factory, which was partially turned into a weapon and ammunitions depot by Iranian forces. According to the SOHR, “their destruction led to huge explosions that lasted for several hours, which caused panic and terror to the people and the flying shrapnel injured civilians.”

Based on what they identified as reliable sources, the SOHR wrote that the Russian forces had informed the director of the onion factory so that it could be evacuated before the Israeli strikes. According to the SOHR, “the Israeli airstrikes destroyed two of the hangars that were weapons depots, while the third remained, which was rented by a person to manufacture ‘chips’.”

@jamlyyyyy reported that three injured people that were hit by shrapnel were brought to the National Hospital in Salamiya, but the source did not specify whether the victims were civilians. Baladi News also reported three injured but stated that the victims were not identified.

The regime-controlled Syrian Arab News Agency stated that, according to a military source, Israel targeted several locations in Salamiya and Saboura in Hama governorate at exactly 00:45 AM. The source stated: “As soon as the enemy missiles were discovered, our air defences dealt with them and worked to pursue them and targeted them and shot down a large number of them before [they could] reach their targets, damages were limited to materials.”

@thawraa_syrv posted photos of the cultural centre in the city of Salamiya, writing that it “was which was used by the Iranian militias as their headquarters, the images show its complete destruction as a result of the Israeli raids last night.”

Orient News reported that “activists from Al Salamiya stated that the aerial bombardment of the city was the first of its kind, and affected both the onion factory in the city, a military centre run by Iranian militias in Al Saboura (east of the city), and a military site on an archaeological road, indicating that these places may [have] contained large quantities of arms and ammunition, due to the massive explosions caused by the bombing.”

Orient added: “Although Assad’s media did not report any casualties in the Salamiyah area, activists confirmed that the Salamiyah hospital contained an unknown number of casualties due to the bombing.”

Baladi News wrote that a field source had told Russian press agency Sputnik that it was likely that the shelling came from the Al Tanf area, which is controlled by American forces. Earlier reports indicated that Israeli forces had started to use to base for strikes on the Syrian regime and Iranian militias.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (16) [ collapse]

  • Translation: “Pictures of the cultural center in the city of Salamiyah, east of Hama, which was used by the Iranian militias as their headquarters, the images show its complete destruction as a result of the Israeli raids last night” (via @thawraa_syrv).
  • Damaged cultural centre in Al Salamiya, which was reportedly used by Iranian militias as a weapon depot, after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24, 2020 (via @thawraa_syrv).
  • Damaged cultural centre in Al Salamiya, which was reportedly used by Iranian militias as a weapon depot, after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24, 2020 (via @thawraa_syrv).
  • Translation: “This is what Israeli planes did to the "onion factory" camp of the Iranian militia in the city of Salamiyah, Hama” (via @baladinetwork).
  • Aftermath of alleged Israeli strikes on Al Salamiya on June 24, 2020 (via @thawraa_syrv).
  • Translation: “The effects of the Israeli aggression on the city of Salamiyah in the countryside of Hama” (via @jouhinanewssy).
  • Damaged onion factory in Al Salamiya, which was reportedly used by Iranian militias as a weapon depot, after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24, 2020 (via @jouhinanewssy).
  • Damaged onion factory in Al Salamiya, which was reportedly used by Iranian militias as a weapon depot, after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24, 2020 (via @jouhinanewssy).
  • Rubble in Al Salamiya after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24, 2020 (via @jouhinanewssy).
  • Aftermath of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Al Salamiya on June 24, 2020 (via @jouhinanewssy).
  • Translation: “Targeting a factory where Iranian forces are present, peaceful Syria tonight” (via @doghlas_m).
  • Translation: “Hama – pictures of the destruction due to the Israeli air strikes that targeted Iranian militia sites in the onion plant in the city of Al Salamiyah in the eastern countryside of Hama yesterday” (via @Ahmad_1alshble).
  • Damaged onion factory in Al Salamiya after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24th, 2020 (via @Ahmad_1alshble).
  • Damaged onion factory in Al Salamiya after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24th, 2020 (via @Ahmad_1alshble).
  • Aftermath of alleged Israeli airstrikes on Al Salamiya, June 24th, 2020 (via @Ahmad_1alshble).
  • Damaged onion factory in Al Salamiya after alleged Israeli airstrikes on June 24th, 2020 (via @Ahmad_1alshble).

Geolocation notes

Reports of the incident mention the Onion Drying Factory (معمل تجفيف البصل) being struck in the city of Al Salamiyah (سلمية‎), for which the generic coordinates are: 35.013944, 37.065056. Due to limited satellite imagery and information available to Airwars, we were unable to verify the location further.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected target
    Iranian military

Sources (11) [ collapse]

Incident Code

R4043 IRS004

Incident date

January 1, 2020

Location

سرمين, Sarmin, Idlib, Syria

Airwars assessment

Nine civilians including six children and two women were reported killed, and 16 others including three children and three women – one of whom was pregnant – were injured in an alleged Russian, Iranian forces or Syrian regime shelling with a cluster missile or a rocket carrying cluster bombs on ‘Martyr Abdou al Sheikh Salameh Primary School’ and the surrounding area in Sarmin, Idlib, Syria on January 1st, 2020 according to local sources.

The Smart News Agency said the shelling targeted the school, a nearby kindergarten and a market.

The victims included a teacher and four students, two of whom were IDPs originally from Ma’arat Al Nu’man, as some sources said the school housed IDPs.

Three children victims have been identified so far. Hoor Ismail Serjawi, Yahya Raed Sarmini and Abdelkader (family name not available yet). In addition, Muhammad Yahya Al-Bassas (age unknown) was also killed.

The Syrian Civil Defense (White Helmets) in Idlib described the attack as a “massacre”, and posted: “Abdelkader’s mother sent her child to school to learn, despite the inherent dangers because she wanted him to have an education. Today [Jan 1st] regime forces killed Abdelkader, four of his friends, and two of his teachers, after they targeted their school in Sarmin City in Idlib with cluster bombs.”

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) expected the death toll to rise since ten of the injured including the pregnant woman were left in a critical condition.

While some sources said the attack was launched from the Mediterranean, referring to the Russian forces, others said it was launched from Sinjar area in Idlib where the Syrian regime army operates.  However, Nors for Studies said it was likely initiated by the Iranian forces from Aleppo’s southern countryside.

The local time of the incident is unknown.

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 9
  • (4–6 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Media
from sources (38) [ collapse]

  • SCD volunteer rescuing a civilian after the shelling on a school in Sermin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via Horrya Press).
  • SCD volunteers rescuing casualties of the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • SCD volunteers rescuing casualties of the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • A civilian injured in the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SCD).
  • Translation: "8 civilians were killed including 4 children and 2 women and 16 others injured, on the morning of Wednesday, as a result of attacking a school in the center of Sarmin town east of Idlib with a rocket carrying cluster bombs. The shelling that hit the school which was full of students and teachers resulted in a massacre of children and women."
  • An image of the school that was targeted with the shelling on Sarmin in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • A van affected by the shelling that took place on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC).
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Civilians reported injured and killed in the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (MMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020 (via MMC)
  • Images showing the school that was targeted with shelling in Sarmin (via MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians reported injured and killed in the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (MMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Hoor Serjawi was reported killed in the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via MMC)
  • The aftermath of the strike on Sarmin, Jan 1st 2020.
  • Mother of Abdelakder, a child killed in the attack, is paying farewell to her son (via SCD).
  • Aftermath of the shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Civilians including children reported killed and injured on the shelling on a school in Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via IdlibPlus).
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Images of the missile allegedly used in shelling the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via IdlibPlus)
  • Images of the school building allegedly targeted with a Russian or Iranian missile (via EMC)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in the shelling on the school in Sarmin, Idlib (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. ( (via EMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the attack on the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via EMC)
  • Van directly affected by the shelling of the school and its surrounding in Sarmin in Idli. (via EMC)
  • Images of the missile used in the shelling on a school in Idlib Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • Aftermath of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via EMC)
  • SCD Rescuing civilians including children killed and injured in the shelling on the school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020. (via @ShahbaPress)
  • Abdulkader was reported killed in the attack on a school in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via @abuhuzaifa)
  • AbdulQader's mother paying farewell to her child who got killed in the attack on the school (via @abuhuzaifa).
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    A child killed in the attack (copyright Smart, published in the public interest).
  • Civilians reported killed and injured in the shelling on the school. (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    The school targeted in the shelling (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • This media contains graphic content. Click to unblur.

    Civilians killed and injured in the attack (copyright Smart, published in the public interest)
  • Victims of the alleged Russian, Iranian or Syrian regime shelling on a school and its surrounding in Sarmin, Idlib on Jan 1st, 2020 (via SN4HR)
  • Image of the targeted school (via SOHR)

Russian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Russian Armed Forces
  • Russian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Iranian Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Iranian Armed Forces
  • Iranian Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Syrian Regime Armed Forces Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Syrian Regime Armed Forces position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Contested strike
  • Strike type
    Artillery
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    7 – 9
  • (4–6 children1–2 women2 men)
  • Civilians reported injured
    15–16
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Contested
    Competing claims of responsibility e.g. multiple belligerents, or casualties also attributed to ground forces.
  • Suspected attackers
    Russian Armed Forces, Iranian Armed Forces, Syrian Regime Armed Forces
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (31) [ collapse]

Incident Code

ISSY004

Incident date

November 19–20, 2019

Location

الجزيرة الثالثة, قدسيا‎, Block Three, Qudsaya, Damascus, Iraq

Geolocation

33.535944, 36.181175 Note: The accuracy of this location is to Exact location (via Airwars) level. Continue to map

Geolocation accuracy

Exact location (via Airwars)

Airwars assessment

Up to two children and a woman were injured in alleged Israeli airstrikes on Qudsaya suburb in Damascus on November 20th, 2019, according to local sources.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “a young woman was injured by shrapnel due to the Israeli shelling in Qudsaya suburb”. Reportedly, explosions were heard in the capital Damascus and its vicinity at 1:30 AM. Sources told the SOHR that ” the explosions were caused by the regime’s air defenses while trying to intercept Israeli missiles that targeted positions of the regime and Iranian militias.”

Qasioun News wrote that “shrapnel from one of the missiles also hit a residential building in the Qudsaya suburb, west of Damascus, wounding a girl and causing extensive damage to the building.” According to Manal News, the girl was taken to Al Mouwasat Hospital for treatment.

The regime-controlled Syrian Arab News Agency reportedly spoke to residents of the targeted building. Iyad Al Mousawi, a resident of the building, stated: “At about 1:30 AM we felt a big shaking of the building and the sound of a strong explosion, and immediately I went to my children’s room. They were sleeping to find the flames of fire and thick smoke filling the place as a result of the shrapnel of a missile. I took them out and my wife, as one of them was injured.”

The SANA story indicated that there were two injured children, writing that “Mrs. Ahlam, the mother of the girl, who was injured in the other apartment within the damaged building, said: ‘After the smoke and dust disappeared, I saw my 17-year-old daughter crying out while she was soaked in her blood so that her father would take her to the Mouwasat Hospital in Damascus, where she is currently receiving treatment.'” Other sources only reported one injured girl.

Step News Agency reported Israeli strikes on military targets in Damascus, writing that their correspondent “confirmed that the Syrian regime’s positions were set ablaze in the vicinity of Mazzeh airport in Damascus. Ambulances and fire engines were heard there after the raids.” Local sources also reported that the Israeli raids around 1:30am also killed a family in Beit Sabir village (see event ISSY003).

The incident occured at approximately 1:30 am local time.

The victims were named as:

Family members (2)

  • Mrs. Ahlam Adult female injured
  • Daughter of Mrs. Ahlam 17 years old female injured
  • Child of Iyad Al Mousawi Child female injured

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (10) [ collapse]

Geolocation notes (6) [ collapse]

Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the Qudsaya (قدسيا‎) suburbs, in the vicinity of Damascus (دِمَشْق‎). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have  narrowed the location to the Third Island (الجزيرة الثالثة) area,in houses referred to as the Youth Dormitory (السكن الشبابي). The exact coordinates for this building are: 33.535944, 36.181175.

  • Reports of the incident mention a residential building being struck in the Qudsaya (قدسيا‎) suburbs, in the vicinity of Damascus (دِمَشْق‎). Analysing audio-visual material from sources, we have  narrowed the location to the Third Island (الجزيرة الثالثة) area,in houses referred to as the Youth Dormitory (السكن الشبابي).

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Close up of the exact location.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Sputnik

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    SANA

  • Tagged audio-visual material from sources.

    Imagery:
    SANA

  • Distribution of tags according to material from sources.

    Imagery:
    Google Earth

Unknown Assessment:

  • Suspected belligerent
    Unknown
  • Unknown position on incident
    Not yet assessed

Summary

  • Strike status
    Likely strike
  • Strike type
    Airstrike
  • Civilian harm reported
    Yes
  • Civilians reported killed
    Unknown
  • Civilians reported injured
    2–3
  • Airwars civilian harm grading
    Fair
    Reported by two or more credible sources, with likely or confirmed near actions by a belligerent.
  • Suspected attacker
    Unknown
  • Suspected targets
    Assad regime, Iranian military

Sources (10) [ collapse]